7. Pabbajj±kath±

31. Por±º±nupor±º±nanti pur±ºe ca anupur±ºe ca bhav±na½. Ekasaµµh²ti eko ca saµµhi ca, ekena v± adhik± saµµhi ekasaµµhi.
Tatr±ti tesu ekasaµµhimanussa-arahantesu. Pubbayogoti pubbe kato up±yo, pubb³panissayoti attho. Vaggabandhen±ti sam³ha½ katv± bandhena. Teti pañcapaññ±sa jan±. Jh±pess±m±ti ¹ayhiss±ma. N²hari½s³ti g±mato n²hari½su. Tes³ti pañcapaññ±sajanesu. Pañca jane µhapetv±ti sambandho. Ses±ti pañcahi janehi avases±. Soti yaso d±rako. Tep²ti catt±ropi jan±. Tatth±ti sar²re. Te sabbep²ti yasassa m±t±pitubhariy±hi saddhi½ sabbepi te sah±yak±. Ten±ti pubbayogena.
¾mantes²ti kathesi.
32. Dibbesu visayesu bhav± dibb± lobhap±s±ti dassento ±ha “dibb± n±m±”ti-±di. Lobhap±s±ti lobhasaªkh±t± bandhan±. Asavanat±ti ettha karaºatthe paccattavacananti ±ha “asavanat±y±”ti. Parih±yant²ti ettha kena parih±yant²ti ±ha “vises±dhigamato”ti. Vises±dhigamatoti maggaphalasaªkh±tassa visesassa adhigamato.
33. Anta½ l±maka½ karot²ti antakoti vacanattha½ dassento ±ha “l±mak±”ti. “H²nasatt±”ti imin± antakassa sar³pa½ dasseti. ¾mantanapadameta½. Tanti r±gap±sa½. ti sacca½. Soti m±ro p±pim±. Antalikkhe carant±na½ pañc±bhiññ±nampi bandhanatt± antalikkhe carati pavattat²ti antalikkhacaroti vacanatthena r±gap±so “antalikkhacaro”ti m±rena p±pimat± vutto.
34. N±n±janapadatoti ekiss±pi dis±ya n±n±janapadato. “Anuj±n±mi…pe… pabb±jeth±”ti-±dimhi vinicchayo eva½ veditabboti yojan±. Pabb±jentena bhikkhun± pabb±jetabboti sambandho. Ye paµikkhitt± puggal±ti yojan±. Paratoti parasmi½. “Na bhikkhave…pe… pabb±jetabbo”ti p±¼i½ (mah±va. 89) ±di½ katv±ti yojan±. Teti paµikkhittapuggale. Sopi c±ti sopi ca puggalo. Anuññ±toyeva pabb±jetabboti sambandho. Tassa c±ti puggalassa ca, atha v± tesañca m±t±pit³na½. Vacanavipall±so hesa. Anuj±nanalakkhaºa½ vaººayiss±m±ti sambandho.
Evanti imin± vuttanayena. Casaddo v±kyasampiº¹anattho. Sace acchinnakeso hoti ca, sace ekas²m±ya aññepi bhikkh³ atthi c±ti attho. Aññep²ti attan± aparepi. Bhaº¹³ti muº¹o, soyeva kamma½ bhaº¹ukamma½. Tass±ti bhaº¹ukammassa. Ok±soti pabbajj±ya khaºo. “Ok±sa½ na labhat²”ti vatv± tassa k±raºa½ dassetu½ vutta½ “sace”ti-±di.
Avuttop²ti ettha pisaddo vutto pana k± n±ma kath±ti dasseti. Upajjh±ya½ uddissa pabb±jet²ti ettha pabbajj± catubbidh± t±pasapabbajj± paribb±jakapabbajj± s±maºerapabbajj± upasampadapabbajj±ti. Tattha kesamassuharaºa½ t±pasapabbajj± n±ma vakkal±digahaºato paµhamameva vajitabbatt±. Isipabbajj±tipi tass±yeva n±ma½. Kesamassuharaºameva paribb±jakapabbajj± n±ma k±s±y±digahaºato paµhamameva vajitabbatt±. Kesamassuharaºañca k±s±yacch±danañca s±maºerapabbajj± n±ma saraºagahaºato paµhamameva vajitabbatt±. Upasampadapabbajj± tividh± ehibhikkhu-upasampadapabbajj± saraºagahaº³pasampadapabbajj± ñatticatutthav±cik³pasampadapabbajj±ti. Tattha ehibhikkh³pasampadapabbajj±ya½ kesamassuharaº±di sabba½ ekatova sampajjati “ehi bhikkh³”ti bhagavato vacanena abhinipphannatt±. Saraºagahaº³pasampadapabbajj± s±maºerapabbajjasadis±yeva. Kesamassuharaºañca k±s±yacch±danañca saraºagahaºañca ñatticatutthav±cik³pasampadapabbajj± n±ma kammav±c±gahaºato paµhamameva vajitabbatt±. Tattha s±maºerapabbajja½ sandh±ya vutta½ “upajjh±ya½ uddissa pabb±jet²”ti. Upajjh±ya½ uddiss±ti upajjh±yassa veyy±vaccakaraµµh±naniyama½ katv±. Pabbajj±kamme attano issariyamakatv±ti attho. Daharena bhikkhun± kesacchedana½ k±s±yacch±dana½ saraºad±nanti t²ºi kicc±ni k±tabb±niyeva. Keci “saraº±ni pana saya½ d±tabb±n²”ti p±µha½ idh±netv± daharena bhikkhun± saraº±ni na d±tabb±n²ti vadanti, ta½ na gahetabba½ daharassa bhikkhutt±, bhikkh³na½ pabb±jetu½ labhanatt± ca. Upajjh±yo ce kesacchedanañca k±s±yacch±danañca akatv± pabbajjattha½ saraº±niyeva deti, na ruhati pabbajj± pabbajj±ya akattabbatt±. Kammav±ca½ s±vetv± upasamp±deti, ruhati upasampad± apattac²var±na½ upasampadasiddhito, kammavipattiy± abh±vato ca. Khaº¹as²manti upac±ras²maµµha½ baddhas²ma½. Pabb±jetv±ti kesacchedana½ sandh±ya vutta½ “k±s±y±ni acch±detv±”ti k±s±yacch±danassa visu½ vuttatt±. S±maºerassa saraºad±nassa aruhatt± “saraº±ni pana saya½ d±tabb±n²”ti vutta½. Purisa½ pabb±jetunti sambandho. ti sacca½. ¾ºattiy±ti bhikkh³na½ ±ºattiy±. Yena kenac²ti gahaµµhapabbajitesu yena kenaci.
“Bhabbar³po”ti vatv± tassa attha½ dassetu½ vutta½ “sahetuko”ti. Sahetukoti maggaphal±na½ upanissayehi saha pavatto. Yasass²ti pariv±rayasena ca kittiyasena ca samann±gato. Ok±sa½ katv±p²ti ok±sa½ katv± eva. Sayamev±ti na añño ±º±petabbo. Ettoyev±ti dassanaµµh±natoyeva. Ass±ti pabbajj±pekkhassa. Khajju v±ti kaº¹uvana½ v±. “Kacchu v±”tipi p±µho, p±ma½ v±ti attho. Pi¼ak± v±ti phoµ± v±. Ettaken±ti etapam±ºena gha½sitv± nh±panamattena. Anivattidhamm±ti gihibh±va½ anivattanasabh±v±. Kataññ³ti katass³pak±rassa j±nanas²l±. Katavedinoti kataññ³pak±rassa veda½ p±kaµa½ karonto.
Aniyy±nikakath±ti y±vadattha½ supitv± y±vadattha½ bhuñj²tv± cittake¼i½ karonto anukkaºµhito vihar±h²ti-±dik± kath±. Nakathetabba½ dassetv± kathetabba½ dassento ±ha “athakhvass±”ti. Ass±ti pabbajj±pekkhassa. ¾cikkhan±k±ra½ dassento ±ha “±cikkhantena c±”ti-±di. Vaººa…pe… vasen±ti vaººo ca saºµh±nañca gandho ca ±sayo ca ok±so ca, tesa½ vasena, ±cikkhitabbanti sambandho. ti phalajotako, ±cikkhanassa phala½ vakkh±m²ti attho. Soti pabbajj±pekkho. Pubbeti pubbabhave, pabbajanato pubbe v±. Kaºµakavedh±pekkho paripakkagaº¹o viya ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti yojan±. Ass±ti pabbajj±pekkhassa. Ind±san²ti sakkassa vajir±vudho. So hi indena as²yati khip²yat²ti ind±san²ti vuccati. Ind±sani pabbate cuººayam±n± viya sabbe kilese cuººayam±na½yev±ti yojan±. Khuraggeyev±ti khurassa koµiyameva. Khurakammapariyos±neyev±ti attho. ti sacca½. Tasm±ti yasm± patt±, tasm±. Ass±ti pabbajj±pekkhassa.
Gihigandhanti gehe µhitassa janassa gandha½. Ath±p²ti yadipi acch±det²ti sambandho. Ass±ti pabbajj±pekkhassa. ¾cariyo v±ti saraºad±n±cariyo v± kammav±c±cariyo v± ov±d±cariyo v±. Ta½yeva v±ti pabbajj±pekkhameva v±. Tena bhikkhun±v±ti ±cariyupajjh±yabhikkhun± eva.
An±ºattiy±ti ±cariyupajjh±yehi an±ºattiy±. Imin± ±cariyupajjh±yehi an±ºattena yena kenaci niv±san±d²ni na k±tabb±n²ti dasseti. Bhikkhun±ti ±cariyupajjh±yabhikkhun±. Tassev±ti pabbajj±pekkhasseva. Upajjh±yam³laketi upajjh±yam³lake niv±sanap±rupane. Ayanti vinicchayo.
Tatth±ti pabbajj³pasampadaµµh±ne. Tesanti bhikkh³na½. Ath±ti vand±panato pacch±, vand±panassa anantar± v±. “Eva½ vadeh²”ti p±¼inayanidassanamukhena “yamaha½ vad±mi, ta½ vadeh²”ti aµµhakath±naya½ nidasseti. Ath±ti tadanantara½. Ass±ti pabbajj±pekkhassa, d±tabb±n²ti sambandho. Ekapadamp²ti t²su v±kyapadesu eka½ v±kyapadampi, navasu v± vibhatyantapadesu ekapadampi. Ekakkharamp²ti catuv²satakkharesu ekakkharampi.
Ekato suddhiy±ti ekasseva kammav±c±cariyassa µh±nakaraºasampattiy± sujjhanena. Ubhato suddhiy±v±ti ubhayesa½ saraºad±n±cariyas±maºer±na½ sujjhanena eva. Ýh±nakaraºasampadanti ura-±diµµh±n±nañca sa½vut±dikaraº±nañca sampada½. Vattunti µh±nakaraºasampada½ vattu½. Na sakkot²ti vattu½ na sakkot²ti yojan±.
Im±n²ti saraº±ni. Casaddo upany±so, panasaddo pad±laªk±ro. Ekasambandh±n²ti ekato sambandh±ni. Anun±sikanta½ katv± d±nak±le “buddha½”iti “saraºa½”iti pad±nañca “saraºa½”iti “gacch±mi”iti pad±nañca antar± vicchedamakatv± ekasambandhameva katv± d±tabb±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Kasm± tiººa½ pad±namantar± byavadh±nassa kassaci akkharassa abh±vato. Vicchinditv±ti viccheda½ katv±. Mak±ranta½ katv± d±nak±le tiººa½ pad±namantar± ekasambandhamakatv± vicchinditv± eva katv± d±tabb±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Kasm±? Tiººa½ pad±namantar± byavadh±nassa nissarassa mak±rassa atthibh±vato. Andhakaµµhakath±ya½ vuttanti sambandho. Tanti vacana½, “natth²”tipade katt±, “na vuttan”tipade kamma½. Tath±ti “aha½ bhante buddharakkhito”ti-±din± ±k±rena, avadantassa saraºa½ na kuppati, buk±radak±r±d²na½ byañjan±na½ µh±nakaraºasampada½ h±pentasseva saraºa½ kuppat²ti adhipp±yo.
“Tikkhattun”ti imin± saki½ v± dvikkhattu½ v± na vaµµat²ti d²peti. Tikkhattuto adhika½ pana sahassakkhattumpi vaµµatiyeva. Tatth±ti t±su pabbajj±-upasampad±su. Paratoti parasmi½. ti upasampad±. Pabbajj± pana anuññ±t± ev±ti sambandho. Paratop²ti pisaddo pubb±pekkho. ti pabbajj±. Ett±vat±ti ettakena kesacchedanak±s±yacch±danasaraºad±nena. ti phalajotako.
Es±ti eso s±maºeroti attho. “Gatim±”ti vatv± tassattha½ dassento ±ha “paº¹itaj±tiko”ti. Ath±ti eva½ sati. Ass±ti s±maºerassa. Tasmi½yeva µh±neti s±maºerabh³miya½ µhitaµµh±neyeva. Yath± bhagavat± uddiµµh±ni, tath± uddisitabb±n²ti yojan±. Etanti “anuj±n±mi…pe… j±tar³pa rajatapaµiggahaº± veramaº²”ti vacana½.
Tanti andhakaµµhakath±ya½ vuttavacana½. Yath±p±¼iy±v±ti evasaddo sanniµµh±nattho, tena yath±p±¼iy±va uddisitabb±ni. Yath±p±¼i½ visajjetv± aññath± eva uddisitabb±n²ti v±da½ niv±reti. Yath±p±¼i½ visajjetv± aññath± “p±º±tip±t± veramaºi½ sikkh±pada½ sam±diy±m²”ti uddisantopi niddosoyeva. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. T±n²ti sikkh±pad±ni. Y±v±ti yattaka½ k±la½ na j±n±ti, na kusalo hot²ti sambandho. Santik±vacaroyev±ti ±cariyupajjh±y±na½ sam²pe avac±rova. Ass±ti s±maºerassa. Kappiy±kappiyanti dasasikkh±padavinimutta½ kappiya½ par±m±s±diñca akappiya½ apar±m±s±diñca. Ten±p²ti s±maºeren±pi. N±sanaªg±n²ti liªgan±sana-aªg±ni. S±dhuka½ sikkhitabbanti s±dhuka½ asikkhantassa liªgan±sanañca daº¹akamman±sanañca hot²ti adhipp±yo.