7. Kathinakkhandhaka½

187. Kathin±nuj±nanakath±

306. Kathinakkhandhake p±veyyak±ti ettha p±v±raµµhe nivasant²ti p±veyyak±ti vacanattha½ dassento ±ha “p±v±raµµhav±sino”ti. Tatth±ti p±v±n±make raµµhe. Eko pit± etesanti ekapituk±. Te ca te bh±taro ceti ekapitukabh±taro, tesa½. Etanti “p±veyyak±”ti eta½ n±ma½. Tes³ti p±veyyakesu. “Dhutaªgasam±d±navasen±”ti visesanassa byavacchedabh±va½ dassetu½ vutta½ “na araññav±samatten±”ti. Visesanañhi duvidha½ byavaccheda½, tapp±kaµikaraºañc±ti. Tesanti p±veyyak±na½. Piº¹ap±tik±dibh±vep²ti sambandho. Pisaddo ±raññaka½ apekkhati. Etanti “sabbe ±raññak±”ti-±di eta½ vacana½. Ime pan±ti p±veyyak± pana. Udakasa½gaheti ettha udakena sa½gahetabbanti dassento ±ha “udakena sa½gahite”ti. “Thale ca ninne c±”ti imin± “udakasa½gahe”ti padassa sar³pa½ dasseti.
Udakacikkhalloti udakena lo¼ito cikkhallo udakacikkhallo. Okapuººeh²ti ettha okasaddo udakavevacanoti ±ha “udakapuººeh²”ti. Udakañhi ucayati samav±yabh±vena pavattat²ti okanti vuccati. Tesanti p±veyyak±na½. Ghan±n²ti nirantar±ni. Tes³ti c²varesu. Ten±ti c²var±na½ ghanatt±, udakassa ca na paggharaºatt±. Bhagavat± “avivadam±n± ph±suka½ vassa½ vasitth±”ti pucchiyam±n±pi te bhikkh³ yath±pucchita½ avatv± kasm± ph±sukapada½ apanetv± “avivadam±n± vassa½ vasimh±”ti avocunti ±ha “avivadam±n± vassa½ vasimh±ti etth±”ti-±di. Ukkaºµhitat±ya c±ti ettha casaddo “ph±sut±ya abh±ven±”ti etth±pi yojetabbo. Sen±sanaph±sut±ya abh±vena ca bhagavato dassan±l±bhena ukkaºµhitat±ya c±ti hi attho. Anamataggiyakathanti sa½yuttanik±ye anamataggiyasuttantakatha½ (sa½. ni. 2.135). Sabbeva te p±veyyak± bhikkh³ti yojan±. Tanti anamataggiyakatha½. Tatoti dhammakathanato, paranti sambandho. Bhagav± ±mantes²ti sambandho. Eka½ c²varanti saªgh±µi½. Santaruttaren±ti saha antaren±ti santara½, santarañca ta½ uttarañceti santaruttara½, tena. Assuti bhaveyyu½. Abhavissa½s³ti hi attho. Sattam²vibhattik±l±tipattivibhatt²na½ sam±natthabh±vo saddasatthesu vuttoyeva. Casaddo upany±sattho. Esa kathinatth±ro n±m±ti yojan±. Anuj±nituk±mo hutv±ti sambandho.
Tatth±ti “anuj±n±mi bhikkhave”ti-±dip±µhe. Vok±rassa nip±tamatte sati kathamattho bhavissat²ti ±ha “atthatakathin±nanti attho”ti. Atthatakathin±na½ bhikkh³nanti sambandho. Laddhaguºa½ dassento ±ha “evañh²”ti-±di. Hisaddo laddhaguºajotako. Paratoti paramhi. “So tumh±kan”ti v± “so vo”ti v± avatv± “so nesa½ bhavissat²”ti vuttatt± vo-k±ro nip±tamattoti adhipp±yo. “Voti s±mivacanamevetan”ti imin± vo tumh±kanti attha½ dasseti. Eva½ sati “parato so nesan”ti ettha kathamattho bhavissat²ti ±ha “so nesanti ettha pan±”ti-±di. Ye tumhe atthatakathin±, tesa½ tumh±kanti yojan±. Kathinasaddo thiratthav±cako anipphannap±µipadiko An±mantac±r±dik±na½ pañc±nisa½s±na½ antokaraºasamatthabh±ve thiranti attho.
Tatth±ti an±mantac±r±d²su pañc±nisa½sesu. An±mantac±roti ettha caraºa½ c±ro, an±mantetv± c±ro an±mantac±roti dassento ±ha “an±mantetv± caraºan”ti. “Asam±d±ya caraºan”ti imin± asam±d±nac±roti ettha pubbapade tv±paccayassa an±desa½ katv± asam±d±nac±roti vuttanti dasseti. Y±vatatthac²varanti ettha ±k±ralopena sandh²ti ±ha “y±vat± c²varena attho”ti. “Y±vadatthac²varan”tipi p±µho, eva½ sati dak±ro padasandhimatto. Y±vasaddo paricchedatthav±cako, na abhivijhatthav±cako. Atthasaddena sam±so hoti. Yo ca tattha c²varupp±doti ettha tatthasaddassa visaya½ dassento ±ha “kathinatth±ras²m±yan”ti. Tatrupp±den±ti tatra kathinatth±ras²m±ya½ upp±dena m³lena. “C²vara½ uppajjat²”ti imin± c²varupp±doti ettha c²varameva upp±do c²varupp±doti visesanaparapadatta½ dasseti.
Keti kittak±. Ida½ “gaºavasen±”ti vacana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Atha v± keti kinn±ma vutthavass±. Ida½ “vutthavassavasen±”ti vacana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Satasahassampi jan± labhant²ti yojan±. Pisaddena tato adhikampi labhant²ti dasseti. Chinnavass± v±ti purimik±ya upagantv± chinnavass± v±. Aññasmi½ vih±reti kathinatth±ravih±rato aparasmi½ vih±re. Sabbe chinnavass±dik± bhikkh³ purimik±ya vass³pagat±na½ bhikkh³na½ gaºap³rak± hont²ti yojan±. Itaresa½yev±ti purimik±ya vassa½ upagantv± paµhamapav±raº±ya pav±rit±nameva. Paripuººavassoti paripuººo v²sativasso, acchinnavasso v±. Soti s±maºero. Iti etth±p²ti eva½ etesu t²su v±resupi.
Kena dinna½ kathinac²vara½ vaµµat²ti yojan±. Yena kenaci dinna½ c²vara½ vaµµat²ti sambandho. Tanti vatta½. Aj±nantoti aj±nanahetu. Hetvatthe hi antapaccayo. Tass±ti kathinad±yakassa. Evanti imin± vakkham±nanayena. Aññatarapahonaka½ vatthanti sambandho. Tass±ti kathinac²varassa. Ettak± n±ma s³ciyo vaµµat²ti sambandho. Iti ±cikkhitabbanti yojan±.
Kathinatth±raken±pi vatta½ j±nitabbanti sambandho. Pisaddo kathinad±yaka½ apekkhati. Vatta½ vitth±rento ±ha “tantav±yagehato h²”ti-±di. ¾bhatasant±nenev±ti ±bhatasantatiy± eva. Khalimakkhitas±µakoti ahatas±µako. So hi khalena takkena kañjikena makkhitas±µakatt± “khalimakkhitas±µako”ti vuccati. Kathinatth±ras±µakanti kathinatth±ratth±ya dinna½ s±µaka½. Tadahev±ti tasmi½ dinna-ahani eva. Tasminti paµhama½ dinne kathinatth±ras±µake. Aññ±ni c±ti kathinas±µakato aññ±ni ca. Casaddena na kathinas±µakameva ±harati, aññ±ni c±ti dasseti. Yoti kathinad±yako. Itaroti paµhama½ kathinad±yako. Yath± tath± ovaditv±ti tava santakato etassa santaka½ saªghassa bahupak±ra½, saªghassa bahupak±ratta½ tay±pi icchitabba½, evamicchantassa bahupuññanti yena ten±k±rena ovaditv±.
Kena bhikkhun±ti sambandho. Yassa saªgho kathinac²vara½ deti, tena bhikkhun± attharitabbanti yojan±. Kassa bhikkhuss±ti sambandho. Yo jiººac²varo hoti, tassa d±tabbanti yojan±. Mahat² paris± etass±ti mah±pariso thero. “Navakataro sakkoti, tassa d±tabban”ti vacanassa anekantabh±va½ dassento ±ha “api c±”ti-±di. Api c±ti ekantena. Tadatth±y±ti tassa jiººac²varassa atth±ya. Ass±ti bhikkhussa. Pelavoti vira¼o. Ten±p²ti kathinatth±raken±pi. Tanti vidhi½. D±nakammav±c±ti d±nak±raºakammav±c±.
Eva½ dinne pana kathine niµµh±petabb±n²ti yojan±. Eken±p²ti pisaddena pageva bah³hi pan±ti dasseti. Buddhappasatthanti buddhehi pasattha½. At²te kappasatasahassamatthaketi yojan±. Tass±ti padumuttarassa Kathina½ gaºhi kir±ti yojan±. Tanti kathina½, satth± ak±s²ti sambandho.
Katapariyosita½ kathina½ ki½ k±tabbanti ±ha “katapariyosita½ pan±”ti-±di. Kathina½ gahetv± attharitabbanti sambandho. “Tena kathinatth±rakena bhikkhun±”ti pada½ “vacan²yo”ti pade suddhakatt±, “anumod±petabban”ti pade k±ritakatt±. Ki½ vacan²yoti ±ha “atthata½…pe… anumodath±”ti. “Tehi anumodakehi bhikkhuh²”ti pada½ “vacan²yo”ti pade avuttakatt±, “anumod±petabban”ti pade k±ritakamma½ avuttakamma½, v±. “Kathinan”ti dh±tukamma½ v± vuttakamma½ v± upanetabba½. Ki½ vacan²yoti ±ha “atthata½…pe… anumod±m±”ti. Itarehi c±ti anumodakehi ca. Sabbesanti atth±raka-anumodak±na½. ti sacca½. Etanti sabbesa½ atthatabh±va½, “dvinna½…pe… anumodakassa c±”ti vacana½ v±.
Eva½ kathine atthate sati pan±ti yojan±. Yen±ti bhikkhun±. Avic±retv±v±ti “kathinatth±rakassa dem±”ti v± “saªghassa dem±”ti v± avic±retv± eva. Sesac²var±nip²ti kathinatth±rac²varato sesac²var±nipi. Saªghena d±tabb±n²ti sambandho. “Apaloketv±”ti imin± kammav±c±ya kicc±bh±va½ dasseti. Vass±v±sikaµµhitik±y±ti vass±v±sak±le pavatt±ya µhitik±ya. Garubhaº¹anti mañcabibbohan±digarubhaº¹a½. Ekas²m±y±ti ek±ya upac±ras²m±ya.
308. Yath± c±ti ettha yath±saddo ya½saddattho. Yena vidhin±ti hi attho. Mah±bh³mikanti mah±visaya½. Catuv²sati-±k±ravantat±ya mah±vitth±rikanti vutta½ hoti. Tatoti anatthatalakkhaºato. Pariv±rep²ti pisaddo na idha ev±ti dasseti.
Tatth±ti catuv²satiy± ±k±resu. Ullikhitamatten±ti ettha pam±ºassa uggahaºattha½ nakh±d²hi likhana½ ullikhita½, ullikhita½ matta½ pam±ºa½ ullikhitamattanti dassento ±ha “d²ghato ca puthulato ca pam±ºagahaºamatten±”ti. Tamevattha½ vitth±rento ±ha “pam±ºa½ h²”ti-±di. Dassento hutv± ullikhat²ti yojan±. Pañcakanti pañcapam±ºa½, pañcasam³ha½ v± khaº¹a½. saddena aññ±nipi terasak±d²ni saªgaºh±ti. Moghasuttak±ropanamatten±ti moghasuttassa c²varass³pari ±ropanamattena. D²ghasibbitamatten±ti d²ghato sibbitamattena. Muddiyapaµµabandhanamatten±ti muddiyapaµµassa bandhanamattena. Dve cimilik±yoti dve pilotik±yo. Paµhamacimilik±ti kathinacimilikato aññ± attano pakaticimilik± ghaµetv± µhapit± hot²ti yojan±. “Ta½ paµhamacimilikan”ti p±µhasesa½ ajjh±haritv± kathinas±µakassa kucchicimilika½ katv±ti imin± sambandhitabba½. Pakatic²varass±ti attano pakatic²varassa. Pakatipaµµabandhac²varanti pakatipaµµena bandhac²vara½. Piµµhi-anuv±t±ropanamatten±ti d²ghato anuv±tassa c²varass³pari ±ropanamattena. D²gh±nuv±tañhi p±rupanak±le piµµhiya½ µhitatt± piµµhi-anuv±tanti vuccati. Kucchi-anuv±t±ropanamatten±ti puthulato anuv±tassa c²varass³pari ±ropanamattena. Puthul±nuv±tañhi p±rupanak±le kucchiya½ µhitatt± kucchi-anuv±tanti vuccati. ¾gantukapaµµ±ropanamatten±ti ±gantukapaµµassa c²varass³pari ±ropanamattena. ti athav±.
S±ruppanti samaº±nucchavika½. Parikath±y±ti pariy±yena upp±dit±ya kath±ya. Ati-ukkaµµha½ vaµµat²ti ati-ukkaµµha½ eva vaµµati. Otiººasadisamev±ti otiººena vatthena sadisameva kathinac²varanti sambandho. Tatth±ti duvidhesu sannidh²su. Tadahev±ti tasmi½ dinna-ahani eva.
Rattinissaggiyen±ti ratti-atikkanta½ hutv± nissaggiyena. Aññen±ti tic²varato aññena. Samaº¹alikatanti saha mah±maº¹ala-a¹¹hamaº¹alena kata½.
309. Eva½ catuv²sati-±k±ra½ anatthatalakkhaºa½ dassetv± id±ni sattaras±k±ra½ atthatalakkhaºa½ dassento ±ha “ahaten±”ti-±di Tattha paribhoga½ na hanittha na gacchitth±ti ahata½, paribhogena na hanitabba½ na hi½sitabbanti v± ahatanti dassento ±ha “aparibhutten±”ti. “Ahatasadisen±”ti imin± ahatakappen±ti ettha kappasaddo sadisatthoti dasseti. P±paºiken±ti ettha pas±rito ±paºo p±paºo, tasmi½ patita½ p±paºikanti dassento ±ha “±paºadv±re patitan”ti. “Pilotikan”ti imin± ºikapaccayassa sar³pa½ dasseti. Vuttavipall±senev±ti vuttehi “nimittakaten±”ti-±d²hi vipall±sena eva. Tatth±ti pariv±re ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Idh±ti kathinakkhandhake. Avuccam±nena tena vacanena parih±yat²ti sambandho.
310. Tatth±ti “kathañca bhikkhave ubbhata½ hoti kathinan”ti-±dip±µhe. Janettiyo m±taroti yojan±. Imin± dhammena putte m±net²ti m±t±, dhammena puttehi m±niyat²ti v± m±t±, s± viya hont²ti m±tik±ti dasseti. Kathinubbh±ranti ca kathinuddh±ranti ca atthato sadisa½. Et±ti et± padaj±tiyo. T±s³ti aµµhasu m±tik±su. Ass±ti kathinubbh±rassa.