8. Sahadhammikavaggo

1. Sahadhammikasikkh±pada-atthayojan±

434. Sahadhammikavaggassa paµhame yanti ya½ paññatta½. “Sikkham±nen±”ti ettha m±napaccayassa an±gatatthabh±va½ dassetu½ vutta½ “sikkhituk±men±”ti. “Sikkham±nen±”tipada½ “bhikkhun±”tipade eva na kevala½ k±rakavisesana½ hoti, atha kho “aññ±tabban”ti-±dipadesupi kiriy±visesana½ hot²ti dassento ±ha “hutv±”ti. Padatthatoti padato ca atthato ca, pad±na½ atthato v±ti. Paµhama½.

2. Vilekhanasikkh±pada½

438. Dutiye vinaye paµisa½yutt± kath± vinayakath±ti dassento ±ha “vinayakath± n±m±”ti-±di. Tanti vinayakatha½. Padabh±janena vaººan± vinayassa vaººo n±m±ti yojan±. Tanti vinayassa vaººa½. Pariy±puºana½ pariyatti, vinayassa pariyatti vinayapariyatti, vinayapariyattisaªkh±ta½ m³lamassa vaººass±ti vinayapariyattim³lako, ta½. Vinayadharo labhat²ti sambandho. ti vitth±ro. Te sabbe bhagav± bh±sat²ti sambandho. ti sacca½.
Ass±ti vinayadharassa. Idh±ti imasmi½ s±sane. Alajjit±ti-±d²su karaºatthe paccattavacana½. Alajjit±y±ti hi attho. Tena vutta½ “katha½ alajjit±y±”ti-±di. ti sacca½ “Sañcicc±”ti pada½ t²su v±kyesu yojetabba½. Sañcicca ±patti½ ±pajjati, sañcicca ±patti½ parig³hati, sañcicca agatigamanañca gacchat²ti attho. Mandoti b±lo. Mom³hoti atisamm³¼ho. Vir±dhet²ti virajjh±peti. Kukkucce uppanneti “kappati nu kho, no”ti vinayakukkucce uppanne. Aya½ pan±ti aya½ puggalo pana v²tikkamatiyev±ti sambandho. Acchama½sena s³karama½sassa vaººasaºµh±nena sadisatt±, d²pima½sena ca migama½sassa sadisatt± vutta½ “acchama½sa½ s³karama½san”ti-±di.
¾patti½ca satisammos±y±ti ettha casaddo avuttav±kyasampiº¹anattho, kattabbañca na hi karot²ti attho. Evanti-±di nigamana½.
Eva½ avinayadharassa dosa½ dassetv± vinayadharassa guºa½ dassento ±ha “vinayadharo pan±”ti-±di. Soti vinayadharo. ti vitth±ro. Par³pav±danti paresa½ upav±da½. Suddhanteti suddhassa koµµh±se. Tatoti patiµµh±nato paranti sambandho. Ass±ti vinayadharassa. Evanti-±di nigamana½. Ass±ti vinayadharassa. Kukkuccapakat±nanti kukkuccena abhibh³t±na½. Soti vinayadharo. Teh²ti kukkuccapakatehi. Saªghamajjhe kathentassa avinayadharass±ti yojan±. Tanti bhaya½ s±rajja½.
Paµipakkha½, paµiviruddha½ v± atthayanti icchant²ti paccatth²k±, ºyasaddo bahula½ katt±bhidh±yako, attano paccatthik± attapaccatthik±. Tatth±ti duvidhesu paccatthikesu. Imeti mettiyabhummajakava¹¹halicchavino. Aññepi ye v± pana bhikkh³ti sambandho. Ariµµhabhikkhu ca kaºµakas±maºero ca ves±likavajjiputtak± ca ariµµha…pe… vajj²puttak±. Te ca s±sanapaccatthik± n±m±ti sambandho. Par³pah±ro ca aññ±ºo ca kaªkh±paravitaraºo ca par³…pe… vitaraº±. Te ±dayo yesa½ v±d±nanti par³…pe… vitaraº±dayo. Te eva v±d± etesanti par³…pe… vitaraº±div±d±. Te ca s±sanapaccatthik± n±m±ti sambandho. Abuddhas±sana½ buddhas±sananti vatv± katapaggah± mah±saªghik±dayo ca s±sanapaccatthik± n±m±ti yojan±. Kaªkh±paravitaraº±d²ti ettha ±disaddena kath±vatthupakaraºe ±gat± v±d± saªgayhanti. Mah±saªghik±dayoti ettha ±disaddena d²pava½se ±gat± gaº± saªgayhanti. ¾dimhi “vipar²tadassan±”ti pada½ sabbapadehi yojetabba½. “Sahadhammen±”ti padassattha½ dassetu½ vutta½ “saha k±raºen±”ti. Yath±ti yen±k±rena niggayham±neti sambandho.
Tatth±ti tividhesu saddhammesu. Mah±vatt±ni santi, aya½ sabboti yojan±. Catt±ri phal±ni c±ti liªgavipall±sena yojetabba½. Ettha cak±rena abhiññ±paµisambhid± saªgahit± t±sampi adhigamas±sanabh±vato.
Tatth±ti tividhesu saddhammesu. Keci ther±ti dhammakathik± keci ther±. “Yo kho”ti kaºµhajadutiyakkharena paµhitabbo. Potthakesu pana “yo vo”ti vak±rena p±µho atthi, so ayutto. Kasm±? “So vo”ti parato vuttatt±, ekasmi½ v±kye dvinna½ sam±nasutisadd±na½ ayuttatt± ca. Keci ther±ti pa½suk³lik± keci ther± ±ha½s³ti sambandho. Itare pana ther±ti dhammakathikatherehi ca pa½suk³likatherehi ca aññe ther±. Teti pañca bhikkh³ karissant²ti sambandho. Jambud²passa paccante tiµµhat²ti paccantimo, tasmi½. Jambud²passa majjhe vemajjhe tiµµhat²ti majjhimo. Atha v± majjh±na½ suddh±na½ buddh±d²na½ niv±so majjhimo, tasmi½. V²sati vagg± imass±ti v²sativaggo, soyeva gaºo v²sativaggagaºo, ta½. Evanti-±di nigamana½.
Tass±dheyyoti tass±yatto, tassa santakoti vutta½ hoti. Pav±raº± ±dheyy±, saªghakamma½ ±dheyya½, pabbajj± ±dheyy±, upasampad± ±dheyy±ti yojan±.
Yepi ime nava uposath±ti sambandho. Y±pi ca im± nava pav±raº±yoti yojan±. Tass±ti vinayadharassa. T±santi navapav±raº±na½.
Y±nipi im±ni catt±ri saªghakamm±n²ti yojetabba½. Ettha ca t±ni vinayadhar±yatt±nev±ti p±µhaseso ahjh±haritabbo.
Y±pi ca aya½ pabbajj± ca upasampad± ca k±tabb±ti yojan±. ti sacca½. Aññoti vinayadharato paro. So ev±ti vinayadharo eva. “Upajjhan”ti dh±tukamma½, “s±maºeren±”ti k±ritakamma½ upanetabba½. Ettha c±ti uposath±d²su ca. Nissayad±nañca s±maºer³paµµh±nañca visu½ katv± dv±das±nisa½se labhat²tipi sakk± vattu½.
Visu½ visu½ katv±ti “pañc±ti ca…pe… ek±das±”ti ca koµµh±sa½ koµµh±sa½ katv±, satta koµµh±se katv± bh±sat²ti adhipp±yo. Thomet²ti sammukh± thometi. Pasa½sat²ti parammukh± pasa½sati. “Uggahetabban”tipadassattha½ dassetu½ vutta½ “pariy±puºitabban”ti. Addhani d²ghe s±dh³ti addhaniya½ addhakkhama½ addhayogyanti attho s±dhu-atthe niyapaccayo (moggall±ne 4.33.73).
Ther± ca nav± ca majjhim± ca bah³ te bhikkh³ pariy±puºant²ti yojan±.
439. “Uddissam±ne”ti padassa kammar³patta½ dassetu½ vutta½ “uddisiyam±ne”ti. So pan±ti p±timokkho pana. Yasm± uddissam±no n±ma hoti, tasm±ti yojan±. Uddisante v±ti uddisiyam±ne v±. Uddis±pente v±ti uddis±piyam±ne v±. Antasaddo hi m±nasaddak±riyo. Yoti bhikkhu. Nanti ta½ p±timokkha½. Casaddo khudd±nukhuddakapadassa dvannav±kya½ dasseti, pubbapade kak±ralopo daµµhabbo. Tesanti khudd±nukhudd±k±na½. ti sacca½. Et±n²ti khudd±nukhuddak±ni. Yeti bhikkh³. “Y±va uppajjatiyeva, t±va sa½vattanti iti vutta½ hot²ti yojan± imassa nayassa p±µhasesehi yojetabbatt±. Garukabh±va½ sallakkhento lahukabh±va½ dassento ±ha “atha v±”ti-±di. Ativiy±ti ati i eva. Ik±ro hi sandhivasena adassana½ gato. Viyasaddo evak±ratthav±cako “varamh±ka½ bhus±miv±”ti ettha (j±. 1.3.108) ivasaddo viya, ati hutv± ev±ti attho daµµhabbo. “Upasampannass±”ti ettha sam²pe s±mivacananti (rupasiddhiya½ 316 sutte) ±ha “upasampannassa santike”ti. Tass±ti upasampannassa. Tasminti vinaye. Vivaººet²ti na kevala½ tasseva vivaººamattameva, atha kho nindatiyev±ti ±ha “nindat²”ti. Garahat²ti tasseva vevacana½. Atha v± nindat²ti upasampannassa sammukh± nindati. Garahat²ti parammukh± garahat²ti. Dutiya½.