8. Adhikaraºakath±

215. Vipaccat±y±ti ettha vik±rabh±vena patati pavattat²ti vipacca½, cittadukkha½, tadeva vipaccat±, tadatth±y±ti dassento ±ha “cittadukkhatthan”ti. “Pharusavacanan”ti imin± voh±ra saddo vacanapariy±yoti dasseti. Yo tatth±ti ettha tasaddassa visaya½ dassento ±ha “tesu anuvadantes³”ti. Yo upav±doti yojan±. “Anuvadan±”ti eta½ padanti yojan±. ¾k±radassananti anuvadanassa ±k±radassana½, dassanahetu v±. “Punappunan”ti imin± anusampavaªkat±ti ettha anusaddassa na upacchinnattha½ dasseti. Tatthev±ti anuvadane eva. Sampavaªkat±ti samm± pak±rena ninnaponapabbh±rat±. Abbhussahanat±ti ettha atireka½ uss±hanat±ti dassento ±ha “kasm±”ti-±di. Anubalappad±nanti ettha punappuna½ balassa pad±nanti dassento ±ha “purimavacanass±”ti-±di.
Kiccayat±ti ettha “m± paº¹iccayan”ti-±d²su (j±. 2.22.1) viya byañjanava¹¹hanavasena yak±r±gamoti ±ha “kiccameva kiccayan”ti. “Ubhaya½peta½ saªghasseva adhivacanan”ti imin± kiccakaraº²yasaddo kattuv±cakoti dasseti, saªgho hi karot²ti vacanatthena kiccoti ca karaº²yoti ca vuccati. Tassa bh±vo, kiccayat± karaº²yat±ti vutte saªghakamma½yeva labbhati. Tena vutta½ “ubhaya½peta½ saªghakammasseva adhivacanan”ti. Yadi kammav±cako bhaveyya, “kattabbanti kicca½, karaº²yan”ti vutteyeva saªghakammassa labhanato t±paccayo svattho bhaveyya. Evañhi sati kiccayassa bh±vo kiccayat± karaº²yassa bh±vo karaº²yat±ti vacanattho na kattabbo bhaveyya, kato ca, tasm± na kammav±cakoti daµµhabba½. Tassev±ti saªghakammasseva. Tatth±ti apalokan±d²su cat³su kammesu. S²maµµhakasaªghanti “upac±ras²m±d²su µhita½ saªgha½. Sodhetv±ti ettha sodhana½ n±ma s²maµµhakasaªghassa hatthap±sanayana½, chand±rah±na½ chandassa ±haraºa½, s²mato bahikaraºa½. Tamevattha½ ekadesato dassetu½ vutta½ “chand±rah±na½ chanda½ ±haritv±”ti. Apaloketi ±pucchati anen±ti apalokana½, ta½yeva kamma½ apalokanakamma½. Vuttanayenev±ti “s²maµµhakasaªgha½ sodhetv±”ti-±din± vuttanayeneva. “Suº±tu me”ti-±din± saªghagaºapuggale ñ±peti et±y±ti ñatti, s±yeva kamma½ ñattikamma½, ñattiyeva dutiya½ ñattidutiya½, tameva kamma½ ñattidutiyakamma½. Ettha kiñc±pi ñatti paµhama½ µhapit±, kammav±c±yeva dutiy± hoti, “phassapañcam±”ti-±d²su (dh±tu. 316) viya pana paµilomavasena voh±ra½ katv± “ñattidutiy±”ti vutta½. Phassapañcam±ti ettha kiñc±pi dhammasaªgaºiya½ (dha. sa. 1 ±dayo) “phasso hoti, vedan± hoti, saññ± hoti, cetan± hoti citta½ hot²”ti phassa½ paµhama½ vutta½, paµilomavasena pana voh±ra½ katv± “phassapañcam±”ti dh±tukath±ya½ vuttanti daµµhabba½. Eseva nayo ñatti catutthakammepi. Ek±ya ca anus±van±y±ti ñattito anupacch± s±vetabb±ti anus±van±, t±ya, t²hi ca anus±van±h²ti ñattito-anu pacch±, punappuna½ v± tikkhattu½ s±vetabb±ti anus±van±, t±hi. Tatth±ti cat³su kammesu.
Apaloketv±v±ti ettha evaphala½ dassento ±ha “ñattikamm±divasena na k±tabban”ti. Ñattikammamp²ti pisaddena na kevala½ apalokanakammameva, atha kho ñattikammamp²ti dasseti. Ñattidutiyakamma½ pan±ti ettha panasaddo visesatthajotako, pakkhantarajotako v±. Tatth±ti dv²su kammesu. Garuk±n²ti alahuk±ni. Avases±n²ti chahi kammehi avases±ni, evar³p±ni lahukakamm±n²ti sambandho. “Avases±”tipi p±µho, sammutiyoti sambandho. Apaloketv±p²ti pisaddo ñattidutiyakammav±ca½ s±vetv±p²ti sampiº¹eti. Aññatth±pohana½ dassento ±ha “ñattikammañatticatutthakammavasena pana na k±tabbamev±”ti. Ñatticatutthakamma½ k±tabbanti sambandho. Etth±ti samathakkhandhake.
Vitth±rato pana ±gatoyev±ti sambandho. Etesanti catunna½ kamm±na½. Ya½ pana atthaj±ta½ anutt±nanti sambandho. Tatth±ti cat³su kammesu. Tanti atthaj±ta½. Evanti eva½ kammavaggeyeva vaººayam±ne. ti laddhaguºajotako. Suviññeyy±ti sukhena viññ±tabb±.
216. P±¼ivasenev±ti na aµµhakath±vasen±ti adhipp±yo.
220. Yen±ti cittupp±dena. Imin± vivadanti anen±ti viv±doti vacanattha½ dasseti. Samathehi c±ti casaddo sampiº¹anattho. Tena na kevala½ viv±doyeva, atha kho adhikaraºañc±ti sampiº¹eti, atha v± samathehi c±ti samathehi eva. Imin± samathehi adhikar²yati v³pasam²yat²ti adhikaraºanti vacanattha½ dasseti. Viv±doyeva adhikaraºa½ viv±d±dhikaraºa½. Evam±din± nayen±ti ±disaddena anuddha½sanena vadanti anena cittupp±den±ti anuv±doti-±dayo vacanatthe saªgaºh±ti.
222. Sandh±yabh±sitavasen±ti lokavajja½ sandh±ya bh±sitassa vacanassa vasena. Sandh±yabh±sitattha½ vitth±rento ±ha “yasmi½ h²”ti-±di. Tattha pathavikhaºan±dike yasmi½ ±patt±dhikaraºeti yojan±. Tasminti kusalacittaªge ±patt±dhikaraºe. Tasm±ti yasm± na sakk± vattu½, tasm±. Idanti “natthi ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kusalan”ti vacana½, vuttanti sambandho. Sandh±ya avutta½ dassetv± sandh±ya vutta½ dassento ±ha “ida½ pana sandh±ya vuttan”ti. Tattha ida½ pan±ti k±raºa½ pana sandh±y±ti sambandho. Ya½ ±patt±dhikaraºanti yojan±. “Lokavajjan”ti pade tuly±dhikaraºa½. Lokasmi½, lokehi v± vajjetabbanti lokavajja½. Tanti ±patt±dhikaraºa½. Tatth±ti ±patt±dhikaraºe. Vikappoti vividh± kappana½, vividhatakko v±. Ya½ pan±ti ±patt±dhikaraºa½ pana. “Paººattivajjan”ti pade tuly±dhikaraºa½. Bhagavato paññattiy± hetubh³t±ya vajjetabbanti paººattivajja½. Tanti ±patt±dhikaraºa½, akusala½ hot²ti sambandho. Kiñc²ti appamattaka½, ±patt±n±patti½ aj±nantassa ±pajjanatoti sambandho. Tasm±ti yasm± aby±kata½ hoti, tasm±. Tatth±ti paººattivajjabh³te ±patt±dhikaraºe. “¾patt±dhikaraºa½…pe… kusalan”ti ida½ vacana½ vuttanti yojan±.
Yadi kusalacitto ±pajjati, atha nanu ±patt±dhikaraºa½ kulalanti vattabbo bhaveyy±ti ±ha “sace pan±”ti-±di. Yanti ±patt±dhikaraºa½. “Ida½ vuccati…pe… kusalan”ti vadeyya saceti yojan±. E¼akalomañca padasodhammañca e¼akalomapadasodhamm±ni, t±ni ±d²ni yesa½ t±n²ti e¼akalomapadasodhamm±d²ni, t±ni samuµµh±n±ni y±santi e¼akalomapadasodhamm±disamuµµh±n±, t±sa½ ±patt²namp²ti sambandho. Tatth±ti e¼akalomapadasodhamm±disamuµµh±n±su ±patt²su. ¾pattiy± aªganti ±pattiy± k±raºa½. Eva½ ±pattiy± anaªga½ dassetv± tass±yeva aªga½ dassento ±ha “k±yavac²viññattivasena pan±”ti-±di. Tattha calitappavatt±nanti calitena hetubh³tena pavatt±na½. Atha v± calito ca k±yo, pavatt± ca v±c±ti calitappavatt±, t±sa½ calitappavatt±na½ k±yav±c±na½. Tañc±ti k±yav±c±na½ aññatarañca. Aby±katanti ettha itisaddo parisam±panattho.
Ayamattho eva½ veditabboti yojan±. Ten±ti cittena. “Ida½…pe… saddhin”ti imin± sañj±nantoti ettha sa½saddassa sundarattha½ saha ±k±rena dasseti. “V²tikkama…pe… kappetv±”ti imin± cecc±ti padassa attha½ saha visesanena dasseti. “Upakkamavasena…pe… pesetv±”ti imin± abhivitaritv±ti padassa attha½ dasseti. P±¼iya½ ya½saddov²tikkamavisayoti ±ha “ya½ ±patt±dhikaraºa½ v²tikkaman”ti. “¾pajjat²”ti imin± p±µhasesa½ dasseti. Eva½ v²tikkamato tassa bhikkhunoti yojan±.
Aby±katav±rep²ti pisaddo akusalav±ra½ apekkhati. Tass±ti cittassa. Aj±nantoti-±d²na½ pad±namattho akusalav±re vuttapaµipakkhavasena veditabbo. Ya½ ±patt±dhikaraºanti-±d²na½ pad±namattho akusalav±rena sadisoyeva.
224. Aya½ viv±do no adhikaraºanti-±d²su evamattho veditabboti sambandho.