Avissajjiyavatthukath±

321. Et±n²ti garubhaº¹±ni. Tatth±ti r±sivasena pañcasu sar³pavasena pañcav²satiy± garubhaº¹esu. ¾gantv±, ±bhuso v± ramanti etth±ti ±r±mo. Tesa½yev±ti pupph±r±maphal±r±m±nameva. “Ýhapitok±so”ti imin± vatthusaddassa bh³mibhedattha½ dasseti. Vasati ±r±mo patiµµhahati etth±ti ±r±mavatthu. Tesu v±ti ettha v±saddena navabh³mibh±gato aññassa por±ºabh³mibh±gassapi ±r±mavatthubh±va½ vikappeti. Visesena catu-iriy±pathe harati pavatteti etth±ti vih±ro. Tass±ti vih±rassa. Catunna½ mañc±nanti niddh±raºatthe s±mivacana½. Aññataro mañco n±m±ti yojan±. Eseva nayo sesesupi. “Lohena kat± kumbh²”ti imin± lohakumbh²ti ettha majjhelopasam±sa½ dasseti. Lohamay± kumbh² lohakumbh²ti vacanatthopi yujjateva. “Eseva nayo”ti imin± lohena kata½ bh±ºaka½, lohena kato v±rako, lohena kata½ kaµ±hanti attha½ atidisati. Etth±ti bh±ºakav±rakakaµ±hesu. Arañjaroti atimahantatt± ara½ khippa½ jarati vin±set²ti arañjaro. Atha v± jala½ gaºhitu½ alanti arañjaro lak±r±na½ rak±re katv±.
G±th±vasena nigamana½ dassento ±ha “evan”ti-±di. Tattha eva½ pak±say²ti sambandho. Dve garubhaº¹±ni dvisaªgah±ni honti, tatiya½ garubhaº¹a½ catusaªgaha½ hoti, catuttha½ garubhaº¹a½ navakoµµh±sa½ hoti, pañcama½ garubhaº¹a½ aµµhabhedana½ hoti, iti imin± pak±rena pañcanimmalalocano n±tho pañcahi r±s²hi pañcav²savidha½ garubhaº¹a½ pak±say²ti yojan±.
Tatr±ti garubhaº¹e. ti vitth±ro. Sabbampi ida½ garubhaº¹a½ avissajjiyanti vuttanti yojan±. Idh±ti imasmi½ vatthusmi½. Pariv±re pana ±gatanti sambandho.
Pañca r±sayo mahesin± vutt±ti yojan±. Etth±ti pariv±re.
Tatr±ti “parivattanavasen±”ti vacane. Ida½ garubhaº¹a½ upanetunti sambandho. Nicca½ tiµµhant²ti th±var±, µh±dh±tu varapaccayo, µh±k±rassa th±k±ro. Imin± ±r±ma-±r±mavatthuvih±ravih±ravatth³ni gahetabb±ni. Avissajjiya-avebhaªg²yatt± garu alahuka½ bhaº¹a½ garubhaº¹a½. Imin± mañc±d²ni ekav²sati garubhaº¹±ni gahetabb±ni. Th±vareti ±dh±re bhumma½, pariy±pannanti sambandho. Atha v± niddh±raºe bhumma½, th±vares³ti hi attho, khettanti-±d²su sambandhitabba½. Khipati pubbaººab²jametth±ti khetta½. Vasati aparaººab²ja½ patiµµh±ti etth±ti vatthu, tale bh³mibh±ge ekato v± dv²hi v± t²hi v± µh±nehi ±varaºa½ kar²yati etth±ti ta¼±ko, saro. Kassak±na½ matena kattabb±ti m±tik±. ¾r±mena parivattetunti sambandho. K±ni parivattetunti ±ha “im±ni catt±rip²”ti. Pisaddo avayavasampiº¹ano.
Tatr±ti “parivattetu½ vaµµat²”ti vacane. D³reti saªgh±r±mato d³raµµh±ne. Yamp²ti n±¼ikeraphalampi. Harant²ti saªghassa haranti. Aññesanti saªghato aññesa½ manuss±nanti sambandho. Teti manuss±. Saªghena sampaµicchitabboti sambandho. Ruccat²ti saªghass±r±mena manuss±nam±r±ma½, manuss±nam±r±mena v± saªghass±r±ma½ parivattetu½ ruc²yati icch²yati. Bhikkh³na½ ±r±moti sambandho. Ayanti manuss±nam±r±mo. Khuddakoti saªgh±r±mato khuddako. ¾yanti ayati ±yas±miko dhanena va¹¹hi½ gacchati anen±ti ±yo, ta½. Samakamev±ti samappam±ºameva, ±ya½ sace det²ti sambandho. Pam±ºatthe kapaccayo. Manuss±na½ rukkh±ti sambandho. Atireka½ saªghassa dem±ti sambandho. J±n±petv±ti “saªghe dinna½ mahapphalan”ti (ma. ni. 3.376) saªghassa dinnad±nassa ±nisa½sa½ manuss±na½ j±n±petv±. Phaladh±rino honti nan³ti yojan±. Evanti-±di nigamana½. Eteneva nayen±ti yena nayena ±r±mo ±r±mena parivattetabbo, eteneva nayena. Mahantena v± khuddakena v± ±r±mavatthun± c±ti yojan±. ¾r±ma ±r±mavatthuvih±ravih±ravatth³ni parivattetabb±n²ti sambandho.
Ubhop²ti gehap±s±davasena ubhopi. Tatth±ti gehe. Ida½ pan±ti p±s±dasaªkh±ta½ geha½, manuss±na½ gehanti sambandho. Mahagghena v± appagghena v± vih±ravatthun± c±ti yojan±. Vih±ravih±ravatthu-±r±ma-±r±mavatth³ni parivattetabb±n²ti sambandho. Evanti-±di nigamana½.
Garubhaº¹ena garubhaº¹aparivattane eva½ vinicchayo veditabboti yojan±. Pa½sv±g±rakes³ti pa½suk²¼anatth±ya katesu ag±rakesu. Kappiyamañc±ti saªghagaºapuggal±na½ kappiy± suvaººarajat±d²hi akat± mañc±. Vih±rassa pana suvaººarajatamay±dik±pi kappiy± mañc± d±tabb±ti sambandho. Bahis²m±y±ti upac±ras²mato bahi. Tatth±ti saªghattherassa vasanaµµh±ne. Tatth±ti tassa bhikkhuno vasanaµµh±ne. “Mahagghen±”ti vuttavacana½ niyamento ±ha “satagghanakena v± sahassagghanakena v±”ti. Mañcasatanti mañcabahu½. Etesup²ti p²µhabhisibibbohanesupi. Tatth±ti p²µhabhisibibbohanesu. Kappiya½ p²µh±d²ti sambandho. Akappiya½ v± mahaggha½ kappiya½ v±ti kappiyena v± mahagghakappiyena v± parivattetv±ti sambandho. “Vuttavatth³n²”ti pada½ “parivattetv±”ti pade avuttakamma½, “gahetabb±n²”ti pade vuttakamma½, pubb±par±pekkhapada½.
Pasatamatta-udakagaºhak±nip²ti ettha pasato n±ma kuñcitap±ºi. S²ha¼ad²peti s²ha½ l±ti gaºh±t²ti s²ha¼o lak±rassa ¼ak±ra½ katv±, s²hab±hun±mako r±j±, tassa puttatt± vijayakum±ropi s²ha¼o n±ma, tena ±dimhi niv±sabh±vena gahitatt± d²po s²ha¼ad²po n±ma, tasmi½. P±da½ gaºh±t²ti p±dagaºhano, soyeva p±dagaºhanako. P±do n±m±ti “p±dagaºhanako”ti ettha p±do n±ma. Yo lohav±rako magadhan±¼iy± pañcan±¼imatta½ gaºh±ti, so lohav±rako p±do n±m±ti yojan±. Imin± pam±ºassa n±ma½ pam±ºavante upac±rato voh±ranaya½ dasseti. Tatoti pañcan±¼imattagaºhanakav±rakato. Im±n²ti lohakumbh²-±d²ni.
Bhiªg±ra …pe… kaµacchu-±d²n²ti bhiªg±ro ca paµiggaho ca u¼uªko ca dabbi ca kaµacchu ca p±ti ca taµµako ca sarako ca samuggo ca aªg±rakapallo ca dh³makaµacchu ca bhiªg±ra…pe… dh³makaµacchuyo, t± ±di yesa½ t±n²ti bhiªg±ra…pe… kaµacchu-±d²ni. ¾disaddena aññ±ni upakaraº±ni gahetabb±ni. Bh±jan²y±n²ti bh±jetabb±ni. Ka½saloh±d²ti-±disaddena vaµµaloha½ saªgaºh±ti. Vaµµaloha½ n±ma p²taloha½. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. P±rih±riyanti saªghikaparibhoga½ pariharitv± apanetv± puggalikaparibhogena paribhuñjana½, “attasantakan”ti v± pariggahena haritv± bhuñjana½ na vaµµati. Gihivikaµan²h±renev±ti “gihivikaµan”ti abhin²h±reneva.
Aññasmimpi kappiyalohabhaº¹e pariy±pann± añjan²ti yojan±. Atha v± kappiyalohabhaº¹eti niddh±raºe bhumma½, “añjan²”ti-±din± sambandhitabba½. S³c²ti c²var±disibbanak± s³ci. Paººas³c²ti paººe likhan± s³ci. Aññamp²ti añjani-±dito aññampi. Dh³manettañca ph±lañca d²parukkho ca d²pakapallako ca olambakad²po ca dh³manetta…pe… olambakad²p±. Itthipurisatiracch±nagatasaªkh±t±ni r³p±ni etesu atth²ti itthipurisatiracch±nagatar³pak±ni. Dh³manetta…pe… olambakad²p± ca te itthipurisatiracch±nagatar³pak±ni ceti dh³manetta…pe… r³pak±ni, visesanaparanip±to. T±ni v± aññ±ni v± bhitticchadanakav±µ±d²su upanetabb±ni lohabhaº¹±n²ti sambandho. Lohakhilakanti lohamaya½ ±ºi½. Pariharitv±ti “attano santakan”ti pariggahena haritv±, saªghikaparibhogagihivikaµ±ni v± apanetv±. Kh²rap±s±ºamay±n²ti kh²ravaººena p±s±ºena kat±ni.
Suvaººañca rajatañca h±rak³µañca j±tiphalikañca suvaººa…pe… j±tiphalik±ni, tehi kat±ni bh±jan±ni suvaººa…pe… bh±jan±ni. Sabbanti suvaººarajat±disabba½. Vaµµat²ti saªghagaºapuggal±na½ vaµµati.
V±si-±d²su eva½ vinicchayo veditabboti yojan±, niddh±raºe v± bhumma½. Y±ya v±siy± na sakk±ti sambandho. Tatoti v±sito. Mahattar²saddo mahantapariy±yo anipphannap±µipadiko. Mahattar² v±s²ti sambandho. Vejj±nanti bhisakk±na½. Sir±vedhanapharasup²ti pisaddena tato mahanta½ pana pagev±ti dasseti. Y± pana kuµh±r² ±vudhasaªkhepena kat±ti sambandho. Atha v± ±vudhasaªkhepena kat± y± pana kuµh±r² atth²ti yojan±. An±m±s±ti an±masitabb±, an±m±s±rah±ti attho. Caturaªgulamattop²ti pisaddo tato adhiko pana pagev±ti dasseti. Nikhaºitv± kh±dat²ti nikh±dana½. Caturassa½ mukhametass±ti caturassamukha½. Doºisadisa½ mukhametass±ti doºimukha½. Sammuñcanidaº¹avedhanampi nikh±dana½ daº¹abaddha½ hoti ceti yojan±. Daº¹ena bandhitabbanti daº¹abaddha½, daº¹a½ baddhametass±ti v± daº¹abaddha½. “Adaº¹akan”ti vatv± tassevattha½ dassetu½ vutta½ “phalamattamev±”ti. Natthi daº¹ametass±ti adaº¹aka½. Yanti nikh±dana½. Pariharitunti puggalikabh±vena pariggahetv± haritu½, saªghikabh±va½ apanetu½ v±. Sikharampi nikh±daneneva saªgahita½ lakkhaºah±ranayena sam±nakiccabh±vato. Sikharanti yena paribbhamitv± chindanti, yehi manussehi dinn±n²ti sambandho. Teti manuss±, vadant²ti sambandho. Noti amh±ka½. P±katiketi pakatiy± µhite, yath± paµhama½ µhit± honti, tath± kariss±m±ti attho. Sace ±harant²ti sace ±y±cana½ akatv± haranti. An±harant±p²ti puna an±harant±pi.
Kamm±ro ca taµµak±ro ca cundak±ro ca na¼ak±ro ca maºik±ro ca pattabandhako ca kamm±ra…pe… pattabandhak±, tesa½. Adhikaraº² ca muµµhiko ca saº¹±so ca tul± ca adhikaraºi…pe… tul±. Saªghe dinnak±latoti saªghassa dinnak±lato. Tipu½ chindati anen±ti tipucchedana½, tameva satthaka½ tipucchedanasatthaka½. Mah±kattariñca mah±saº¹±sañca mah±pipphilikañca µhapetv±ti yojan±. Kasm± µhapit±n²ti ±ha “mah±kattari-±d²ni garubhaº¹±n²”ti. Tattha yasm± mah±kattari-±d²ni garubhaº¹±ni, tasm± “µhapetv± mah±kattarin”ti ±di may± vuttanti yojan±.
Valli-±d²su eva½ vinicchayo veditabboti yojan±. Vettavalli-±dik±ti vettasaªkh±tavalli-±dik±. A¹¹habahuppam±º±ti ettha–
“By±mo sahakar± b±hu, dvepassadvayavitthat±”ti.–

Abhidh±ne (abhidh±nappad²pik±ya½ 269 g±th±ya½) vuttatt± b±hu n±ma idha by±mova adhippeto. Tasm± dv²su passesu vitthat±na½ by±masaªkh±t±na½ sahakar±na½ dvinna½ b±h³na½ a¹¹hoti a¹¹hab±hu, tassa pam±ºametass±ti a¹¹hab±huppam±º±ti vacanattho k±tabbo, d²ghato dvihatth± vall²ti vutta½ hoti. Tatthaj±tak±ti tissa½ saªghassa bh³miya½ j±tak±. Rakkhitagopit±ti saªghena saya½ rakkhit±, parehi gopit±. Imin± arakkhita-agopit± garubhaº¹a½ na hot²ti dasseti. ti valli. Atirek± hot²ti sambandho. Upanetunti ta½ valli½ upanetu½. Suttañca makaciv±kañca n±¼ikerah²rañca cammañca sutta…pe… camm±ni, tehi kat± sutta…pe… cammamay±. Rajjuk± v± yott±ni v± garubhaº¹a½ hot²ti sambandho. Ekavaµµ± v± dvivaµµ± v±ti ettha v±saddena tivaµµ±di½ saªgaºh±ti. Avaµµetv± dinna½ suttañca avaµµetv± dinn± makaciv±kan±¼ikerah²r± c±ti yojan±.

Yo koci ve¼³ti sambandho. Sop²ti ve¼upi vaµµat²ti sambandho. Pisaddena valli½ apekkhati. Idametth±ti ida½ sabba½ ettha ve¼umhi, ve¼³su v± idanti sambandho. Samaka½ v±ti gahitave¼un± samappam±ºa½ v±. Atireka½ v±ti tato atireka½ v±. Ta½agghanakanti tassa ve¼uno agghan±raha½. Ph±tikammanti va¹¹hikamma½. Tatthev±ti gaºhanaµµh±neva. Gamanak±leti gaºhanaµµh±nato aññattha gamanak±le. “Pahiºitv± d±tabbo”ti imin± saya½ v± ±gantv± d±tabboti atthopi lakkhaºah±ranayena gahetabbo sam±nakiccatt±.
Muñjapabbajasaddena muñjapabbajatiº±na½ p±¼iya½ visu½ gahitatt± tiºasaddena t±ni µhapetv± p±risesañ±yena avasesatiºameva gahetabbanti dassento ±ha “muñja½ pabbajañca µhapetv±”ti-±di. Sam±naphalatt± lakkhaºah±ranayena paººampi tiºeneva saªgahitanti dassento ±ha “yatth±”ti-±di. Tattha yatth±ti yasmi½ µh±ne, it²ti eva½. Tiºañca garubhaº¹a½ hot²ti sambandho. Tatthaj±taka½ v±ti tasmi½ saªgh±r±me j±taka½ v±. Bah±r±meti saªgh±r±mato bahi. Tamp²ti tiºampi. Pisaddena vallive¼³ apekkhati. Aµµhaªgulappam±ºop²ti d²ghato aµµhaªgulapam±ºopi Rittapotthakoti alikhitatt± tuccho makacivatth±dikopi paººamayopi potthako. Idañca paººapasaªgena vutta½.
Pañcavaºº± v±ti n²lap²talohitod±tamañjiµµhavasena pañcavaººan± v±. Tamp²ti mattikampi. Pisaddena vallive¼utiº±ni apekkhati.
D±rubhaº¹e eva½ vinicchayo veditabboti yojan±. Rakkhitagopito yo koci d±rubhaº¹ako atth²ti yojan±. Mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ pana vuttoti sambandho.
Tatr±ti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½, “tena kho pana samayen±”ti p±¼iya½ v±. Imes³ti ±sandik±d²su. Etth±ti p²µhesu, pal±lap²µhen±ti sambandho. Byagghacamma-onaddhanti byagghacammena avanaddha½. V±¼ar³paparikkhittanti v±¼ar³pehi pariv±rita½. Ratanaparisibbitanti ratanasuttena samantato sibbita½.
Etesup²ti vaªkaphalak±d²supi. “Saªkhath±laka½ pana bh±jan²yan”ti p±µhass±nantara½ “tath±”ti p±µho atthi, so ettha na yujjati, parato pana “yena kenaci kata½ garubhaº¹amev±”ti p±µhass±nantara½ yujjati. Tattha hi yath± yena kenaci kata½ garubhaº¹ameva hoti, tath± thambhatul±sop±naphalak±d²su d±rumaya½ v± p±s±ºamaya½ v± ya½kiñci gehasambh±rar³pa½ garubhaº¹amev±ti attho.
Sabbanti sakala½ udakatumbap±dakathalikamaº¹ala½. Etesup²ti ±dh±rak±d²supi. Tath± thambhatal±ti ettha tath±saddena ‘garubhaº¹amev±”ti pada½ atidisati. Saªghe dinnanti saªghassa dinna½. Bh³mattharaºanti bh³miya½ attharitabba½. Tamp²ti e¼akacammampi.
Udukkhala½ garubhaº¹amev±ti sambandho. Eseva nayo musalanti-±d²supi. Etes³ti mañcap±d±d²su. Anuññ±tav±siy±ti bh±janatth±ya anuññ±tav±siy±. Dhamakaraºoti ettha “saªkha½ dhamati, saªkhadhamako”ti-±d²su viya nissa½yogap±µhoyeva yujjati. Tasm± dhamati v±tena pavattat²ti dhamo, v±tahetuko saddo, dhama½ karot²ti dhamakaraºoti vacanattho k±tabbo. Sabbametanti anuññ±tav±sidaº¹±dika½ eta½ sabba½. Tatoti anuññ±tav±sidaº¹±dikato, mahantatara½ v±sidaº¹±dika½ garubhaº¹anti yojan±.
Yath±j±tamev±ti yath±pavattameva. Teh²ti hatthidant±d²hi, “kata”iti padena sambandhitabba½. Tacchitaniµµhitop²ti tacchitakammena niµµhitopi.
Mattik±bhaº¹e eva½ vinicchayo veditabboti yojan±, upabhogo ca paribhogo ca upabhogaparibhoga½, sam±h±radvando. Ida½ pada½ “ghaµapidh±n±dikul±labh±janan”ti padeneva sambandhitabba½. Thupik±t²ti ettha itisaddo imasaddattho. Ida½ sabba½ saªghassa dinnak±lato paµµh±ya garubhaº¹anti yojan±. “Anatirittapam±ºo”ti visesanapada½ “ghaµako”ti visesyapadeneva sambandhitabba½. Etth±ti mattik±bhaº¹e, ±dh±re v± niddh±raºe v± ttha paccayo. Mattik±bhaº¹e kuº¹ik± bh±jan²yakoµµh±sa½ bhajati, eva½ lohabhaº¹ep²ti yojan±. Etth±ti garubhaº¹avinicchaye.