[302] 2. Mah±-ass±rohaj±takavaººan±

Adeyyesu½ dada½ d±nanti ida½ satth± jetavane viharanto ±nandatthera½ ±rabbha kathesi. Paccuppannavatthu heµµh± kathitameva. Satth± “por±ºakapaº¹it±pi attano upak±ravaseneva kiri½s³”ti vatv± idh±pi at²ta½ ±hari.
At²te bodhisatto b±r±ºasir±j± hutv± dhammena samena rajja½ k±reti, d±na½ deti, s²la½ rakkhati. So “paccanta½ kupita½ v³pasamess±m²”ti balav±hanaparivuto gantv± par±jito assa½ abhiruhitv± pal±yam±no eka½ paccantag±ma½ p±puºi. Tattha ti½sa jan± r±jasevak± vasanti. Te p±tova g±mamajjhe sannipatitv± g±makicca½ karonti. Tasmi½ khaºe r±j± vammita½ assa½ abhiruhitv± alaªkatapaµiyatto g±madv±rena antog±ma½ p±visi. Te “ki½ nu kho idan”ti bh²t± pal±yitv± sakasakageh±ni pavisi½su. Eko panettha attano geha½ agantv± rañño paccuggamana½ katv± “r±j± kira paccanta½ gato”ti suyyati, kosi tva½ r±japuriso corapurisoti? “R±japuriso, samm±”ti. “Tena hi eth±”ti r±j±na½ geha½ netv± attano p²µhake nis²d±petv± “ehi, bhadde, sah±yakassa p±de dhov±”ti bhariya½ tassa p±de dhov±petv± attano bal±nur³pena ±h±ra½ datv± “muhutta½ vissamath±”ti sayana½ paññ±pesi, r±j± nipajji. Itaro assassa sann±ha½ mocetv± caªkam±petv± udaka½ p±yetv± piµµhi½ telena makkhetv± tiºa½ ad±si. Eva½ tayo catt±ro divase r±j±na½ paµijaggitv± “gacch±maha½, samm±”ti vutte puna rañño ca assassa ca kattabbayuttaka½ sabbamak±si. R±j± tussitv± gacchanto “aha½, samma, mah±-ass±roho n±ma, nagaramajjhe amh±ka½ geha½, sace kenaci kiccena nagara½ ±gacchasi, dakkhiºadv±re µhatv± dov±rika½ ‘mah±-ass±roho kataragehe vasat²’ti pucchitv± dov±rika½ gahetv± amh±ka½ geha½ ±gaccheyy±s²”ti vatv± pakk±mi.
Balak±yopi r±j±na½ adisv± bahinagare khandh±v±ra½ bandhitv± µhito r±j±na½ disv± paccuggantv± pariv±resi. R±j± nagara½ pavisanto dv±rantare µhatv± dov±rika½ pakkos±petv± mah±jana½ paµikkam±petv± “t±ta, eko paccantag±mav±s² ma½ daµµhuk±mo ±gantv± ‘mah±-ass±rohassa geha½ kahan’ti ta½ pucchissati, ta½ tva½ hatthe gahetv± ±netv± ma½ dasseyy±si, tad± tva½ sahassa½ labhissas²”ti ±ha. So n±gacchati, tasmi½ an±gacchante r±j± tassa vasanag±me bali½ va¹¹h±pesi, balimhi va¹¹hite n±gacchati. Eva½ dutiyampi tatiyampi bali½ va¹¹h±pesi, neva ±gacchati. Atha na½ g±mav±sino sannipatitv± ±ha½su “ayya, tava sah±yassa mah±-ass±rohassa ±gatak±lato paµµh±ya maya½ balin± p²¼iyam±n± s²sa½ ukkhipitu½ na sakkoma, gaccha tava sah±yassa mah±-ass±rohassa vatv± amh±ka½ bali½ vissajj±peh²”ti. S±dhu gacchiss±mi, na pana sakk± tucchahatthena gantu½, mayha½ sah±yassa dve d±rak± atthi, tesañca bhariy±ya cassa sah±yakassa ca me niv±sanap±rupanapi¼andhan±d²ni sajjeth±ti. “S±dhu sajjiss±m±”ti te sabba½ paºº±k±ra½ sajjayi½su.
So tañca attano ghare pakkap³vañca ±d±ya gantv± dakkhiºadv±ra½ patv± dov±rika½ pucchi “kaha½, samma, mah±-ass±rohassa gehan”ti. So “ehi dassemi te”ti ta½ hatthe gahetv± r±jadv±ra½ gantv± “dov±riko eka½ paccantag±mav±si½ gahetv± ±gato”ti paµivedesi. R±j± ta½ sutv± ±san± uµµh±ya “mayha½ sah±yo ca tena saddhi½ ±gat± ca pavisant³”ti paccuggamana½ katv± disv±va na½ parissajitv± “mayha½ sah±yik± ca d±rak± ca arog±”ti pucchitv± hatthe gahetv± mah±tala½ abhiruhitv± setacchattassa heµµh± r±j±sane nis²d±petv± aggamahesi½ pakkos±petv± “bhadde, sah±yassa me p±de dhov±”ti ±ha. S± tasssa p±de dhovi, r±j± suvaººabhiªk±rena udaka½ ±siñci. Dev²pi p±de dhovitv± gandhatelena makkhesi. R±j± “ki½, samma, atthi, kiñci amh±ka½ kh±dan²yan”ti pucchi. So “atth²”ti pasibbakato p³ve n²har±pesi. R±j± suvaººataµµakena gahetv± tassa saªgaha½ karonto “mama sah±yena ±n²ta½ kh±dath±”ti deviy± ca amacc±nañca kh±d±petv± sayampi kh±di. Itaro itarampi paºº±k±ra½ dassesi. R±j± tassa saªgahattha½ k±sikavatth±ni apanetv± tena ±bhatavatthayuga½ niv±sesi½ Dev²pi k±sikavatthañceva ±bharaº±ni ca apanetv± tena ±bhatavattha½ niv±setv± ±bharaº±ni pi¼andhi.
Atha na½ r±j± r±j±raha½ bhojana½ bhoj±petv± eka½ amacca½ ±º±pesi “gaccha imassa mama karaºaniy±meneva massukamma½ k±retv± gandhodakena nh±petv± satasahassagghanika½ k±sikavattha½ niv±s±petv± r±j±laªk±rena alaªk±r±petv± ±neh²”ti. So tath± ak±si. R±j± nagare bheri½ car±petv± amacce sannip±t±petv± setacchattassa majjhe j±tihiªgulakasutta½ p±tetv± upa¹¹harajja½ ad±si. Te tato paµµh±ya ekato bhuñjanti pivanti sayanti, viss±so thiro ahosi kenaci abhejjo. Athassa r±j± puttad±repi pakkos±petv± antonagare nivesana½ m±petv± ad±si. Te samagg± sammodam±n± rajja½ k±renti.
Atha amacc± kujjhitv± r±japutta½ ±ha½su “kum±ra, r±j± ekassa gahapatikassa upa¹¹harajja½ datv± tena saddhi½ ekato bhuñjati pivati sayati, d±rake ca vand±peti, imin± raññ± katakamma½ na j±n±ma, ki½ karoti r±j±, maya½ lajj±ma, tva½ rañño katheh²”ti. So “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchitv± sabba½ ta½ katha½ rañño ±rocetv± “m± eva½ karohi, mah±r±j±”ti ±ha. “T±ta, aha½ yuddhapar±jito kaha½ vasi½, api nu j±n±th±”ti. “Na j±n±ma, dev±”ti. “Aha½ etassa ghare vasanto arogo hutv± ±gantv± rajja½ k±resi½, eva½ mama upak±rino kasm± sampatti½ na dass±m²”ti eva½ vatv± ca pana bodhisatto “t±ta, yo hi ad±tabbayuttakassa deti, d±tabbayuttakassa na deti, so ±pada½ patv± kiñci upak±ra½ na labhat²”ti dassento im± g±th± ±ha–
5. “Adeyyesu dada½ d±na½, deyyesu nappavecchati;
±p±su byasana½ patto, sah±ya½ n±dhigacchati.
6. “N±deyyesu dada½ d±na½, deyyesu yo pavecchati;
±p±su byasana½ patto, sah±yamadhigacchati.
7. “Saññogasambhogavisesadassana½ anariyadhammesu saµhesu nassati;
katañca ariyesu ca ajjavesu, mahapphala½ hoti aºumpi t±disu.
8. “Yo pubbe katakaly±ºo, ak± loke sudukkara½;
pacch± kayir± na v± kayir±, accanta½ p³jan±raho”ti.
Tattha adeyyes³ti pubbe akat³pak±resu. Deyyes³ti pubbe kat³pak±resu. Nappavecchat²ti na paveseti na deti. ¾p±s³ti ±pad±su. Byasananti dukkha½. Saññogasambhogavisesadassananti yo mittena kato saññogo ceva sambhogo ca, tassa visesadassana½ guºadassana½ sukata½ mayha½ imin±ti eta½ sabba½ asuddhadhammatt± anariyadhammesu ker±µikatt± saµhesu nassati. Ariyes³ti attano kataguºaj±nanena ariyesu parisuddhesu. Ajjaves³ti teneva k±raºena ujukesu akuµilesu. Aºump²ti appamattakampi. T±dis³ti ye t±dis± puggal± honti ariy± ujubh³t±, tesu appampi kata½ mahapphala½ hoti mah±jutika½ mah±vipph±ra½, sukhette vuttab²jamiva na nassati itarasmi½ pana p±pe bahumpi kata½ aggimhi khittab²jamiva nassat²ti attho. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Yath±pi b²jamaggimhi, ¹ayhati na vir³hati;
eva½ kata½ asappurise, nassati na vir³hati.
“Kataññumhi ca posamhi, s²lavante ariyavuttine;
sukhette viya b²j±ni, kata½ tamhi na nassat²”ti. (J±. 1.10.77-78).
Pubbe katakaly±ºoti paµhamatara½ upak±ra½ katv± µhito. Ak±ti akari, aya½ loke sudukkara½ n±ma ak±s²ti attho. Pacch± kayir±ti so pacch± añña½ kiñci guºa½ karotu v± m± v±, teneva paµhamakatena guºena accanta½ p³jan±raho hoti, sabba½ sakk±rasamm±na½ arahat²ti.
Ida½ pana sutv± neva amacc±, na r±japutto puna kiñci kathes²ti.
Satth± ima½ dhammadesana½ ±haritv± j±taka½ samodh±nesi– “tad± paccantag±mav±s² ±nando ahosi, b±r±ºasir±j± pana ahameva ahosin”ti.

Mah±-ass±rohaj±takavaººan± dutiy±.