5. Brahmay±canakath±

7. Bhagav± upasaªkam²ti sambandho. Tasminti ajap±lanigrodhe. ¾ciººasam±ciººoti ±carito samm±carito, na ekassa buddhassa ±ciººo, atha kho sabbabuddh±na½ ±ciººasam±ciººo, ati-±ciººo nicc±ciººoti attho. Saªkhepena vuttamattha½ vitth±rento ±ha “j±nanti h²”ti-±di. Dhammadesananti bhagavato dhammadesana½, dhammadesanatth±ya v± bhagavanta½, bhagavanta½ v± dhammadesana½. Tatoti y±canak±raº±. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Lokasanniv±so brahmagaruko yasm±, iti tasm± upp±dessant²ti yojan±. It²ti-±di nigamana½.
Tatth±ti parivitakkan±k±rap±µhe. “Pañcak±maguºesu all²yan”t²ti imin± all²yanti abhiramitabbaµµhena lagganti etth±ti ±lay± pañca k±maguº±ti vacanattha½ dasseti. All²yant²ti lagganti. “Pañca k±maguºe all²yant²”tipi p±µho, eva½ sati all²yanti abhiramitabbaµµhena seviyant²ti ±lay± pañca k±maguº±ti vacanattho k±tabbo. All²yant²ti sevanti. Teti pañca k±maguº±. “Yadidan”tipadassa ya½ idanti padavibh±ga½ katv± “yan”ti ca “idan”ti ca sabban±mapadanti ±saªk± bhaveyy±ti ±ha “yadidanti nip±to”ti. Imin± t²su liªgesu dv²su ca vacanesu vin±sa½, vik±ra½ v± visadisa½ v± na-ayanatt± nagamanatt± abyaya½ n±m±ti dasseti, attho pana sabban±matthoyev±ti daµµhabba½. Tass±ti “yadidan”tinip±tassa, atthoti sambandho. Ýh±nanti “µh±na½”itipada½. Paµiccasamupp±danti “paµiccasamupp±do”itipada½. Atthopi yuttoyev±ti daµµhabba½. Imesanti saªkh±r±d²na½ paccayuppann±na½. Paccay±ti avijj±dik±raº±. “Idappaccay± ev±”ti imin± idappaccayat±ti ettha t±paccayassa svattha½ d²peti “devat±”ti-±d²su (khu. p±. aµµha. evamicc±dip±µhavaººan±) viya.
So mamassa kilamathoti ettha ta½saddassa visaya½ dassento ±ha “y± aj±nant±na½ desan± n±m±”ti, imin± “deseyya½, na ±j±neyyun”ti dvinnameva kiriy±pad±na½ tasaddassa visayabh±va½ dasseti, na ekassa kiriy±padassa. Soti desan±saªkh±to k±yavac²payogo, imin± v±kyavisaye tasaddo uttarapadasseva liªgavacan±ni gaºh±t²ti dasseti, sam±samajjhe pana tasaddo pubbapadasseva liªgavacan±ni gaºh±ti. Tena vutta½ “avijj± ca s± paccayo c±”ti (ud±. aµµha. paµhamabodhisuttavaººan±) ca “abhidhammo ca so piµakañc±”ti ca (p±r±. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±) ±di Kilamathoti k±yakilamanahetu. Kilamati anen±ti kilamatho. Ass±ti bhaveyya. ti k±yavac²payogasaªkh±t± desan±. Vihes±ti k±yavihi½s±hetu. Vihi½sati im±y±ti vihes±. Cittena pana buddh±na½ kilamatho v± vihes± v± natthi arahattamaggena samucchinnatt± “Paµibha½s³”ti ettha paµ²ti kammappavacan²yayogatt± “bhagavantan”ti ettha s±myatthe upayogavacananti ±ha “bhagavato”ti. “Anu acchariy±”ti imin± “na acchariy±”ti padavibh±ga½ nivatteti, punappuna½ acchariy±ti attho. Paµibha½s³ti ettha paµisaddo paµibh±nattho, bh±dh±tu kh±yanatthoti ±ha “paµibh±nasaªkh±tassa ñ±ºassa gocar± ahesun”ti. “Gocar± ahesun”ti imin± kh±yana½ n±ma atthato gocarabh±vena bhavananti dasseti.
Meti mama, may± v±, adhigata½ dhamma½ pak±situnti sambandho. Ariyamaggasotassa paµi paµisotanti vutte nibb±namev±ti ±ha “paµisota½ vuccati nibb±nan”ti. Nibb±nag±minti ariyamagga½. Ariyamaggo hi yasm± nibb±na½ gamayati, tasm± nibb±nag±m²ti vuccati. Tamokhandhen±ti ettha tamasaddo avijj±pariy±yo, khandhasaddo r±satthoti ±ha “avijj±r±sin±”ti. “Ajjhotthaµ±”ti imin± ±vuµ±ti ettha vudh±tu ±varaºatthoti dasseti. Appossukkat±y±ti ettha apaty³pasaggo abh±vattho, t±paccayo bh±vatthoti ±ha “nirussukkabh±ven±”ti.
8. Loketi sattaloke. Mah±brahmeti mah±brahm±no. Apparajakkhaj±tik±ti ettha appa½ raja½ akkhimhi etesanti apparajakkh±, apparajakkh± j±ti sabh±vo etesanti apparajakkhaj±tik±ti vacanattha½ dassento ±ha “paññ±maye”ti-±di. “Paññ±maye”ti imin± ma½samayeti attha½ nivatteti. Etesanti satt±na½. Dhammass±ti tupaccayayoge chaµµh²kamma½. ¾pubbo ñ±dh±tu paµivijjhanatthoti ±ha “paµivijjhit±ro”ti.
Sa½vijjati mala½ etesanti samal±, p³raºakassap±dik± cha satth±ro, tehi. “R±g±d²h²”ti imin± malasar³pa½ dasseti. Av±puretanti ettha avapubbo ca ±pubbo ca puradh±tu vivaraºatthoti ±ha “vivara etan”ti. Vak±rassa pak±ra½ katv± “ap±puretan”tipi p±µho Amatasaddassa salil±dayo nivattetu½ vutta½ “nibb±nass±”ti. Ime satt± suºant³ti sambandho. Vimalen±ti ettha visaddo abh±vatthoti ±ha “abh±vato”ti. Imin± natthi mala½ etass±ti vimaloti vacanattha½ dasseti “Samm±sambuddhen±”ti imin± aññapadatthasar³pa½ dasseti. Anukkamena maggena bujjhitabbanti anubuddhanti vutte catusaccadhammo gahetabboti ±ha “catusaccadhamman”ti.
“Selamaye”ti imin± sil±ya nibbatto seloti vacanattha½ dasseti. “Sabbaññutaññ±ºen±”ti imin± samantacakkhusar³pa½ dasseti. Bhagav± tvamp²ti yojan±. Dhammasaddo paññ±pariy±yoti ±ha “dhammamaya½ paññ±mayan”ti. Apeto soko imass±ti apetasoko, bhagav±. Soka½ avatarat²ti sok±vatiºº±, janat±. Sok±vatiººañca j±tijar±bhibh³tañc±ti casaddo yojetabbo. Imin± casaddo luttaniddiµµhoti dasseti.
“Bhagav±”tipada½ “v²ro”ti-±d²su yojetabba½. “V²riyavantat±y±”ti imin± v²ra½ yassatth²ti v²roti vacanattha½ dasseti. Saddasatthesu ±lapanapadesu viggaho na k±tabboti ida½ ±lapan±vattha½ sandh±ya vutta½, idha pana tesamatthadassanatth±ya viggaho vuttoti daµµhabba½. “Devaputta…pe… vijitatt±”ti imin± vijito m±rehi sa½g±mo anen±ti vijitasaªg±moti vacanattha½ dasseti. Ettha ca khandham±ro maccum±rena saªgahito dvinna½ m±r±na½ ekato vijitatt±. “Sattav±ho”ti paµhamakkharena ca “satthav±ho”ti dutiyakkharena ca yutto. Tattha satthav±ho viy±ti “satthav±ho”ti upac±rena vutte dutiyakkharena yutto, satte vahah²ti sattav±hoti mukhyato vutte paµhamakkharena yutto. Idha pana paµhamakkharena yuttoti ±ha “satte vahat²ti sattav±ho”ti. Natthi iºa½ imass±ti aºaºo bhagav±.
9. Buddhacakkhun±ti ettha cakkhu duvidha½ ma½sacakkhuñ±ºacakkhuvasena. Tatth±pi ma½sacakkhu duvidha½ pas±dacakkhusasambh±racakkhuvasena. Tattha pas±dar³pa½ pas±dacakkhu n±ma, bhamukaµµhiparicchinno ma½sapiº¹o sasambh±racakkhu n±ma. ѱºacakkhu pana pañcavidha½ (paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.1.3) dibbadhammapaññ±buddhasamantacakkhuvasena. Tattha dibbacakkhu-abhiññ±ñ±ºa½ dibbacakkhu n±ma, heµµhimamaggattaya½ dhammacakkhu n±ma, arahattamaggañ±ºa½ paññ±cakkhu n±ma, indriyaparopariyattañ±ºañca ±say±nusayañ±ºañca buddhacakkhu n±ma, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ samantacakkhu n±ma. Idha pana “buddhacakkhun±”ti vuttatt± yath±vuttadveñ±º±niyev±ti ±ha “indriya…pe… ñ±ºena c±”ti. ti sacca½. Yesanti satt±na½. Saddh±d²n²ti ±disaddena v²riyasatisam±dhipaññindriy±ni saªgaºh±ti. Tikkh±n²ti tikhiº±ni. Mud³n²ti sukhumatar±ni. ¾k±r±ti k±raº±. Im±ni t²ºi duk±ni b±hiratthasam±savasena vutt±ni. Sukhena viññ±petabb±ti suviññ±pay±, tath± duviññ±pay±ti vacanattha½ dassento ±ha “ye kathitak±raºan”ti-±di Paraloko ca vajjañca paralokavajj±ni, t±ni bhayato passant²ti paralokavajjabhayadass±vinoti vacanattha½ dassento ±ha “ye”ti-±di. Im±ni dve duk±ni kitavasena vutt±ni, idha pacchimaduke “na appekacce paralokavajjabhayadass±vino”ti dutiyapada½ na vutta½, paµisambhid±maggap±¼iya½ (paµi. ma. 1.111) pana yuga¼avasena vutta½. Uppal±ni ettha sant²ti uppalin²ti vacanatthena gaccho v± lat± v± pokkharaº² v± vana½ v± “uppalin²”ti vuccati, idha pana “vanan”ti ±ha “uppalavane”ti. Nimugg±neva hutv±ti sambandho. Posayant²ti va¹¹hanti, imin± antonimugg±neva hutv± posayant²ti antonimuggapos²n²ti vacanattha½ dasseti. “Udakena saman”ti imin± udakena sama½ samodaka½, samodaka½ hutv± µhit±n²ti attha½ dasseti. “Atikkamitv±”ti imin± accuggamm±tipadassa ati-uggantv±ti attha½ dasseti.
Paµicchannena ±ropit±ti p±rut±, na p±rut± ap±rut±. Ap±rut± n±ma atthato vivaraº±ti ±ha “vivaµ±”ti soti ariyamaggo ti sacca½. Pacchimapadadvayeti g±th±ya uttamapadadvaye. Ayamevatthoti aya½ vakkham±no eva½ attho daµµhabboti yojan±. ti vitth±ro. Na bh±sinti ettha uttamapurisatt± “ahan”ti vutta½. “Devamanujesu”ti vattabbe ekasesavasena “manujes³”ti vuttanti ±ha “devamanusses³”ti.