49. Catur±rakkhaniddesavaººan±

461-2. Buddh±nussati …pe… maraºassat²ti im± catur±rakkh± n±m±ti seso. ¾rakatt±din±ti ±rakabh±vo ±rakatta½, ta½ ±di yassa “ar²na½ hatatt±”ti-±dikassa ta½ ±rakatt±di. Tena tena maggena sav±san±na½ ar±na½ hatatt± ±rak± sabbakilesehi suvid³ravid³re µhitoti ±-k±rassa rassatta½, ka-k±rassa ha-k±ra½ s±nun±sika½ katv± “arahan”ti padasiddhi veditabb±. “¾rak±”ti ca vutte s±maññajotan±ya visese avaµµh±nato, visesatthin± ca visesassa anuppayojitabbatt± “kileseh²”ti labbhati.
Samm±ti avipar²ta½. S±manti sayameva, aparaneyyo hutv±ti attho. “Sambuddho”ti hi ettha sa½-saddo “sayan”ti etassa atthassa bodhako daµµhabbo. Buddhatoti bh±vappadh±noya½ niddeso, buddhatt±ti attho. “Araha½” iti v± “samm±sambuddho” iti v± bhagavato navabhede guºe y± punappuna½ anussati, s± buddh±nussat²ti yojan±. “Samm±sambuddho it²”ti vattabbe a-k±ro sandhivasena ±gato. Iti-saddo panettha ±di-attho, icc±d²ti attho. Navabhedeti “anuttaro purisadammas±rath²”ti ekato gahetv±. Ettha pana upac±ro uppajjati, na appan±, tath± maraºassatiya½. Itaresu pana ubhayampi uppajjat²ti veditabba½. Buddh±nussati.
463-4. “S²maµµh±”ti-±din± mett±bh±vana½ dasseti. S²maµµhasaªgheti s²m±ya½ tiµµhat²ti s²maµµho sova saªgho. Gocarag±mamhi issare janeti sambandho. Tattha m±nuse up±d±ya sabbasattes³ti yojetabba½. Tatth±ti tasmi½ g±me. Sukhit± hontu aver±ti padacchedo. ¾din±ti “aby±pajj± hontu, an²gh± hontu, sukh² att±na½ pariharant³”ti imin±. Paricchijja paricchijj±ti “imasmi½ vih±re sabbe bhikkh³”ti-±din± evampi paricchinditv± paricchinditv±. Mett±bh±van±.
465-6. Id±ni asubha½ niddisanto sabbapaµhama½ s±dhetabba½ sattavidhamuggahakosalla½ “vaººe”cc±din± dasseti. Sattavidhañhi ta½ nayato ±gata½ v±c±sajjh±yamanas±sajjh±yehi saddhi½. Tattha paµhama½ v±c±ya sajjh±yantena catt±ri tacapañcak±d²ni paricchinditv± anulomappaµilomavasena k±tabba½. Yath± pana vacas±, tatheva manas±pi sajjh±yo k±tabbo. Vacas± sajjh±yo hi manas± sajjh±yassa paccayo. So pana lakkhaºappaµivedhassa paccayo. Tattha vaººo n±ma kes±d²na½ vaººo. Saºµh±na½ tesa½yeva saºµh±na½. Ok±so tesa½yeva patiµµhok±so. Dis± n±bhito uddha½ uparimadis±, adho heµµhim±. Paricchedo n±ma “aya½ koµµh±so heµµh± ca upari ca tiriyañca imin± n±ma paricchinno”ti eva½ sabh±gaparicchedo ceva “kes± na lom±, lom± na kes±”ti eva½ amissakat±vasena visabh±gaparicchedo ca. Kes±dikoµµh±se vavatthapetv±ti sambandho. Vavatthapetv±ti vuttanayena vavatthapetv±.
Eva½ vavatthapentena yath±vutta½ sattavidha½ uggahakosalla½ samp±detv± aµµh±rasavidha½ manasik±rakosalla½ samp±detabbanti dassetu½ “anupubbato”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha appan±to tayo ca suttant±ti ime catt±ropi nayatov±gate n±tis²gh±d²su pakkhipitv± dasavidhat± veditabb±. Anupubbatoti sajjh±yakaraºato paµµh±ya anupaµip±µiy±. N±tis²gha½ n±tisaºika½ katv±ti kiriy±visesana½. Vikkhepa½ paµib±hayanti kammaµµh±na½ vissajjetv± bahiddh± puthutt±rammaºe cetaso vikkhepa½ paµib±hanto. Paººatti½ samatikkamm±ti y±ya½ “kes± lom±”ti paººatti, ta½ atikkamitv±, “paµikk³lan”ti citta½ µhapetv±ti adhipp±yo. Anupubbato muñcantass±ti yo yo koµµh±so na upaµµh±ti, ta½ ta½ anukkamena muñcato, tassa “bh±van±”ti imin± sambandho veditabbo.
467. Eva½ ubhayakosalla½ samp±detv± sabbakoµµh±se vaºº±divasena vavatthapetv± vaºº±divaseneva pañcadh± paµikk³lat± vavatthapetabb±ti dassetu½ “vaºº±”ti-±dim±ha. Vaººa…pe… ok±sehi koµµh±se paµikk³l±ti bh±van± asubhanti yojan±. Tatra kes± t±va pakativaººena k±¼ak± add±riµµhakavaºº±, saºµh±nato d²ghavaµµatul±daº¹asaºµh±n±, disato uparimadis±ya j±t±, ok±sato ubhosu passesu kaººac³¼ik±hi, purato na¼±µantena, pacchato ga¼av±µakena paricchinn±, s²sakaµ±haveµhana-allacamma½ kes±na½ ok±so. Paricchedato kes± s²saveµhanacamme v²haggamatta½ pavisitv± patiµµhitena heµµh± attano m³latalena, upari ±k±sena, tiriya½ aññamaññena paricchinn±. Dve kes± ekato natth²ti aya½ sabh±gaparicchedo. “Kes± na lom±, lom± na kes±”ti eva½ avasesa-ekati½ sakoµµh±sehi amiss²kat± kes± n±ma p±µiyekko eko koµµh±soti aya½ visabh±gaparicchedo. Ida½ kes±na½ vaºº±dito nicchayana½. Ida½ pana nesa½ vaºº±divasena pañcadh± paµikk³lato nicchayana½– kes± n±mete vaººatopi paµikk³l± ±sayatopi saºµh±natopi gandhatopi ok±satopi paµikk³l±ti eva½ sesakoµµh±s±nampi yath±yoga½ veditabba½.
Uddhum±t±divatth³s³ti uddhum±takavin²lakavipubbakavicchiddakavikkh±yitakavikkhittakahatavi- kkhittakalohitakapu¼avaka-aµµhikasaªkh±tesu dasesu aviññ±ºaka-asubhavatth³su asubh±k±ra½ gahetv± pavatt± bh±van± v± asubhanti sambandho. Asubhabh±van±.
468. “Maraºa½ me bhavissat²”ti v± “j²vita½ me uparujjhat²”ti v± “maraºa½ maraºan”ti v± yoniso bh±vayitv±n±ti yojan±. J²vitanti r³paj²vitindriyañca ar³paj²vitindriyañca. Yonisoti up±yena. Eva½ pavattayatoyeva hi ekaccassa n²varaº±ni vikkhambhanti, maraº±rammaº± sati saºµh±ti, upac±rappattameva kammaµµh±na½ hoti.
469-470. Yassa pana ett±vat± na hoti, tena vadhakapacc³paµµh±n±d²hi aµµhah±k±rehi maraºa½ anussaritabbanti dassetu½ “vadhakassev±”ti-±dim±ha. Vadhakassa iva upaµµh±n±ti “imassa s²sa½ chindiss±m²”ti asi½ gahetv± g²v±ya sañc±rayam±nassa vadhakassa viya maraºassa upaµµh±nato. Sampatt²na½ vipattitoti bhogasampattiy± j²vitasampattiy± ca vin±samaraºasaªkh±tavipattito. Upasa½haratoti yasamahattato puññamahattato th±mamahattato iddhimahattato paññ±mahattato paccekabuddhato samm±sambuddhatoti imehi sattah±k±rehi attano upasa½haraºato K±yabahus±dh±raº±ti as²tiy± kimikul±na½, anekasat±na½ rog±na½, b±hir±nañca ahivicchik±d²na½ maraºassa paccay±na½ s±dh±raºato. ¾yudubbalatoti ass±sapass±s³panibaddhatta-iriy±path³panibaddhatt±din± ±yuno dubbalato. K±lavavatth±nassa abh±vatoti “imasmi½yeva k±le maritabba½, na aññasmin”ti eva½ k±lavavatth±nassa abh±vato. Addh±nassa paricched±ti “manuss±na½ j²vitassa paricchedo n±ma etarahi paritto, addh± yo cira½ j²vati, so vassasata½ j²vat²”ti eva½ addh±nassa k±lassa paricchedato.
Ettha pana kammaµµh±na½ bh±vetv± vipassan±ya saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ pattuk±mena buddhaputtena ya½ k±tabba½, ta½ ±dikammikassa kulaputtassa vasena ±dito paµµh±ya saªkhepenopadiss±ma. Catubbidha½ t±va s²la½ sodhetabba½. Tattha tividh± visujjhan± an±pajjana½, ±pannavuµµh±na½, kilesehi ca appaµip²¼ana½. Eva½ visuddhas²lassa hi bh±van± sampajjati. Yampida½ cetiyaªgaºavatt±d²na½ vasena ±bhisam±c±rikas²la½ vuccati, tampi s±dhuka½ parip³retabba½. Tato–
“¾v±so ca kula½ l±bho, gaºo kammañca pañcama½;
addh±na½ ñ±ti ±b±dho, gantho iddh²ti te das±”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.41)–

Eva½ vuttesu dasasu palibodhesu yo palibodho, yo upacchinditabbo. Eva½ upacchinnapalibodhena–

“Piyo garu bh±van²yo, vatt± ca vacanakkhamo;
gambh²rañca katha½ katt±, no c±µµh±ne niyojako”ti. (A. ni. 7.37)–

Eva½ vuttalakkhaºa½ ±cariya½ upasaªkamitv± kammaµµh±na½ uggahetabba½. Ta½ duvidha½ hoti sabbatthakakammaµµh±nañca p±rih±riyakammaµµh±nañca. Tattha sabbatthakakammaµµh±na½ n±ma bhikkhusaªgh±d²su mett±, maraºassati ca, “asubhasaññ±”tipi eke. Eta½ pana taya½ sabbattha atthayitabba½ icchitabbanti katv±, adhippetassa ca yog±nuyogakammassa padaµµh±natt± “sabbatthakakammaµµh±nan”ti vuccati. Aµµhati½s±rammaºesu pana ya½ yassa carit±nuk³la½, ta½ tassa nicca½ pariharitabbatt± yath±vutteneva nayena “p±rih±riyakammaµµh±nan”ti vuccati, tato–

“Mah±v±sa½ nav±v±sa½, jar±v±sañca panthani½;
soº¹i½ paººañca pupphañca, phala½ patthitameva ca.
“Nagara½ d±run± khetta½, visabh±gena paµµana½;
paccantas²m±sapp±ya½, yattha mitto na labbhati.
“Aµµh±raset±ni µh±n±ni, iti viññ±ya paº¹ito;
±rak± parivajjeyya, magga½ sappaµibhaya½ yath±”ti. (Visuddhi. 1.52)–

Vutta-aµµh±rasasen±sanadosavajjita½ “idha, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ n±tid³ra½ hoti nacc±sanna½ gaman±gamanasampanna½ div± app±kiººa½ ratti½ appasadda½ appanigghosa½ appa¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphassa½. Tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane viharantassa appakasireneva uppajjanti c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±. Tasmi½ kho pana sen±sane ther± bhikkh³ viharanti bahussut± ±gat±gam± dhammavinayadhar± m±tik±dhar±. Te k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv± paripucchati paripañhati ‘ida½ bhante katha½, imassa ko attho’ti. Tassa te ±yasmanto avivaµañceva vivaranti, anutt±n²katañca utt±ni½ karonti, anekavihitesu ca kaªkh±µh±n²yesu dhammesu kaªkha½ paµivinodenti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, sen±sana½ pañcaªgasamann±gata½ hot²”ti (a. ni. 10.11) vuttapañcaªgasamann±gata½ sen±sana½ upagamma tattha vasantena “d²gh±ni kesalomanakh±ni chinditabb±ni, jiººac²varesu agga¼a-anuv±taparibhaº¹ad±n±din± da¼h²kamma½ v± tantacched±d²su tunnakamma½ v± k±tabba½, kiliµµh±ni rajitabb±ni, sace patte mala½ hoti, patto pacitabbo, mañcap²µh±d²ni sodhetabb±n²”ti eva½ vutta-upacchinnakhuddakapalibodhena katabhattakiccena bhattasammada½ vinodetv± ratanattayaguº±nussaraºena citta½ sampaha½setv± ±cariyuggahato ekapadampi asammuyhantena manasi k±tabbanti.

Catur±rakkhaniddesavaººan± niµµhit±.