1. P±r±jikaniddesavaººan±

1-2. Id±ni te dassetu½ “maggattaye”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha manuss±manussatiracch±nagat±na½ vasena tisso itthiyo, tayo ubhatobyañjanak±, tayo paº¹ak±, tayo puris±ti p±r±jikavatthubh³t±na½ nimitt±na½ nissay± dv±dasamatt± honti, tesa½ vaccamaggappass±vamaggamukhamaggavasena tayo magg±. Tattha manussitthiy± tayo, amanussitthiy± tayo, tiracch±nagatitthiy± tayoti nava, tath± manussa-ubhatobyañjanak±d²na½. Manussapaº¹ak±d²na½ pana vaccamaggamukhamaggavasena dve dve katv± cha, tath± manussapuris±d²nanti sabbesa½ vasena ti½sa magg± honti. Te sabbe pariggahetv± idha “maggattaye”ti vutta½, tasmi½ maggattayeti attho. Anikkhittasikkhoti bhikkhubh±vato cavituk±mat±cittena yath±lakkhaºa½ apaccakkh±tasikkhoti attho. Santhatasanthateti vatth±d²su yena kenaci santhate v± asanthate v±. Allok±seti maggattayassa pakativ±tena asamphuµµhappadese. Nimittanti aªgaj±ta½. Sa½santhata½ v± asanthata½ v±ti attano aªgaj±ta½ vatth±d²na½ aññatarena paµicchanna½ v± appaµicchanna½ v±. Up±diººanti anaµµhak±yappas±da½. Vuttappak±re maggattaye pavesanto cuto p±r±jikoti sambandho. Naµµhak±yappas±da½ pana p²¼aka½ v± cammakhila½ v± loma½ v± pavesantassa dukkaµa½, manuss±na½ pana j²vam±nakasar²re akkhin±s±kaººacchiddavatthikosesu satthak±d²hi katavaºe v± methunar±gena tilab²jamattampi aªgaj±ta½ pavesantassa thullaccaya½, avasesasar²resu upakacchak±d²su ca dukkaµa½. Tiracch±nagat±na½ hatthi-assagoºagadrabha-oµµhamahi½s±d²na½ n±s±ya thullaccaya½, tath± tesa½ vatthikosesu. Sabbesampi tiracch±nagat±na½ akkhikaººavaºesu dukkaµa½, tath± tesa½ avasesasar²resupi.
Id±ni pavesana½ n±ma na kevala½ attupakkameneva hoti, bhikkhupaccatthik±d²na½ pana vasena par³pakkamen±pi hoti, tatth±pi sevanacitte sati p±r±jiko hot²ti dassanattha½ “atha v±”ti-±di vutta½. Tassattho– yo bhikkhu pavesanapaviµµhaµhita-uddh±raºakkhaºesu s±diyati, tasmi½ khaºe sevanacitta½ upaµµhapeti, sopi p±r±jiko hoti. Yo pana bhikkhu sabbaso as±diyanto ±s²visamukha½ aªg±rak±suñca paviµµha½ viya maññati, so nippar±dho hoti. Ettha µhita½ n±ma sukkavissaµµhisamayappavatti.

Paµhama½.

3-4. Id±ni dutiya½ dassetu½ “±diyeyy±”ti-±dim±ha. “¾diyeyy±”ti-±d²na½ pad±na½ “adinna½ theyyacittena bhave p±r±jiko”ti imin± sambandho. ¾diyeyy±ti ±r±m±di½ abhiyuñjitv± yo bhikkhu gaºheyya, so bhave p±r±jikoti attho. Eva½ sesesupi. Hareyy±ti vetanena v± mittabh±vena v± aññassa bhaº¹a½ haranto puna theyyacitte uppanne “s²se bh±ra½ theyyacitto ±masat²”ti-±din± gaºheyy±ti attho. Avahareyy±ti “upanikkhitta½ bhaº¹a½ ‘dehi me bhaº¹an’ti vuccam±no ‘n±ha½ gaºh±m²”ti-±din± avahareyya. Iriy±patha½ kopeyy±ti “sahabhaº¹ah±raka½ ness±m²”ti teneva purisena ta½ netu½ tassa gamanapatha½ v±retv± aññena maggena ta½ santajjetv± neti, eva½ nentassa tassa purisassa paµhamap±de thullaccaya½, dutiyap±duddh±re p±r±jika½. “Thalaµµha½ bhaº¹a½ theyyacitto ±masat²”ti-±din± µh±n± c±veyya. Parikappitaµµh±na½ v± suªkagh±ta½ v± atikk±mento saªketa½ v²tin±meyya. Ya½ kiñci parapariggahita½ sass±mika½ bhaº¹a½ tehi s±mikehi k±yena v± v±c±ya v± na dinnanti adinna½.
Id±ni na imin±va ±k±rena avah±rako p±r±jiko hoti, aññath±pi hot²ti dassetu½ “atha v±”ti-±di vutta½. Theyy±vah±rako ca bal±vah±rako ca kus±vah±rako ca paµicchann±vah±rako ca parikapp±vah±rako ca bhave p±r±jikoti sambandho. Tattha theyy±vah±ro n±ma sandhicched±d²hi v± ka½sak³µam±nak³µatul±k³µ±d²hi v± vañcetv± gahaºa½. Pasayh±vah±ro bal±vah±ro. Kusasaªkamana½ katv± parakoµµh±saggahaºa½ kus±vah±ro. Parabhaº¹a½ pa½su-±din± paµicch±detv± s±mikesu apassitv± gatesu pacc±gantv± gahaºa½ paµicchann±vah±ro. Parikapp±vah±ro pana duvidho bhaº¹ok±savasena. Tattha “s±µako ce, gaºhiss±mi, suttañce, na gaºhiss±m²”ti bhaº¹a½ parikappetv± andhak±re pasibbaka½ gaºh±ti. Tattha ce s±µako hoti, uddh±reyeva p±r±jika½. Sace sutta½ hoti, rakkhati, puna “suttan”ti ñatv±pi “ya½ laddha½, ta½ gahetabban”ti uggaºhanto uddh±reyeva p±r±jika½, aya½ bhaº¹aparikappo. Ok±saparikappo gabbhadv±rappamukhavih±r±d²na½ vasena pariccheda½ karoti “sace ma½ etthantare passanti, dass±mi, no ce passanti, gaºhitv± gacch±m²”ti, tassa ta½ parikappitapariccheda½ atikkamantassa padav±rena p±r±jika½ veditabba½, aya½ ok±saparikappo.
Id±ni imasmi½ adinn±d±ne vinicchayanaya½ dassetu½ “bhaº¹ak±lagghadeseh²”ti-±di vutta½. Etth±ti adinn±d±ne. Nicchayoti vinicchayo k±tabboti attho. Tattha kenaci bhikkhun± “may± ida½ n±ma bhaº¹a½ theyyacittena gahitan”ti vutte vinayadharena sahas±va ta½ ±patti½ an±ropetv± tassa bhaº¹assa s±mika-ass±mikabh±va½ upaparikkhitv± yadi sass±mika½, tassa bhaº¹assa agghavasena ±pattiy± k±retabbo. Sace nir±layak±le gahita½ p±r±jikena na k±retabbo, aya½ bhaº¹avasena vinicchayo.
K±loti avah±rak±lo. Tadeva hi bhaº¹a½ kad±ci mahaggha½ hoti, kad±ci appaggha½, tasm± yasmi½ k±le avahaµa½, tasmi½ k±le yo tassa aggho, tena agghena ±pattiy± k±retabbo, aya½ k±lavasena vinicchayo.
Agghoti bhaº¹aggho. Navabhaº¹assa hi yo aggho, so pacch± parih±yati, tasm± sabbad± bhaº¹a½ pakati-agghavaseneva na k±retabba½, aya½ agghavasena vinicchayo. Desoti avah±radeso. Bhaº¹uµµh±nadese hi bhaº¹a½ appaggha½ hoti, aññattha mahaggha½, tasm± yasmi½ dese bhaº¹a½ avahaµa½, tasmi½yeva dese agghena k±retabbo, aya½ desavasena vinicchayo.
Paribhogenapi s±µak±dikassa bhaº¹assa aggho parih±yati, tasm± tassa paribhogavasena parih²n±parih²nabh±vo upaparikkhitabbo, aya½ paribhogavasena vinicchayo.

Dutiya½.

5. Id±ni tatiya½ dassetu½ “manussaviggahan”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha manussaviggahanti paµisandhiviññ±ºena saddhi½ uppanna½ kalalar³pa½ ±di½ katv± pakatiy± v²sativassasat±yukassa sattassa y±va maraºak±l± etthantare anupubbena vuddhippatto attabh±vo, eso manussaviggaho n±ma, evar³pa½ manussaviggahanti attho. Cicc±ti vadhakacetan±vasena sañcetetv± pakappetv± abhivitaritv± v²tikkamoti attho. J²vit± v± viyojayeti vuttappak±ra½ manussaviggaha½ kalalak±lepi t±panamaddanehi v± bhesajjasampad±nena v± tato v± uddhampi tadanur³pena upakkamena santativikopanavasena yo j²vit± viyojeyya, so cuto bhaveti sambandho. Kiñca bhiyyo– “satthah±raka½ v±”ti-±di vutta½. Ettha harat²ti h±raka½, ki½ harati? J²vita½, haritabbanti v± h±raka½, upanikkhipitabbanti attho, satthañca ta½ h±rakañc±ti satthah±raka½. Ass±ti manussaviggahassa. Yath± manussaviggaho icchiticchitakkhaºe ta½ asi-±disattha½ paµilabhati, tath± saya½ maraºacetano maraº±dhipp±yo hutv± upanikkhipeyya. Sopi cuto bhaveti attho. Etena th±varappayoga½ dasseti.
6-7. Id±ni “maraºavaººa½ v± sa½vaººeyy±”ti-±dividhi½ dassetu½ “g±heyya maraº³p±ya½, vadeyya maraºe guºan”ti vutta½. Tattha “sattha½ v± ±hara, visa½ v± kh±da, rajjuy± v± ubbandhitv± k±la½ karoh²”ti-±din± nayena maraºatth±ya up±ya½ g±heyya. Maraºasa½vaººan± panettha bahuvidh± “k±yena sa½vaººeti, v±c±ya k±yav±c±ya d³tena lekh±ya v± sa½vaººet²”ti vuttatt±. Tattha k±yena sa½vaººeti n±ma k±yena viññ±peti. “Yo pap±te papatan±d²ni katv± marati, so dhana½ v± labhati, yasa½ v± labhati, sagga½ v± gacchat²”ti-±din± nayena sa½vaººeti, ±patti dukkaµassa. Tassa vacana½ sutv± koci “mariss±m²”ti dukkha½ vedana½ upp±deti, thullaccaya½. Marati ce, p±r±jika½. Eva½ sesesupi. D³tena sa½vaººan±ya½ pana d³tassa s±sana½ ±roc±peti “eva½ ±roceh²”ti, “yo eva½ marati, so dhana½ v± labhat²”ti sabba½ purimasadisameva. Lekh±ya sa½vaººeti n±ma giripabbatapur±º±dilekha½ likhati, “yo eva½ marat²”ti-±di vuttanayameva. Etth±pi yo maraº³p±ya½ v± g±heyya, maraºe v± guºa½ vadeyya, so cuto bhaveti sambandho.
Id±ni pana imassa manussaviggahassa chabbidhe payoge dassetu½ “payog±”ti-±di ±raddha½. S±hatthikanissaggika-±ºattikath±vara-iddhimayavijj±may±na½ vasena tassa manussaviggahassa chappayog±ti adhipp±yo. Tattha s±hatthikoti saya½ m±rentassa k±yena v± k±yappaµibaddhena v± paharaºa½. Nissaggikoti d³re µhita½ m±retuk±massa k±y±d²hi ususattiyantap±s±º±d²na½ nissajjana½. ¾ºattikoti “asuka½ n±ma m±reh²”ti añña½ ±º±pentassa ±º±pana½. Th±varoti op±takkhaºana½, apassenasa½vidh±na½, asi-±d²na½ upanikkhipana½, ta¼±k±d²su visasampayojana½, r³p³pah±roti evam±di. Kammavip±kaj±ya iddhiy± payojana½ iddhipayoga½. M±raºatth±ya vijj±na½ parijappana½ vijj±mayoti.
Id±ni imesu chasu payogesu ±ºattiya½ saªketavisaªketata½ dassetu½ “k±lavatth±vudhiriy±path±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha k±loti pubbaºhas±yanh±dik±lo ca yobbanath±variy±dik±lopi ca. Imesu ya½ kiñci k±la½ niyametv± “imasmi½ n±ma k±le m±reh²”ti ±ºatto sace tasmi½yeva k±le m±reti, ±ºattikkhaºeyeva p±r±jika½. Sace niyamitak±lato pure v± pacch± v± m±reti, ±º±pako muccati. Vatth³ti m±retabbo puggalo. Sace ±ºatto tameva m±reti, ±º±pakassa ±ºattikkhaºeyeva p±r±jika½. Atha añña½ m±reti, ±º±pako muccati. Eva½ sesesupi vuttanayeneva vinicchayo veditabbo. ¾vudhanti asi-±di. Iriy±pathoti m±retabbassa gamana½ v± nisajj± v±ti evam±diko. Kiriy±visesoti vijjhana½ v± chedana½ v± bhedana½ v± s³l±ropana½ v±ti evam±diko. Ok±soti g±mo v± vana½ v± geha½ v±ti evam±diko. Imesu yath± yath± vadhako ±ºatto, tath± tath± kate ±º±pakassa ±patti, aññath± kate visaªketo hoti. ¾ºattiya½ pana aya½ viseso “adhiµµh±y±ti adhiµµhahitv± ±º±peti ‘eva½ vijjha, eva½ pahara, eva½ gh±teh²”ti vutt±ya p±¼iy± labbhat²ti ñ±tabbo.

Tatiya½.

8-9. Id±ni catuttha½ dassetu½ “jh±n±dibhedan”ti-±dim±ha. Tassattho– “jh±na½ vimokkho sam±dhi sam±patti ñ±ºadassana½ maggabh±van± phalasacchikiriy± kilesappah±na½ vin²varaºat± cittassa suññ±g±re abhirat²”ti eva½ vutta½ uttarimanussadhamma½ attani natthit±ya nosanta½ “mayi atth²”ti attani v± ta½ “aha½ ettha sandiss±m²”ti att±na½ v± tattha upanetv± d²pento cuto bhave. Koµµh±sa½ v±ti ettha “jh±nal±bh², vimokkhal±bh², sam±dhil±bh², sam±pattil±bh²mh²”ti evam±din± nayena koµµh±sato v±ti attho. Ekeka½ v±ti “paµhamassa jh±nassa l±bh², dutiyassa jh±nassa l±bh²mh²”ti evam±din± nayena ekeka½ v±ti attho. “At²tabhave sot±pannomh²”ti vadato at²tabhava½ sandh±ya kathitatt± p±r±jika½ natthi, tasm± “paccuppannabhavassitan”ti vutta½, tassa paccuppannabhavanissita½ katv±ti attho. Aññ±padesarahitanti “yo te vih±re vasati, so bhikkhu paµhamassa jh±nassa l±bh²”ti-±din± nayena aññ±padesa½ vin±ti attho. Eva½ d²pento hi thullaccayam±pajjati. D²pentoti “paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pajji½, sam±pajj±mi, sam±panno, paµhamassa jh±nassa l±bh²mhi, vas²mhi, sacchikata½ ass±”ti evam±din± nayena d²pentoti attho. “Adhigato”ti m±no adhim±no, so yassa natthi, so anadhim±niko. Kena eva½ d²pentoti ce? Ta½ dassetu½ “k±yena v±c±”ti-±di vutta½ k±yena v± v±c±ya v± tadubhayena v±ti attho. Viññattipatheti yattha µhito manussaj±tiko gahaµµho v± pabbajito v± tassa vacana½ pakatisotena sutv± samanantarameva “ima½ n±ma esa vadat²”ti j±n±ti, tattha µhatv± d²pento cuto bhave, na devabrahm±d²su aññatarena ñ±teti attho.

Catuttha½.

10. Id±ni catunnampi s±dh±raºavinicchaya½ vattu½ “p±r±jikete catt±ro”ti-±dim±ha. Tatth±ya½ saªkhepo– catt±ropi ete p±r±jik± “ekakamma½ ekuddeso samasikkhat±”ti eva½ vuttasa½v±sassa abhabbat±ya asa½v±s±, yath±pure pubbe gihik±le ca anupasampannak±le ca asa½v±sik±, eva½ pacch± p±r±jika½ ±pann±pi asa½v±s±ti. Kiñca bhiyyo– abhabb± bhikkhubh±v±ya puna tena attabh±vena upasampad±ya avatthut±ya upasampann± bhavitumpi abhabb±ti attho. Ki½ viy±ti ce? S²sacchinnova j²vitu½, yath±pi s²sacchinno tena attabh±vena puna j²vitu½ abhabbo, evamime catt±roti adhipp±yo.
11. Id±ni imesu cat³su p±r±jikesu ye pariy±y±ºatt²hi sambhavanti, te dassetu½ “pariy±yo c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha pariy±yoti maraº±dhipp±yassa k±yapayogo v± vac²payogo v±. Tasm± “yo ²dise muhutte sattha½ v± ±haritv± visa½ v± kh±ditv± sobbh±d²su v± papatitv± marati, so dhana½ v± labhati, yasa½ v± labhat²”ti-±din± nayena maraºa½ abhinandanto “ida½ sutv± yo koci marat³”ti yo pariy±yena vadati, ta½ sutv± sace koci tath± marati, p±r±jika½. Niyamitena pana ya½ sandh±ya vutta½, tasseva maraºe p±r±jika½. ¾ºatti pana vuttatth±yeva. Tatiye manussaviggahap±r±jike labbhat²ti sambandho. Dutiye pana adinn±d±ne ±ºatti eva labbhati, na pariy±yoti attho. Kasm± na½ pariy±yena n±pajjat²ti? Yath± manussaviggahe “maraºavaººa½ v± sa½vaººeyy±”ti vutta½, tath± idha adinn±d±ne “vaººa½ v± sa½vaººeyy±”ti avuttatt±. Seses³ti paµhamacatutthesu pariy±y±ºattidvaya½ na labbhat²ti attho.
12. Id±ni cat³supi yath±sambhava½ aªgabheda½ dassetu½ “sevetuk±mat±cittan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha methunadhammass±ti methunadhammap±r±jikassa. Budh±ti vinayadhar±.
13. Manussasanti manussasantakat±. Etena petatiracch±nagatapariggahesu an±patt²ti d²pita½ hoti. Tath±saññ²ti manussasantakavasena parapariggahitasaññ²ti attho. Vatthuno garut±ti pañcam±saka½ v± atirekapañcam±saka½ v± tadagghanaka½ bhaº¹a½ v± hot²ti attho. Avah±ro c±ti pañcav²satiy± avah±resu yena kenaci avah±ro hot²ti attho. Adinn±d±nahetuyoti adinn±d±nap±r±jikassa et±ni pañca aªg±n²ti adhipp±yo.
14. P±ºo m±nussakoti manussaj±tikap±ºo. Tasmi½ p±ºe p±ºasaññit±. Gh±tacetan±ti vadhakacetan±. Payogoti ta½samuµµhito s±hatthik±d²na½ channa½ payog±na½ aññatarapayogo. Tena payogena maraºa½. Pañcete vadhahetuyoti manussaviggahap±r±jikassa pañca aªg±n²ti attho.
15. Asantat±ti uttarimanussadhammassa attani asantat± c±ti attho. P±pamicchat±y±rocan±ti imin± yo kevala½ p±pamicchata½ vin± mandatt± mom³hatt± bhaºati, tassa an±patt²ti d²pita½ hoti. Tass±ti yassa ±roceti, tassa manussaj±tit± ca. “Yo te vih±re vasati, so bhikkhu arah±”ti-±din± (pari. 160, 336) n±ññ±padeso ca. Tadev±ti tad± eva taªkhaºeyeva j±nana½. Asantad²paneti uttarimanussadhamm±rocanap±r±jiketi attho.
16. Id±ni “p±r±jik± ca catt±ro”ti ettha ca-saddena saªgahitehi saddhi½ samodh±netv± dassetu½ “as±dh±raº± catt±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ubbhaj±ºumaº¹alik± vajjappaµicch±dik± ukkhitt±nuvattik± aµµhavatthuk±ti ime catt±ro bhikkhun²na½ bhikkh³hi as±dh±raº± n±ma. Et±su ubbhaj±ºumaº¹alik± n±ma y± k±yasa½saggar±gena avassut± teneva r±gena avassutassa manussapurisassa akkhak±na½ adho, j±ºumaº¹al±na½ kappar±nañca upari yena kenaci sar²r±vayavena ±masan±di½ s±diyati, tass± adhivacana½. Y± pana bhikkhun² aññiss± bhikkhuniy± p±r±jikasaªkh±ta½ vajja½ j±na½ paµicch±deti, s± vajjappaµicch±dik± n±ma. Samaggena pana saªghena ukkhitta½ bhikkhu½ y± bhikkhun² ya½diµµhiko so hoti, tass± diµµhiy± gahaºavasena anuvattati, s± ukkhitt±nuvattik± n±ma. Y± pana k±yasa½saggar±gena tint± tath±vidhasseva purisassa hatthaggahaºa½ v± saªgh±µikaººaggahaºa½ v± s±diyati, k±yasa½saggasaªkh±tassa asaddhammassa paµisevanatth±ya purisassa hatthap±se santiµµhati v±, tattha µhatv± sallapati v±, saªketa½ v± gacchati, purisassa ±gamana½ v± s±diyati, kenaci v± paµicchannok±sa½ pavisati, hatthap±se µhatv± k±ya½ upasa½harati, aya½ aµµhavatthuk± n±m±ti veditabb±.
Abhabbak± ek±das±ti ettha paº¹ako theyyasa½v±sako titthiyapakkantako tiracch±nagato m±tugh±tako pitugh±tako arahantagh±tako bhikkhunid³sako saªghabhedako lohitupp±dako ubhatobyañjanakoti ime ek±dasa abhabbapuggal± n±ma. Vibbhant± bhikkhun²ti yad± bhikkhun² vibbhamituk±m± hutv± setavattha½ v± k±s±yameva v± gihiniv±san±k±rena niv±seti, tad± p±r±jikam±pann± n±ma hoti, puna upasampada½ na labhati, s± ca p±r±jik±ti attho. Mudupiµµhiko n±ma kataparikamm±ya muduk±ya piµµhiy± samann±gato. So ett±vat± na p±r±jiko, atha kho yad± anabhiratiy± p²¼ito attano aªgaj±ta½ attano mukhamaggavaccamaggesu aññatara½ paveseti, tad± p±r±jiko hoti.
17-18. Lamb²ti aªgaj±tassa d²ghatt± eva½ vutto. Sopi yad± anabhiratiy± p²¼ito attano aªgaj±ta½ attano mukhe v± vaccamagge v± paveseti, tad± p±r±jiko hoti. Mukhena gaºhantoti ettha yo anabhiratiy± p²¼ito parassa suttassa v± pamattassa v± aªgaj±ta½ attano mukhena gaºh±ti, so c±ti attho. Tatthev±ti parassa aªgaj±tev±ti attho Yo anabhiratiy± p²¼ito parassa aªgaj±ta½ kammaniya½ disv± attano vaccamaggena tassa upari nis²dati, ta½ attano vaccamagga½ paveseti, so c±ti attho. Ete catt±ro anulomik± methunass±ti sambandho. Kathamiti ce? Magge maggappavesanasadisat±ya, na ubhinna½ r±gavasena sadisabh±v³pagat±na½ dvaya½dvayasam±pattisadisat±ya. Idh±gat± catt±roti methunadhamm±divasena p±r±jik± catt±ro c±ti eva½ samodh±nato catuv²sati p±r±jik±ti attho.
Etth±ha m±tugh±takapitugh±taka-arahantagh±tak± tatiyap±r±jika½ ±pann±, bhikkhunid³sako lamb²-±dayo catt±ro paµhamap±r±jika½ ±pann±yev±ti katv± kuto catuv²sat²ti? Adhipp±yo panettha atthi, m±tugh±tak±dayo hi catt±ro idha anupasampann±yeva adhippet±, lamb²-±dayo catt±ro kiñc±pi paµhamap±r±jikena saªgahit±, yasm± ekena pariy±yena methunadhamma½ appaµisevinopi honti, tasm± visu½ vutt±ti. P±r±jikavinicchayo.

P±r±jikaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.