Mah±vaggayojan±

1. Mah±khandhaka½

1. Bodhikath±

Ev³bhatovibhaªgassa katv±na yojan±naya½;
mah±vaggakhandhakassa, karissa½ yojan±naya½.
Ubhinnanti ubhayesa½. P±timokkh±nanti p±timokkhavibhaªg±na½. P±timokkhagahaºena hettha tesa½ vibhaªgopi gahito abhedena v± uttarapadalopavasena v±. Khandhakanti paññattisam³ha½. Khandhasaddo hettha paññattiv±cako. Vinayapaññattiyo vuccanti “khandho”ti. Tesa½ sam³ho khandhako. Athav± khandhoti r±si. Khandhasaddo hi r±satthav±cako. Vinayapaññattir±si vuccati “khandho”ti. Kak±ro pak±sakav±cako. Khandh±na½ vinayapaññattir±s²na½ ko pak±sakoti khandhako, ta½ khandhaka½. Aya½ panettha yojan±– ubhinna½ p±timokkh±na½ saªg²tisamanantara½ khandhakovid± khandhakesu kusal± mah±ther± ya½ khandhaka½ saªg±yi½su, tassa khandhakassa d±ni sa½vaººan±kkamo yasm± sampatto, tasm± tassa khandhakassa aya½ anutt±natthavaººan± hot²ti.
Ye atth±ti sambandho. Hisaddo pad±laªk±ro. Yesanti pad±na½. Teti te atthe. Bhaveti bhaveyya, bhavitu½ sakkuºeyy±ti attho. Tesanti atth±na½. Kinti ki½ payojana½. Teti atthe, ñ±tunti sambandho. Athav± teti atth±, avaººit±ti sambandho. Tesa½yev±ti atth±nameva. Aya½ panettha yojan±– padabh±jan²ye yesa½ pad±na½ ye atth± bhagavat± pak±sit±, tesa½ pad±nanti p±µhaseso, te atthe puna vadeyy±ma ce, kad± pariyos±na½ sa½vaººan±ya pariniµµh±na½ bhave, na bhaveyy±ti adhipp±yo. Ye ceva atth± utt±n±, tesa½ sa½vaººan±ya ki½ payojana½, na payojananti adhipp±yo. Adhipp±y±nusandh²hi ca adhipp±yena ca anusandhin± ca byañjanena ca ye pana atth± anutt±n±, te atthe, atth± v± avaººit± yasm± ñ±tu½ na sakk±, tasm± tesa½yeva atth±na½ aya½ sa½vaººan±nayo hot²ti. Itisaddo parisam±panattho.
1. “Tena…pe… verañj±yan”ti-±d²su (p±r±. 1) karaºavacane visesak±raºamatthi viya, “tena…pe… paµham±bhisambuddho”ti ettha kiñc±pi natth²ti yojan±. Asadisopam±ya½. Kiñc±pisaddo garahatthajotako, pana-saddo sambh±vanatthajotako. “Karaºavacanenev±”ti ettha evak±rena upayogavacana½ v± bhummavacana½ v± niv±reti. Abhil±poti abhimukha½ attha½ lapat²ti abhil±po, saddo. ¾ditoti verañjakaº¹ato. Etanti “tena samayena buddho bhagav± uruvel±yan”ti-±divacana½. “Aññesup²”ti vatv± tamevattha½ dassetu½ vutta½ “ito pares³”ti.
Yadi visesak±raºa½ natthi, ki½ panetassa vacane payojananti codento ±ha “ki½ panetass±”ti-±di. Etass±ti “tena samayena buddho bhagav± uruvel±yan”ti-±divacanassa. Nid±nadassana½ payojana½ n±m±ti yojan±. Tamevattha½ vibh±vetum±ha “y± h²”ti-±di. Y± pabbajj± ceva y± upasampad± ca bhagavato anuññ±t±ti yojan±. Y±ni ca anuññ±t±n²ti sambandho. T±n²ti pabbajj±d²ni. Abhisambodhinti arahattamaggañ±ºapadaµµh±na½ sabbaññutaññ±ºañca sabbaññutaññ±ºapadaµµh±na½ arahattamaggañ±ºañca. Bodhimah±maº¹eti mahant±na½ maggañ±ºasabbaññutaññ±º±na½ pasannaµµh±ne bodhirukkham³leti attho. Evanti-±di nigamana½.
Tatth±ti ya½ “tena samayena uruvel±yan”ti-±divacana½ vutta½, tattha. Uruvel±yanti ettha urusaddo mahantapariy±yoti ±ha “mah±vel±yan”ti. “V±likar±simh²”ti imin± vel±saddassa r±sattha½ dasseti, k±las²m±dayo nivatteti. Yadi pana “ur³”ti v±lik±ya n±ma½, “vel±”ti mariy±d±ya, evañhi sati nanu uruy± vel±ti attho daµµhabboti ±ha “vel±tikkamanahetu ±haµ± uru uruvel±”ti. Imin± vel±ya atikkamo vel± uttarapadalopavasena, vel±ya ±haµ± uru uruvel± padavipariy±yavasen±ti dasseti. Etth±ti “uruvel±yan”tipade. Tamevattha½ vibh±vento ±ha “at²te kir±”ti-±di. Anuppanne buddhe pabbajitv±ti sambandho. T±pasapabbajjanti isipabbajja½, na samaºapabbajja½. Katikavattanti karaºa½ kata½, katena pavatta½ katika½, tameva vatta½ katikavatta½. Aka½su kir±ti sambandho. Yoti yo koci. Aññoti attan± aparo. So ±kirat³ti sambandho. Pattapuµen±ti paººena katena puµena. Tatoti katikavattakaraºato. Tatth±ti tasmi½ padese. Tatoti mah±v±likar±sijananato, paranti sambandho. Nanti ta½ padesa½. Tanti mah±v±likar±si½.
“Bodhirukkham³le”ti ettha assattharukkhassa upac±ravasena bodh²ti n±malabhana½ dassento ±ha “bodhi vuccati cat³su maggesu ñ±ºan”ti-±di. Imin± catt±ri sacc±ni bujjhat²ti bodh²ti vacanatthena cat³su maggesu ñ±ºa½ bodhi n±m±ti dasseti. Etth±ti bodhimhi, bodhiya½ v±. Sam²patthe ceta½ bhummavacana½. Rukkhop²ti pisaddena na maggañ±ºamev±ti dasseti. M³leti ±sanne. Paµham±bhisambuddhoti anun±sikalopavasena sandh²ti ±ha “paµhama½ abhisambuddho”ti. “Hutv±”ti imin± “paµhaman”tipadassa bh±vanapu½saka½ dasseti. Sabbapaµhama½yev±ti sabbesa½ jan±na½ paµhamameva abhisambuddho hutv±ti sambandho. Eko eva pallaªko ekapallaªkoti avadh±raºasam±sa½ dassento ±ha “ekeneva pallaªken±”ti. “Saki½…pe… ±bhujiten±”ti imin± avadh±raºaphala½ dasseti. Pallaªkoti ca ³rubaddh±sana½. Vimuttisukha½ paµisa½ved²ti ettha tadaªg±d²su (paµi. ma. aµµha. 1.1.104) pañcasu vimutt²su paµippassaddhisaªkh±t± phalasam±patti ev±dhippet±ti ±ha “phalasam±pattisukhan”ti. Phalasam±patt²ti arahattaphalasam±patti. S± hi viruddhehi upakkilesehi muccitaµµhena vimutt²ti vuccati, t±ya sampayutta½ sukha½ vimuttisukha½, catutthajjh±nika½ arahattaphalasam±pattisukha½. Athav± t±ya j±ta½ sukha½ vimuttisukha½, sakalakilesadukkh³pasamasukha½ “Paµisa½vedayam±no”ti-imin± “paµisa½ved²”ti ettha º²paccayassa kattuttha½ dasseti. Punappuna½ suµµhu vadati anubhavat²ti paµisa½ved². Paµisa½ved² hutv± nis²d²ti sambandho.
Paccay±k±ranti avijj±dipaccay±na½ upp±d±k±ra½. Kasm± paccay±k±ro paµiccasamupp±do n±m±ti ±ha “paccay±k±ro h²”ti-±di. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. “Aññamaññan”ti-imin± “paµicc±”tipadassa kamma½ dasseti, “sahite”ti-imin± sa½saddassattha½. “Dhamme”ti-imin± tassa sar³pa½. Etth±ti imissa½ vinayaµµhakath±ya½. Tatth±ti “anulomapaµiloman”tipade, anulomapaµilomesu v±. Sveva paccay±k±ro vuccat²ti yojan±. “Attan± kattabbakiccakaraºato”ti-imin± anulomasaddassa sabh±vattha½ dasseti. Svev±ti paccay±k±ro eva. Ta½ kiccanti attan± kattabba½ ta½ kicca½. Tassa akaraºatoti attan± kattabbakiccassa akaraºato. Imin± paµilomasaddassa sabh±vattha½ dasseti. Purimanayenev±ti “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±”ti-±din± purimanayeneva. ti athav±. Pavattiy±ti sa½s±rapavattiy±. Anulomoti anuk³lo, anur³po v±. Itaroti “avijj±yatvev±”ti-±din± vutto paccay±k±ro. Tass±ti pavattiy±. Paµilomoti paµiviruddho, etth±ti “anulomapaµiloman”tipade. Attho daµµhabboti ettha attho ev±ti sambhavato tassa phala½ v± “saddantaratth±pohanena saddo attha½ vadat²”ti vacanato (ud±. aµµha. 1; d². ni. µ². 1.1; ma. ni. µ². 1.mulapariy±yasuttavaººan±; sa½. ni. µ². 1.1.oghatarayasuttavaººan±; a. ni. µ². 1.1.rup±divaggavaººan±) saddantaratth±pohana½ v± dassento ±ha “±dito pan±”ti-±di. Y±vasaddo avadhivacano. Y±va anta½ p±petv±ti sambandho. Itoti imehi vuttehi dv²hi atthehi. “Manas±k±s²”ti ettha ik±ralopavasena sandh²ti ±ha “manasi ak±s²”ti. Tatth±ti “manas±k±s²”tipade. Yath±ti yen±k±rena. Idanti ima½ ±k±ra½. Tatth±ti “avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±”ti-±dip±µhe avayavattho eva½ veditabboti yojan±. Sam±samajjhe tasaddena pubbapadasseva liªgavacan±ni gahetabb±n²ti ±ha “avijj± ca s± paccayo c±”ti V±kye pana tasaddena parapadasseva liªgavacan±ni gahetabb±ni. “Avijj±paccay±”tipada½ “sambhavant²”tipadena sambandhitabbanti ±ha “tasm± avijj±paccay± saªkh±r± sambhavant²”ti. Sabbapades³ti “saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºan”ti-±d²su sabbesu padesu.
Yath± pan±ti yen±k±rena pana. Idanti ima½ ±k±ra½. Tatth±ti “avijj±ya…pe… nirodho”ti-±div±kye. Avijj±yatvev±ti ettha “bhaddiyotvev±”ti-±d²su viya “bhaddiyo iti ev±”ti padacchedo kattabbo, na eva½ “avijj±ya iti ev±”ti, atha kho “avijj±ya tu ev±”ti k±tabboti ±ha “avijj±ya tu ev±”ti. “Pa atimokkha½ atipamokkhan”ti-±d²su (kaªkh±. aµµha. nid±navaººan±) viya upasaggabyattayena vutta½, evamidha nip±tabyattayena vuttanti daµµhabba½. Tattha evasaddena sattaj²v±dayo nivatteti. Tusaddo pakkhantaratthajotako. Anulomapakkhato paµilomasaªkh±ta½ pakkhantara½ manas±k±s²ti attho. Asesavir±ganirodhasaddo ayuttasam±so, uttarapadena ca tatiy±sam±soti ±ha “vir±gasaªkh±tena maggena asesanirodh±”ti. Tattha asesasadda½ vir±gasaddena sambandhamakatv± nirodhasaddena sambandha½ katv± atthassa gahaºa½ ayuttasam±so n±ma. “Maggen±”ti-imin± vir±gasaddassattha½ dasseti. Maggo hi virajjanaµµhena vir±goti vuccati. Saªkh±ranirodhoti ettha maggena nirodhatt± anupp±danirodho hot²ti ±ha “saªkh±r±na½ anupp±danirodho hot²”ti. Anupp±danirodhoti ca anupp±dena nirodho samucchedavasena niruddhatt±. Evanti yath± avijj±yatveva asesavir±ganirodh± saªkh±ranirodho, eva½ tath±ti attho. Tatth±ti “evametass±”ti-±divacane. Kevalasaddo sakalapariy±yoti ±ha “sakalass±”ti, anavasesass±ti attho. Athav± sattaj²v±d²hi amissitatt± amissatthoti ±ha “suddhassa v±”ti. “Sattavirahitass±”ti imin± suddhabh±va½ dasseti. Dukkhakkhandhass±ti ettha khandhasaddo r±satthav±cakoti ±ha “dukkhar±siss±”ti.
Etamattha½ viditv±ti ettha etasaddassa visaya½ dassetu½ vutta½ “yv±yan”ti-±di. Tattha “avijj±divasena…pe… nirodho hot²”ti yv±ya½ attho vuttoti yojan±. Samudayo ca hot²ti sambandho. Viditavel±yanti p±kaµavel±ya½ pasiddhak±leti attho. Ima½ ud±nanti ettha imasaddo vuccam±n±pekkho. Tasmi½ atthe vidite sat²ti yojan±. Paj±nanat±y±ti pak±rena j±nanabh±vassa. Somanassayuttañ±ºasamuµµh±nanti somanassena ekupp±d±divasena yuttena ñ±ºena samuµµh±na½, yutta½ v± ñ±ºasaªkh±ta½ samuµµh±na½ ud±nanti sambandho. Tattha ud±nanti kenaµµhena ud±na½? Ud±naµµhena, modanaµµhena, k²¼anaµµhena c±ti attho. Kimida½ ud±na½ n±ma? P²tivegasamuµµh±pito ud±h±ro. Yath± (ud±. aµµha. ganth±rambhakath±) hi ya½ tel±diminitabbavatthu m±na½ gahetu½ na sakkoti visanditv± gacchati, ta½ “avaseko”ti vuccati. Yañca jala½ ta¼±ka½ gahetu½ na sakkoti, ajjhottharitv± gacchati, ta½ “ogho”ti vuccati. Evameva½ ya½ p²tivegasamuµµh±pita½ vitakkavipph±ra½ hadaya½ sandh±retu½ na sakkoti, so adhiko hutv± anto asaºµhahitv± vac²dv±rena nikkhamanto paµigg±hakanirapekkho ud±h±raviseso “ud±nan”ti vuccati. “Attamanav±ca½ nicch±res²”ti imin± udadh±tussa ud±h±rattha½ dasseti.
Tass±ti ud±nassa attho eva½ veditabboti yojan±. Yad±ti ettha d±paccayassa atthav±kya½ dassento ±ha “yasmi½ k±le”ti. Haveti “byattan”ti imasmi½ atthe nip±to. Byatta½ p±kaµanti hi attho. P±tubhavant²ti ettha p±tunip±tassa atthassa “have”ti nip±tena vuttatt± bh³dh±tusseva attha½ dassento ±ha “uppajjant²”ti. Anuloma paµiloma paccay±k±ra paµivedhas±dhak±ti anulomato ca paµilomato ca paccay±k±rassa paµivijjhanassa s±dhak±. Bodhipakkhiyadhamm±ti bodhiy± maggañ±ºassa pakkhe bhav± sattati½sa dhamm±. Athav± p±tunip±tena saha “bhavant²”tipadassa attha½ dassento ±ha “pak±sant²”ti. Imasmi½ naye havesaddo eka½satthav±cako. Have eka½sen±ti hi attho. Abhisamayavasen±ti maggañ±ºavasena Maggañ±ºañhi yasm± abhimukha½ catt±ri sacc±ni samecca ayati j±n±ti, tasm± abhisamayoti vuccati.
“Kilesasant±panaµµhen±”ti imin± ±bhuso kilese t±pet²ti ±t±poti vacanattha½ dasseti. Na v²riyas±mañña½ hoti, atha kho sammappadh±nav²riyamev±ti ±ha “sammappadh±nav²riyavato”ti. Imin± ±t±p²ti ettha ²paccayassa vantu-attha½ dasseti. ¾rammaº³panijjh±nalakkhaºena c±ti kasiº±di-±rammaºa½ upagantv± nijjh±nasabh±vena aµµhasam±pattisaªkh±tena jh±nena ca. Lakkhaº³panijjh±nalakkhaºena c±ti anicc±dilakkhaºa½ upagantv± nijjh±nasabh±vena vipassan±maggaphalasaªkh±tena jh±nena ca. “B±hitap±pass±”ti imin± b±hito aºo p±po anen±ti br±hmaºoti vacanattha½ dasseti. Aºasaddo hi p±papariy±yo. “Kh²º±savass±”ti imin± tassa sar³pa½ dasseti. Athass±ti atha assa, tasmi½ k±le br±hmaºass±ti attho. Y± et± kaªkh± vutt±ti sambandho. “Ko nu kho…pe… avoc±”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 2.12) nayena ca tath± “katama½ nu kho…pe… avoc±”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 2.35) nayena ca paccay±k±re vutt±ti yojan±. No kallo pañhoti ayutto pañho, duppañho esoti attho. Tath±ti eva½, tato aññath± v±. Y± ca so¼asa kaªkh± (ma. ni. 1.18; sa½. ni. 2.20) ±gat±ti sambandho. Apaµividdhatt± kaªkh±ti yojan±. So¼asa kaªkh±ti at²tavisay± pañca, an±gatavisay± pañca, paccuppannavisay± ch±ti so¼asavidh± kaªkh±. Vapayant²ti vi apayanti, ik±ralopen±ya½ sandhi. Vity³pasaggo dh±tvatth±nuvattako, apayanti– saddo apagamanatthoti ±ha “apagacchant²”ti. “Nirujjhant²”ti-imin± apagamanatthameva pariy±yantarena d²peti. “Kasm±”ti imin± “yato paj±n±ti sahetudhamman”ti v±kyassa pubbav±kyak±raºabh±va½ dasseti. Sahetudhammanti ettha saha avijj±dihetun±ti sahetu, saªkh±r±diko paccayuppannadhammo. Sahetu ca so dhammo c±ti sahetudhammoti vacanattha½ dassento ±ha “avijj±diken±”ti-±di “Paµivijjhat²”ti imin± paj±n± t²ti ettha ñ±dh±tuy± avabodhanattha½ dasseti, m±raºatosan±dike atthe nivatteti. It²ti tasm±, vapayant²ti yojan±.
2. Paccayakkhayass±ti paccay±na½ khayaµµh±nassa asaªkhatass±ti yojan±. Tatr±ti dutiya-ud±ne. Kh²yanti paccay± etth±ti khaya½, nibb±nanti ±ha “paccay±na½ khayasaªkh±ta½ nibb±nan”ti. “Aññ±s²”ti imin± aved²ti ettha vidadh±tuy± ñ±ºattha½ dasseti, anubhavanal±bh±dike nivatteti. Tasm± vapayant²ti sambandho. Vuttappak±r±ti paµhama-ud±ne vuttasadis±. Dhamm±ti bodhipakkhiyadhamm±, catu-ariyasaccadhamm± v±.
3. Ima½ ud±na½ ud±nes²ti sambandho. Yena maggena viditoti yojan±. Tatr±ti tatiya-ud±ne. So br±hmaºo tiµµhat²ti sambandho. Tehi uppannehi bodhipakkhiyadhammehi v± yassa ariyamaggassa catusaccadhamm± p±tubh³t±, tena ariyamaggena v± vidh³payanti yojan±. Vuttappak±ranti suttanip±te vuttappak±ra½. M±rasenanti k±m±dika½ dasavidha½ m±rasena½. “Vidhamento”ti-imin± vidh³payanti ettha dh³padh±tuy± vidhamanattha½ dasseti, limpanatth±dayo nivatteti. “Viddha½ sento”ti-imin± vidhamentoti ettha dhamudh±tuy± dha½sanattha½ dasseti, saddatth±dayo nivatteti. “S³riyova obh±sayan”tipadassa “s³riyo iv±”ti attha½ dassento ±ha “yath±”ti-±di. S³riyoti ±dicco. So hi yasm± paµhamakappik±na½ s³ra½ janeti, tasm± s³riyoti vuccati. Abbhuggatoti abhimukha½ uddha½ ±k±sa½ gato, abbha½ v± ±k±sa½ uggato. Abbhasaddo hi ±k±sapariy±yo. ¾k±so hi yasm± ±bhuso bh±ti dippati, tasm± “abbhan”ti vuccati. Aya½ panettha opammasa½sandana½– yath± s³riyo obh±sayanto tiµµhati, eva½ br±hmaºo sacc±ni paµivijjhanto. Yath± s³riyo andhak±ra½ vidhamento tiµµhati, eva½ br±hmaºo m±rasenampi vidh³payantoti.
Etth±ti etesu t²su ud±nesu. Paµhama½ ud±na½ uppannanti sambandho. Imiss± khandhakap±¼iy± ud±nap±¼i½ sa½sandanto ±ha “ud±ne pan±”ti-±di Ud±ne pana vuttanti sambandho. Tanti ud±ne vuttavacana½, vuttanti sambandho. Accayen±ti atikkamena, tamevattha½ vibh±vento ±ha “tad± h²”ti-±di. Tad±ti “sve ±san± vuµµhahiss±m²”ti ratti½ upp±ditamanasik±rak±le. Bhagav± manas±k±s²ti sambandho. Purim± dve ud±nag±th± ±nubh±vad²pik± hont²ti yojan±. Tass±ti paccay±k±rapaj±nanapaccayakkhay±dhigamassa. Ekekamev±ti anulomapaµilomesu ekekameva. Paµhamay±mañc±ti accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½, nirantara½ paµhamay±mak±lanti attho. Idha pan±ti imasmi½ khandhake pana. Tamevattha½ vitth±rento ±ha “bhagav± h²”ti-±di. Tattha bhagav± ud±nes²ti sambandho. Vis±khapuººam±y±ti vis±kh±ya yutt±ya puººam±ya. “Aruºo uggamissat²”ti vattabbasamayeti sambandho. Sabbaññutanti sabbaññubh±va½, an±varaºañ±ºanti attho. Tatoti aruºuggamanato. Ta½ divasanti bhummatthe upayogavacana½, tasmi½ divaseti hi attho. Accantasa½yoge v±, ta½ divasa½ k±lanti hi attho. Eva½ manasi katv±ti yath± ta½ divasa½ anulomapaµiloma½ manas±k±si, eva½ manasi katv±ti attho. It²ti eva½. “Bodhirukkham³le…pe… nis²d²”ti eva½ vutta½ ta½ satt±hanti yojan±. Tatthev±ti bodhirukkham³leyeva.