Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Majjhimanik±ye

M³lapaºº±sa-µ²k±

(Paµhamo bh±go)

Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±

1. Sa½vaººan±rambhe ratanattayavandan± sa½vaººetabbassa dhammassa pabhavanissayavisuddhipaµivedanattha½, ta½ pana dhammasa½vaººan±su viññ³na½ bahum±nupp±danattha½, ta½ sammadeva tesa½ uggahadh±raº±dikkamaladdhabb±ya samm±paµipattiy± sabbahitasukhanipph±danattha½. Atha v± maªgalabh±vato, sabbakiriy±su pubbakiccabh±vato, paº¹itehi sam±caritabh±vato, ±yati½ paresa½ diµµh±nugati-±pajjanato ca sa½vaººan±ya½ ratanattayapaº±makiriy±. Atha v± ratanattayapaº±makaraºa½ p³jan²yap³j±puññavisesanibbattanattha½. Ta½ attano yath±laddhasampattinimittakassa kammassa bal±nuppad±nattha½. Antar± ca tassa asaªkocanattha½. Tadubhaya½ anantar±yena aµµhakath±ya parisam±panattha½. Idameva ca payojana½ ±cariyena idh±dhippeta½. Tath± hi vakkhati “iti me pasannamatino…pe… tass±nubh±ven±”ti. Vatthuttayap³j±hi niratisayapuññakkhettasa½buddhiy± aparimeyyapabh±vo puññ±tisayoti bahuvidhantar±yepi lokasanniv±se antar±yanibandhanasakalasa½kilesaviddha½san±ya pahoti. Bhay±di-upaddavañca niv±reti. Yath±ha–
“P³j±rahe p³jayato. Buddhe yadi va s±vake”ti-±di (dha. pa. 195; apa. 1.10.1), tath±
“Ye, bhikkhave, buddhe pasann±, agge te pasann±, agge kho pana pasann±na½ aggo vip±ko hot²”ti-±di (itivu. 90, 91),
“Buddhoti kittayantassa, k±ye bhavati y± p²ti;
varameva hi s± p²ti, kasiºenapi jambud²passa.
Dhammoti kittayantassa…pe… kasiºenapi jambud²passa;
saªghoti kittayantassa…pe… kasiºenapi jambud²pass±”ti. (Itivu. aµµha. 90),
Tath±–
“Yasmi½ mah±n±ma samaye ariyas±vako tath±gata½ anussarati, nevassa tasmi½ samaye r±gapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hoti, na dosa…pe… na mohapariyuµµhita½ citta½ hot²”ti-±di (a. ni. 6.10; 11.11),
“Araññe rukkham³le v±…pe…
bhaya½ v± chambhitatta½ v±,
lomaha½so na hessat²”ti ca. (Sa½. ni. 2.249).
Tattha yassa vatthuttayassa vandana½ kattuk±mo, tassa guº±tisayayogasandassanattha½ “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti-±din± g±th±ttayam±ha. Guº±tisayayogena hi vandan±rahabh±vo, vandan±rahe ca kat± vandan± yath±dhippeta½ payojana½ s±dhet²ti. Tattha yass± desan±ya sa½vaººana½ kattuk±mo. S± na vinayadesan± viya karuº±ppadh±n±, n±pi abhidhammadesan± viya paññ±ppadh±n± atha kho karuº±paññ±ppadh±n±ti tadubhayappadh±nameva t±va samm±sambuddhassa thomana½ k±tu½ tamm³lakatt± sesaratan±na½ “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha kirat²ti karuº±, paradukkha½ vikkhipati apanet²ti attho. Atha v± kiº±t²ti karuº±, paradukkhe sati k±ruºika½ hi½sati vib±dhat²ti attho. Paradukkhe sati s±dh³na½ kampana½ hadayakheda½ karot²ti v± karuº±. Atha v± kamiti sukha½, ta½ rundhat²ti karuº±. Es± hi paradukkh±panayanak±mat±lakkhaº± attasukhanirapekkhat±ya k±ruºik±na½ sukha½ rundhati vibandhat²ti attho Karuº±ya s²tala½ karuº±s²tala½, karuº±s²tala½ hadaya½ ass±ti karuº±s²talahadayo, ta½ karuº±s²talahadaya½.
Tattha kiñc±pi paresa½ hitopasa½h±rasukh±di-aparih±nicchanasabh±vat±ya, by±p±d±rat²na½ ujuvipaccan²kat±ya ca parasattasant±nagatasant±pavicchedan±k±rappavattiy± mett±mudit±nampi cittas²talabh±vak±raºat± upalabbhati, tath±pi paradukkh±panayan±k±rappavattiy± par³pat±p±sahanaras± avihi½s±bh³t± karuº±va visesena bhagavato cittassa cittapassaddhi viya s²tibh±vanimittanti vutta½ “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti. Karuº±mukhena v± mett±mudit±nampi hadayas²talabh±vak±raºat± vutt±ti daµµhabba½. Atha v± as±dh±raºañ±ºavisesanibandhanabh³t± s±tisaya½ niravasesañca sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ viya savisayaby±pit±ya mah±karuº±bh±va½ upagat± karuº±va bhagavato atisayena hadayas²talabh±vahet³ti ±ha “karuº±s²talahadayan”ti. Atha v± satipi mett±mudit±na½ s±tisaye hadayas²tibh±vanibandhanatte sakalabuddhaguºavisesak±raºat±ya t±sampi k±raºanti karuº±va bhagavato “hadayas²talabh±vak±raºan”ti vutt±. Karuº±nid±n± hi sabbepi buddhaguº±. Karuº±nubh±vanibb±piyam±nasa½s±radukkhasant±passa hi bhagavato paradukkh±panayanak±mat±ya anek±nipi asaªkhyeyy±ni kapp±na½ akilantar³passeva niravasesabuddhakaradhammasambharaºaniratassa samadhigatadhamm±dhipateyyassa ca sannihitesupi sattasaªkh±rasamupan²tahaday³pat±panimittesu na ²sakampi cittas²tibh±vassa aññathattamahos²ti. Etasmiñca atthavikappe t²supi avatth±su bhagavato karuº± saªgahit±ti daµµhabba½.
Paj±n±t²ti paññ±, yath±sabh±va½ pak±rehi paµivijjhat²ti attho. Paññ±va ñeyy±varaºappah±nato pak±rehi dhammasabh±vajotanaµµhena pajjototi paññ±pajjoto. Sav±sanappah±nato visesena hata½ samuggh±tita½ vihata½, paññ±pajjotena vihata½ paññ±pajjotavihata½. Muyhanti tena, saya½ v± muyhati, mohanamattameva v± tanti moho, avijj±, sveva visayasabh±vapaµicch±danato andhak±rasarikkhat±ya tamo viy±ti tamo, paññ±pajjotavihato mohatamo etass±ti paññ±pajjotavihatamohatamo, ta½ paññ±pajjotavihatamohatama½. Sabbesampi hi kh²º±sav±na½ satipi paññ±pajjotena avijjandhak±rassa vihatabh±ve saddh±vimuttehi viya diµµhippatt±na½ s±vakehi paccekasambuddhehi ca sav±sanappah±nena samm±sambuddh±na½ kilesappah±nassa viseso vijjat²ti s±tisayena avijj±pah±nena bhagavanta½ thomento ±ha “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti.
Atha v± antarena paropadesa½ attano sant±ne accanta½ avijjandhak±ravigamassa nibbattitatt±, tath± sabbaññut±ya balesu ca vas²bh±vassa samadhigatatt±, parasantatiyañca dhammadesan±tisay±nubh±vena sammadeva tassa pavattitatt± bhagav±va visesato mohatamavigamena thometabboti ±ha “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti. Imasmiñca atthavikappe “paññ±pajjoto”ti padena bhagavato paµivedhapaññ± viya desan±paññ±pi s±maññaniddesena, ekasesanayena v± saªgahit±ti daµµhabba½.
Atha v± bhagavato ñ±ºassa ñeyyapariyantikatt± sakalañeyyadhammasabh±v±vabodhanasamatthena an±varaºañ±ºasaªkh±tena paññ±pajjotena sabbañeyyadhammasabh±vacch±dakassa mohandhak±rassa vidhamitatt± anaññas±dh±raºo bhagavato mohatamavin±soti katv± vutta½ “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti. Ettha ca mohatamavidhamanante adhigatatt± an±varaºañ±ºa½ k±raº³pac±rena sasant±ne mohatamavidhamananti daµµhabba½. Abhin²h±rasampattiy± sav±sanappah±nameva hi kiles±na½ ñeyy±varaºappah±nanti, parasant±ne pana mohatamavidhamanassa k±raºabh±vato an±varaºañ±ºa½ “mohatamavidhamanan”ti vuccat²ti.
Ki½ pana k±raºa½ avijj±samuggh±toyeveko pah±nasampattivasena bhagavato thoman±nimitta½ gayhati, na pana s±tisaya½ niravasesakilesappah±nanti? Tappah±navacaneneva tadekaµµhat±ya sakalasa½kilesagaºasamuggh±tassa jotitabh±vato. Na hi so t±diso kileso atthi, yo niravasesa-avijj±ppah±nena na pah²yat²ti.
Atha v± vijj± viya sakalakusaladhammasamuppattiy± niravases±kusaladhammanibbattiy± sa½s±rappavattiy± ca avijj± padh±nak±raºanti tabbigh±tavacanena sakalasa½kilesagaºasamuggh±to vuttoyeva hot²ti vutta½ “paññ±pajjotavihatamohataman”ti.
Nar± ca amar± ca nar±mar±, saha nar±mareh²ti sanar±maro, sanar±maro ca so loko c±ti sanar±maraloko. Tassa gar³ti sanar±maralokagaru, ta½ sanar±maralokagaru½. Etena devamanuss±na½ viya tadavasiµµhasatt±nampi yath±raha½ guºavises±vahat±ya bhagavato upak±rita½ dasseti. Na cettha padh±n±ppadh±nabh±vo codetabbo. Añño hi saddakkamo, añño atthakkamo. Edisesu hi sam±sapadesu padh±nampi appadh±na½ viya niddis²yati yath± “sar±jik±ya paris±y±”ti (c³¼ava. 336). K±mañcettha sattasaªkh±rok±savasena tividho loko, garubh±vassa pana adhippetatt± garukaraºasamatthasseva yujjanato sattalokassa vasena attho gahetabbo. So hi lok²yanti ettha puññap±p±ni tabbip±ko c±ti “loko”ti vuccati. Amaraggahaºena cettha upapattidev± adhippet±.
Atha v± sam³hattho lokasaddo samud±yavasena lok²yati paññ±p²yat²ti. Saha nareh²ti sanar±, sanar± ca te amar± c±ti sanar±mar±, tesa½ lokoti sanar±maralokoti purimanayeneva yojetabba½. Amarasaddena cettha visuddhidev±pi saªgayhanti. Te hi maraº±bh±vato paramatthato amar±. Nar±mar±na½yeva ca gahaºa½ ukkaµµhaniddesavasena yath± “satth± devamanuss±nan”ti (d². ni. 1.157). Tath± hi sabb±natthaparih±rapubbaªgam±ya niravasesahitasukhavidh±natappar±ya niratisay±ya payogasampattiy± sadevamanuss±ya paj±ya accant³pak±rit±ya aparimitanirupamappabh±vaguºavisesasamaªgit±ya ca sabbasattuttamo bhagav± aparim±º±su lokadh±t³su aparim±º±na½ satt±na½ uttamag±ravaµµh±na½. Tena vutta½ “sanar±maralokagarun”ti.
Sobhana½ gata½ gamana½ etass±ti sugato. Bhagavato hi veneyyajanupasaªkamana½ ekantena tesa½ hitasukhanipph±danato sobhana½, tath± lakkhaº±nubyañjanapaµimaº¹itar³pak±yat±ya dutavilambita-khalit±nuka¹¹hana-nipp²¼anukkuµika-kuµil±kulat±di-dosarahita-mavahasita-r±jaha½sa vasabhav±raºa-migar±jagamana½ k±yagamana½ ñ±ºagamanañca vipulanimmalakaruº±-sativ²riy±di-guºavisesasahitamabhin²h±rato y±va mah±bodhi½ anavajjat±ya sobhanamev±ti. Atha v± sayambhuñ±ºena sakalamapi loka½ pariññ±bhisamayavasena parij±nanto ñ±ºena samm± gato avagatoti sugato. Tath± lokasamudaya½ pah±n±bhisamayavasena pajahanto anuppattidhammata½ ±p±dento samm± gato at²toti sugato, lokanirodha½ nibb±na½ sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena samm± gato adhigatoti sugato, lokanirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ bh±van±bhisamayavasena samm± gato paµipannoti sugato. “Sot±pattimaggena ye kiles± pah²n±, te kilese na puneti na pacceti na pacc±gacchat²ti sugato”ti-±din± (mah±ni. 38; c³¼ani. 27) nayena ayamattho vibh±vetabbo. Atha v± sundara½ µh±na½ samm±sambodhi½, nibb±nameva v± gato adhigatoti sugato. Yasm± v± bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½ veneyy±na½ yath±raha½ k±layuttameva ca dhamma½ bh±sati, tasm± samm± gadati vadat²ti sugato da-k±rassa ta-k±ra½ katv±. Iti sobhanagamanat±d²hi sugato, ta½ sugata½.
Puññap±pakammehi upapajjanavasena gantabbato gatiyo, upapattibhavavises±. T± pana niray±divasena pañcavidh±. T±hi sakalassapi bhavag±mikammassa ariyamagg±dhigamena avip±k±rahabh±vakaraºena nivattitatt± bhagav± pañcahipi gat²hi suµµhu mutto visa½yuttoti ±ha “gativimuttan”ti. Etena bhagavato katthacipi gatiy± apariy±pannata½ dasseti, yato bhagav± “dev±tidevo”ti vuccati. Tenev±ha–