40. Avebhaªgiyaniddesavaººan±

322-4. ¾r±m±r±mavatth³n²ti ettha (c³¼ava. 321; c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) ±r±mo n±ma pupph±r±mo v± phal±r±mo v±. Mañco p²µha½ bhisi bibbohan±disayan±sana½. Lohakumbh²±dayo k±¼alohatambaloh±dimay±. Bh±ºako udakac±µi. Pañcete avibh±jiy±ti bh±jetv± na gahetabb±, gahit±pi saªghasantak± ev±ti attho. Ettha pana ±r±mo ±r±mavatth³ti paµhama½, vih±ro vih±ravatth³ti dutiya½, mañco p²µha½ bhisi bibbohananti tatiya½, lohakumbh²…pe… nikh±dananti catuttha½, valli…pe… d±rubhaº¹a½ mattikabhaº¹anti pañcamanti eva½ im±ni r±sivasena pañca honti, sarupavasena anek±ni honti. Honti cettha–
“Dvisaªgah±ni dve honti, tatiya½ catusaªgaha½;
catuttha½ navakoµµh±sa½, pañcama½ aµµhabhedanan”ti. (C³¼ava. aµµha. 321).
325. “Pañcim±ni, bhikkhave, avissajjiy±ni na vissajjetabb±ni saªghena v± gaºena v± puggalena v±, vissajjit±nipi avissajjit±ni honti. Yo vissajjeyya, ±patti thullaccayass±”ti (c³¼ava. 321) vuttatt± “bh±jit±pi abh±jit±”ti vutta½. Eteti vuttappak±r± pañcapi “garubhaº¹±n²”ti ca “avissajjiy±n²”ti ca ca-saddena “avebhaªgiy±n²”ti ca vuccant²ti attho.
326-8. Id±ni purimesu t²su r±s²su sabbassa garubhaº¹att± te an±masitv± pacchimesu dv²su r±s²su ekaccassa agarubhaº¹ass±pi atthit±ya ta½ dassetu½ ±rabhantopi tesu dv²su bahuvisaya½ paµhama½ dassetu½ “valli¹¹hab±humatt±p²”ti-±dim±h±ti ñ±tabba½. Tass±ya½ saªkhepo (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321)– valli a¹¹hab±humatt±pi ve¼u aµµhaªgul±yatopi tiº±di muµµhimattamp²ti ettha ±di-saddena muñjapabbaja½ saªgaºh±ti, paººa½ ekampi mattik± p±kat± v± pañcavaºº± v± sudh±kaªguµµha-±dik±ti ±di-saddena sajjulasaj±tihiªgulak±di v± t±lapakkappam±º±pi yehi kehici saªghassa dinn± v± saªghike tiºakhett±dimhi j±t± v± rakkhitagopitabh³mibh±ge uppann± tatthaj±tak± v± saªghik± rakkhit± eva abh±jiy±ti attho.
Id±ni ye cettha bh±jitabb±, te dassetu½ “niµµhite”ti-±dim±ha, saªghassa v± cetiyassa v± kamme niµµhite bh±jiy±ti adhipp±yo. Ettha pana ya½ kiñci vallive¼utiºapaººamattik±di saªghassa dinna½ v± saªghike tiºakhett±dimhi j±taka½ v± rakkhitagopita½ garubhaº¹a½, ta½ saªghakamme ca cetiyakamme ca niµµhite avasesa½ puggalikakammepi d±tu½ vaµµati, agarubhaº¹att± bh±jitumpi labbhati. Sen±sanatth±ya rakkhitagopitameva garubhaº¹a½ hoti, na itara½. S²ha¼ad²pe tum³lasomavih±re saªghassa p±kavattampi t±lapaººa½ vikkiºitv± kar²yati. Kasm±? Na hi tattha paººena attho atthi, sabbepi iµµhakacchann± p±s±d±dayoti. Eva½ aññatth±pi kar²yati ev±ti vadanti.
329. Id±ni lohabhaº¹±d²su ekantabh±jetabbabhaº¹a½ dassetu½ “patt±d²”ti-±dim±ha. Ettha (c³¼ava. aµµha. 221) pana ±di-saddena lohath±lakatamba kuº¹ik± kaµacchu saraka añjani añjanisal±k±kaººamalaharaº²s³cisaº¹±sakattarayaµµhi-±d²ni gahit±neva. Tath±ti bh±jiyamev±ti attho. Vippakatañca avippakatañca. P±dagaºhakanti magadhan±¼iy± pañcan±¼iy± gaºhana½.
331-2. Anuññ±tav±si ya½ sakk± sip±µik±ya pakkhipitv± pariharitunti vutt±. Tacchit±niµµhitanti vippakata½. Yadi tacchita½, garubhaº¹ameva. Danta½ pana atacchitañca aniµµhitañca bh±jiyameva. Aniµµhita½ mañcap±d±dika½ garubhaº¹a½. Id±ni mattikabhaº¹a½ dassetu½ “bhikkh³pakaraºe”ti-±dim±ha. Pattath±lakakuº¹ik±dibhikkh³pakaraºe ca. P±daghaµakoti p±dagaºhanako ghaµako ca mattik±mayo bh±jiyo bh±jetabboti attho. Saªkhath±lakampi bh±jiyameva.
333-4. Migacamm±dika½ kappiyacamma½ bh±jiya½, s²hacamm±dika½ akappiyacamma½ garubhaº¹a½. Ta½ pana bh³mattharaºa½ k±tu½ vaµµati. E¼acamma½ pana paccattharaºagatikatt± garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Id±ni im±ni pana pañca c²varapiº¹ap±tabhesajj±na½ atth±ya parivattetu½ na vaµµati, garubhaº¹ena pana garubhaº¹añca th±varañca th±varena th±varameva parivattetv± paribhuñjitabb±n²ti dassetu½ “garun±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) garun±ti garubhaº¹ena garubhaº¹añca th±varañca parivatteyy±ti sambandho. Th±varena ca th±varameva parivatteyya, na garubhaº¹anti adhipp±yo. Pañcasu koµµh±sesu pacchimattaya½ garubhaº¹a½, purimadvaya½ th±varanti veditabba½ Tath± katv± ca bhuñjat³ti eva½ parivattetv± tato ±bhata½ kappiyabhaº¹a½ paribhuñjat³ti attho. Katha½ ñ±yat²ti ce? Vuttañheta½ pariv±re-
“Avissajjiya½ avebhaªgiya½, pañca vutt± mahesin±;
vissajjentassa paribhuñjantassa an±patti,
pañh± mes± kusalehi cintit±”ti. (Pari. 479).
Ettha pana garubhaº¹ena garubhaº¹añca th±varañca th±varena th±varameva parivattanavidhi½ sandh±ya “vissajjantassa an±patt²”ti vutta½. Puna tato nibbattañca catupaccaya½ paribhuñjitu½ labbhat²ti d²petu½ “paribhuñjantassa an±patt²”ti vutta½. Aya½ imiss± g±th±ya adhipp±yo. Sesanti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) ±r±m±di abh±jiyanti attho. Avebhaªgiyavinicchayo.

Avebhaªgiyaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.