41. R±hulavatthukath±

105. Kapilavatth³ti ettha kapiloti ka¼±ravaººo isi vuccati, so vasati etth±ti kapilavatthu, assamo. Tasmi½ µh±ne m±pitatt± nagarampi kapilavatth³ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.267; su. ni. aµµha. 2.362) vuccati. Ayanti vakkham±nakath±. Suddhodanamah±r±j±ti ettha suddhodanoti tassa rañño n±ma½. Atha v± suddha½ odana½ imass±ti suddhodano, soyeva mah±r±j± suddhodanamah±r±j±. Viharati kir±ti sambandho. Soti suddhodanamah±r±j±. R±jagahanti r±jagahanagara½. S±dh³ti ±y±canatthe nip±to. ¾y±c±m²ti hi attho. Meti mama, puttanti sambandho, an±dare v± s±mivacana½. Soti amacco. S±dh³ti sampaµicchanatthe nip±to. Evanti hi attho. Ath±ti tasmi½ nis²danak±le. Ass±ti purisasahassapariv±rassa amaccassa. Tatoti y±canak±raº± Nanti purisasahassapariv±ra½ amacca½. Tatthev±ti r±jagaheyeva. Tep²ti aµµha d³t±pi. Teti nava d³t±.
Ath±ti tato pacch±. Ekadivasaj±takanti ekasmi½ divase j±taka½. Soti k±¼ud±y²-amacco. Pabbajitv±p²ti pisaddena “apabbajitv±p²”ti attha½ sampiº¹eti. Tathev±ti yath± nava d³t± sapariv±r± arahatta½ p±puºi½su, tathev±ti attho. Soti k±¼ud±y². Sambhates³ti sambharitesu gahetv± niµµh±pites³ti attho. Vissaµµhakammes³ti vissaµµh± kammant± etesanti vissaµµhakammant±, tesu. Supupphites³ti sundarapupphasañj±tesu. Paµipajjanakkhameti paµipajjanatth±ya khame yogye. Gamanavaººa½ sa½vaººes²ti sambandho. Saµµhimatt±h²ti (bu. va½. aµµha. nid±nakath± 2) saµµhipam±º±hi. Etanti eta½ sa½vaººassa k±raºa½ kinti pucchi. C±rika½ pakkamitu½ k±loti yojan±. Tena h²ti uyyojanatthe nip±to. Bhagav± pakk±m²ti sambandho. Parivutoti parisamantato vuto ±vuto nivuto hutv±ti sambandho. Aturitac±rikanti ajavanac±rika½.
Evanti imin± nayena. Bhagavati pakkante ca sat²ti yojan±. Nikkhantadivasatoti phagguºapuººamiy± p±µipadadivasato. Uttamabhojanarasass±ti uttamabhojanarasena. Dassath±ti dadeyy±tha. Tenev±ti saddh±ya upp±danak±raºeneva. Nanti k±¼ud±yi½. Bhagav± µhapes²ti sambandho. Etadagganti eso aggo. Yadidanti yo aya½. Etadaggeti etadaggaµµh±ne.
S±kiy±pi kho pahiºi½s³ti sambandho. ѱtiseµµhanti ñ±t²na½ seµµha½, ñ±tiyeva v± seµµha½, bhagavantanti yojan±. Nigrodhasakkass±ti nigrodhan±makassa sakkassa. Tatth±ti nigrodhasakkassa ±r±me. Paccuggamananti paµimukha½ uµµhahitv± gamana½. Tatoti pahiºato, paranti sambandho R±jakum±re ca r±jakum±rik±yo ca pahiºi½s³ti yojan±. Tesanti r±jakum±rar±jakum±rik±na½. Tatr±ti nigrodh±r±me. M±no j±ti sabh±vo etesanti m±naj±tik±, m±nena, m±no v± thaddho etesanti m±nathaddh±. Teti s±kiy±, ±ha½s³ti sambandho.
Tes³ti s±kiyesu. Neti ñ±tayo. Vuµµh±y±ti catutthajjh±nato vuµµhahitv±. Tesanti ñ±t²na½. Kaº¹ambarukkham³leti kaº¹an±makena uyy±nap±lena ropimassa ambarukkhassa ±sanne. R±j±ti suddhodanamah±r±j±. Voti tumh±ka½, p±deti sambandho. Ayanti vandan±. Jambucch±y±y±ti jamburukkhassa ch±y±ya. Iti ±h±ti yojan±.
Sikh±ppattoti aggappatto, koµippattoti attho. Tatoti nis²danato, paranti sambandho. Pokkharavassanti padumavane vuµµhavassasadisa½. Tambavaººanti lohitavaººa½. Tanti apatana½ bhagav± kathes²ti sambandho.
Dutiyadivaseti kapilavatthu½ pattadivasato dutiye divase. Indakh²leti nagarassa umm±re. Kathanti ken±k±rena cari½su nu khoti yojan±. Agama½su ki½ cari½su kinti yojan±. Sapad±nac±ranti gharapaµip±µikhaº¹anavirahitena saha pavatta½ c±ra½. Tatoti ±vajjanato, paranti sambandho. Ayameva va½soti pubbabuddh±na½ ayameva va½so. Aya½ paveº²ti tasseva vevacana½. Anusikkhant±ti anu paµibh±ga½ sikkhant±. Niviµµhagehatoti niv±sanatth±ya visitagehato. Ayyoti adhipo s±m²ti attho. Siddhatthakum±roti sabbalokassa siddho attho asmi½ atth²ti siddhattho, soyeva kum±ro siddhatthakum±ro. S²hapañjaranti v±tap±na½. Tañhi s²har³pa½ dassetv± katapañjaratt± s²hapañjaranti vuccati. Dassanaby±vaµoti dassane, dassanatth±ya v± by±vaµo. R±hulam±t±pi dev² ±roces²ti sambandho. Kap±lahatthoti kap±lo hatthesu assa bhagavatoti kap±lahattho, hutv±ti sambandho. N±n±vir±gasamujjal±y±ti n±n±µh±nesu vir±g±ya samujjal±ya. Virocam±na½ bhagavantanti sambandho.
Uºh²satoti siroveµhanato. Tañhi uparis²se nahati bandhati, nah²yati bandh²yat²ti v± uºh²soti vuccati. Naras²hag±th±hi n±m±ti naras²hag±th±n±mak±hi. T± hi yasm± naroyeva sabbasatt±na½ s²ho seµµho, nar±na½, naresu v± s²ho seµµhoti naras²ho, tassa pak±sak± g±th± honti, tasm± naras²hag±th±ti vuccanti. Raññoti sassurarañño, m±tularañño v±. Sa½viggahadayoti calanacitto. Saºµh±payam±noti suµµhu µh±payam±no. Turitaturitanti turitato turita½, atis²ghanti attho. Ki½ bhanteti ki½ k±raº± bhante. Ahuvatth±ti hiyyattan²majjhimapurisasaªkh±t±ya tthavibhattiy± h³dh±tussa ³k±rassa uv±deso hoti, tasm± tumhe eva½saññino ahuvatth±ti yojan±. Va½sac±rittametanti eta½ piº¹±ya caraºa½ va½sato paveºito c±ritta½. Tattha c±ti mah±sammatakhattiyava½se ca. Ayanti mah±sammatakhattiyava½so. Antarav²thiyanti v²thiy± majjhe. Ýhitova ±h±ti sambandho.
Uttiµµheti uddissa, uµµhahitv± v± piº¹±ya tiµµhane. Dhamma½ sucaritanti suµµhu caritabba½ bhikkh±cariyasaªkh±ta½ dhamma½. Careti careyya. Dhammac±r²ti bhikkh±cariyasaªkh±ta½ dhamma½ caraºas²lo samaºo. Sukha½ set²ti upalakkhaºavasena vutta½. Sesa-iriy±path±pi lakkhaºah±ravasena gahetabb± sam±nakiccatt±. Asmiñca loke paramhi ca loketi yojan±.
Na ta½ duccarita½ careti vesiy±digocarasaªkh±ta½ duµµhu caritabba½ ta½ dhamma½ na careyya.
Ettha ca paµhamag±tha½ antarav²thiya½ kathetv± r±j±na½ sot±pattiphale patiµµh±pesi, dutiyag±tha½ pitunivesane kathetv± mah±paj±pati½ sot±pattiphale, r±j±na½ sakad±g±miphale patiµµh±pes²ti daµµhabba½. Dhammap±laj±taka½ sutv±ti puna aparasmi½ divase (j±. aµµha. 4.98 ±dayo; dha. pa. aµµha. 1.nandattheravatthu) dhammap±laj±taka½ (j±. aµµha. 4.mah±dhammap±laj±takavaººan±) sutv±. Maraºasamayeti maraº±sannak±le, maraºasamayasam²pe v±, sam²patthe ceta½ bhummavacana½.
Sot±pattiphala½ sacchikatv± parivis²ti sambandho. Sabba½ itth±g±ranti sabbo orodho. So hi itth²na½ ag±ranti itth±g±ranti vuccati. Imin± vacanatthena ag±rameva mukhyato labbhati, r±jitthiyo pana upac±ren±ti daµµhabba½. S± pan±ti r±hulam±t± pana. Parijanen±ti pariv±rena. Nanti ayyaputta½. “R±j±nan”tipada½ “g±h±petv±”tipade k±ritakamma½, “pattan”tipada½ tattheva dh±tukamma½. R±jadh²t±y±ti suppabuddharañño dh²t±ya. ti r±jadh²t±. Gopphakes³ti caraºagaºµh²su bhagavanta½ gahetv±ti yojan±. Atha v± bhagavato gopphake gahetv±ti yojan±. Evañhi sati upayogatthe bhummavacananti daµµhabba½.
R±j± kathes²ti sambandho. Anacchariyanti na acchariya½, acchara½ paharitu½ na yogyanti attho. R±jadh²t± ya½ att±na½ rakkhi, ida½ anacchariyanti yojan±.
Ta½divasamev±ti tasmi½ dutiyadivaseyeva. Kesavisajjananti r±jac³¼±maºibandhanattha½ kum±rak±le bandhitasikh±veºisaªkh±tassa kesassa visajjana½, mocananti attho. Paµµabandhoti asuko n±ma r±j±ti nal±µe suvaººamayassa paµµassa bandhana½. Gharamaªgalanti abhinavaghara½ pavesanamaªgala½. ¾v±hamaªgalanti ±v±he pavatta½ maªgala½. Chattamaªgalanti r±jachattuss±panak±le pavatta½ maªgala½. Maªgala½ vatv±ti maªgalasa½yutta½ dhammakatha½ kathetv±. Janapadakaly±º²ti janapadamhi kaly±ºasamann±gat±. Tuvaµµa½ khoti khippameva. Sop²ti nandar±jakum±ropi. It²ti-±di nigamana½. Dutiyadivaseti kapilavatthupattadivasato dutiye divase. Dhammapada-aµµhakath±ya½ (dha. pa. aµµha. 1.nandattheravatthu; therag±. aµµha. 1.nandattherag±th±vaººan±) pana “tatiyadivase nanda½ pabb±jes²”ti vutta½.
Sattame divaseti kapilavatthupattadivasatoyeva sattame divase. Eta½ samaºa½ pass±ti yojan±. Brahmar³pavaººanti brahmuno r³pasaªkh±to vaººo viya vaººo imass±ti brahmar³pavaººo, ta½. Ayanti aya½ samaºo. Tyass±ti te assa. Teti nidhayo. Ass±ti samaºassa. Nanti samaºa½. Y±c±ti y±c±hi. Aya½ dvikammikadh±tu. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Putto pitusantakassa s±miko, iti tasm± me deh²ti yojan±. Anur³pa½ vacananti sambandho. Bhagavanta½ anubandh²ti bhagavato piµµhito piµµhito anubandhi.
Na visahat²ti na samattheti. Aya½ kum±ro pitusantaka½ ya½ dhana½ icchati, tanti yojan±. Vaµµ±nugatanti vaµµadukkha½ anugata½. Savigh±takanti vigh±takehi pañcahi verehi sahita½. Ass±ti kum±rassa. Nanti kum±ra½. Ayanti kum±ro. D±yajjanti d±yasaªkh±ta½ m±t±pit³na½ dhana½ ±dad±t²ti d±y±do, putto, tassa idanti d±yajja½, m±t±pit³na½ dhana½.
“Kath±ha½ bhante r±hulakum±ra½ pabb±jem²”ti kasm± ±ha, nanu ±yasm± s±riputto b±r±ºasiya½ t²hi saraºagamanehi anuññ±ta½ pabbajja½ na j±n±t²ti ±ha “id±n²”ti-±di. Y± s± pabbajj± ca upasampad± ca anuññ±t±ti yojan±. Tatoti pabbajj±-upasampadato. Upasampada½ paµikkhipitv±ti sambandho. Vimat²ti vividh± icch±. Imañca panatthanti imameva vimatisaªkh±tamattha½. Dhammasen±pati ±h±ti sambandho. Bhagavato ta½ ajjh±sayanti yojan±.
“Atha kho…pe… pabb±jes²”ti ettha ki½ kum±rassa kesacchedan±d²ni sabbakicc±ni ±yasm± s±riputtoyeva karot²ti ±ha “mah±moggall±natthero”ti-±di. Ov±d±cariyoti niv±sanap±rupan±d²su sekhiyavattesu, ±bhisam±c±rikesu ca ov±dako ±cariyo. Atha kasm± “±yasm± s±riputto r±hulakum±ra½ pabb±jes²”ti vuttanti ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di. Tatth±ti tassa½ pabbajj±-upasampad±ya½. Na ±cariyoti pabbajj±cariyo ca ov±d±cariyo ca na issaro.
Uppannasa½vegena hadayen±ti ettha itthambh³talakkhaºe karaºavacana½. Uppannasa½vego hadayo hutv±ti hi yojan±. Sabbanti sabba½ vacana½.
Tatth±ti purimavacan±pekkha½. Avisesen±ti “dhanan”ti v± “aññan”ti v± “s±vajjan”ti v± “anavajjan”ti v± visesamakatv± s±maññena. Na ca buddh±nanti ettha casaddena na kevala½ apaµir³pameva, atha kho buddh±nañca na ±ciººanti attha½ dasseti. Yanti ya½ vara½. Tath± nandeti ettha tath±saddassa upameyyatthajotakabh±va½ dassento ±ha “yatheva kir±”ti-±di. Yatheva bodhisatta½ by±kari½su, eva½ nandampi r±hulampi by±kari½su kir±ti yojan±. P±¼iya½ pana yath± bhagavati me bhante pabbajite anappaka½ dukkha½ ahosi, tath± nande pabbajite anappaka½ dukkha½ ahosi, tath± r±hule pabbajite adhimatta½ dukkha½ ahos²ti yojan±. Nemittak±ti subh±subhanimitta½ kathent²ti nemittak±. Puttass±ti jeµµhaputtassa siddhatthakum±rassa. Pabbajj±y±ti pabbajj±hetu pabbajj±k±raº±, pabbajj±nimitta½ v±. Tatoti bhagavato pabbajjato. Tamp²ti nandampi. It²ti ²disa½. Bhagavato pabbajj±ya mahanta½ icch±vigh±tasadisanti attho. Tamp²ti r±hulampi. Ten±ti pabbajj±hetun±. Ass±ti rañño. Uppajj²ti sambandho. Itoti sokuppattito varay±canato v±.
Soti r±j±. Yatra hi n±m±ti yo n±ma. Ahampi n±ma yo y±diso buddham±mako dhammam±mako saªgham±mako sam±no, so t±diso ahampi na sakkom²ti yojan±. Aññeti may± apare. Dukkhanti ñ±tiviyogadukkha½. Niyy±nikak±raºanti manuss±na½ garaha-upav±da-akkosato niyy±nika½ k±raºa½.
Tatth±ti “ananuññ±to”ti-±divacane. Janet²ti janan², m±t±. Janet²ti janako, pit±. Imin± pos±vanikam±t±pitaro nivatteti. M±t± v± mat± hot²ti yojan±. So eva v±ti putto eva v±. Anuññ±tomh²ti vadat²ti saccena v± alikena v± “anuññ±tomh²”ti vadati. M±t± v± saya½ pabbajit±ti yojan±. Pitass±ti pit± assa. Ass±ti puttassa. Vippavutthoti m±tuy± kenaci k±raºena pav±so.
C³¼am±t±d²nanti-±disaddena mah±m±t±d²ni saªgaºh±ti. Posanak±ti va¹¹hanak±. Tesup²ti posanakam±t±pitaresupi.
Ya½ pana putta½ n±nuj±nant²ti sambandho. J²vassev±ti tassa j²vassa eva, pabb±jentassa v± bhikkhussa, na desantaragaman±d²namatth±y±ti attho. Tesanti m±t±pit³na½.
Mah±kant±roti kena udakena taritabboti kant±ro, nirudakakant±rova mukhyato labbhati, v±¼akant±ro corakant±ro amanussakant±ro dubbhikkhakant±ro marukant±roti ime pañca kant±r± r³¼h²vasena. Mahanto kant±ro mah±kant±ro.
Y±vataketi ettha y±vasaddo pam±ºatthoti ±ha “yattake”ti.