15. Upajjh±yavattakath±

64. Anupajjh±yak±ti ettha vajj±vajja½ upagantv± jh±yat²ti upajjh±yo, so natthi etesanti anupajjh±yak±ti attha½ dassento ±ha “vajj±vajjan”ti-±di. “Piº¹±ya caraºakapattan”ti imin± piº¹±ya uddissa, uµµhahitv± v± tiµµhati anen±ti uttiµµho, soyeva patto uttiµµhapattoti attha½ dasseti. “Uttiµµhe na pamajjeyy±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 168) pana piº¹±ya caraºa½ “uttiµµhan”ti vuccati. Tasm± tattha piº¹±ya uddissa, uµµhahitv± v± tiµµhana½ uttiµµhanti vacanattho k±tabbo. “Piº¹±ya caraºapattan”ti ida½ vacana½ “tasmiñhi manuss± ucchiµµhasaññino”tipada½ laªghitv± “tasm± uttiµµhapattanti vuttan”tipadena yojetabba½, tasm± piº¹±ya caraºakapattatt± uttiµµhapattanti vuttanti vutta½ hoti. Tasmi½ manuss± ki½saññinoti ±ha “tasmiñhi manuss± ucchiµµhasaññino”ti. Tasmiñhi tasmi½ eva uttiµµhapatte pabbajit±na½ paribhogabh±vena manussehi avasajjitabbatt±, avacha¹¹etabbatt± v± manuss± ucchiµµhasaññino hont²ti yojan±. Pabbajit±na½ piº¹±ya caraºakapattatt± uttiµµhapattanti vutta½, manuss±na½ pana avasajjitapattatt± ucchiµµhapattanti vuttanti adhipp±yo. Uttiµµha pattantipada½ v±kyameva, na sam±sotipi dassento ±ha “atha v±”ti-±di. “Uµµhahitv±”ti imin± uttiµµh±ti ettha tv±lopoti dasseti. “Gahetun”ti imin± p±µhasesa½ dasseti. Gehasitapemavasen±ti gehe nissitapemavasena, mett±pubbaªgamapemavasen±ti attho. Sag±rav± hutv± sappatiss± hutv± viharant±ti attha½ dassento ±ha “upaµµhapetv±”ti. “Sabh±gaj²vik±”ti imin± sabh±gavuttik±ti ettha vuttisaddo j²vikatthoyeva, na vivaraº±dyatthoti dasseti. Upajjh±yabh±va½ sampaµicchati eteh²ti upajjh±yabh±vasampaµicchan±ni, t±niyeva vevacan±ni upajjh±yabh±vasampaµicchanavevacan±ni. Tikkhattunti ukkaµµhavasena vutta½, sakimpi vaµµatiyeva. Padassa vasena viññ±pet²ti sambandho. ti sacca½. Etth±ti upajjh±yagahaºaµµh±ne. Yadida½ v±c±ya v± s±vana½, yadida½ k±yena v± atthaviññ±pana½ atthi, idameva s±vana-atthaviññ±panameva upajjh±yagahaºanti yojan±. S±dh³ti sampaµicchananti upajjh±yena pañcasu padesu yasmi½ kismi½ci vutte saddhivih±rikassa “s±dh³”ti sampaµicchana½. Tanti kesañci vacana½. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Etth±ti upajjh±yagahaºe. “Na sampaµicchana½ aªgan”ti imin± ±y±canad±n±niyeva aªg±ni n±m±ti dasseti. Saddhivih±riken±pi ñ±tunti sambandho. Imin± paden±ti “s±dh³”ti imin± padena.
Tatr±ya½ samm±vattan±ti ettha tasaddassa visaya½ dassetu½ vutta½ “ya½ vutta½ samm± vattitabban”ti. Imin± kiriy±visayabh±vameva d²peti, na dabbavisayabh±va½. Ayanti vuccam±n±. Ass±ti saddhivih±rikassa. Dhotap±dapariharaºatth±y±ti dhotassa p±dassa pa½sumakkhan±d²na½ pariharaºatth±ya. ti up±han±yo. K±lassev±ti pacc³sak±latoyeva, nissakkatthe ceta½ s±mivacana½. Tatoti tehi t²hi dantakaµµhehi, vibhatta-ap±d±nameta½. Tesu v± t²su dantakaµµhesu. Yanti ya½ dantakaµµha½. Ath±ti tasmi½ gahaºe.
Tatoti s²tuºhodakehi, s²tuºhodakesu v±. Va¼añjet²ti paribhuñjati. Udakanti mukhadhovanodaka½. “Vaccakuµito”ti imin± pass±vakuµ²pi gahetabb±. Evanti sammajjiyam±ne. Asuññanti janasaddato atuccha½. ¾sananti therassa ±sana½. Tasminti ±sane. Nisinnassa therassa vatta½ k±tabbanti sambandho. Ukl±po asmi½ dese atth²ti ukl±poti attha½ dassento ±ha “kenaci kacavarena sa½kiººo”ti. Ettha ca saªk±ro ucchiµµho kal±po sam³ho ukl±poti vacanatthena ukl±poti vuccati. Kac²yati bandh²yati asmi½ deseti kaco, so var²yati icch²yati anen±ti kacavaroti vacanatthena kacavaroti vuccati. Hatthenap²ti ettha pisaddo pilotikenap²ti-±di½ saªgaºh±ti.
Ekato katv±ti ekato sam±napaµala½ katv±. Kasm± saªgh±µ²ti ±ha “sabba½ h²”ti-±di. “Saªghaµitatt±”ti imin± sa½haritabb±ti saªgh±µ²ti vacanattha½ dasseti. Nivattitv± olokenta½ upajjh±ya½ sa½p±puº±t²ti yojan±. Ekena v± padav²tih±ren±ti sambandho. Pattoyeva uºhabh±rikesu pariy±pannoti pattapariy±panno, patte pariy±panno y±gu-±diko pattapariy±pannotipi yujjatiyeva. Bhikkh±c±reti bhikkh±c±raµµh±ne. Y±guy± v± laddh±y±ti sambandho. Tass±ti upajjh±yassa. So pattoti uºh±d²su pariy±panno so patto. Aññatra v±ti ±r±m±d²su v±. Tass±ti upajjh±yassa. Vacane aniµµhiteti sambandho. Ito paµµh±y±ti “na upajjh±yassa bhaºam±nass±”ti ettha vuttanak±rato paµµh±ya. Imin± heµµh± vuttesu “n±tid³re gantabban”ti-±d²su nak±rapaµisiddhesu ±patti natth²ti dasseti. Yattha katthac²ti “na ca uºhe c²vara½ nidahitabban”ti-±d²su yesu kesuci. Ayanti dukkaµ±patti. ti sacca½. ¾pattis±mant±ti ettha ±pattiy± s±mant± ±pattis±mant±ti attha½ dassento ±ha “±pattiy± ±sannan”ti. “¾sannan”ti imin± s±mant±saddassa ±sannavevacanatañca upayogatthe nissakkavacanatañca dasseti. ¿disa½ vacana½ bhante vattu½ vaµµati n±m±ti yojan±.
G±mato paµhamataranti g±mato upajjh±yassa paµhamatara½. Tenev±ti upajjh±yeneva. Nivattantena saddhivih±riken±ti sambandho. “Tintan”ti vatv± tamevattha½ dassetu½ vutta½ “sedaggahitan”ti. Imin± sedena s²dat²ti sinnanti attha½ dasseti. “Atireka½ katv±”ti imin± uss±retv±tipadassa adhipp±yattha½ dasseti, uddha½ uddha½ s±retv±ti vutta½ hoti. Pacchimav±kyassa pubbav±kyak±raºabh±va½ dassetu½ vutta½ “ki½ k±raº±”ti. Majjhe bhaªgassa dosa½ ±vikaronto ±ha “sama½ katv±”ti-±di. Tatoti sama½ katv± sa½haraºato, nicca½ bhijjam±nanti sambandho. Majjhe bhaªgato v±, dubbalanti sambandho. Etanti “caturaªgula½ kaººa½ uss±retv±”ti eta½ vacana½. Yath±ti yen±k±rena sa½hariyam±neti sambandho. C²varabhogassa oro anto obhogoti attha½ dassento ±ha “k±yabandhanan”ti-±di.
Yoti upajjh±yo. “G±meyev±”ti vatv± tamevattha½ dassetu½ vutta½ “antaraghare v± paµikkamane v±”ti. Paµikkamane v±ti bhojanas±l±ya½ v±. Tass±ti upajjh±yassa. Laddh± bhikkh± yen±ti laddhabhikkho, tassa v±. Piº¹ap±to hot²ti yojan±. Tass±ti upajjh±yassa. Piº¹ap±to na hot²ti sambandho. Attan± laddhop²ti pisaddo upajjh±yena laddhop²ti attha½ sampiº¹eti. ¾hariyat³ti ettha tuvibhatti pucch±ya½ hoti, ±hariyatu kinti attho. K±loti bhojanak±lo. Bhuñjitth±ti bhutto, tasmi½ sat²ti sambandho. Upakaµµhoti majjhanhikassa ±sanno.
Anantarahit±y±ti ettha antaradh±yat²ti antarahito, taµµikacammakhaº¹±di, natthi antarahito etasmi½ pattabh³m²namantareti anantarahitoti attha½ dassento ±ha “anatthat±y±”ti. K±¼avaººakat± v± sudh±baddh± v± nirajamattik± hot²ti yojan±. Tanti patta½. Dhotav±lik±yap²ti suddhav±lik±yapi. Tatth±ti pa½surajasakkhar±d²su. Puna tatth±ti paºº±dh±rakesu. Ida½ vacana½ vuttanti sambandho. Abhimukhen±ti attano abhimukhena. Saºikanti sinna½ Ante pan±ti c²varassa koµiya½ pana. Nikkhipantassa saddhivih±rikassa c²varassa bhogoti yojan±.
Cuººa½ sannetabbanti ettha cuººasamodh±nena netabbanti attha½ dassento ±ha “piº¹i k±tabb±”ti. “Ekasmi½ niddh³me µh±ne”ti imin± ekamantanti ettha ekasmi½ ante µh±neti attha½ dasseti. Jant±ghareti aggis±l±ya½. S± hi jalati dibbati aggi etth±ti jant±, janeti sar²rasedametth±ti v± jant±, s± eva ghara½ jant±gharanti vuccati, tasmi½. Parip³j±vasena kar²yat²ti parikammanti atthena aªg±rad±n±dika½ parikamma½ n±m±ti dassento ±ha “parikamma½ n±m±”ti-±di.
“Na kenaci gelaññen±”ti-±din± ussahanassa k±raºa½ dasseti. ti sacca½. Agil±nena saµµhivassena saddhivih±riken±pi k±tabbanti yojan±. An±daren±ti vattakaraºassa an±darena. Nak±rapaµisa½yuttes³ti paµisedhav±cakena nak±rena paµisa½yuttesu. Pades³ti “na upajjh±yassa bhaºam±nassa antarantar± kath± op±tetabb±”ti-±d²su v±kyesu. Bh³miyanti upalakkhaºavasena vutta½ bhittiyampi apaµigha½sitabbatt±. “Piµhasaªgh±µañc±”ti imin± kav±µap²¼anti ettha p²µhasaddena piµhasaªgh±µa½ vuccati uttarapadalopavasena v± ekadesavoh±ravasena v±ti dasseti. “Acchupanten±”ti imin± appaµigha½santen±ti ettha gha½sadh±tuy± attha½ dasseti. Samm± t±yati att±nañca parañca anen±ti sant±na½, tameva sant±nakanti atthena k²µakul±vakamakkaµakasutt±di sant±naka½ n±m±ti dassento ±ha “sant±nakan”ti-±di. Ullokatoti vit±nato. Tañhi uddha½ luc²yate bandh²yateti ullokanti vuccati, cak±rassa kak±ramakatv± “ullocan”tipi vuccati. Tosaddena ±k±rassa sm±vacanassa k±riyabh±va½ dasseti. Apaharitabbanti apanetabba½. “Avaharitabban”tipi p±µho, heµµh± haritabba½ p±tetabbanti attho.
¾lokasandhibh±g±ti ettha bh±gasaddassa dvandato paratt± pubbapadesupi pacceka½ yojetabboti ±ha “±lokasandhibh±g± ca kaººabh±g± c±”ti. Tassa attha½ dassento ±ha “antarab±hir±”ti-±di. “V±tap±nakav±µak±n²”ti imin± ±lokasandhisaddassa v±tap±nakav±µakapariy±yabh±va½ dasseti. “Koº±”ti imin± kaººasaddassa koºavevacanabh±va½ dasseti.
“Yath± paµhaman”ti-±din± paµhamapaññattameva paññapetabba½, na aññath±ti dasseti. Ida½ patir³pa½ paµhamapaññatta½ sandh±ya vutta½. Paµhamapaññatte apatir³pe aññath±pi paññapetabba½. Etadatthamev±ti yath±paññatta½ paññapetabbassa atth±ya eva. Sace paññatta½ ahosi, eva½ sat²ti yojan±. Idanti bhitti½ mocetv± paññ±pana½. Kaµesu ki¼añjesu s±ratt± uttamatt± kaµas±rakoti vuccati. Nivattetv±ti sa½haritv±. Puratthim±ti ettha yak±ralopena niddesoti ±ha “puratthim±y±”ti.
V³pak±setabboti ettha kasadh±tu gatyatthoti ±ha “aññattha netabbo”ti. Upajjh±ya½ gahetv± aññattha gantabboti attho. Aññatth±ti añña½ µh±na½. Vivecetabbanti ettha diµµhigatato upajjh±ya½ vivecetabbanti dassento ±ha “vissajj±petabban”ti. “Añño vattabbo”ti vatv± tassa ±k±ra½ dasseti “theran”ti-±din±. So so bhikkhu y±citabboti sambandho. Aññena d±petabboti attan± aññena bhikkhun± upajjh±yassa pariv±so d±petabboti attho. Kinti nu khoti kena eva up±yena dadeyya nukhoti attho. Itisaddo hi avadh±raºattho. Aµµhakath±yapi imameva naya½ dasseti “kena nu kho up±yen±”ti imin±. Sabbatth±ti sabbesu “kinti nu kho paµikasseyy±”ti-±div±kyesu. Sattasu kammesu tividhassa ukkhepan²yakammassa garukatt± vutta½ “ukkhepan²ya½ akatv±”ti. Tamevattha½ vitth±rento ±ha “tena h²”ti-±di.
Tena saddhivih±rikena y±citabb±ti sambandho. Sace karontiyev±ti bhikkh³ sace kamma½ karontiyeva. Puna sace karontiyev±ti bhikkh³ sace ukkhepan²yakamma½ karontiyeva. Ath±ti tasmi½ kamme kate. It²ti eva½ y±canena. Nanti ta½ upajjh±ya½.
Samparivattakanti ettha “piº¹ukkhepakan”ti-±d²su (p±ci. 620) viya samparivattakantipada½ kiriy±visesana½, kapaccayo ca vicchatthoti ±ha “samparivattetv± samparivattetv±”ti. Yad²ti y±va. Yadisaddo hi y±vapariy±yo, tena vutta½ “na t±va pakkamitabban”ti. Y±va appamattakampi rajana½ galati, na t±va pakkamitabbanti yojan±. Visabh±gapuggalen±ti visabh±gena puggalena karaºabh³tena. Na upajjh±ya½ an±pucch± g±mo pavisitabboti ettha na aññeneva karaº²yena pavisitabbo. Piº¹±ya pana pavisitabboti ±saªk± bhaveyy±ti ±ha “piº¹±ya v±”ti-±di. “An±pucchitv±”ti imin± an±pucch±ti ettha ±k±ro tv±paccayassa k±riyoti dasseti. Bhikkh±c±ranti bhikkh±ya caraºaµµh±na½, upajjh±yena gantabbanti yojan±. Pariveºanti upajjh±yassa pariveºa½. Passat²ti upajjh±ya½ passati.
Dassanatth±ya v±ti asubhadassanatth±ya v±. Imin±pi v±satth±ya eva na gantabbanti ±saªka½ nivatteti. Kammanti pakkamanassa k±raºa½ kamma½. Ananuj±nana½ sandh±ya vutta½ “y±vatatiyan”ti. Tanti upajjh±ya½. Ass±ti saddhivih±rikassa. “Na sampajjat²”ti imin± sace sampajjati, na pakkamitabb±ti dasseti. Kevalanti vin± uddes±disampajjanehi. Evar³pe upajjh±ye niv±rentep²ti yojan±. “Gelaññato”ti imin± vuµµh±nasaddassa avadhi-apekkhata½ dasseti. Ass±ti upajjh±yassa. Aññoti attan± añño. Tass±ti aññassa bhikkhussa.