“Yena dev³papatyassa, gandhabbo v± vihaªgamo;
yakkhatta½ yena gaccheyya½, manussattañca abbaje;
te mayha½ ±sav± kh²º±, viddhast± vina¼²kat±”ti. (A. ni. 4.36).
Ta½ta½gatisa½vattanak±nañhi kammakiles±na½ aggamaggena bodhim³leyeva suppah²natt± natthi bhagavato gatipariy±pannat±ti accantameva bhagav± sabbabhavayonigati-viññ±ºaµµhiti-satt±v±sa-sattanik±yehi parimutto, ta½ gativimutta½. Vandeti nam±mi, thomem²ti v± attho.
Atha v± gativimuttanti anup±disesanibb±nadh±tuppattiy± bhagavanta½ thometi. Ettha hi dv²hi ±k±rehi bhagavato thoman± veditabb± attahitasampattito parahitapaµipattito ca. Tesu attahitasampatti an±varaºañ±º±dhigamato sav±san±na½ sabbesa½ kiles±na½ accantappah±nato anup±disesanibb±nappattito ca veditabb±, parahitapaµipatti l±bhasakk±r±dinirapekkhacittassa sabbadukkhaniyy±nikadhammadesanato viruddhesupi nicca½ hitajjh±sayato ñ±ºaparip±kak±l±gamanato ca. S± panettha ±sayato payogato ca duvidh± parahitapaµipatti, tividh± ca attahitasampatti pak±sit± hoti. Katha½? “Karuº±s²talahadayan”ti etena ±sayato parahitapaµipatti, samm±gadanatthena sugatasaddena payogato parahitapaµipatti, “paññ±pajjotavihatamohatama½ gativimuttan”ti etehi catusaccapaµivedhatthena ca sugatasaddena tividh±pi attahitasampatti, avasiµµhaµµhena tena “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti etena c±pi sabb±pi attahitasampattiparahitapaµipatti pak±sit± hot²ti.
Atha v± t²hi ±k±rehi bhagavato thoman± veditabb±– hetuto phalato upak±rato ca. Tattha hetu mah±karuº±, s± paµhamapadena dassit±. Phala½ catubbidha½ ñ±ºasampad± pah±nasampad± ±nubh±vasampad± r³pak±yasampad± c±ti. T±su ñ±ºapah±nasampad± dutiyapadena saccapaµivedhatthena ca sugatasaddena pak±sit± honti, ±nubh±vasampad± pana tatiyapadena, r³pak±yasampad± yath±vuttak±yagamanasobhanatthena sugatasaddena lakkhaº±nubyañjanap±rip³riy± vin± tadabh±vato. Upak±ro anantara½ ab±hira½ karitv± tividhay±namukhena vimuttidhammadesan±. So samm±gadanatthena sugatasaddena pak±sito hot²ti veditabba½.
Tattha “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti etena samm±sambodhiy± m³la½ dasseti. Mah±karuº±sañcoditam±naso hi bhagav± sa½s±rapaªkato satt±na½ samuddharaºattha½ kat±bhin²h±ro anupubbena p±ramiyo p³retv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ adhigatoti karuº± samm±sambodhiy± m³la½. “Paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti etena samm±sambodhi½ dasseti An±varaºañ±ºapadaµµh±nañhi maggañ±ºa½, maggañ±ºapadaµµh±nañca an±varaºañ±ºa½ “samm±sambodh²”ti vuccat²ti. Samm±gamanatthena sugatasaddena samm±sambodhiy± paµipatti½ dasseti l²nuddhaccapatiµµh±n±y³hanak±masukhallikattakilamath±nuyogasassatucched±bhinives±di antadvayarahit±ya karuº±paññ±pariggahit±ya majjhim±ya paµipattiy± pak±sanato sugatasaddassa. Itarehi samm±sambodhiy± padh±n±ppadh±nabheda½ payojana½ dasseti. Sa½s±ramahoghato sattasant±raºañhettha padh±na½ payojana½, tadaññamappadh±na½. Tesu padh±nena parahitapaµipatti½ dasseti, itarena attahitasampatti½, tadubhayena attahit±ya paµipann±d²su cat³su puggalesu bhagavato catutthapuggalabh±va½ dasseti. Tena ca anuttaradakkhiºeyyabh±va½ uttamavandan²yabh±va½ attano ca vandanakiriy±ya khettaªgatabh±va½ dasseti.
Ettha ca karuº±gahaºena lokiyesu mahaggatabh±vappatt±s±dh±raºaguºad²panato bhagavato sabbalokiyaguºasampatti dassit± hoti, paññ±gahaºena sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±namaggañ±ºad²panato sabbalokuttaraguºasampatti. Tadubhayaggahaºasiddho hi attho “sanar±maralokagarun”ti-±din± vipañc²yat²ti. Karuº±gahaºena ca upagamana½ nirupakkilesa½ dasseti, paññ±gahaºena apagamana½. Tath± karuº±gahaºena lokasamaññ±nur³pa½ bhagavato pavatti½ dasseti lokavoh±ravisayatt± karuº±ya, paññ±gahaºena samaññ±ya anatidh±vana½ sabh±v±navabodhena hi dhamm±na½ samañña½ atidh±vitv± satt±dipar±masana½ hot²ti. Tath± karuº±gahaºena mah±karuº±sam±pattivih±ra½ dasseti, paññ±gahaºena t²su k±lesu appaµihatañ±ºa½ catusaccañ±ºa½ catupaµisambhid±ñ±ºa½ catuves±rajjañ±ºa½.
Karuº±gahaºena mah±karuº±sam±pattiñ±ºassa gahitatt± ses±s±dh±raºañ±º±ni, cha abhiññ±, aµµhasu paris±su akampanañ±º±ni, dasa bal±ni, cuddasa buddhañ±º±ni, so¼asa ñ±ºacariy±, aµµh±rasa buddhadhamm±, catucatt±l²sa ñ±ºavatth³ni, sattasattatiñ±ºavatth³n²ti evam±d²na½ anekesa½ paññ±pabhed±na½ vasena ñ±ºac±ra½ dasseti. Tath± karuº±gahaºena caraºasampatti½, paññ±gahaºena vijj±sampatti½. Karuº±gahaºena att±dhipatit±, paññ±gahaºena dhamm±dhipatit±. Karuº±gahaºena lokan±thabh±vo, paññ±gahaºena attan±thabh±vo. Tath± karuº±gahaºena pubbak±ribh±vo, paññ±gahaºena kataññut±. Tath± karuº±gahaºena aparantapat±, paññ±gahaºena anattantapat±. Karuº±gahaºena v± buddhakaradhammasiddhi, paññ±gahaºena buddhabh±vasiddhi. Tath± karuº±gahaºena paresa½ t±raºa½, paññ±gahaºena saya½ taraºa½. Tath± karuº±gahaºena sabbasattesu anuggahacittat±, paññ±gahaºena sabbadhammesu virattacittat± dassit± hoti.
Sabbesañca buddhaguº±na½ karuº± ±di tannid±nabh±vato, paññ± pariyos±na½ tato uttari karaº²y±bh±vato. Iti ±dipariyos±nadassanena sabbe buddhaguº± dassit± honti. Tath± karuº±gahaºena s²lakkhandhapubbaªgamo sam±dhikkhandho dassito hoti. Karuº±nid±nañhi s²la½ tato p±º±tip±t±diviratippavattito, s± ca jh±nattayasampayogin²ti. Paññ±vacanena paññ±kkhandho. S²lañca sabbabuddhaguº±na½ ±di, sam±dhi majjhe, paññ± pariyos±nanti evampi ±dimajjhapariyos±nakaly±ºadassanena sabbe buddhaguº± dassit± honti nayato dassitatt±. Eso eva hi niravasesato buddhaguº±na½ dassanup±yo, yadida½ nayagg±haºa½. Aññath± ko n±ma samattho bhagavato guºe anupada½ niravasesato dassetu½. Tenev±ha–
“Buddhopi buddhassa bhaºeyya vaººa½;
kappampi ce aññamabh±sam±no.
Kh²yetha kappo cirad²ghamantare;
vaººo na kh²yetha tath±gatass±”ti; (d². ni. aµµha. 1.305; 3.141; ma. ni. aµµha. 2.425; ud±. aµµha. 53; apa. aµµha. 2.7.20; bu. va½. aµµha. 4.4; cariy±. aµµha. 3.122 pakiººakakath±);
teneva ca ±yasmat± s±riputtattherenapi buddhaguºaparicchedana½ pati anuyuttena “no heta½, bhante”ti paµikkhipitv± “apica me, bhante, dhammanvayo vidito”ti (d². ni. 2.146) vutta½;
2. eva½ saªkhepena sakalasabbaññuguºehi bhagavanta½ abhitthavitv± id±ni saddhamma½ thometu½ “buddhop²”ti-±dim±ha; tattha buddhoti kattuniddeso; buddhabh±vanti kammaniddeso; bh±vetv± sacchikatv±ti ca pubbak±lakiriy±niddeso yanti aniyamato kammaniddeso; upagatoti aparak±lakiriy±niddeso; vandeti kiriy±niddeso; tanti niyamana½; dhammanti vandanakiriy±ya kammaniddeso; gatamala½ anuttaranti ca tabbisesana½;
tattha buddhasaddassa t±va “bujjhit± sacc±n²ti buddho, bodhet± paj±y±ti buddho”ti-±din± niddesanayena (mah±ni. 192; c³¼ani. 97) attho veditabbo; atha v± sav±san±ya aññ±ºanidd±ya accantavigamato, buddhiy± v± vikasitabh±vato buddhav±ti buddho j±garaºavikasanatthavasena; atha v± kassacipi ñeyyadhammassa anavabuddhassa abh±vena ñeyyavisesassa kammabh±vena aggahaºato kammavacanicch±ya abh±vena avagamanatthavaseneva kattuniddeso labbhat²ti buddhav±ti buddho yath± “dikkhito na dad±t²”ti; atthato pana p±ramit±paribh±vito sayambhuñ±ºena saha v±san±ya vihataviddhastaniravasesakileso mah±karuº±sabbaññutaññ±º±di-aparimeyyaguºagaº±dh±ro khandhasant±no buddho; yath±ha–
“buddhoti yo so bhagav± sayambh³; an±cariyako pubbe ananussutesu dhammesu s±ma½ sacc±ni abhisambujjhi, tattha ca sabbaññuta½ patto balesu ca vas²bh±van”ti (mah±ni. 192; c³¼ani. 97; paµi. ma. 3.161);
api-saddo sambh±vane; tena “eva½ guºavisesayutto sopi n±ma bhagav±”ti vakkham±naguºe dhamme sambh±vana½ d²peti; buddhabh±vanti samm±sambodhi½; bh±vetv±ti upp±detv± va¹¹hetv± ca; sacchikatv±ti paccakkha½ katv±; upagatoti patto, adhigatoti attho; etassa “buddhabh±van”ti etena sambandho; gatamalanti vigatamala½, niddosanti attho; vandeti paºam±mi, thomemi v±; anuttaranti uttararahita½, lokuttaranti attho; dhammanti yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±ne ap±yato ca sa½s±rato ca apatam±ne katv± dh±ret²ti dhammo; ayañhettha saªkhepattho– eva½ vividhaguºagaºasamann±gato buddhopi bhagav± ya½ ariyamaggasaªkh±ta½ dhamma½ bh±vetv±, phalanibb±nasaªkh±ta½ pana sacchikatv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ adhigato, tameta½ buddh±nampi buddhabh±vahetubh³ta½ sabbadosamalarahita½ attano uttaritar±bh±vena anuttara½ paµivedhasaddhamma½ nam±m²ti; pariyattisaddhammass±pi tappak±sanatt± idha saªgaho daµµhabbo;
atha v± “abhidhammanayasamudda½ adhigacchi, t²ºi piµak±ni sammas²”ti ca aµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt± pariyattidhammassapi sacchikiriy±sammasanapariy±yo labbhat²ti sopi idha vutto ev±ti daµµhabba½; tath± “ya½ dhamma½ bh±vetv± saccikatv±”ti ca vuttatt± buddhakaradhammabh³t±hi p±ramit±hi saha pubbabh±ge adhis²lasikkh±dayopi idha dhammasaddena saªgahit±ti veditabba½; t±pi hi malapaµipakkhat±ya gatamal± anaññas±dh±raºat±ya anuttar± c±ti; tath± hi satt±na½ sakalavaµµadukkhanissaraºatth±ya katamah±bhin²h±ro mah±karuº±dhiv±sapesalajjh±sayo paññ±visesaparidhotanimmal±na½ d±nadamasa½yam±d²na½ uttamadhamm±na½ satasahass±dhik±ni kapp±na½ catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni sakkacca½ nirantara½ niravases±na½ bh±van±paccakkhakaraºehi kamm±d²su adhigatavas²bh±vo acchariy±cinteyyamah±nubh±vo adhis²l±dhicitt±na½ paramukka½sap±ramippatto bhagav± paccay±k±re catuv²satikoµisatasahassamukhena mah±vajirañ±ºa½ pesetv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddhoti;
ettha ca “bh±vetv±”ti etena vijj±sampad±ya dhamma½ thometi, “sacchikatv±”ti etena vimuttisampad±ya; tath± paµhamena jh±nasampad±ya, dutiyena vimokkhasampad±ya; paµhamena v± sam±dhisampad±ya, dutiyena sam±pattisampad±ya; atha v± paµhamena khayeñ±ºabh±vena, dutiyena anupp±deñ±ºabh±vena; purimena v± vijj³pamat±ya, dutiyena vajir³pamat±ya; purimena v± vir±gasampattiy±, dutiyena nirodhasampattiy±; tath± paµhamena niyy±nabh±vena, dutiyena nisssaraºabh±vena; paµhamena v± hetubh±vena, dutiyena asaªkhatabh±vena; paµhamena v± dassanabh±vena, dutiyena vivekabh±vena; paµhamena v± adhipatibh±vena, dutiyena amatabh±vena dhamma½ thometi; atha v± “ya½ dhamma½ bh±vetv± buddhabh±va½ upagato”ti etena sv±kkh±tat±ya dhamma½ thometi; “sacchikatv±”ti etena sandiµµhikat±ya; tath± purimena ak±likat±ya, pacchimena ehipassikat±ya; purimena v± opaneyyikat±ya, pacchimena paccatta½ veditabbat±ya dhamma½ thometi; “gatamalan”ti imin± sa½kiles±bh±vad²panena dhammassa parisuddhata½ dasseti, “anuttaran”ti etena aññassa visiµµhassa abh±vad²panena vipulaparipuººata½; paµhamena v± pah±nasampada½ dhammassa dasseti, dutiyena sabh±vasampada½; bh±vetabbat±ya v± dhammassa gatamalabh±vo yojetabbo bh±van±guºena hi so dos±na½ samuggh±tako hot²ti; sacchik±tabbabh±vena anuttarabh±vo yojetabbo; sacchikiriy±nibbattito hi taduttarikaraº²y±bh±vato anaññas±dh±raºat±ya anuttaroti; tath± “bh±vetv±”ti etena saha pubbabh±gas²l±d²hi sekkh± s²lasam±dhipaññ±kkhandh± dassit± honti, “sacchikatv±”ti etena saha asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± asekkh± s²lasam±dhipaññ±kkhandh± dassit± hont²ti;