76. G±mas²m±dikath±

147. Uposathakammassa visu½ gahitatt± sesakammavasena sam±nasa½v±sakat± gahetabb± gobalibaddanayena v± p±risesanayena v±. Tanti sam±nasa½v±sa-ek³posathabh±va½. “Aparicchinn±y±”ti imin± aµµhapit±y±ti ettha µhapadh±tuy± adhipp±yattha½ dasseti. G±ma½ v± nigama½ v±ti ettha nagara½ kena saªgahitanti ±ha “g±maggahaºena cetth±”ti-±di. Tattha etth±ti “g±ma½ v± nigama½ v±”ti p±µhe, g±maggahaºen±ti sambandho. Atha v± etth±ti g±manigamanagaresu, nagaramp²ti sambandho. G±m±d²na½ pariccheda½ vitth±rena dassento ±ha “tatth±”ti-±di. Tattha tatth±ti g±manigamanagaresu. G±mabhojak±ti g±ma½ bhuñjant²ti g±mabhojak±. Balinti kara½. So hi ta½ niss±ya g±mabhojak± balanti j²vanti anen±ti bal²ti vuccati. Yampi eka½ padesa½ paricchinditv± det²ti yojan±. G±makhetteti rañño ±º± khipiyati etth±ti khetta½, g±moyeva khetta½ g±makhetta½, tasmi½. Ayamp²ti aya½ padesopi. Sop²ti padesopi. Visu½g±mo n±m±ti yojan±. Sopi visu½g±mo g±mas²m± hotiyev±ti yojan±. Visu½ paricchinditv± dinno g±mo visu½g±mo. Tasm±ti yasm± visu½ g±mo hoti, tasm±. S± c±ti visu½g±mas²m± ca. Itar±ti visu½g±mas²mato aññ± pakatig±managaranigamas²m± c±ti yojan±.
Evanti “asammat±ya bhikkhave”ti-±din± p±µhena. Tanti s²mapariccheda½. Aparicchinneti r±j³hi aparicchinne. “Aµavipadese”ti imin± natthi g±mo etth±ti ag±makoti vacanatthassa sar³pa½ dasseti. Vijjh±µavisadiseti vigata½ aggino jh±yanametth±ti vijjh±, cor±dayo manusse ±bhuso µavanti p²¼ayanti etth±ti ±µavi. Vijjh± ca s± ±µavi ceti vijjh±µavi, t±ya sadise vijjh±µavisadise. Ettha purimanaye g±m±d²hi ±sanno v± hotu, an±sanno v± tehi aparicchinno aµavipadeso gahetabbo. Pacchimanaye d³ro manuss±na½ an±gamanapatho ±µavipadeso gahetabboti ayametesa½ viseso. Ass±ti bhikkhuno. Samant±ti samantato. Aya½ s²m±ti aya½ sattabbhantaras²m±. Tatth±ti sattasu abbhantaresu. Samant± µhitassa v± nisinnassa v± abbhantare antokoµµh±se j±ta½ abbhantara½ aµµhav²sahatthapam±ºa½.
Y± k±ci nad² as²m±va hot²ti sambandho. Nad²s²malakkhaºapatt±ti nad²s²malakkhaºa½ patt±. Imin± s²malakkhaºa½ apatt± nad² bandhiyam±n± s²m±va hot²ti dasseti. S±vadh±raºena “attano sabh±venev±”ti imin± bhikkh³na½ bandhanabh±ven±ti attha½ nivatteti. Etth±ti nadiya½. Etth±ti j±tassarasamuddesu. Yena kenac²ti antamaso tiracch±nagatenapi yena kenaci. Khaºitv± akato saya½j±toti sambandho. Ida½ hetu-antogadhavisesana½. Khaºitv± akatatt±ti hi attho. Saya½j±toti sayameva j±toti evak±ro yojetabbo. Tena vutta½ “yena kenaci khaºitv± akato”ti. Sobbhoti sa½ ubhoti padavibh±go k±tabbo. Tattha sa½saddo samantatthav±cako, ubhasaddo p³raºatthav±cako. Tasm± samantato ±gatena udakena ubhati p³rati etth±ti sobbhoti vacanattho k±tabbo. Tena vutta½ “samantato ±gatena udakena p³rito tiµµhat²”ti.
Tatth±ti nad²samuddaj±tassaresu, ±dh±re bhumma½. Ya½saddo µh±navisayoti ±ha “ya½ µh±nan”ti. Majjhimass±ti th±mamajjhimassa. Vakkhati hi “th±mamajjhimen±”ti. “Samantato”ti imin± samant±ti ettha nissakkatthe nissakkavacananti dasseti. “Udakukkhepen±”ti imin± udakukkhep±ti ettha karaºatthe nissakkavacananti dasseti. Udaka½ ukkhipitv± khipiyati etth±ti udakukkhepo. “Paricchinnan”ti imin± p±µhasesa½ dasseti. Akkhadhutt±ti ettha akkhoti p±sako. So hi akati kuµila½ gacchati anen±ti akkhoti vuccati, dhavanti mariy±damatikkamma k²¼±dipasuta½ gacchant²ti dhutt±, akkhesu dhutt± akkhadhutt± D±rugu¼anti s±rad±rumaya½ gu¼a½. “V±luka½ v±”ti imin± “udakukkhep±”ti ettha upalakkhaºa½ dasseti. Yatth±ti yasmi½ padese. Ayanti padeso. Tass±ti udakukkhepassa.
Etth±ti nad²samuddaj±tassaresu. Mukhadv±ranti samudd±d²na½ mukhasaªkh±ta½ dv±ra½. Sabbatth±ti sabb±ya nadiya½. Therav±da½ dassento ±ha “ya½ pan±”ti-±di. “Yojana½…pe… vaµµat²”ti ya½ pana vacana½ mah±sumattherena vuttanti yojan±. Tatr±p²ti yojananadiyampi. Paµikkhitt±k±ra½ vitth±rento ±ha “bhagavat± h²”ti-±di. Nadiy± pam±ºanti nadiy± gambh²rapam±ºameva, na ±y±mavitth±rapam±ºanti attho. “Na yojana½ v± addhayojana½ v±”ti vacanampi idameva sandh±ya vuttanti daµµhabba½. Kiñc±pi ±y±mavitth±rapam±ºa½ na vutta½, pabhavato pana y±va mukhadv±r± ±y±mavitth±ravasena kamma½ k±tu½ pahonakanad²yeva gahetabb±ti daµµhabb±. Y± nad²ti sambandho. Imassa suttass±ti “timaº¹alan”ti-±dikassa imassa suttassa. Pabhavatoti samud±gamato. Etth±ti nadiya½. Sabbehi bhikkh³hi µhapetabboti sambandho. Tatoti eka-udakukkhepato.
Kittak± paripuºº± hot²ti ±ha “samatitthik±”ti. Titthena sama½ parip³rat²ti samatitthik±. Udakas±µika½ niv±setv±p²ti pisaddo “aniv±setv±p²”ti dasseti. Udakas±µika½ aniv±sentopi vatthena avin±bh±vato añña½ niv±setv±ti attho gahetabbo. N±v±ya µhatv± kariyam±ne ki½ gacchantiy±pi n±v±ya k±tu½ vaµµat²ti ±ha “gacchantiy± pan±”ti-±di. “Kasm±”ti-±din± k±raºa½ dasseti. ti yasm±. Tanti udakukkhepamatta½. Eva½ sati…pe… anus±van± hoti, tasm± gacchantiy± n±v±ya k±tu½ na vaµµat²ti yojan±. “Tasm±”ti-±din± laddhaguºa½ dasseti. Na kevala½ n±v±yamev±ti dassento ±ha “antonadiyan”ti-±di.
Rukkhass±ti antonadiya½ j±tassa rukkhassa. S±kh± v± patiµµhit±ti sambandho. S²ma½ v± sodhetv±ti vih±ras²mag±mas²m±su µhit±na½ hatthap±s±nayanabahikaraºavasena s²ma½ v± sodhetv±. J±tarukkhassa paviµµhas±kh±ya v± p±rohe v±ti sambandho. Ass±ti bahinadit²re j±tarukkhassa. Tatth±ti kh±ºuke.
Tass±ti p±s±ºad²pakassa. Pubbe vuttappak±reti pubbe nad²nimittaµµh±ne “anvaddham±san”ti-±din± (mah±va. aµµha. 138) vuttappak±re. Soti p±s±ºad²pako. Puna soti p±s±ºad²pakoyeva. ti sacca½, yasm± v±.
¾varaºanti p±¼i½. Tanti ±varaºa½. ¾varaºena v± koµµhakabandhena v± hetubh³tena, pacchijjat²ti sambandho. Koci ±varaºappadeso ajjhotthariyat²ti sambandho. Tatth±ti ±varaºappadese. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. “Heµµh±p±¼i baddh±”ti ida½ nadi½ vin±setv± ta¼±kakaraº±k±radassana½. Etth±ti nadiya½, ta¼±ke v±. Cha¹¹itamodakanti ta¼±karakkhanattha½ ekena v±rimaggena cha¹¹ita½ udaka½. Deve avassanteti dubbuµµhik±latt± vassantak±lepi deve avassante. ti nadito n²haµam±tik±. K±lantaren±ti aññena k±lena. Uppatitv±ti g±manigam±na½ upari patitv±. Pavattat²ti pubbe vuttapak±re vassak±le catt±ro m±se abbhocchinn± sandati. Vih±ras²manti vih±rasambandha½ baddhas²ma½.
Samuddep²ti pisaddo nadimapekkhati. Tatth±ti padese. Otaritv±ti heµµh± taritv±. “Osaritv±”tipi p±µho, ayamevattho. Saºµhahant²ti udakena sama½ tiµµhanti. Soti padeso. Udakantatoti udakakoµito. Tatth±ti samudde. B±dhat²ti p²¼ayati. Tes³ti n±v±-aµµakesu. Tanti piµµhip±s±ºa½. Ðmiyoti v²ciyo. T± hi para½par±vasena uggantv± saviññ±ºak±viññ±ºake miyanti hi½santi, anto pakkhipant²ti v± ³miyoti vuccanti. Tatth±ti piµµhip±s±ºe. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Udakeneva piµµhip±s±ºo otthar²yat²ti yojan±. Soti d²pakapabbato. “D³re”ti vatv± tassa pam±ºa½ dassento ±ha “macchavadh±na½ an±gamanapathe”ti. Macchavadh±nanti kevaµµ±na½. Te hi yasm± macche hananti, tasm± macchavadh±ti vuccanti. “Macchabandh±nan”tipi p±µho. Macche bandhant²ti macchabandh±ti vacanattho k±tabbo. An±gamanapatheti yattha gantv± tadaheva pacc±gantv± na ±gamanapathike dese. Natthi ±gamanapatho etth±ti an±gamanapatho, deso. Tasmi½ “agamanapathe”tipi p±µho, so ayutto. Kasm±? Agamanapathassa n±dhippetatt±. Gantv± hi puna an±gamanapathoyev±dhippeto. Tesanti macchavadh±na½. Gamanapariyantass±ti gamanakoµiy± Oratoti orabh±ge µhito d²pako v± pabbato v±ti yojetabbo. Tatth±ti orabh±ge µhitesu d²pakapabbatesu. Ottharitv±ti pakati-udakena ottharitv±. Tatth±ti ottharitv± µhite samudde.
Karontehipi k±tabbanti sambandho. Yatth±ti yasmi½ sare. Ayanti aya½ saro, na j±tassaro hoti. Aya½ saro g±makhettasaªkhyameva gacchat²ti yojan±. Tatth±ti sare. Yattha pan±ti yasmi½ sare pana. Tass±ti j±tassarassa. Tatth±ti padese. Sace gambh²ra½ udaka½ hot²ti yojan±. Tatth±ti aµµake. Etth±ti j±tassare, µhitesu piµµhip±s±ºad²pakes³ti yojan±. Pahonakaj±tassaroti saªghakamma½ k±tu½ pahonako j±tassaro. “Sukkhat²”ti vatv± tadeva samatthetu½ vutta½ “nirudako”ti. Tatth±ti j±tassare. Sace nirudakamattena g±makhetta½ gacchati. Kad± gacchat²ti ±ha “sace panetth±”ti-±di. Tattha etth±ti j±tassare. Pokkharaº²-±d²n²ti ettha ±disaddena udakam±tik±dayo saªgaºh±ti. Yad± khaºanti, tad±ti p±µhaseso yojetabbo. “Ta½ µh±nan”ti vuttepi na khaºanaµµh±nameva gahetabba½, “etth±”ti s±maññato vuttatt± sabboyeva j±tassaro gahetabbo. Na kevala½ aj±tassaramatta½ hoti, atha kho g±makhettanti ±ha “g±mas²m±saªkhyameva gacchat²”ti.
Nanti j±tassara½. P³retv±ti mattik±d²hi p³retv±. P±¼inti ±varaºa½. Sabbameva nanti sakalameva ta½ j±tassara½. Loº²p²ti pisaddena na kevala½ sobbhoyeva j±tassarasaªkhya½ gacchati, atha kho loº²p²ti dasseti. Udakaµµh±nok±seti udakassa µh±ne ok±se.
148. S²m±ya s²ma½ sambhindant²ti ettha “s²m±ya s²man”ti pad±na½ sambandh±pekkhatt± tesa½ sambandha½ dassetu½ vutta½ “attano paresan”ti. “Baddhas²man”ti imin± “s²man”ti s±maññato vuttepi visesato baddhas²m±yeva gahetabb±ti dasseti. Tamevattha½ vitth±rento ±ha “sace h²”ti-±di. Sa½saµµhaviµap±ti aññamañña½ ±sannatt± sa½saµµho viµapo etesanti sa½saµµhaviµap±. “Sa½saµµhaviµap±”ti ida½ upalakkhaºamatta½, m³l±nipi sa½saµµh±niyev±ti daµµhabba½. Tes³ti dv²su rukkhesu. Vih±ras²m± c±ti por±ºakavih±ras²m± ca. Anto katv±ti s²m±ya anto katv±. Atha pacch±ti ettha “pacch±”ti imin± athasaddassattha½ dasseti. Eva½ ke aka½s³ti ±ha “eva½ chabbaggiy± aka½s³”ti. Ten±ti karaºena.
Ajjhottharaº±k±ra½ dassento ±ha “paresan”ti-±di. Tass±ti baddhas²m±ya. Padesanti bhikkh³hi kamma½ k±tu½ pahonaka½ ekadesa½. Antamaso ekassapi bhikkhuno µhatv± adhiµµh±nuposatha½ k±tu½ pahonaka½ padesa½. Kamma½ k±tu½ appahonakapadesa½ anto karitv± bandhant± s²m±ya s²ma½ sambhindanti n±ma. S²m±ya upac±roti pacch± bandhitabb±ya s²m±ya upac±ro. “Va¹¹hanto s²m±saªkara½ karot²”ti imin± sace ava¹¹hanako p±s±ºo hoti, dvinnampi s²m±na½ nimitta½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti dasseti.