2. Pariv±sakath±

102. Tass±ti paµicchannam±nattassa. Samodh±netv±ti idheva pariv±sakath±ya½ samodh±netv±. Idheva pariv±sakath±ya½ dassayiss±m±ti yojan±. Idhevasaddo hi pubb±par±pekkho.
Idha adhippeta½ pariv±sa½ vitth±retv± dassento ±ha “aya½ h²”ti-±di. Idha adhippeto pariv±so n±ma tividho hot²ti yojan±. Tatth±ti tividhesu pariv±sesu. “Yath±paµicchann±ya ±pattiy±”ti vacana½ vitth±rento ±ha “kassaci h²”ti-±di. Yath± ud±yittherassa ek±hapaµicchann± aya½ ±patti hoti, tath± kassaci ek±hapaµicchann± ±patti hot²ti yojan±. Yath± ca parato ±gat± ud±yittherasseva ±patti hoti, tath± kassaci dvih±dipaµicchann± ±patti hot²ti yojan±. Imin± vuttanay±nus±rena paratopi nayo netabbo. Tasm±ti yasm± ek±h±dipaµicchann± ek±di-±patti hoti, tasm± j±nitabboti yojan±.
Paµicchannabh±va½ vitth±rento ±ha “aya½ h²”ti-±di. Tatth±ti “dasah±k±reh²”ti p±µhe. ¾patti-iti saññ± etass±ti ±pattisaññ² . Pahu c±ti samattho ca. Papubbo h³dh±tu samatthatthe hoti.
Tatth±ti tassa½ m±tik±ya½. Yanti ±patti½. Sopi c±ti bhikkhupi ca. Tatth±ti tassa½ ±pattiya½. Ayanti bhikkhu. Tatth±ti ±pattiya½. Alajjipakkhe tiµµhat²ti “sañcicca ±patti½ parig³hat²”ti (pari. 359) vuttapakkhe µhitatt± alajjipakkhe tiµµhati.
Pakatattoti ettha “p±r±jika½ anajjh±panno”ti attha½ paµikkhipanto ±ha “tividha½ ukkhepan²yakamma½ akato”ti. Etanti appaµicchannabh±va½, “±pajjati…pe… kusalehi cintit±”ti vacana½ v±.
G±th±ya “s±vasesan”ti imin± p±r±jika½ nivatteti. Garukanti ettha saªgh±disesameva adhippetanti dasseti. An±dariyanti sikkh±pade an±dariya½. Vajjanti dukkaµa½. Ukkhittakena karaºabh³tena.
Yass±ti bhikkhussa, natth²ti sambandho. Bh²rukaj±tikat±y±ti bh²rukasabh±vat±ya. Pabbatavih±re vasantassa yassa bhikkhunoti yojan±. Pabbatavih±reti pabbatassa tale, antare v± k±rite vih±re. Etasminti et±dise. Antar±ye satiyev±ti yojan±. Tassa acchann±va hot²ti yojan±. Anantar±yikasaññ±ya ch±dayato acchann±v±ti anantar±yikasaññ±ya ch±dentass±pi ekantena antar±yikatt± acchann±v±ti adhipp±yo.
Ass±ti bhikkhussa. Hanukav±toti hanukassa gelaññakaro v±to. Vijjhat²ti hanuka½ vijjhati. Imin±ti bhikkhun±. Pahusaññino ch±dit±pi ekantena apahutt± acch±dit±va hoti.
Ch±detuk±mo c±ti ettha ida½ catukka½ veditabba½ ch±detuk±mo ch±deti, ch±detuk±mo nacch±deti, acch±detuk±mo ch±deti, nacch±detuk±mo nacch±det²ti. Tattha paµhamapada½ sandh±ya vutta½ “ida½ utt±natthamev±”ti. Eva½ ses±supi m±tik±su catukka½ veditabba½ Cat³su catukkesu paµhamapade eva chann± hoti, na sesapadesu. Anutt±nattha½ dassento ±ha “sace pan±”ti-±di. Purebhatte v±ti purebhatta½ v±, bhattato, bhattassa v± pureti purebhatta½. Abyay²bh±vasam±se sattam²vibhattiy± amitik±riyassa aniccabh±vato vutta½ “purebhatte”ti. Eseva nayo “pacch±bhatte”ti etth±pi. Dutiyapadassa attha½ dassetv± tatiyapadassa attha½ dassento ±ha “yassa pan±”ti-±di. Abhikkhuke µh±ne vasantassa yassa bhikkhuss±ti yojan±. ¾gamentassa gacchantass±ti an±dare cet±ni s±mivacan±ni.
Catutthapadassa attha½ dassento ±ha “yo pan±”ti-±di. Tattha yo pan±ti bhikkhu pana, ±vi karot²ti sambandho. Sabh±ganti averi½. Ayanti bhikkhu. Upajjh±yo iti v± ±cariyo iti v±ti yojan±. Lajj±y±ti lajjanimitta½, lajjak±raº±, lajjahetu v±. ti sacca½, yasm± v±, idh±ti ±patti-±rocanaµµh±ne. Averisabh±gass±ti aver² hutv± sabh±gassa.
Pak±setuk±moti aññesa½ pak±setuk±mo. Upajjh±yass±p²ti pisaddena aññassa santike k± n±ma kath±ti dasseti. Tatth±ti ±patti-±rocanaµµh±ne. Sabh±gasaªgh±disesanti vatthusabh±gasaªgh±disesa½. Suddhass±ti vatthusabh±gasaªgh±disesato suddhassa. ¾vikaraº±k±ra½ dassento ±ha “±vikaronto c±”ti-±di. Iti im±n²ti-±di nigamana½.
Tatoti j±nitabbato, paranti sambandho. Ek±hapaµicchann±ti ek±hena paµicchann±. Y±va cuddasa divas±ni, t±va divasavasena yojan± k±tabb±ti yojan±. Pakkhapaµicchannanti pakkhena paµicchanna½. Atirekapakkhapaµicchannanti pakkhato atirekena paµicchanna½.
Sa½vaccharapaµicchannanti sa½vaccharena paµicchanna½. Tato v±ti atirekasaµµhisa½vaccha rato v±. Bhiyyop²ti atirekampi.
Tatoti t²hi ±patt²hi. Paranti atireka½. Gaºanavasen±ti ±pattigaºanavasena. Vatthukittanavasena v±ti ±patt²na½ vatthukittanavasena v±. N±mamattavasena v±ti “saªgh±dises±pattiyo”ti eva½ n±masseva vasena v±. Ettha hi mattasaddo avadh±raºattho, tena vatthu½ nivatteti.
Tatth±ti “n±mamattavasen±”ti pade. Saj±tis±dh±raºanti sassa attano j±ti saj±ti, t±ya s±dh±raºa½ saj±tis±dh±raºa½. Sabbesa½, sabbehi v± ±patt²hi s±dh±raºa½ sabbas±dh±raºa½. Tatth±ti duvidhesu n±mesu. Sabbas±dh±raºan±mavasen±p²ti ettha pisaddo “aha½ bhante sambahul± saªgh±dises± ±pajji½ ek±hapaµicchann±yo”ti eva½ saj±tis±dh±raºan±mavasenapi “aha½ bhante sambahul± saªgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajji½ ek±hapaµicchann±yo”ti eva½ ubhayas±dh±raºavasenapi vattu½ vaµµat²ti dasseti. ti sacca½. Sabbampi pariv±s±dika½ ida½ vinayakammanti yojan±. Vasati ±patti ettha tad±yattavuttit±y±ti vatthu. Go vuccati vacana½ v± ñ±ºa½ v±, ta½ t±yat²ti gotta½.
Tatth±ti vatth±d²su catubbidhesu. Tatth±ti tesu vacanesu. Sukkavissaµµhi½ k±yasa½sagganti-±din± vacanen±p²ti ettha ±disaddena duµµhull±divacan±ni saªgaºh±ti. Idha pan±ti imasmi½ pana µh±ne. Yo yoti tisso v± phusso v± ±panno hoti.
Eva½ ±rocetabbanti eva½ vakkham±nanayena ±rocetabbanti yojan±. Ki½ ±rocetabba½? “Aha½ bhante…pe… saªgho dh±retu” iti ±rocetabbanti yojan±.
Veday±mahanti veday±mi aha½. Mama p±riv±sikabh±va½ saªgha½, saªghassa v± j±n±pem²ti attho. Vedayat²ti manti vedayati iti ma½. P±riv±sikabh±va½ saªgha½, saªghassa v± j±n±pet²ti ma½ saªgho dh±ret³ti attho. Ettha bah³su aµµhakath±potthakesu “tiººa½ v± atirek±na½ v± ±rocentena ±yasmanto dh±rent³”ti p±µho atthi Kesuci aµµhakath±potthakesu “tiººa½ ±rocentena ±yasmanto dh±rent³”ti ettakoyeva p±µho atthi. Heµµh± m±nattakath±yampi evameva atthi. Tattha “atirek±nan”ti imin± t²hi atirek±na½ ±rocentena saªgha½ apekkhitv± sace ekavacanavasena vattuk±mo hoti, “ma½ saªgho dh±ret³”ti vattabba½. Atha sambahule bhikkh³ apekkhitv± sace bahuvacanavasena vattuk±mo hoti, yath± tiººa½, eva½ “ma½ ±yasmanto dh±rent³”ti vattabbanti dasseti. Idañca saddasatthavaseneva vutta½, na vinayakammavipattivasen±ti daµµhabba½.
“Vih±reyeva rattipariggaho”ti imin± anto-upac±ras²m±yampi parivasitabbabh±va½ dasseti. Upac±ras²manti parikkhittassa vih±rassa parikkhepa½, aparikkhittassa parikkhep±rahaµµh±na½. Es±ti p±riv±siko bhikkhu. Ass±ti ±gatassa bhikkhuno.
Tatoti ±pattipaµicchannadivasato. Kukkuccavinodanatth±y±ti ±pattipaµicchannadivasena sama½ parivasitabba½ nukho, na nukhoti kukkuccassa vinodanatth±ya. Parivutthatt±ti parivasitatt±. Soti parivuttho bhikkhu. Idanti d±tabbam±natta½. Tanti paµicchannam±natta½. Ch±rattanti charattiyo sam±haµ±ti ch±ratta½, sam±h±re digu. “Charattan”ti vattabbe sukhucc±raºattha½ chak±rassa d²gha½ katv± eva½ vutta½, accantasa½yoge ceta½ upayogavacana½.
Appaµicchann±patti½ d±tu½ vaµµat²ti sambandho. Imin± heµµh± vutta½ paµicchannam±natta½ imasmi½ paµicchannam±natte samodh±netv±pi d±tu½ vaµµat²ti dasseti. Eva½ santepi m³lam±natta½ paµicca paµicchannam±nattanti vuccati. Katha½ d±tu½ vaµµat²ti yojan±.
Ass±ti m±natta½ y±cantassa. Tadanur³panti tassa y±canassa anur³pa½. Sace paµicchann± dveti ettha dveti nidassanamatta½ tato atirekampi gahetabbatt±. Sabbatth±ti sabbesu ekabah³su. Tadanur³pame v±ti tassa m±nattad±nassa anur³pameva. Idha pan±ti paµicchannam±natte pana. It²ti-±di nigamana½. Ya½ m±natta½ diyyat²ti yojan±. Etth±ti paµicchannam±natte.
Avases±ti appaµicchannapariv±sapaµicchannapariv±sehi avases±. Tatth±ti avasesesu dv²su pariv±sesu. Adhammikam±nattac±r±vas±ne anuññ±tapariv±soti sambandho. Kismi½ vatthusmi½ anuññ±toti ±ha “imasmi½ vatthusmin”ti. Es±ti suddhanto, d±tabboti sambandho. Etanti j±nan±j±nana½.
Tatth±ti dv²su suddhantesu, c³¼asuddhantoti vuccat²ti sambandho. Yoti bhikkhu, vadat²ti sambandho. ¾rocitadivasatoti ±patti-±rocitadivasato.
Tanti c³¼asuddhanta½, parivasantena parivasitabbanti sambandho. Aggahes²ti pariv±sa½ aggahesi. Aññanti gahitam±sato añña½. “Pariv±sad±nakicca½ natth²”ti imin± pariv±sagahaºakiccampi natth²ti dasseti gaºhantasseva d±tabbatt±, dentasseva gahetabbatt± v±. Uddhampi ±rohat²ti pariv±sagahaºak±lato aññampi k±la½ parivasitabbatt± uddhampi ±rohati. Heµµh±pi orohat²ti pariv±sagahaºak±lato ³nampi k±la½ parivasitabbatt± heµµh±pi orohati. Idanti ±rohanorohana½. Tass±ti suddhantapariv±sassa. Ekameva paµicca dve, tisso, sambahul± v± bhavant²ti ±ha “eka½ vin± sambahul±na½ abh±vato”ti.
Eva½ c³¼asuddhanta½ dassetv± mah±suddhanta½ dassento ±ha “yo pan±”ti-±di. Tanti mah±suddhanta½. Y±va yattako upasampadadivaso hoti, t±va tattaka½ k±lanti yojan±. Uddha½ n±rohat²ti uddha½ ±rohanak±lassa abh±vato uddha½ na ±rohati. Etth±ti suddhantapariv±se. Aya½ suddhantapariv±so n±m±ti nigamana½.
Tatth±ti tividhesu samodh±napariv±sesu. “Odhunitv± samodahitv± d±tabbapariv±so”ti imin± odhunitv± samodh±netv± d±tabbo pariv±so odh±nasamodh±noti vacanattha½ dasseti, “pariv±so”ti imin± taddhitaºapaccayassa sar³pa½ dasseti. Ettha ca avadhuniyate, avadhunitabbanti v± odh±na½, sa½ ekato odah²yate sampiº¹²yate, udahiyati sampiº¹iyat²ti v± samodh±nanti avayavavacanattho k±tabbo. “Makkhetv±”ti imin± dhudh±tuy± pappoµanadha½sanadhovan±ni dasseti. Soti odh±nasamodh±no, ±gatoti sambandho.
Etth±ti odh±nasamodh±ne. Yoti bhikkhu, paµicch±det²ti sambandho. Parivasanto v± m±natt±raho v± m±natta½ caranto v± abbh±n±raho v± yo bhikkh³ti yojan±. “Purim±ya ±pattiy±”ti pada½ “sam± v±”ti pade sah±diyogo. “Ðnatar±”tipade vibhatti-ap±d±na½, anumeyyavisaya-ap±d±na½ v±. “Adivase katv±”ti imin± odhunitv±ti ettha dhudh±tuy± yath±vuttattheyeva dasseti. Ðnakapakkhapaµicchann±ti pakkhato ³nakena paµicchann±. Etenup±yen±ti pakkhe vuttena etena up±yena.
Tatth±ti m³l±pattito atirekapaµicchanne. ¾vi k±r±petv±ti m³l±pattito antar±pattiy± paµicchannabh±va½ ±vi k±r±petv±. Etth±ti ±pattipaµicchanne. Pam±ºanti k±raºa½. ti ±patti. Tatth±ti m³labh±vena kattabb±ya½ m³li-±pattiya½. Itaranti m³libh±vena kattabba½ m³l±patti½. Samodh±y±ti samodahitv±. Pakkhipitv±ti attho.
Ek± v± y± ±patti sabbacirapaµicchann± hot²ti yojan±. Sabbacirapaµicchann±yoti sabb±sa½ ±patt²na½ cirena paµicchann±yo. T±santi ±patt²na½. Agghen±ti paricchedena. Agghasaddo hettha paricchedatthav±cako. Abhidh±ne (abhidh±nappad²pik±ya½ 1048 g±th±ya½) vutta½ “aggho mulye ca p³jane”ti. Ettha “mulye c±”ti padassa m³laparicchedeti attho daµµhabbo. Tamevattha½ dassento ±ha “t±sa½ rattiparicchedavasen±”ti. Imehi padehi agghena rattiparicchedena samodh±netv± d±tabbo pariv±so agghasamodh±noti vacanattha½ dasseti. Ettha ca “sabbacirapaµicchann±yo”ti vuttatt± kiñc±pi koµi-atthav±cako tatiyakkharena p±µho yutto viya dissati. Tath±pi so p±µho na gahetabbo. Kasm±? Bah³su p±¼ipotthakesu, aµµhakath±potthakesu ca alikhitatt±. Bah³su hi por±ºapotthakesu catutthakkharena p±µhoyeva likhito, tasm± so p±µhoyeva gahetabbo, na aññoti daµµhabba½. Soti agghasamodh±no. ¾gatoyev±ti sambandho.
Yassa pan±ti bhikkhussa, paµicchann±ti sambandho. Sabbanti sakala½. ¾pattisahassag±th±ya–
Dasasata½ ±pattiyo rattisata½ ch±dayitv±n±ti yojan±. Imin± nayenapi agghasamodh±noti ettha agghasaddassa catutthakkharena p±µhassa yuttabh±vo veditabbo. Agghena dasarattiparicchedena samodh±ya d±tabbo agghasamodh±no.
Yo pariv±so n±n±vatthuk±yo ±pattiyo ekato katv± diyyati, aya½ pariv±so missakasamodh±no n±m±ti yojan±. Ettha vatthuvasena missak± ±pattiyo samodh±netv± d±tabbo pariv±so missakasamodh±noti vacanattho k±tabbo. Tatr±ti missakasamodh±ne. Tadanur³p±y±ti tassa y±canassa anur³p±ya.
Ettha c±ti missakasamodh±ne ca, k±tu½ vaµµat²ti sambandho.
“Pakkham±nattañca …pe… kathayiss±m±”ti ya½ vacana½ vutta½, tassa vacanassa ok±soti yojan±. Ta½ pan±ti pakkham±natta½ pana. “A¹¹ham±sameva d±tabban”ti imin± pakkhameva d±tabba½ m±natta½ pakkham±nattanti vacanattha½ dasseti. ti sacca½. Ta½ pan±ti pakkham±natta½ pana, d±tabbanti sambandho. Attano s²manti attano vih±ras²ma½, mah±s²manti attho. Sodhetv±ti sabb±sa½ hatthap±sanayanavasena, chand±rah±na½ chandanayanavasena, s²mato bahikaraºavasena ca sodhetv±. Catuvaggagaºanti catuvaggasaªgha½. Gaºoti cettha saªghoyev±dhippeto.
Tatr±ti “yojan± k±tabb±”ti vacane. Mukhamattadassananti up±yamattadassana½, ±dimattadassana½ v±. “¾pann±ya bhikkhuniy±”ti pada½ “evamassa vacan²yo”ti pade katt±, “y±c±petv±”ti pade k±ritakamma½. “Byatt±ya bhikkhuniy±”ti pada½ “ñ±petabbo”ti pade k±ritakatt±, “saªgho”ti pada½ tattheva k±ritakamma½. “Eta½ k±raºan”ti dh±tukamma½ ajjh±haritabba½. Tabbapaccayena k±ritakammameva vutta½. ѱpetabb±k±ra½ dassento ±ha “suº±tu me”ti-±di.
Nikkhittavattanti karaºatthe ceta½ upayogavacana½. Nikkhittavatten±ti hi attho. Tatthev±ti m±¼akas²m±yameva. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Ass±ti m±nattac±rik±ya bhikkhuniy±. Tatr±ti tasm± kattabbavinayakammabh±vatoti attho. Noti amh±ka½, santikanti sambandho. Cat³hi pakatattabhikkhun²hi nis²ditabbanti sambandho. G±m³pac±rato dve le¹¹up±te atikkamitv±ti ida½ bhikkhun²vih±r³pac±r±tikkama½ sandh±ya vutta½. Vih±r³pac±ratop²ti bhikkhuvih±r³pac±ratopi. Tatth±ti bhikkhun²na½ nisinnaµµh±na½. Kurundimah±paccar²su pana vuttanti sambandho. Vih±rassa c±ti bhikkhuvih±rassa ca. G±massa upac±ra½ muñcitu½ vaµµat²ti na vuttanti yojan±. Tasm± g±m³pac±repi nis²ditu½ vaµµat²ti adhipp±yo.
T±ya bhikkhuniy± ±rocetabbanti sambandho.
Tatthev±ti bhikkhun²na½ nis²danaµµh±neyeva. Ýh±nanti bhikkh³na½ µh±na½. Et²ti ±gacchati. Pagev±ti p±toyeva. T±y±ti m±nattac±riniy±.
Anikkhittavatt±ya pana bhikkhuniy±ti sambandho. Aj±nanapaccay±ti aj±nanak±raº±. Tanti vacana½. P±riv±sikavatt±d²nanti ±disaddena ±gantukavattap³raºanissayapaµippassaddh±dayo saªgaºh±ti Yuttatara½ dissat²ti yuttatara½ hutv± dissati. Imin± anikkhittavattabhikkhun± viya bhikkhuniy±pi anto-upac±ras²magat±na½yeva ±rocetabba½, na g±me µhit±nampi gantv± ±rocetabbanti d²peti. Uposatheti uposathadivase. Eseva nayo pav±raº±yapi. Devasikanti divase divase. Tasmi½ g±meti bhikkhun²na½ vasanag±me. Aññatr±ti bhikkhun²na½ vasanag±mato aññasmi½ g±me. Tatr±ti bhikkhun²na½ vasanag±ma½. Dassetv±ti bhikkhun²na½ dassetv±. T±y±ti m±nattac±riniy±. Vih±ranti bhikkh³na½ vih±ra½. Upac±ras²m±y±ti upac±ras²mato bah²ti sambandho. Ayanti m±nattac±rin².
V²sati gaºo imass±ti v²satigaºo, saªgho, tasmi½. M±natta½ caram±n± bhikkhun²ti yojan±. Ida½ pakkham±natta½ n±m±ti ida½ pubbavacanassa nigamavasena paravacanassa kathanatth±ya vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Tatth±ti tividhesu m±nattesu. Yadeta½ m±natta½ anuññ±tanti sambandho. Paratoti parasmi½. Pariv±sa½ parivasantassa m³l±yapaµikassitassa ud±yittherassa anuññ±tanti sambandho. ¾pajjitv±ti ±pajjanato. Idanti m±natta½ vuccat²ti sambandho. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Odh±nasamodh±nanti ettha vacanattho heµµh± vuttoyeva. Tamp²ti kurundiya½ vuttavacanampi.
Tanti agghasamodh±namissakasamodh±na½, d±tabbanti sambandho. Ett±vat±ti etaparim±ºena vacanakkamena, “ayañhi idha adhippeto pariv±so n±m±”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102) vacanato paµµh±ya y±va “yojetv± d±tabban”ti vacana½, t±va vacanakkamen±ti attho. “Tena hi bhikkhave…pe… dassess±m±”ti ya½ vacana½ vuttanti yojan±. “Atthato”ti imin± saddopi gahetabbo avin±bh±vato.