Etenevup±yena as²tibh±ºav±raparim±ºa½ khandhaka½, pañcav²satibh±ºav±raparim±ºa½ pariv±rañca saªgaha½ ±ropetv± “ida½ vinayapiµaka½ n±m±”ti µhapesu½ Vinayapiµak±vas±nepi vuttanayeneva mah±pathavikampo ahosi. Ta½ ±yasmanta½ up±li½ paµicch±pesu½– “±vuso, ima½ tuyha½ nissitake v±ceh²”ti. Vinayapiµakasaªgah±vas±ne up±litthero dantakhacita½ b²jani½ nikkhipitv± dhamm±san± orohitv± there bhikkh³ vanditv± attano patt±sane nis²di.
Vinaya½ saªg±yitv± dhamma½ saªg±yituk±mo ±yasm± mah±kassapo bhikkh³ pucchi– “dhamma½ saªg±yante hi ka½ puggala½ dhura½ katv± dhammo saªg±yitabbo”ti? Bhikkh³– “±nandatthera½ dhura½ katv±”ti ±ha½su.
Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, ±vuso, saªgho, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½,
aha½ ±nanda½ dhamma½ puccheyyan”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando saªgha½ ñ±pesi–
“Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½,
aha½ ±yasmat± mah±kassapena dhamma½ puµµho vissajjeyyan”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± there bhikkh³ vanditv± dhamm±sane nis²di dantakhacita½ b²jani½ gahetv±. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo bhikkh³ pucchi– “katara½, ±vuso, piµaka½ paµhama½ saªg±y±m±”ti? “Suttantapiµaka½, bhante”ti. “Suttantapiµake catasso saªg²tiyo, t±su paµhama½ katara½ saªg²tin”ti? “D²ghasaªg²ti½, bhante”ti. “D²ghasaªg²tiya½ catuti½sa sutt±ni, tayo vagg±, tesu paµhama½ katara½ vaggan”ti? “S²lakkhandhavagga½, bhante”ti. “S²lakkhandhavagge terasa suttant±, tesu paµhama½ katara½ suttan”ti? “Brahmaj±lasutta½ n±ma bhante, tividhas²l±laªkata½, n±n±vidhamicch±j²vakuha lapan±dividdha½sana½, dv±saµµhidiµµhij±laviniveµhana½, dasasahassilokadh±tukampana½, ta½ paµhama½ saªg±y±m±”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca, “brahmaj±la½, ±vuso ±nanda, kattha bh±sitan”ti? “Antar± ca, bhante, r±jagaha½ antar± ca n±¼anda½ r±j±g±rake ambalaµµhik±yan”ti. “Ka½ ±rabbh±”ti “Suppiyañca paribb±jaka½, brahmadattañca m±ºavan”ti. “Kismi½ vatthusmin”ti? “Vaºº±vaººe”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±kassapo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ brahmaj±lassa nid±nampi pucchi, puggalampi pucchi, vatthumpi pucchi (c³¼ava. 440). ¾yasm± ±nando vissajjesi. Vissajjan±vas±ne pañca arahantasat±ni gaºasajjh±yamaka½su. Vuttanayeneva ca pathavikampo ahosi.
Eva½ brahmaj±la½ saªg±yitv± tato para½ “s±maññaphala½, pan±vuso ±nanda, kattha bh±sitan”ti-±din± nayena pucch±vissajjan±nukkamena saddhi½ brahmaj±lena sabbepi terasa suttante saªg±yitv±– “aya½ s²lakkhandhavaggo n±m±”ti kittetv± µhapesu½.
Tadanantara½ mah±vagga½, tadanantara½ p±thikavagganti, eva½ tivaggasaªgaha½ catuti½sasuttapaµimaº¹ita½ catusaµµhibh±ºav±raparim±ºa½ tanti½ saªg±yitv± “aya½ d²ghanik±yo n±m±”ti vatv± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ paµicch±pesu½– “±vuso, ima½ tuyha½ nissitake v±ceh²”ti.
Tato anantara½ as²tibh±ºav±raparim±ºa½ majjhimanik±ya½ saªg±yitv± dhammasen±patis±riputtattherassa nissitake paµicch±pesu½– “ima½ tumhe pariharath±”ti.
Tato anantara½ satabh±ºav±raparim±ºa½ sa½yuttanik±ya½ saªg±yitv± mah±kassapatthera½ paµicch±pesu½– “bhante, ima½ tumh±ka½ nissitake v±ceth±”ti.
Tato anantara½ v²satibh±ºav±rasataparim±ºa½ aªguttaranik±ya½ saªg±yitv± anuruddhatthera½ paµicch±pesu½– “ima½ tumh±ka½ nissitake v±ceth±”ti.
Tato anantara½ dhammasaªgahavibhaªgadh±tukath±puggalapaññattikath±vatthuyamakapaµµh±na½ abhidhammoti vuccati. Eva½ sa½vaººita½ sukhumañ±ºagocara½ tanti½ saªg±yitv±– “ida½ abhidhammapiµaka½ n±m±”ti vatv± pañca arahantasat±ni sajjh±yamaka½su. Vuttanayeneva pathavikampo ahos²ti.
Tato para½ j±taka½, niddeso, paµisambhid±maggo, apad±na½, suttanip±to, khuddakap±µho, dhammapada½, ud±na½, itivuttaka½, vim±navatthu, petavatthu, therag±th± ther²g±th±ti ima½ tanti½ saªg±yitv± “khuddakagantho n±m±yan”ti ca vatv± “abhidhammapiµakasmi½yeva saªgaha½ ±ropayi½s³”ti d²ghabh±ºak± vadanti. Majjhimabh±ºak± pana “cariy±piµakabuddhava½sehi saddhi½ sabbampeta½ khuddakagantha½ n±ma suttantapiµake pariy±pannan”ti vadanti.
Evameta½ sabbampi buddhavacana½ rasavasena ekavidha½, dhammavinayavasena duvidha½, paµhamamajjhimapacchimavasena tividha½. Tath± piµakavasena. Nik±yavasena pañcavidha½, aªgavasena navavidha½, dhammakkhandhavasena catur±s²tisahassavidhanti veditabba½.
Katha½ rasavasena ekavidha½? Yañhi bhagavat± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambujjhitv± y±va anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yati, etthantare pañcacatt±l²savass±ni devamanussan±gayakkh±dayo anus±santena v± paccavekkhantena v± vutta½, sabba½ ta½ ekarasa½ vimuttirasameva hoti. Eva½ rasavasena ekavidha½.
Katha½ dhammavinayavasena duvidha½? Sabbameva ceta½ dhammo ceva vinayo c±ti saªkhya½ gacchati. Tattha vinayapiµaka½ vinayo, avasesa½ buddhavacana½ dhammo. Tenev±ha “yann³na maya½ dhammañca vinayañca saªg±yeyy±m±”ti (c³¼ava. 437). “Aha½ up±li½ vinaya½ puccheyya½, ±nanda½ dhamma½ puccheyyan”ti ca. Eva½ dhammavinayavasena duvidha½.
Katha½ paµhamamajjhimapacchimavasena tividha½? Sabbameva hida½ paµhamabuddhavacana½, majjhimabuddhavacana½, pacchimabuddhavacananti tippabheda½ hoti. Tattha–
“Anekaj±tisa½s±ra½, sandh±vissa½ anibbisa½;
gahak±ra½ gavesanto, dukkh± j±ti punappuna½;
gahak±raka diµµhosi, puna geha½ na k±hasi;
sabb± te ph±suk± bhagg±, gahak³µa½ visaªkhata½;
visaªkh±ragata½ citta½, taºh±na½ khayamajjhag±”ti. (Dha. pa. 153-54).
Ida½ paµhamabuddhavacana½. Keci “yad± have p±tubhavanti dhamm±”ti (mah±va. 1) khandhake ud±nag±tha½ vadanti. Es± pana p±µipadadivase sabbaññubh±vappattassa somanassamayañ±ºena paccay±k±ra½ paccavekkhantassa uppann± ud±nag±th±ti veditabb±.
Ya½ pana parinibb±nak±le abh±si– “handa d±ni, bhikkhave, ±mantay±mi vo, vayadhamm± saªkh±r±, appam±dena samp±deth±”ti (d². ni. 2.218) ida½ pacchimabuddhavacana½. Ubhinnamantare ya½ vutta½, eta½ majjhimabuddhavacana½ n±ma. Eva½ paµhamamajjhimapacchimabuddhavacanavasena tividha½.
Katha½ piµakavasena tividha½? Sabbampi ceta½ vinayapiµaka½ suttantapiµaka½ abhidhammapiµakanti tippabhedameva hoti. Tattha paµhamasaªg²tiya½ saªg²tañca asaªg²tañca sabbampi samodh±netv± ubhay±ni p±timokkh±ni, dve vibhaªg±, dv±v²sati khandhak±, so¼asapariv±r±ti– ida½ vinayapiµaka½ n±ma. Brahmaj±l±dicatutti½sasuttasaªgaho d²ghanik±yo, m³lapariy±yasutt±didiya¹¹hasatadvesuttasaªgaho majjhimanik±yo, oghataraºasutt±disattasuttasahassasattasatadv±saµµhisuttasaªgaho sa½yuttanik±yo, cittapariy±d±nasutt±dinavasuttasahassapañcasatasattapaññ±sasuttasaªgaho aªguttaranik±yo, khuddakap±µha-dhammapada-ud±na-itivuttaka-suttanip±ta-vim±navatthu-petavatthu-therag±th±-ther²g±th±-j±taka-niddesa-paµisambhid±magga-apad±na-buddhava½sa-cariy±piµakavasena pannarasappabhedo khuddakanik±yoti ida½ suttantapiµaka½ n±ma. Dhammasaªgaho, vibhaªgo, dh±tukath±, puggalapaññatti, kath±vatthu, yamaka½, paµµh±nanti– ida½ abhidhammapiµaka½ n±ma. Tattha–
“Vividhavisesanayatt±, vinayanato ceva k±yav±c±na½;
vinayatthavid³hi aya½, vinayo vinayoti akkh±to”.
Vividh± hi ettha pañcavidhap±timokkhuddesap±r±jik±di satta ±pattikkhandham±tik± vibhaªg±dippabhed± nay±. Visesabh³t± ca da¼h²kammasithilakaraºappayojan± anupaññattinay±. K±yikav±casika-ajjh±c±ranisedhanato cesa k±ya½ v±cañca vineti, tasm± vividhanayatt± visesanayatt± k±yav±c±na½ vinayanato ceva vinayoti akkh±to. Tenetametassa vacanatthakosallattha½ vutta½–
“Vividhavisesanayatt±, vinayanato ceva k±yav±c±na½;
vinayatthavid³hi aya½, vinayo vinayoti akkh±to”ti.
Itara½ pana–
“Atth±na½ s³canato suvuttato, savanatotha s³danato;
sutt±º± suttasabh±gato ca, suttanti akkh±ta½.
Tañhi attatthaparatth±dibhede atthe s³ceti. Suvutt± cettha atth±, veneyyajjh±say±nulomena vuttatt±. Savati ceta½ atthe sassamiva phala½, pasavat²ti vutta½ hoti. S³dati ceta½ dhenu viya kh²ra½, pagghar±pet²ti vutta½ hoti. Suµµhu ca ne t±yati, rakkhat²ti vutta½ hoti. Suttasabh±gañceta½, yath± hi tacchak±na½ sutta½ pam±ºa½ hoti, evametampi viññ³na½. Yath± ca suttena saªgahit±ni pupph±ni na vikir²yanti, na viddha½s²yanti, evameva tena saªgahit± atth±. Tenetametassa vacanatthakosallattha½ vutta½–
“Atth±na½ s³canato, suvuttato savanatotha s³danato;
sutt±º± suttasabh±gato ca, suttanti akkh±tan”ti.
Itaro pana–
“Ya½ ettha vu¹¹himanto, salakkhaº± p³jit± paricchinn±;
vutt±dhik± ca dhamm±, abhidhammo tena akkh±to”.
Ayañhi abhisaddo vu¹¹hilakkhaºap³jitaparicchinn±dhikesu dissati. Tath± hesa “b±¼h± me dukkh± vedan± abhikkamanti, no paµikkamant²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 3.389) vu¹¹hiya½ ±gato. “Y± t± rattiyo abhiññ±t± abhilakkhit±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.49) salakkhaºe. “R±j±bhir±j± manujindo”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.399) p³jite. “Paµibalo vinetu½ abhidhamme abhivinaye”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 85) paricchinne. Aññamaññasaªkaravirahite dhamme ca vinaye c±ti vutta½ hoti. “Abhikkantena vaººen±”ti-±d²su (vi. va. 819) adhike.
Ettha ca “r³p³papattiy± magga½ bh±veti” (dha. sa. 251), “mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharat²”ti-±din± (vibha. 642) nayena vu¹¹himantopi dhamm± vutt±. “R³p±rammaºa½ v± sadd±rammaºa½ v±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1) nayena ±rammaº±d²hi lakkhaº²yatt± salakkhaº±pi. “Sekkh± dhamm±, asekkh± dhamm±, lokuttar± dhamm±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 11, dukam±tik± 12) nayena p³jit±pi, p³j±rah±ti adhipp±yo. “Phasso hoti, vedan± hot²”ti-±din± (dha. sa. 1) nayena sabh±vaparicchinnatt± paricchinn±pi. “Mahaggat± dhamm±, appam±º± dhamm± (dha. sa. tikam±tik± 11), anuttar± dhamm±”ti-±din± (dha. sa. dukam±tik± 11) nayena adhik±pi dhamm± vutt±. Tenetametassa vacanatthakosallattha½ vutta½–
“Ya½ ettha vu¹¹himanto, salakkhaº± p³jit± paricchinn±;
vutt±dhik± ca dhamm±, abhidhammo tena akkh±to”ti.

Ya½ panettha avisiµµha½, ta½–

“Piµaka½ piµakatthavid³, pariyattibbh±janatthato ±hu;
tena samodh±netv±, tayopi vinay±dayo ñeyy±”.
Pariyattipi hi “m± piµakasampad±nen±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 3.66) piµakanti vuccati. “Atha puriso ±gaccheyya kud±lapiµakam±d±y±”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 3.70) ya½ kiñci bh±janampi. Tasm± ‘piµaka½ piµakatthavid³ pariyattibh±janatthato ±hu.