“Ak±lo, kho m±ºavaka, atthi me ajja bhesajjamatt± p²t±, appeva n±ma svepi upasaªkameyy±m±”ti (d². ni. 1.447).
Dutiyadivase cetakattherena pacch±samaºena gantv± subhena m±ºavena puµµho imasmi½ d²ghanik±ye subhasutta½ n±ma dasama½ sutta½ abh±si.
Atha ±nandatthero jetavanamah±vih±re khaº¹aphullappaµisaªkharaºa½ k±r±petv± upakaµµh±ya vass³pan±yik±ya bhikkhusaªgha½ oh±ya r±jagaha½ gato tath± aññepi dhammasaªg±hak± bhikkh³ti. Evañhi gate, te sandh±ya ca ida½ vutta½– “atha kho ther± bhikkh³ r±jagaha½ agama½su, dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yitun”ti (c³¼ava. 438). Te ±sa¼h²puººam±ya½ uposatha½ katv± p±µipadadivase sannipatitv± vassa½ upagacchi½su.
Tena kho pana samayena r±jagaha½ pariv±retv± aµµh±rasa mah±vih±r± honti, te sabbepi cha¹¹itapatita-ukl±p± ahesu½. Bhagavato hi parinibb±ne sabbepi bhikkh³ attano attano pattac²varam±d±ya vih±re ca pariveºe ca cha¹¹etv± agama½su. Tattha katikavatta½ kurum±n± ther± bhagavato vacanap³janattha½ titthiyav±daparimocanatthañca– ‘paµhama½ m±sa½ khaº¹aphullappaµisaªkharaºa½ karom±’ti cintesu½. Titthiy± hi eva½ vadeyyu½– “samaºassa gotamassa s±vak± satthari µhiteyeva vih±re paµijaggi½su, parinibbute cha¹¹esu½, kul±na½ mah±dhanaparicc±go vinassat²”ti. Tesañca v±daparimocanattha½ cintesunti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ cintayitv± ca pana katikavatta½ kari½su. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Atha kho ther±na½ bhikkh³na½ etadahosi– bhagavat±, kho ±vuso, khaº¹aphullappaµisaªkharaºa½ vaººita½, handa maya½, ±vuso, paµhama½ m±sa½ khaº¹aphullappaµisaªkharaºa½ karoma, majjhima½ m±sa½ sannipatitv± dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yiss±m±”ti (c³¼ava. 438).
Te dutiyadivase gantv± r±jadv±re aµµha½su. R±j± ±gantv± vanditv±– “ki½ bhante, ±gatatth±”ti attan± kattabbakicca½ pucchi. Ther± aµµh±rasa mah±vih±rapaµisaªkharaºatth±ya hatthakamma½ paµivedesu½. R±j± hatthakammak±rake manusse ad±si. Ther± paµhama½ m±sa½ sabbavih±re paµisaªkhar±petv± rañño ±rocesu½– “niµµhita½, mah±r±ja, vih±rapaµisaªkharaºa½, id±ni dhammavinayasaªgaha½ karom±”ti. “S±dhu bhante visaµµh± karotha, mayha½ ±º±cakka½ tumh±kañca dhammacakka½ hotu, ±º±petha, bhante, ki½ karom²”ti. “Saªgaha½ karont±na½ bhikkh³na½ sannisajjaµµh±na½ mah±r±j±”ti. “Kattha karomi, bhante”ti? “Vebh±rapabbatapasse sattapaººi guh±dv±re k±tu½ yutta½ mah±r±j±”ti. “S±dhu, bhante”ti kho r±j± aj±tasattu vissakammun± nimmitasadisa½ suvibhattabhittithambhasop±na½, n±n±vidham±l±kammalat±kammavicitta½, abhibhavantamiva r±jabhavanavibh³ti½, avahasantamiva devavim±nasiri½, siriy± niketanamiva ekanip±tatitthamiva ca devamanussanayanaviha½g±na½, lokar±maºeyyakamiva sampiº¹ita½ daµµhabbas±ramaº¹a½ maº¹apa½ k±r±petv± vividhakusumad±molambakaviniggalantac±ruvit±na½ n±n±ratanavicittamaºikoµµimatalamiva ca, na½ n±n±pupph³pah±ravicittasupariniµµhitabh³mikamma½ brahmavim±nasadisa½ alaªkaritv±, tasmi½ mah±maº¹ape pañcasat±na½ bhikkh³na½ anaggh±ni pañca kappiyapaccattharaºasat±ni paññapetv±, dakkhiºabh±ga½ niss±ya uttar±bhimukha½ ther±sana½, maº¹apamajjhe puratth±bhimukha½ buddhassa bhagavato ±san±raha½ dhamm±sana½ paññapetv±, dantakhacita½ b²janiñcettha µhapetv±, bhikkhusaªghassa ±roc±pesi– “niµµhita½, bhante, mama kiccan”ti.
Tasmiñca pana divase ekacce bhikkh³ ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ sandh±ya evam±ha½su– “imasmi½ bhikkhusaªghe eko bhikkhu vissagandha½ v±yanto vicarat²”ti. Thero ta½ sutv± imasmi½ bhikkhusaªghe añño vissagandha½ v±yanto vicaraºakabhikkhu n±ma natthi. Addh± ete ma½ sandh±ya vadant²ti sa½vega½ ±pajji. Ekacce na½ ±ha½suyeva– “sve ±vuso, ±nanda, sannip±to, tvañca sekkho sakaraº²yo, tena te na yutta½ sannip±ta½ gantu½, appamatto hoh²”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando– ‘sve sannip±to, na kho meta½ patir³pa½ yv±ha½ sekkho sam±no sannip±ta½ gaccheyyan’ti, bahudeva ratti½ k±yagat±ya satiy± v²tin±metv± rattiy± pacc³sasamaye caªkam± orohitv± vih±ra½ pavisitv± “nipajjiss±m²”ti k±ya½ ±vajjesi, dve p±d± bh³mito mutt±, apattañca s²sa½ bimbohana½, etasmi½ antare anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimucci. Ayañhi ±yasm± caªkamena bahi v²tin±metv± visesa½ nibbattetu½ asakkonto cintesi– “nanu ma½ bhagav± etadavoca– ‘katapuññosi tva½, ±nanda, padh±namanuyuñja, khippa½ hohisi an±savo’ti (d². ni. 2.207). Buddh±nañca kath±doso n±ma natthi, mama pana acc±raddha½ v²riya½, tena me citta½ uddhacc±ya sa½vattati. Hand±ha½ v²riyasamata½ yojem²”ti, caªkam± orohitv± p±dadhovanaµµh±ne µhatv± p±de dhovitv± vih±ra½ pavisitv± mañcake nis²ditv±, “thoka½ vissamiss±m²”ti k±ya½ mañcake apan±mesi. Dve p±d± bh³mito mutt±, s²sa½ bimbohanamappatta½, etasmi½ antare anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimutta½, catu-iriy±pathavirahita½ therassa arahatta½. Tena “imasmi½ s±sane anipanno anisinno aµµhito acaªkamanto ko bhikkhu arahatta½ patto”ti vutte “±nandatthero”ti vattu½ vaµµati.
Atha ther± bhikkh³ dutiyadivase pañcamiya½ k±¼apakkhassa katabhattakicc± pattac²vara½ paµis±metv± dhammasabh±ya½ sannipati½su. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando arah± sam±no sannip±ta½ agam±si. Katha½ agam±si? “Id±nimhi sannip±tamajjha½ pavisan±raho”ti haµµhatuµµhacitto eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± bandhan± muttat±lapakka½ viya, paº¹ukambale nikkhittaj±timaºi viya, vigataval±hake nabhe samuggatapuººacando viya, b±l±tapasamphassavikasitareºupiñjaragabbha½ paduma½ viya ca, parisuddhena pariyod±tena sappabhena sassir²kena ca mukhavarena attano arahattappatti½ ±rocayam±no viya agam±si. Atha na½ disv± ±yasmato mah±kassapassa etadahosi– “sobhati vata bho arahattappatto ±nando, sace satth± dhareyya, addh± ajj±nandassa s±dhuk±ra½ dadeyya, handa d±niss±ha½ satth±r± d±tabba½ s±dhuk±ra½ dad±m²”ti, tikkhattu½ s±dhuk±ramad±si.
Majjhimabh±ºak± pana vadanti– “±nandatthero attano arahattappatti½ ñ±petuk±mo bhikkh³hi saddhi½ n±gato, bhikkh³ yath±vu¹¹ha½ attano attano patt±sane nis²dant± ±nandattherassa ±sana½ µhapetv± nisinn±. Tattha keci evam±ha½su– ‘eta½ ±sana½ kass±’ti? ‘¾nandass±’ti. ‘¾nando pana kuhi½ gato’ti? Tasmi½ samaye thero cintesi– ‘id±ni mayha½ gamanak±lo’ti. Tato attano ±nubh±va½ dassento pathaviya½ nimujjitv± attano ±saneyeva att±na½ dasses²”ti, ±k±sena gantv± nis²d²tipi eke. Yath± v± tath± v± hotu. Sabbath±pi ta½ disv± ±yasmato mah±kassapassa s±dhuk±rad±na½ yuttameva.
Eva½ ±gate pana tasmi½ ±yasmante mah±kassapatthero bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “±vuso, ki½ paµhama½ saªg±y±ma, dhamma½ v± vinaya½ v±”ti? Bhikkh³ ±ha½su– “bhante, mah±kassapa, vinayo n±ma buddhas±sanassa ±yu. Vinaye µhite s±sana½ µhita½ n±ma hoti. Tasm± paµhama½ vinaya½ saªg±y±m±”ti. “Ka½ dhura½ katv±”ti? “¾yasmanta½ up±lin”ti. “Ki½ ±nando nappahot²”ti? “No nappahoti”. Api ca kho pana samm±sambuddho dharam±noyeva vinayapariyatti½ niss±ya ±yasmanta½ up±li½ etadagge µhapesi– “etadagga½, bhikkhave, mama s±vak±na½ bhikkh³na½ vinayadhar±na½ yadida½ up±l²”ti (a. ni. 1.228). ‘Tasm± up±litthera½ pucchitv± vinaya½ saªg±y±m±’ti.
Tato thero vinaya½ pucchanatth±ya attan±va att±na½ sammanni. Up±littheropi vissajjanatth±ya sammanni. Tatr±ya½ p±¼i– atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½,
aha½ up±li½ vinaya½ puccheyyan”ti.

¾yasm±pi up±li saªgha½ ñ±pesi–

“Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½,
aha½ ±yasmat± mah±kassapena vinaya½ puµµho vissajjeyyan”ti. (C³¼ava. 439).
Eva½ att±na½ sammannitv± ±yasm± up±li uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± there bhikkh³ vanditv± dhamm±sane nis²di dantakhacita½ b²jani½ gahetv±, tato mah±kassapatthero ther±sane nis²ditv± ±yasmanta½ up±li½ vinaya½ pucchi. “Paµhama½ ±vuso, up±li, p±r±jika½ kattha paññattan”ti? “Ves±liya½, bhante”ti. “Ka½ ±rabbh±”ti? “Sudinna½ kalandaputta½ ±rabbh±”ti. “Kismi½ vatthusmin”ti? “Methunadhamme”ti.
“Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ up±li½ paµhamassa p±r±jikassa vatthumpi pucchi, nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi, paññattimpi pucchi, anupaññattimpi pucchi, ±pattimpi pucchi, an±pattimpi pucchi” (c³¼ava. 439). Puµµho puµµho ±yasm± up±li vissajjesi.
Ki½ panettha paµhamap±r±jike kiñci apanetabba½ v± pakkhipitabba½ v± atthi natth²ti? Apanetabba½ natthi. Buddhassa hi bhagavato bh±site apanetabba½ n±ma natthi. Na hi tath±gat± ekabyañjanampi niratthaka½ vadanti. S±vak±na½ pana devat±na½ v± bh±site apanetabbampi hoti, ta½ dhammasaªg±hakatther± apanayi½su. Pakkhipitabba½ pana sabbatth±pi atthi, tasm± ya½ yattha pakkhipitu½ yutta½, ta½ pakkhipi½suyeva. Ki½ pana tanti? ‘Tena samayen±’ti v±, ‘tena kho pana samayen±’ti v±, ‘atha khoti v±’, ‘eva½ vutteti’ v±, ‘etadavoc±’ti v±, evam±dika½ sambandhavacanamatta½. Eva½ pakkhipitabbayutta½ pakkhipitv± pana– “ida½ paµhamap±r±jikan”ti µhapesu½. Paµhamap±r±jike saªgaham±r³¼he pañca arahantasat±ni saªgaha½ ±ropitanayeneva gaºasajjh±yamaka½su– “tena samayena buddho bhagav± verañj±ya½ viharat²”ti. Tesa½ sajjh±y±raddhak±leyeva s±dhuk±ra½ dadam±n± viya mah±pathav² udakapariyanta½ katv± akampittha.
Eteneva nayena ses±ni t²ºi p±r±jik±ni saªgaha½ ±ropetv± “ida½ p±r±jikakaº¹an”ti µhapesu½. Terasa saªgh±dises±ni “terasakan”ti µhapesu½. Dve sikkh±pad±ni “aniyat±n²”ti µhapesu½. Ti½sa sikkh±pad±ni “nissaggiy±ni p±cittiy±n²”ti µhapesu½ Dvenavuti sikkh±pad±ni “p±cittiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Catt±ri sikkh±pad±ni “p±µidesan²y±n²”ti µhapesu½. Pañcasattati sikkh±pad±ni “sekhiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Satta dhamme “adhikaraºasamath±”ti µhapesu½. Eva½ sattav²s±dhik±ni dve sikkh±padasat±ni “mah±vibhaªgo”ti kittetv± µhapesu½. Mah±vibhaªg±vas±nepi purimanayeneva mah±pathav² akampittha.
Tato bhikkhun²vibhaªge aµµha sikkh±pad±ni “p±r±jikakaº¹a½ n±ma idan”ti µhapesu½. Sattarasa sikkh±pad±ni “sattarasakan”ti µhapesu½. Ti½sa sikkh±pad±ni “nissaggiy±ni p±cittiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Chasaµµhisatasikkh±pad±ni “p±cittiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Aµµha sikkh±pad±ni “p±µidesan²y±n²”ti µhapesu½. Pañcasattati sikkh±pad±ni “sekhiy±n²”ti µhapesu½. Satta dhamme “adhikaraºasamath±”ti µhapesu½. Eva½ t²ºi sikkh±padasat±ni catt±ri ca sikkh±pad±ni “bhikkhun²vibhaªgo”ti kittetv±– “aya½ ubhato vibhaªgo n±ma catusaµµhibh±ºav±ro”ti µhapesu½. Ubhatovibhaªg±vas±nepi vuttanayeneva mah±pathavikampo ahosi.