3. C²varaniddesavaŗŗan±

30. Eva½ garuke sikkhitabb±k±ra½ dassetv± id±ni c²varesu dassetu½ “c²varan”ti uddhaµa½. Tattha j±tito cha c²var±ni (mah±va. 339; p±r±. aµµha. 2.462-463; kaŖkh±. aµµha. kathinasikkh±padavaŗŗan±), t±ni k±n²ti ce, ta½ dassetu½ “khom±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha khoma½ n±ma khomav±kasuttehi kata½ vattha½. S±ŗa½ n±ma s±ŗav±kehi kata½ vattha½. BhaŖga½ n±ma khomasutt±d²hi pańcahi missetv± kata½ vattha½. P±µekka½ v±kamayameva v±ti vadanti. Kambala½ n±ma manussaloma½ v±¼aloma½ µhapetv± lomehi v±yitv± kata½ vattha½. Cha¼et±n²ti cha et±ni. Saha anulomeh²ti s±nulom±ni. J±tito pana kappiy±ni cha c²var±n²ti vutta½ hoti.
31. Id±ni tesa½ anulom±ni dassetu½ “duk³lan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha (mah±va. aµµha. 305) duk³la½ s±ŗassa anuloma½ v±kamayatt±. Paµµuŗŗanti paµµuŗŗadese p±ŗakehi sańj±tavattha½. Som±radese, c²nadese j±ta½ som±rac²naja½ paµanti sambandho. Im±ni t²ŗipi koseyyassa anulom±ni p±ŗakehi katasuttamayatt±. Iddhijanti ehibhikkh³na½ puńńiddhiy± nibbattac²vara½. Ta½ pana khom±d²na½ ańńatara½ hoti. Kapparukkhehi nibbatta½ j±liniy± devakańń±ya anuruddhattherassa dinnavatth±dika½ devadinna½. Tampi khom±d²hi nibbattavatthasadisatt± channampi anuloma½ hotiyeva kapp±sikassa v±, iddhijampi tatheva veditabba½. Tassa tass±ti khom±dikassa. Anulomikanti anur³pa½.
32-33. Eva½ j±tito s±nulom±ni cha c²var±ni dassetv± id±ni tesu adhiµµh±n±dika½ vidh±na½ dassetu½ “tic²varan”ti-±di vutta½. Ettha (kaŖkh±. aµµha. kathinasikakh±padavaŗŗan±; mah±va. 358) dhiµµh±nato pubbe tic²vara½ n±ma p±µekka½ natthi saŖgh±µi-±dippahonakassa paccattharaŗ±divasen±pi adhiµµh±tu½ anuńń±tatt±. Tasm± “tic²vara½ adhiµµheyya na vikappeyy±”ti ettha “ima½ saŖgh±µin”ti eva½ n±me gahite “adhiµµh±na”micceva vattabba½, “vikappem²”ti pana na vattabbanti adhipp±yo. Eva½ sesesupi. Mukhapuńchanańca nis²danańca mukhapuńchananis²dana½. Kaŗ¹ucch±dinti kaŗ¹uppaµicch±di½ adhiµµheyya, na vikappeyy±ti sambandho. Etth±ti imesu navasu c²varesu. Tic²varanti tic²var±dhiµµh±nanayena adhiµµhitatic²vara½. Vin± aladdhasammutiko bhikkhu avippav±sasammuti-aladdhaµµh±ne ek±hampi hatthap±sa½ vijahitv± na vaseyy±ti attho. “Na bhikkhave c±tum±sa½ nis²danena vippavasitabba½, yo vippavaseyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti khuddakakkhandhake (c³¼ava. 263) vuttatt± c±tum±sa½ nis²dana½ vin± na vaseyy±ti attho.
34. Id±ni adhiµµh±navidhi½ dassetu½ “ima½ saŖgh±µin”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha miccadhiµµhayeti iti adhiµµhaye, “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti eva½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµhayeti attho. Ahatthap±sametanti d³re µhita½ pana µhapitok±sa½ sallakkhetv± sace eka½, “etan”ti, bah³ni ce, “et±n²”ti vatv± adhiµµhayeti atthasambandho. Sesesupi aya½ nayoti yath± “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti vutta½, eva½ “ima½ uttar±saŖga½, ima½ kaŗ¹uppaµicch±di½ adhiµµh±m²”ti eva½ attano n±meneva vatv± sammukh±pi parammukh±pi vuttanayena adhiµµh±tabbanti vutta½ hoti.
35. Id±ni sace pubbe adhiµµhita½ tic²vara½ nis²dana½ vassikas±µika½ kaŗ¹uppaµicch±d²ti imesu chasu c²varesu ańńatara½ c²vara½ atthi, puna tath±vidha½ c²vara½ adhiµµhahitv± pariharitu½ icchantena “dve pana na vaµµant²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.469; kaŖkh±. aµµha. kathinasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) vuttatt± pubbe adhiµµhita½ paccuddharitv± adhiµµh±tabbanti dassetu½ “adhiµµhahanto”ti-±di vutta½, ta½ utt±nameva. Patt±dhiµµhahane tath±ti “ima½ patta½, eta½ pattan”ti eva½ n±mamattameva viseso. Sesa½ t±disamev±ti attho.
36. Eta½ ima½ va saŖgh±µi½ sa½seti ettha sace antogabbhe v± s±mantavih±re v± hoti, µhapitaµµh±na½ sallakkhetv± “eta½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti v±c± bhinditabb±, sace hatthap±se hoti, “ima½ saŖgh±µin”ti tesa½ tesa½ n±mavasena v±c± bhinditabb±ti attho. Paccuddh±repi eseva nayo. Ettha pana “dve c²varassa adhiµµh±n± k±yena v± adhiµµheti, v±c±ya v± adhiµµhet²”ti (pari. 322) vuttatt± saŖgh±µi-±dika½ hatthena gahetv± “ima½ saŖgh±µi½ adhiµµh±m²”ti-±din± nayena cittena ±bhoga½ katv± k±yavik±ra½ karontena k±yena adhiµµh±tabba½, yena kenaci sar²r±vayavena aphusantassa na vaµµati. V±c±ya adhiµµhahantena vac²bheda½ katv±va adhiµµh±tabba½. Tath± pattepi. Vid³ti paŗ¹ito.
37-8. Id±ni tesa½ pam±ŗapariccheda½ dassetu½ “saŖgh±µi pacchimanten±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha d²ghato muµµhipańcakato (p±r±. aµµha. 2.469; kaŖkh±. aµµha. kathinasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) paµµh±ya “tatrida½ sugatassa sugatac²varappam±ŗa½, d²ghaso nava vidatthiyo sugatavidatthiy±, tiriya½ cha vidatthiyo”ti (p±ci. 548) eva½ vuttasugatac²var³n±pi vaµµati. Tiriya½ pana muµµhittika½. Ca-saddena atirekampi vaµµat²ti attho. Uttar±saŖgassapi etadeva pam±ŗanti ta½ dassetu½ “tath± eka½sikass±p²”ti vutta½. Antarav±sakassa pana “p±rupanenapi hi sakk± n±bhi½ paµicch±detun”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.469) aµµhakath±vacanato “dvihattho v±”ti vutta½.
39. Nis²danassa d²ghen±ti ettha (p±ci. 531 ±dayo; p±ci. aµµha. 531; kaŖkh±. aµµha. nis²danasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) nis²dananti santhatasadisa½ santharitv± ekasmi½ ante vuttappam±ŗena dv²su µh±nesu ph±letv± kat±hi t²hi das±hi yuttassa parikkh±rasseta½ n±ma½.
40. Kaŗ¹uppaµicch±di (p±ci. 538; mah±va. 354; p±ci. aµµha. 537; kaŖkh±. aµµha. kaŗ¹uppaµicch±disikkh±padavaŗŗan±) n±ma yassa adhon±bhi-ubbhaj±ŗumaŗ¹ala½ kaŗ¹u v± pi¼ak± v± ass±vo v± thullakacchu v± ±b±dho, tassa paµicch±danatth±ya anuńń±ta½ c²vara½. G±th±yo suvińńeyy±va.
41. A¹¹hateyy±v±ti (p±ci. 544) ettha tato uddha½ na vaµµat²ti attho.
42. Etth±ti saŖgh±µito paµµh±ya y±va vassikas±µik±, t±va dassitac²vares³ti attho. Taduttarinti tato tesa½ c²var±na½ vuttappam±ŗato uttari½ karontassa chedanap±citti hot²ti p±µhaseso, ta½ atireka½ chinditv± puna p±cittiya½ desetabbanti attho. Paccattharaŗamukhaco¼±ti ettha “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, y±va mahanta½ paccattharaŗa½ ±kaŖkhati, t±va mahanta½ paccattharaŗa½ k±tun”ti (mah±va. 353) vuttatt± paccattharaŗassa pam±ŗaparicchedo natthi,. Mukhapuńchanaco¼assa pana ukkaµµhavasena v± antimavasena v± pam±ŗaparicchedo na vutto, tasm± tampi appam±ŗika½. Tena vutta½ “±kaŖkhitappam±ŗik±”ti, icchitappam±ŗik±ti attho. Y±va eka½ dhov²yati, t±va ańńa½ paribhogatth±ya icchitabbanti dvepi vaµµanti.
43. Na d²pitanti kattha na d²pita½? Aµµhakath±su. Kasm±ti ce? “Tena kho pana samayena bhikkh³na½ paripuŗŗa½ hoti tic²vara½, attho ca hoti pariss±vanehipi thavik±hipi. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½. Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, parikkh±raco¼akan”ti (mah±va. 357) bah³na½ pattathavikapariss±van±d²na½ saŖgahavasena vuttatt± p±µekka½ nidh±namukhanti. Yasm± pana bhagavat± “ya½ ya½ labbhati, ta½ ta½ imin± vidh±nena adhiµµhahitv± puna yena yena pariss±van±din± attho hoti, ta½ ta½ katv± gaŗhant³”ti anukamp±ya anuńń±ta½, tasm± vikappanupagapacchimac²varappam±ŗa½ thavikampi paµapariss±vanampi bah³nipi ekato katv± “im±ni c²var±ni parikkh±raco¼±ni adhiµµh±m²”ti vatv± adhiµµh±tumpi vaµµatiyeva. Tasm± vutta½ “tath± vatv±”ti, “parikkh±raco¼an”ti vatv±ti attho. Vikappiyanti vikappanupaga½.
44. Ahatakapp±nanti (mah±va. 348) ekav±ra½ dhovitak±na½.
45. Utuddhaµ±nanti ututo d²ghak±lato uddhaµ±na½, katavatthakicc±na½ pilotik±nanti vutta½ hoti. Ses±ti uttar±saŖga-antarav±sak±. Pa½su viya kucchitabh±va½ paµikk³labh±va½ ulati gacchat²ti pa½suk³la½, co¼akhaŗ¹±nameta½ n±ma½, tasmi½ pa½suk³le yath±ruc²ti attho. Kasm±ti ce? “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, ahat±na½ duss±na½ ahatakapp±na½ diguŗa½ saŖgh±µi½ ekacciya½ uttar±saŖga½ ekacciya½ antarav±saka½, utuddhaµ±na½ duss±na½ catugguŗa½ saŖgh±µi½ diguŗa½ uttar±saŖga½ diguŗa½ antarav±saka½, pa½suk³le y±vadattha½, p±paŗike uss±ho karaŗ²yo”ti vuttatt±, tasm± sus±n±d²su patitapa½suk³le ca antar±paŗe patitapilotikac²vare ca paµaparicchedo natthi, paµasatampi vaµµat²ti siddha½.
46. Id±ni “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, chinnaka½ saŖgh±µi½ chinnaka½ uttar±saŖga½ chinnaka½ antarav±sakan”ti (mah±va. 345) vatv± puna “tena kho pana samayena ańńatarassa bhikkhuno tic²vare kayiram±ne sabba½ chinnaka½ nappahoti. Bhagavato etamattha½ ±rocesu½. Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, dve chinnak±ni eka½ acchinnakanti. Dve chinnak±ni eka½ acchinnaka½ nappahoti. Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, dve acchinnak±ni eka½ chinnakanti. Eka½ chinnaka½ nappahoti. Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, anv±dhikampi ±ropetu½. Na ca, bhikkhave, sabba½ acchinnaka½ dh±retabba½, yo dh±reyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va. 360) eva½ vuttavidh±na½ dassetu½ “t²s³”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tassa attho– t²su c²varesu ya½ chinditv± sibbitu½ sabbapacchimappam±ŗa½ pahoti, ta½ chinditabba½. Sabbesu pana appahontesu anv±dhika½ ±diyeyy±ti. Tattha anv±dhi n±ma anuv±ta½ viya sa½haritv± c²varassa upari saŖgh±µi-±k±rena ±ropetabba½. ¾gantukapattantipi vadanti. Ida½ pana appahonake anuńń±ta½. Sace pahoti, na vaµµanti, chinditabbameva. An±diŗŗanti an±ropita½ anv±dhika½. Na dh±reyy±ti tic²var±dhiµµh±navasena adhiµµhahitv± na dh±retabbanti adhipp±yo.
47-8. Id±ni udositasikkh±padanaya½ dassetu½ “g±me”ti-±di vutta½. Ettha pana sace g±mo (p±r±. 478; p±r±. aµµha. 2.477-478; kaŖkh±. aµµha. udositasikkh±padavaŗŗan±) ekassa rańńo v± bhojakassa v± vasena ekakulassa hoti, p±k±r±din± parikkhittatt± ek³pac±ro ca, evar³pe g±me c²vara½ nikkhipitv± tasmi½ g±me yath±rucitaµµh±ne vasitu½ labbhati. Sace so g±mo aparikkhitto, yasmi½ ghare c²vara½ nikkhitta½ hoti, tasmi½ ghare vasitabba½, tassa v± gharassa samantato hatthap±s± na vijahitabba½.
Sace so g±mo ves±likusin±r±dayo viya n±n±r±j³na½ v± bhojak±na½ v± hoti, vuttappak±rena parikkhitto ca, evar³pe g±me yasmi½ ghare c²vara½ nikkhitta½, tasmi½ ghare v± vatthabba½. Yass± v²thiy± ta½ ghara½ hoti, tass± v²thiy± tassa gharassa sammukh±µµh±ne sabh±ye v± nagaradv±re v± vatthabba½, tesa½ sabh±yadv±r±na½ hatthap±s± v± na vijahitabba½. Sace aparikkhitto, yasmi½ ghare nikkhitta½, tattha v± tassa hatthap±se v± vatthabba½.
Nivesan±dayo hammiyapariyos±n± g±maparikkhepato bahi sanniviµµh±ti veditabb±. Itarath± tesa½ g±maggahaŗeneva gahitatt± g±massa ekakulan±n±kula-ek³pac±ran±n³pac±rat±vaseneva vinicchayo vattabbo siy±. Nivesan±d²na½ vaseneva p±¼iya½ (p±r±. 478 ±dayo) attho vibhatto, na g±mavasena. Udositavinicchaye aya½ nayo vuttoyeva.