1. P±r±jikaniddesavaººan±

1-2. Id±ni te dassetu½ “maggattaye”ti-±di ±raddha½. Evamuparipi yath±yoga½ yojetabba½. Tattha maggattayeti ettha magg± ca n±ma ti½sa magg±. Manuss±manussatiracch±nagatavasena hi tisso itthiyo. Tattha tiracch±nagat±ya aya½ paricchedo–
“Apad±na½ ah² macch±, dvipad±nañca kukkuµ²;
catuppad±na½ majj±r², vatthu p±r±jikassim±”ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 1.55).
T±sa½ vaccapass±vamukhamaggavasena tayo tayo katv± nava magg±, tath± ubhatobyañjanak±na½, puris±na½ pana vaccamukhamaggavasena dve dve katv± cha, tath± paº¹ak±nanti ti½sa. Tesa½ taye. K²diseti ±ha “santhatasanthate”ti. Santhate asanthateti padacchedo. Na santhata½ asanthata½. Tasmi½ asanthate. Na-k±ro ettha “abr±hmaºo”ti-±d²su viya payirud±se, ta½ kiriy±yuttassa t±disassa aññassa vatthuno vidh±nena santhatassa vatthuno payirud±sana½ pariccajana½ payirud±soti. Na pasajjappaµisedhe, santhata½ pasajja patv± tassa “br±hmaºo na bhavissat²”ti-±d²su viya na nisedhoti. V±-saddo panettha vacanayuttibaleneva labbhati, tassa paliveµhetv±, anto v± pavesetv± vatth±din± kenaci paµicchanne v± appaµicchanne v±ti attho. Tath±bh³te allok±se pakativ±tena asamphuµµhe tintappadese. Nimittanti aªgaj±ta½. Santi-±di tabbisesana½. Santi attaniya½. Sa½-saddo hi attani attaniye ca vattati. Santhata½ asanthatanti yath±vuttanayena paµicchanna½ v± appaµicchanna½ v±. Up±diººanti anaµµhak±yappas±da½. Kittakanti ±ha “tilamattamp²”ti. Tilassa matta½ s±kalla½ yassa ta½ tilamatta½ “Matta½ s±kalla½ nicchaye”ti hi nighaº¹u. Etth±pi avayavena viggaho samud±yo sam±sattho, tilab²jappam±ºamp²ti vutta½ hoti. Ki½ ta½? Nimitta½, pavesana½ v±. Api-saddo sambh±vane, “tilab²jamattamp²”ti sambh±v²yati, adhike k± n±ma kath±ti idamettha sambh±vana½, eva½bh³ta½ sa½ aªgaj±ta½ yath±vutte maggattaye tilamattampi pavesanto bhikkhu cuto paribhaµµho, p±r±jiko n±ma hoti s±sanatoti viññ±yati gammam±natthassa saddassa payoga½ pati k±m±c±ratt±. K²disoti ±ha “anikkhittasikkho”ti. Nikkhittasikkho pana abhikkhukatt± pariccatto. Tattha nikkhitt± ohit± pariccatt± paccakkh±t± sikkh± eten±ti viggaho. Yath±lakkhaºa½ na nikkhittasikkho anikkhittasikkho. Tattha cittakhettak±lappayogapuggalavij±nanavasena sikkh±paccakkh±na½ ñatv± tadabh±vena apaccakkh±na½ veditabba½.
Tattha upasampannabh±vato cavituk±mat±citta½ citta½ n±ma. “Buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±d²ni “gih²ti ma½ dh±rehi, up±sako, ±r±miko, s±maºeroti ma½ dh±reh²”ti “ala½ me buddhen±”ti-±d²ni cha khettapad±ni khetta½ n±ma. “Paccakkh±m²”ti-±din± vutto vattam±nak±loyeva k±lo n±ma. Y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya vasena v±casikappayogova payogo n±ma. Anummatt±diko paccakkh±to ca manussaj±tiko sova puggalo n±ma. Paccakkh±takassa vacanasamanantarameva “aya½ ukkaºµhito”ti v± “gihibh±va½ patthayat²”ti v± sotuno j±nana½ vij±nana½ n±m±ti veditabba½.
Tattha naµµhak±yappas±da½ pana pi¼aka½ v± cammakhila½ v± loma½ v± pavesantassa dukkaµa½. Akkhin±sakaººacchiddavatthikosesu, satthak±d²hi katavaºe v± methunar±gena nimitta½ pavesantassa thullaccaya½. Avasesasar²resu upakacchak±d²su dukkaµa½. Tiracch±nagat±na½ hatthi-assagogadrabha-oµµhamahi½s±d²na½ n±s±ya thullaccaya½, vatthikose thullaccayameva. Sabbesampi tiracch±nagat±na½ akkhikaººavaºesu dukkaµa½. Tath± avasesasar²re k±yasa½saggar±gena, methunar±gena v± j²vam±nakapurisassa vatthikosa½ appavesanto nimittena nimitta½ chupati, dukkaµa½. Bahi nikkhantadantesu v±yamantassa pana thullaccayanti ayamettha savinicchayo atthavaººanakkamo.
Id±ni pavesana½ n±ma na kevala½ attupakkameneva, par³pakkamen±pi hoti, tatr±pi s±diyantova cuto hot²ti dassetu½ “atha v±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha atha v±ti aya½ nip±to, nip±tasamud±yo v± pakkhantar±rambhe. Pavesanañca µhitañca uddh±ro ca paviµµhañca pavesana…pe… paviµµh±ni, itar²tarayogadvando. Itar²tarayogo n±ma aññamaññatthop±d±nat±ti pavesan±d²ni µhit±di-atth±nipi hont²ti paviµµha-saddopi pavesan±di-attho hoti, tatoyevettha tasm± bahuvacanasambhavo. Aññath± dvande avayavatthapadh±natt± ekatthav±cak±pi paviµµha-sadd± katha½ bahuvacanappasaªgo. Sam±h±re v± dvando. Khaºoti k±laviseso. So ca yogavant±na½ khaºantaravinimutto natth²ti pavesana…pe…paviµµh±niyeva khaºoti kammadh±rayo, abhede bhedaparikappan±ya v± pavesana…pe… paviµµh±na½ khaºoti chaµµh²tappuriso. Tassa s±dako, tasmi½ v± s±dako pavesana…pe… s±dako. Khaºa-saddo panettha pacceka½ yojetabbo dvandasam±satt±, pavesanak±la½ µhitak±la½ uddh±rak±la½ paviµµhak±la½, tasmi½ v± s±diyantoti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Eva½ sevanacittapaccupaµµh±nena s±dako bhikkhu cutoti yojetabba½. Tattha yath±vuttappadesassa antokaraºa½ pavesana½ n±ma. Y±va uddharaº±rambh± nivatta½ µhita½ n±ma. Aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.58) pana m±tug±massa sukkavissaµµhi½ patv± sabbath± v±yamato oramitv± µhitak±la½ sandh±ya “sukkavissaµµhisamaye”ti vutta½. Y±va agg± n²haraºa½ uddh±ro n±ma. Y±va pavesan±rahaµµh±n± antokata½ paviµµha½ n±ma.

Paµhama½.

3-4. Id±ni dutiya½ dassetu½ “±diyeyy±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha adinna½ theyyacittena ±diyeyya…pe… saªketa½ v²tin±maye, p±r±jiko bhaveti sambandho. Adinnanti manussas±mikehi k±yav±c±hi na dinna½. Theyyacitten±ti thenoti coro, tassa bh±vo theyya½ na-k±rassa ya-k±ra½ katv± dvittena. Bhavanti etasm± abhidh±nabuddh²ti bh±vo, saddappavattinimitta½ j±tiguº±di. Idha pana avaharaºacittasaªkh±ta½ dabba½ theyya½. Theyyañca ta½ cittañc±ti theyyacitta½, tena. ¾diyeyy±ti ±r±m±di½ abhiyuñjitv± gaºheyya. Hareyy±ti haranto gaºheyya. Avahareyy±ti upanikkhitta½ bhaº¹a½ “dehi me bhaº¹an”ti vuccam±no “na may± gahitan”ti-±d²ni vadanto gaºheyya. Iriy±patha½ kopeyy±ti bhaº¹ah±rakassa gaman±di-iriy±patha½ vicchinditv± gaºheyya. Kopa½ katv± gaºh±t²ti hi etasmi½ atthe “kop²”ti n±madh±tu. Ýh±n± c±veyy±ti µhapitaµµh±nato c±veyya. Saªketa½ v²tin±mayeti parikappitaµµh±na½ v± suªkagh±ta½ v± atikk±meyya.
Ettha ca ±r±m±di-abhiyuñjane, s±mikassa vimatupp±danadhuranikkhepe, bhaº¹ah±rakassa s²sabh±r±masanaphand±panakhandhoropane, upanikkhitte “dehi me bhaº¹an”ti codiyam±nassa “n±ha½ gaºh±m²”ti bhaºanavimatupp±danadhuranikkhepe, thalaµµhassa theyyacitten±masanaphand±panaµh±n±c±vane c±ti cat³su pacceka½ yath±kkama½ dukkaµathullaccayap±r±jik±yo veditabb±. “Sahabhaº¹ah±raka½ ness±m²”ti paµhamadutiyap±dasaªk±mane, parikappitasuªkagh±taµµh±nato paµhamadutiyap±d±tikk±me c±ti dv²su pacceka½ kamena thullaccayap±r±jik±yo veditabb±. Ayamettha saviññ±ºak±viññ±ºakamissakatt± n±n±bhaº¹avasena yojan±. Ekabhaº¹avasena pana sass±mikassa d±sassa v± tiracch±nagatassa v± yath±vuttena abhiyog±din± nayena ±diyanaharaº±divasena yojan± daµµhabb±.
Apica im±ni cha pad±ni vaººayantena n±n±bhaº¹a-ekabhaº¹as±hatthikapubbappayogatheyy±vah±rasaªkh±te pañcapañcake samodh±netv± pañcav²sati avah±r± dassetabb± chappadantogadhatt± sabbesampi avah±r±na½. Te pana avah±r± yena kenaci abhiyog±di-±k±ran±nattamattena bhinn±ti ta½vasena pañcapañcaka½ n±ma j±ta½. Eva½ sa½vaººitañhi ida½ adinn±d±nap±r±jika½ suvaººita½ n±ma hot²ti daµµhabba½. Tattha purim±ni dve pañcak±ni “±diyeyy±”ti-±d²na½ pañcanna½ pad±na½ vasena labbhanti. Ya½ paneta½ “saªketa½ v²tin±maye”ti chaµµha½ pada½, ta½ tatiyapañcamesu pañcakesu nissaggiyaparikapp±vah±ravasena yojetabba½.
Tattha s±hatthika-saddena upac±rato ta½sahacaritapañcaka½ gahetv± “s±hatthikañca ta½ pañcakañc±”ti v± “s±hatthik±di pañcakan”ti majjhepadalopavasena v± s±hatthikapañcaka½. Evamuparipi. Ta½ pana s±hatthiko ±ºattiko nissaggiyo atthas±dhako dhuranikkhepo c±ti. Tattha sako hattho sahattho, sahatthena nibbatto s±hatthiko. Eva½ ±ºattiko. Suªkagh±taparikappitok±s±na½ anto µhatv± bahi nissajjana½ nissaggo, so eva nissaggiyo. K±la½ aniyametv± ±ºattassa bhaº¹aggahaºato ca parassa telakumbhiy± p±dagghanaka½ tela½ avassa½ pivanak±na½ up±han±d²na½ nikkhitt±na½ telap±tanato ca puretarameva p±r±jikasaªkh±ta½ attha½ s±dhet²ti atthas±dhako. So pana ±º±panappayogo, up±han±d²na½ nikkhepappayogo ca. ¾r±m±bhiyoge ca upanikkhittabhaº¹e ca t±vak±likabhaº¹adeyy±namad±ne ca dhurassa nikkhepo dhuranikkhepo.
Pubbappayogapañcaka½ n±ma pubbappayogo sahappayogo sa½vidh±vah±ro saªketakamma½ nimittakammanti. Tattha ±º±pana½ bhaº¹aggahaºato pubbatt± pubbappayogo n±ma. Ýh±n±c±vanakhilasaªk±manappayogena saha vattam±no sahappayogo. Sa½vidh±ya sammantayitv± gatesu eken±pi bhaº¹e µh±n± c±vite sabbesa½ avah±ro sa½vidh±vah±ro. Saªketakammanti pubbaºh±dik±laparicchedavasena sañj±nanakaraºa½. Nimittakamma½ n±ma saññupp±danattha½ akkhinikhaºan±dikaraºa½.
Theyy±vah±rapañcaka½ pana sayameva dassetu½ “atha v±”ti-±dim±ha. Nanu ca chappadantogadhatt± “sabbesampi avah±r±nan”ti vutta½, eva½ sati “atha v±”ti pakkhantaravasena visu½ viya ida½ pañcaka½ kasm± vuttanti? Nanu avocumh± “yena kenaci abhiyog±di-±k±ran±nattamattena bhinn±”ti, et±disassa bhedassa sambhavato pakkhantaravasen±pi yujjat²ti eva½ vutta½. Imassa pañcakassa visu½ uddharitv± vacana½ pana pasiddhivasen±ti daµµhabba½, kusa-saddena kusasaªk±manamadhippeta½ abhedopac±rena. Theyyañca balañca kuso ca channañca parikappo ca theyy±…pe… parikappa½, d²gho sandhivasena. Tena avah±rako p±r±jiko bhaveti sambandho. Yo pana paµicchannena avah±rako, so atthato paµicchannassa avah±rako hot²ti dvandasam±santogadhattepicassa virodh±bh±vobh±vas±dhano c±ya½ channa-saddo daµµhabbo. Tattha sandhicchedan±d²ni katv± v± tul±k³µam±nak³µakah±paºak³µ±d²hi vañcetv± v± gaºhanto theyy±vah±rako. Balakk±rena parasantaka½ gaºhanto bal±vah±rako. Kusa½ saªk±metv± gaºhanto kus±vah±rako. Tiºapaºº±d²hi ya½ kiñci paµicch±detv± pacch± kassa paµicchannassa avah±rako paµicchann±vah±rako. S±µak±dibhaº¹avasena, gabbhadv±r±di-ok±savasena v± parikappetv± gaºhanto parikapp±vah±rako. Ettha pana parikappitabhaº¹aggahaºe parikappitaparicched±tikkame ca p±r±jika½ veditabba½.