12. P±cittiyaniddesavaººan±

121. Id±ni p±cittiy±ni dassetu½ “p±citt²”ti m±tik±pada½ uddharitv± “mus±v±domas±v±de, pesuññaharaºe”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha mus±v±de ca omasav±de ca pesuññaharaºe ca p±citti vutt±ti sambandho. Eva½ sesesupi. Ettha pana “adiµµha½, asuta½, amuta½ aviññ±ta½, diµµha½, suta½, muta½, viññ±tan”ti (p±ci. 3; p±ci. aµµha. 3) pubbepi “mus± bhaºiss±m²”ti cetetv± vacanakkhaºeva “mus± bhaº±m²”ti j±nitv± j±nantasseva mus±bhaºane p±citti n±ma ±patti hot²ti attho. Yassa bhaºati, so ta½ na suº±ti, ±patti na hoti (kaªkh±. aµµha. mus±v±dasikkh±padavaººan±).
“Omasav±do n±ma dasahi ±k±rehi omasati j±tiy±pi n±menapi gottenapi kammenapi sippenapi ±b±dhenapi liªgenapi kilesenapi ±pattiy±pi akkosenap²”ti (p±ci. 15) eva½ vuttehi dasahi ±k±rehi upasampanna½ yo khu½seti vambheti, aya½ omasati n±ma, tassa p±citt²ti attho. Parammukh± bhaºantassa dukkaµa½, tath± p±¼iya½ an±gatehi “coro”ti v± “gaºµhibhedako”ti v± ±d²hi bhaºantassa. “Santi idhekacce khattiy± br±hmaº± caº¹±l±”ti-±din± pariy±yena bhaºantassa ca anupasampanna½ bhaºantassa ca sabbatthapi dukkaµameva.
Piyakamyat±ya v± bhed±dhipp±yena v± upasampanna½ j±ti-±d²hi omasantassa upasampannassa vacana½ sutv± tassa upasa½haraºa½ pesuññaharaºa½ n±ma. Etth±pi pariy±yavacanena ca anupasampannassa upasa½haraºena ca dukkaµameva.
Padasodhammoti ettha “dhammo n±ma buddhabh±sito s±vakabh±sito isibh±sito devat±bh±sito atth³pasa½hito dhamm³pasa½hito”ti (p±ci. 46) eva½ vutta½ saªg²tittayam±ru¼ha½ tipiµakadhamma½ pada-anupada-anvakkhara-anubyañjanavasena bhikkhuñca bhikkhuniñca µhapetv± anupasampanna½ ekato v±centassa p±citti hot²ti attho.
S±g±reti ya½ pana sabbantimena pariy±yena diya¹¹hahatthubbedhena p±k±r±din± parikkhittatt± sabbaparicchinnañca yena kenaci vit±n±din± antamaso vatthenapi channatt± sabbacchannañca sen±sana½, tath±r³pe sen±sane ek³pac±raµµh±ne anupasampannena saha vasantassa catutthadivasato paµµh±ya nipajjanagaºan±ya ca anupasampannagaºan±ya ca devasika½ p±citti hot²ti attho.
Ujjh±panakakhiyyaneti ettha yo upasampanna½ saªghena sammata½ sen±sanapaññ±paka½ v± bhattuddesaka½ v± y±gubh±jaka½ v± phalabh±jaka½ v± khajjabh±jaka½ v± appamattakavissajjaka½ v± maªkukattuk±mo chandena “itthann±mo sen±sana½ paññ±peti, bhatt±ni ca uddisat²”ti v± vadanto añña½ upasampanna½ ujjh±peti tena avaj±n±peti, yo pana tatheva vadanto upasampannassa santike tassa ayasa½ pak±sento kh²yati, tasmi½ ujjh±panake ca kh²yanake ca p±cittidvayanti veditabba½.
122. Talasatti-an±dara-kukkuccupp±danesu c±ti ettha yo bhikkhu upasampannassa paharaº±k±ra½ dassento k±ya½ v± k±yappaµibaddha½ v± ucc±reti, tassa p±cittiya½. Sace viraddho pah±ra½ deti, appaharituk±mat±ya dukkaµa½, tath± anupasampannesupi dukkaµameva.
Upasampannena paññattena vuccam±no ta½ asikkhituk±mat±ya v± tassa vacana½ asotuk±mat±ya v± yo an±dariya½ karoti, tassa an±darakaraºe p±cittiyanti attho. Apaññattena vuccam±nassa ca anupasampannena paññattena v± apaññattena v± vuccam±nassa dukkaµa½.
Upasampannassa “³nav²sativasso maññe tva½ upasampanno, vik±le maññe tay± bhuttan”ti-±din± nayena sañcicca kukkucca½ upp±dentassa p±cittiya½. Anupasampannassa upp±dane dukkaµa½.
G±mappavesan±pucch±ti ettha pana majjhanhik±tikkamanato paµµh±ya y±va aruºuggaman± vik±lo n±ma, etthantare sace sambahul± kenaci kammena g±ma½ pavisanti, “vik±le g±mappavesana½ ±pucch±m±”ti sabbehipi aññamañña½ ±pucchitabba½. Sace an±pucch± parikkhittassa parikkhepa½, aparikkhittassa upac±ra½ atikkamanti, paµhamap±de dukkaµa½, dutiyap±duddh±re p±cittiya½. ¾pad±su an±patti.
Bhojane ca parampar±ti paramparabhojane ca p±cittiyanti attho. Ettha pana pañcasu bhojanesu aññatara½ n±ma½ gahetv± “odanena v± sattun± v± kumm±sena v± ma½sena v± macchena v± nimantem²”ti-±din± nayena, yena kenaci vevacanena v± akappiyanimantan±ya nimantitassa yena yena paµhama½ nimantito, tassa tassa bhojana½ µhapetv± uppaµip±µiy±, avikappetv± v± paµhamanimantana½ parassa parassa kulassa pañcanna½ bhojan±na½ aññatara½ paribhuñjantassa paramparabhojane p±citti hoti. Gil±nac²varad±nac²varak±lasamayesu an±patti, tath± pañca bhojan±ni µhapetv± sabbattha.
123. Anuddharitv± gamane seyyanti ettha dasavidh± seyy± bhisi cimilik± uttarattharaºa½ bh³mattharaºa½ taµµik± cammakhaº¹o nis²dana½ paccattharaºa½ tiºasanth±ro paººasanth±roti. Etesu ya½ kiñci saªghike vih±re guttasen±sane attano vassaggena gahita½ attan± v± santharitv±, anupasampannena v± santhar±petv± ta½ divasa½ gamikavasena pakkamanto neva saya½ uddhareyya na añña½ uddhar±peyya, yath± upacik±d²hi na khajjeyya, eva½ na µhapeyya, aññena v± na uddhar±peyya, patir³pa½ bhikkhu½ v± s±maºera½ v± ±r±mikameva v± an±pucch± v± gaccheyya, tassa parikkhittassa vih±rassa parikkhepa½, aparikkhittassa dve le¹¹up±te atikkamantassa p±cittiya½. Maº¹aparukkham³l±di-aguttasen±sane santharitv± gacchantassa dukkaµa½, tath± mañcap²µhabhisikocchakesu, guttasen±sanepi dukkaµameva.
Sen±san±ni v±ti ettha anuddharitv± gamaneti sambandho. Ettha pana mañco p²µha½ bhisi kocchakanti catubbidhampi sen±sana½ vass±nahemant±na½ aµµhasu m±sesu ajjhok±se v± ovassakamaº¹ape v± rukkham³le v± saya½ santharitv± v± anupasampannena santhar±petv± v± ta½ anuddharitv± v± anuddhar±petv± v± tassa sen±sanassa dvinna½ le¹¹up±t±na½ atikkamane p±cittiya½. Sammuñjan²y±di sesaparikkh±resu dukkaµa½.
Itthiy±ddh±nagamaneti ettha m±tug±mena “gacch±ma bhagini, gacch±ma ayy±”ti eva½ sa½vidahitv± “ajja v± sve v± parasuve v±”ti niyamitak±la½ visaªketa½ akatv± dv±ravisaªketa½ maggavisaªketa½ katv±pi gacchato g±mantare g±mantare p±cittiya½. Ag±make araññe addhayojane addhayojane ±patti.
Ekek±ya nis²daneti ettha eko ek±ya itthiy± nis²daneti attho.
124. Bhi½s±paneti ettha upasampanno upasampanna½ bhi½s±petuk±mo corakant±rav±¼akant±r±d²ni ±cikkhati, bhay±naka½ v± r³pasadd±di½ dasseti, so bh±yatu v± m± v±, tassa payoge payoge p±cittiya½. Anupasampanne dukkaµa½.
¾koµaneti pah±rad±ne. Upasampanno upasampannassa anattamano hutv± sace uppalapattenapi pah±ra½ deti, p±cittiya½. Anupasampannassa gahaµµhassa v± pabbajitassa v± itthiy± v± purisassa v± antamaso tiracch±nagatass±pi pah±ra½ deti, dukkaµameva.
An±c±ra½ ±caritv± saªghamajjhe ±pattiy± v± vatthun± v± anuyuñjiyam±no ta½ akathetuk±mo “ko ±panno, ki½ ±panno, kismi½ ±panno”ti-±din± nayena aññehi vacanehi ta½ vacana½ paµicch±dento so añña½ vadati, aya½ aññav±dako, tasmi½ aññav±dake ca kañci v²tikkama½ disv± “±vuso, ida½ n±ma tay± katan”ti vutte ta½ na kathetuk±mo tuºh²bh³tova saªgha½ vihesat²ti saªghavihesako, tasmi½ vihesake ca p±citti hot²ti attho. Idha pana ñattidutiyena kammena aññav±dake ca vihesake ca ±ropite puna añña½ bhaºantassa, vihesantassa p±citti. An±ropite dukkaµanti veditabba½.
Duµµhullapak±sach±deti ettha kiñc±pi “duµµhull± n±ma ±patti catt±ri ca p±r±jik±ni terasa ca saªgh±dises±”ti (p±ci. 399) vutt±, tath±pi idha saªgh±dises±va adhippet±. Tasm± saªghasammuti½ vin± bhikkhussa duµµhulla½ ±patti½ “aya½ asuci½ mocetv± saªgh±disesa½ ±panno”ti-±din± nayena vatthun± saddhi½ ±patti½ ghaµetv± bhikkhuñca bhikkhuniñca µhapetv± yassa kassaci anupasampannassa ±rocentassa p±cittiya½. Thullaccay±di-aduµµhull±rocane dukkaµa½. Duµµhullacch±danepi saªgh±disesova adhippeto. Yo pana bhikkhu bhikkhussa duµµhulla½ ±patti½ saya½ v± j±nitv± aññesa½ v± sutv± “ima½ j±nitv± codessanti s±ressanti maªku½ karissanti, n±rociss±m²”ti dhura½ nikkhipati, tassa p±cittiya½. Dhura½ nikkhipitv± pacch± ±rocitepi na rakkhati eva.
H±sodaketi aªgulipatodakena h±so ca udake h±so c±ti evamattho veditabbo. Upasampanno upasampanna½ has±dhipp±yo k±yena k±ya½ ±masati, ±patti p±cittiyassa, ko pana v±do upakacchak±d²su ghaµµane. Anupasampanne dukkaµa½, tath± bhikkhussa k±yappaµibaddh±masane ca nissaggiyena k±yappaµibaddh±masane ca. Ettha bhikkhun²pi anupasampannaµµh±ne µhit±. Udake hasanadhammo n±ma uparigopphake udake k²¼±dhipp±yassa nimmujjana-ummujjanaplavan±dika½. Idha h±so n±ma k²¼± vuccati.
Nicchubhane vih±r±ti saªghik± vih±r± nikka¹¹haneti attho. Ettha pana yo kuddho hutv± upasampanna½ hatth±d²su gahetv± v± “nikkham±”ti vatv± v± yattak±ni dv±r±ni ekena payogena atikk±meti, tattha dv±ragaºan±ya ±patti½ aggahetv± payogassa ekatt± ek± eva gahetabb±. Sace n±n±payogehi atikk±meti, tattha dv±ragaºan±ya gahetabba½. Tassa parikkh±ranikka¹¹hane dukkaµa½, tath± anupasampanne, tassa parikkh±ranikka¹¹hane ca. Alajji-±d²su pana an±patti.
Anupakhajja sayaneti saªghike vih±re “vu¹¹ho”ti v± “gil±no”ti v± “saªghena dinno”ti v± j±nitv± mañcassa v± p²µhassa v± pavisantassa v± nikkhamantassa v± upac±re seyya½ santharitv± v± santhar±petv± v± “yassa samb±dho bhavissati, so pakkamissat²”ti adhipp±yena abhinis²dantassa ca abhinipajjantassa ca payogagaºan±ya p±cittiya½ veditabba½. P±cittiyavinicchayo.

P±cittiyaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.