42. Desan±niddesavaŗŗan±

382. Bhikkhubh±vassa (p±r±. aµµha. 2.198) yo c±go, s± p±r±jikadesan±ti attho. Vuttańheta½ “visuddh±pekkhoti gihi v± hotuk±mo up±sako v± hotuk±mo ±r±miko v± hotuk±mo s±maŗero v± hotuk±mo”ti (p±r±. 198). Tasm± gihibh±v±dika½yeva p±r±jika½ ±pannassa visuddhi n±ma, ańńatarassa visuddhi eva natthi. “Ch±deti j±nam±panna½, parivaseyya t±vat±”ti-±din± nayena heµµh± vuttavidhi½ sandh±ya “yath±vuttena vuµµh±nan”ti vutta½.
383. Id±ni vattabbata½ sandh±ya “evan”ti vutta½.
384. Paµidesem²ti ±rocemi. Et±ni aha½ et±n±ha½.
386. (Ka) ya½ saŖgho gil±nassa tic²varena vippav±sasammuti½ deti, ta½ ańńatr±ti attho.
(Kha) ak±lac²vara½ (p±r±. 500) n±ma “anatthate kathine ek±dasam±se uppanna½, atthate kathine sattam±se uppanna½, k±lepi ±dissa dinna½, eta½ ak±lac²vara½ n±m±”ti.
(Ga) pur±ŗac²vara½ (p±r±. 505) n±ma “saki½ nivatthampi saki½ p±rutamp²”ti vutta½. Ańń±tik± n±ma m±tito v± pitito v± y±va sattam± kulaparivaµµ± asambandh±. Nis²danapaccattharaŗadhov±pane dukkaµa½.
(Gha) ańńatra p±rivattak±ti (p±r±. 512) ettha har²tak²khaŗ¹ampi vaµµati. C²vara½ n±ma idha vikappan³pagapacchimato paµµh±ya adhippeta½.
(©a) ańńatra samay±ti (p±r±. 519) ettha “acchinnac²varo v± hoti bhikkhu naµµhac²varo v±”ti eva½ vutta½ samayanti attho.
(Ca) “santaruttaraparama½ tena bhikkhun± tato c²vara½ s±ditabban”ti (p±r±. 524) vuttatt± “tatuttar²”ti vutta½. Ettha pana “sace t²ŗi naµµh±ni honti, dve s±ditabb±ni. Dve naµµh±ni, eka½ s±ditabba½, eka½ naµµha½, na kińci s±ditabban”ti (p±r±. 524) vutta½.
(Cha-ja) “k²disena te (p±r±. 529), bhante, c²varena attho, k²disa½ te c²vara½ cet±pem²”ti eva½ appav±ritoti attho. Vikappanti visiµµhakappa½ adhikavidh±na½ ±panna½. Idha purima½ ekassa, dutiya½ bah³na½ vasena vutta½, ettaka½ n±natta½.
(Jha) atirekatikkhattunti ettha kenaci ya½ kińci akappiyavatthu½ ±netv± “ida½ kho me, bhante, ±yasmanta½ uddissa c²varacet±panna½ ±bhata½, paµiggaŗhatu ±yasm± c²varacet±pannan”ti vutte “na kho maya½, ±vuso, c²varacet±panna½ paµiggaŗh±ma, c²varańca kho maya½ paµiggaŗh±ma k±lena kappiyan”ti vattabba½. Eva½ vutte sace so “atthi koci kappiyak±rako”ti vadati, c²varatthikena µhapetv± pańca sahadhammike yo koci uddisitabbo “eso kho, ±vuso, bhikkh³na½ veyy±vaccakaro”ti, ettakameva vattabba½. Eva½ vutte sace d±yako tassa hatthe akappiyavatthu½ datv± “eso ayyassa c²vara½ cet±petv± dassat²”ti vatv± gacchati, ta½ upasaŖkamitv± dvattikkhattu½ codetabbo s±retabbo “attho me, ±vuso, c²varen±”ti, ettakameva vattabba½, “dehi me c²varan”ti-±din± na vattabba½. Eva½ tikkhattu½ codan±ya ta½ c²vara½ labhati, icceta½ kusala½. No ce labhati, chakkhattuparama½ tuŗh²bh³tena µh±tabba½, na ±sane nis²ditabba½, na ±misa½ paµiggahetabba½, na dhammo bh±sitabbo. “Ki½ k±raŗ± ±gatos²”ti vutte “j±n±hi, ±vuso”ti ettakameva vattabba½. Sace nisajj±d²ni karoti, µh±na½ bhańjati. Vattabhedadukkaµańca ±pajjat²ti vadanti. Eva½ pana appaµipajjitv± atirekatikkhattu½ codan±ya atirekachakkhattu½ µh±nena sace nipph±deti, nissaggiyanti attho.
(Ńa) santhata½ (p±r±. 544) n±ma santharitv± kata½ hoti av±yima½. Ekakosiya½sun±pi ce missetv± karoti, nissaggiya½.
(Ża) suddhak±¼ak±nanti (p±r±. 547-549) ańńehi amissit±nanti attho. “K±¼aka½ n±ma dve k±¼ak±ni j±tik±¼aka½ v± rajanak±¼aka½ v±”ti vutta½.
(Żha) an±diyitv±…pe… tulanti (p±r±. 554) ettha pana yattakehi e¼akalomehi kattuk±mo hoti, tesu dve koµµh±s± k±¼ak±na½, eko od±t±na½, eko gocariy±na½ ±d±tabboti vinicchayo. Ekass±pi k±¼akalomassa atirekabh±ge sati nissaggiyameva.
(Ža) ³nakachabbass±n²ti (p±r±. 562) chabbassato orabh±ge.
(Žha) nis²danasanthata½ (p±r±. 567) pana k±r±pentena pur±ŗasanthatassa ekapassato vaµµa½ v± caturassa½ v± chinditv± gahitaµµh±na½ yath± vidatthimatta½ hoti, eva½ gahetv± ekadesa½ v± santharitabba½, vijaµetv± v± santharitabba½.
(Ta) na kevala½ dhov±pane (p±r±. 578) eva nissaggiya½, rajanepi nissaggiyameva.
(Da) r³piyapaµiggahaŗasseva (p±r±. 589) paµikkhittatt± paµiggahitaparivattane dosa½ apassant± kat±kat±divasena anekavidha½ j±tar³paparivattana½ karonti, ta½ sandh±ya “n±nappak±rakan”ti vutta½.
387-9. ¾patti½ desetv± pacch± kattabba½ dassetu½ “ath±”ti vutta½. Gihi½ vadeti sace tattha ±gacchati ±r±miko v± up±sako v±, ta½ vadeyy±ti attho. Eva½ vutto so “imin± ki½ ±har±m²”ti ce vadeyy±ti attho. Avatv±manti “ima½ v± ima½ v± ±har±”ti avatv±ti attho. Vadeti “kappiya½ ±cikkhitabban”ti (p±r±. 584, 589) vacanato “pabbajit±na½ sappi v± tela½ v± madhu v± ph±ŗita½ v± vaµµat²”ti eva½ ±cikkhitabba½, “ima½ n±ma ±har±”ti na vattabbameva. Dvepeteti dvepi ete r³piyapaµigg±hakańca r³piyasabyoh±rikańc±ti attho. Ańńen±ti antamaso ±r±miken±pi laddhabh±go na kappati eva.
390. Antamaso (p±r±. aµµha. 2.583-4) tannibbatt± rukkhacch±y±pi na kappat²ti. Nissaµµha½ paµiladdhamp²ti ettha yath± r³piyasa½voh±ra½ katv± laddhavatthuto ±bhata½ na kappati, tath± kosiyamissakasanthat±dittayampi na kappati. Na kevala½ tasseva, ańńesampi na kappateva “ańńena kata½ paµilabhitv± paribhuńjati, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (p±r±. 545, 550, 555) vuttatt±.
391. Eva½ no ce labhetha, so ±r±mik±diko “ima½ cha¹¹eh²”ti sa½siyo vattabboti attho. Evampi no ce labheyya, sammato bhikkhu cha¹¹eyy±ti attho.
392. Paµiggahitar³piyańca parivattitar³piyańca sandh±ya “et±n²”ti vutta½. Dutiyapatto n±ma “³napańcabandhanena pattena ańńa½ nava½ patta½ cet±peyya, nissaggiyan”ti (p±r±. 612) vuttapatto. So ca et±ni ca saŖghe nissaµµhu½ labbhareti sambandho. “SaŖghamajjhe nissajjitabba½, bhikkhuparis±ya nissajjitabban”ti (p±r±. 584, 589) ca vuttatt± na gaŗapuggal±na½ nissajjitu½ vaµµati. Ses±ni pana t²ŗi c²var±divatth³ni “nissajjitabba½ saŖghassa v± gaŗassa v± puggalassa v±”ti vuttatt± (p±r±. 463) saŖgh±d²na½ nissajjitu½ vaµµati. Bh±santarenap²ti p±¼iy± vattu½ asakkontena dami¼abh±s±d²su ańńatar±yapi nissajjitu½ vaµµat²ti attho.
393. (Ka-ga) n±nappak±raka½ n±ma “c²varapiŗ¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±, “antamaso cuŗŗapiŗ¹opi dantakaµµhampi dasikasuttamp²”ti (p±r±. 595) p±¼iya½ vutta½. Cet±pitoti (p±r±. 613) y±citv± gahito.
394. Sammannitv±na pattag±haka½ saŖghassa pattantanti (p±r±. 614; kaŖkh±. aµµha. ³napańcabaddhanasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) ya antima½ patta½, ta½ tassa d±payeti attho.
395. (Kha) paridahita½ nissaggiyanti ettha (p±r±. 626-628; p±r±. aµµha. 2.628) pana µhatv± vassikas±µik±ya pariyesanakkhetta½ karaŗakkhetta½ niv±sanakkhetta½ adhiµµh±nakkhettanti catubbidha½ khettańca kucchisamayo piµµhisamayoti duvidho samayo ca veditabbo. Katha½? Gimh±nam±sesu pacchimam±sassa purimo a¹¹ham±so pariyesanakkhetta½, pacchimo karaŗakkhettańca niv±sanakkhettańca, pariyesitumpi vaµµati, adhiµµh±tu½ pana na vaµµati. Vassik± pana catt±ro m±s± pariyesan±d²na½ catunnampi khetta½. Ete eva pańca m±s± kucchisamayo n±ma. Itare satta m±s± piµµhisamayo, tattha satupp±dakaraŗa½ na vaµµati.
(Ga) acchinnanti ettha “yo pana mama pattac²var±d²ni vahanto may± saddhi½ carissat²”ti sańń±ya c²vara½ datv± puna sakasańń±ya eva attano veyy±vacca½ akaronta½ disv± acchindati, so ima½ ±patti½ ±pajjati. Kevala½ pariccajitv± dinna½ gahetumeva na labhati.
(Gha) sutta½ vińń±petv±ti ettha c²varak±rasamay±d²su c²varasibban±d²namatth±ya sutta½ vińń±petv±ti attho. Ańńath± sutta½ vińń±petumeva na vaµµati. Vińńattiy± eva laddhatantav±yeh²ti attho. Suttatantav±y±na½ akappiyabh±ve sati d²ghato vidatthimatte, tiriyantato hatthamatte v²te nissaggiya½, ekato akappiyapakkhe dukkaµa½.
(©a) vikappa½ ±pannanti (p±r±. 643) “ida½ kho, ±vuso, c²vara½ ma½ uddissa viyyati, ±yatańca karotha vitthatańc±”ti-±din± adhika½ vidh±na½ ±pannanti attho.
(Ca) accekac²vara½ (p±r±. 649-650) n±ma sen±ya gantuk±m±d²hi dinna½.
(Cha) atirekach±rattanti (p±r±. 654-655) chadivasato atireka½. “Atthatakathin±na½ vo, bhikkhave, pańca kappissanti, an±mantac±ro asam±d±nac±ro gaŗabhojana½ y±vadatthac²vara½ yo ca tattha c²varupp±do, so nesa½ bhavissat²”ti (mah±va. 306) vutta-±nisa½sesu c²varam±se asam±d±nac±ra½ µhapetv± ses±nisa½s± labbhanti. Yadi asam±d±nac±ro labbheyya, p±veyyak± bhikkh³ vassa½vutth± okapuŗŗehi c²varehi na bhagavanta½ upasaŖkameyyu½, yasm± ta½ na labhanti, tasm± c²varam±sepi tic²vara½ ±d±ya eva bhagavanta½ upasaŖkami½su. Tasm± veditabba½ asam±d±nac±raparih±ra½ atthatakathin± eva labhanti, na itareti vadanti.
397. (Kha) “aha½, bhante, eka½ p±µidesan²y±patti½, dve, sambahul± p±µidesan²y±pattiyo ±pajjin”ti ima½ pana yesu potthakesu likhita½, ta½ abhayagiriv±s²na½ khuddasikkh±vasena dassita½ kira. Tattha “aha½, ±yasm±, sambahul± p±µidesan²y± ±pattiyo ±panno, t±yo paµidesemi. Aha½, ±yasm±, eka½ p±µidesan²ya½ ±patti½ ±panno, ta½ paµidesem²”ti hi vutta½. Amh±ka½ pana eva½ desan±vidh±na½ natthi. “G±rayha½, ±vuso, dhamma½ ±pajji½ asapp±ya½ p±µidesan²ya½, ta½ paµidesem²”ti (p±ci. 553) vutta½. Samantap±s±dik±ya½ (p±ci. 553) “g±rayha½ ±vuso’ti-±di paµidesetabb±k±radassanan”ti vutta½. KaŖkh±vitaraŗiyampi (kaŖkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±µidesan²yasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) “tass± desetabb±k±ro g±rayha½ ±vuso’ti-±din± nayena sikkh±pade dassitoyev±”ti vuttatt± p±µhe ±gatanayeneva desan±vidh±na½ veditabba½. Sace dve honti, “g±rayhe, ±vuso, dve dhamme ±pajji½ asapp±ye p±µidesan²ye, te paµidesem²”ti, “passatha, bhante, te dhamme”ti ca “g±rayhe ±vuso, sambahule dhamme ±pajji½ asapp±ye p±µidesan²ye, te paµidesem²”ti, “passatha, bhante, te dhamme”ti ca eva½ yath±nur³pa½ desan±vidh±na½ veditabba½. Sesa½ vuttappak±ramev±ti.
398. Adesan±g±miniyanti (pari. 424 ±dayo; pari. aµµha. 425) p±r±jikańca saŖgh±disesańca na desayeti attho. An±pattińc±ti an±patti½ eva “±pattin”ti na desaye. Lahuk±pattimpi pubbe desita½ puna na desayeti sambandho, n±n±sa½v±saniss²maµµhit±na½ santike na desayeti attho. Catupańcah²ti ettha sam±navassikapav±raŗ±ya½ viya cat³hi v± pańcahi v± ekato hutv± ekassa santike na desayeti attho. Dvinna½ v± tiŗŗa½ v± vaµµati. Katha½ desetabbanti ce? Ekassa santike t²hipi ekato nis²ditv± “aha½, bhante, eka½ p±cittiy±patti½ ±pajji½, ta½ tumham³le paµidesem²”ti eva½ attan± ±panna-±pattivasena vutte tena “passasi, ±vuso, ta½ ±pattin”ti eva½ tikkhattu½ vutte “±ma, bhante, pass±m²”ti v± “±m±vuso pass±m²”ti v± vutte puna tena “±yati½ sa½vareyy±th±”ti v± “sa½vareyy±s²”ti v± vutte “s±dhu suµµhu sa½variss±m²”ti vattabba½, eva½ desetabba½. Manas±ti vac²bheda½ akatv± kevala½ citteneva na desayeti attho. Apakatatt±nanti antimavatthu½ ajjh±pannassa v± ukkhittakassa v± uposatho pav±raŗ± v± µhapit± honti, tassa santike na desayeti attho. N±nek±ti n±n±pattiyo “ek±”ti vatv± na desayeti attho. Ek± pana “sambahul±”ti desit± hot²ti. Desan±vinicchayo.

Desan±niddesavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.