2. Bh³tag±mavaggo

1. Bh³tag±masikkh±pada-atthayojan±

89. Dutiyavaggassa paµhame tass±ti devat±ya. Ukkhitta½ pharasunti uddha½ khitta½ kuµh±ri½. Niggahetunti saºµh±tu½, nivattetu½ v±. Cakkhuvisay±t²teti pas±dacakkhussa gocar±tikkante. Mah±r±jasantik±ti vessavaºamah±r±jassa santik±. Thanam³leyev±ti thanasam²peyeva. Himavanteti hima-uggiraºe vane, himayutte v±. Tatth±ti himavante, devat±sannip±te v±. Rukkhadhammoti rukkhasabh±vo. Rukkhadhammo ca n±ma chedanabhedan±d²su rukkh±na½ acetanatt± kopassa akaraºa½, tasmi½ rukkhadhamme µhit± devat± rukkhadhamme µhit± n±ma, chedanabhedan±d²su rukkhassa viya rukkhaµµhakadevat±ya akopana½ rukkhadhamme µhit± n±m±ti adhipp±yo. Tatth±ti t±su sannip±tadevat±su. It²ti imassa alabhanassa, imasmi½ alabhane v±, ±d²navanti sambandho. Bhagavato c±ti ca-saddo “pubbacaritan”ti ettha yojetabbo. Imañca ±d²nava½ addasa, bhagavato pubbacaritañca anussar²ti v±kyasampiº¹anavasena yojan± k±tabb±. Ten±ti dassan±nussaraºak±raºena. Ass±ti devat±ya. Sa½vijjati pit± ass±ti sapitiko, putto. (T±v±ti ativiya, paµisañcikkhantiy±ti sambandho) “mariy±da½ bandhissat²”ti vatv± tassa attha½ dassento ±ha “sikkh±pada½ paññapessat²”ti. Iti paµisañcikkhantiy± ass± devat±ya etadahos²ti yojan±.
Yoti yo koci jano. Veti ekantena. Uppatitanti uppajjanavasena attano upari patita½. Bhantanti bhamanta½ dh±vanta½, v±rayeti niv±reyya niggaºheyy±ti attho. Tanti jana½. Aya½ panettha yojan±– s±rathi bhanta½ ratha½ v±raye iva, tath± yo ve uppatita½ kodha½ v±raye, ta½ aha½ s±rathi½ iti br³mi. Itaro kodhaniv±rakato añño r±ja-upar±j±d²na½ s±rathibh³to jano rasmigg±ho rajjugg±ho n±m±ti.
Dutiyag±th±ya vejjo visaµa½ vitthata½ sappavisa½ sappassa ±s²visassa visa½ gara¼a½ osadhehi bhesajjena, mantena ca vineti iva, tath± yo bhikkhave uppatita½ kodha½ mett±ya vineti, so bhikkhu urago bhujago pur±ºa½ pure bhava½ jiººa½ pur±ºatt± jiººa½ taca½ jah±ti iva, tath± orap±ra½ ap±rasaªkh±ta½ pañcorambh±giyasa½yojana½ jah±t²ti yojan± k±tabb±.
Tatr±ti dv²su g±th±su. Vatthu pana vinaye ±r³¼hanti yojan±. Ath±ti pacch±. Yassa devaputtass±ti yena devaputtena. Pariggahoti paricchinditv± gahito. Soti devaputto. Tatoti upagamanato. Yad± hoti, tad±ti yojan±. Mahesakkhadevat±s³ti mah±pariv±r±su devat±su, mah±tej±su v±. Paµikkamant²ti apenti. Devat± yampi pañha½ pucchant²ti yojan±. Tatthev±ti attano vasanaµµh±neyeva. Upaµµh±nanti upaµµh±natth±ya, sampad±natthe ceta½ upayogavacana½. Atha v± upagantv± tiµµhati etth±ti upaµµh±na½, bhagavato sam²paµµh±na½, ta½ ±gantv±ti attho. Nanti ta½, ayameva v± p±µho.
90. “Bhavant²”ti imin± vir³¼he m³le n²labh±va½ ±pajjitv± va¹¹ham±nake taruºarukkhagacch±dike dasseti. “Ahuvatthun”ti imin± pana va¹¹hitv± µhite mahantarukkhagacch±dike dasseti. “Ahuvatthun”ti ca hiyyattanisaªkh±t±ya tthu½-vibhattiy± h³-dh±tussa ³k±rassa uv±deso hoti. Potthakesu pana “ahuvat²”ti p±µho dissati, so ap±µhoti daµµhabbo. “J±yant²”ti imin± bh³-dh±tussa sattatthabh±va½ dasseti “va¹¹hant²”ti imin± va¹¹hanatthabh±va½. Etanti “bh³tag±mo”ti n±ma½. P²yate yath±k±ma½ paribhuñj²yate, p±tabba½ paribhuñjitabbanti v± p±tabya½, p±saddo yath±k±maparibhuñjanattho. Ten±ha– “chedanabhedan±d²hi yath±ruci paribhuñjitabbat±ti attho”ti.
91. “Id±n²”ti pada½ “±h±”ti pade k±lasattam². Yasminti b²je. Tanti b²ja½. Pañca b²jaj±t±n²ti ettha j±tasaddassa tabbh±vatthata½ sandh±ya aµµhakath±su eva½ vutta½. Tabbh±vatthassa “m³le j±yant²”ti im±ya p±¼iy± asa½sandanata½ sandh±ya vutta½ saªgahak±rena “na sament²”ti. Aµµhakath±cariy±na½ matena sati j±tasaddassa tabbh±vatthabh±ve “m³le j±yant²”ti-±d²su m³le m³l±ni j±yant²ti doso bhaveyy±ti manasi katv± ±ha “na h²”ti-±di. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. T±n²ti rukkh±d²ni. Tass±ti “bh³tag±mo n±ma pañca b²jaj±t±n²”ti padassa. Etanti “b²jaj±t±n²”ti n±ma½. B²jesu j±t±ni b²jaj±t±n²ti vutte “m³le j±yant²”ti-±din± sameti. Eten±ti “b²jato”ti-±din± saªgahoti sambandho.
“Yeh²”ti pada½ “j±tatt±”ti pade ap±d±na½, hetu v± “vutt±n²”ti pade karaºa½, katt± v±. Tesanti b²j±na½. Rukkh±d²na½ viruhana½ janet²ti b²ja½. “B²jato”ti-±din± k±riyopac±rena k±raºassa dassitatt± k±raº³pac±ra½ pad²peti. Aññ±nipi y±ni v± pana gacchavallirukkh±d²ni atthi sa½vijjanti, t±ni gacchavallirukkh±d²ni j±yanti sañj±yant²ti yojan±. T±n²ti gacchavallirukkh±d²ni Tañca m³la½, p±¼iya½ vuttahalidd±di ca atthi, sabbampi eta½ m³lab²ja½ n±m±ti sambandho. Etth±ti b²jesu, khandhab²jesu v±.
92. Saññ±vasen±ti “b²jan”ti saññ±vasena. “Tatth±”ti pada½ “veditabbo”ti pade ±dh±ro. “Yath±”ti-±din± k±raºopac±rena k±riyassa vuttatt± phal³pac±ra½ dasseti. Ya½ b²ja½ vutta½, ta½ dukkaµavatth³ti yojan±. Yadeta½ ±dipadanti yojetabba½. Ten±ti ±dipadena. Rav²yati bhagavat± kath²yat²ti ruta½, p±¼i, tassa anur³pa½ yath±ruta½, p±¼i-anatikkantanti attho.
Etth±ti “b²je b²jasaññ²”ti-±dipade, imasmi½ sikkh±pade v±. Udake µh±ti pavattat²ti udakaµµho, eva½ thalaµµhopi. Tatth±ti udakaµµhathalaµµhesu. S±sapassa matta½ pam±ºa½ assa sev±lass±ti s±sapamattiko. Tilassa b²japam±ºa½ assa sev±lass±ti tilab²jako. Pam±ºatthe ko. ¾disaddena saªkhapaºak±dayo sev±le saªgaºh±ti. Tattha tilab²japam±ºo jalasaºµhito n²l±divaººayutto sev±lo tilab²ja½ n±ma, sapatto appakaº¹o ukkhalipidh±n±dipam±ºo sam³lo eko sev±laviseso saªkho n±ma, bhamarasaºµh±no n²lavaººo eko sev±laviseso paºako n±ma. Udaka½ sevat²ti sev±lo. Tatth±ti sev±lesu. Yoti sev±lo. Patiµµhita½ sev±lanti sambandho. Yattha katthac²ti m³le v± na¼e v± patte v±. Uddharitv±ti upp±µetv±. “Hattheh²”ti pada½ “viy³hitv±”ti pade karaºa½. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Tass±ti sev±lassa. Ett±vat±ti ito cito ca viy³hanamattena. Yo sev±lo nikkhamati, ta½ sev±lanti yojan±. Pariss±vanantaren±ti pariss±vanachiddena. Uppal±ni asmi½ gaccheti uppalin². Padum±ni asmi½ gaccheti padumin², ino, itthiliªgajotako ². Tatthev±ti udakeyeva. T±n²ti vall²tiº±ni. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Anantakoti s±sapamattiko sev±lo. So hi natthi attato anto l±mako sev±lo etass±ti katv± “anantako”ti vuccati. Attan±yeva hi sukhumo, tato sukhumo sev±lo natth²ti adhipp±yo. Tatth±ti dukkaµavatthubh±ve. Tamp²ti “sampuººabh³tag±ma½ na hot²”ti vacanampi. Pisaddo mah±paccari-±di-aµµhakath±cariy±na½ vacan±pekkho. ti sacca½, yasm± v±. Na ±gato, tasm± na samet²ti yojan±. Ath±ti tasmi½ an±gate. Etanti anantakasev±l±di½. Gacchissat²ti vadeyy±ti sambandho. Tamp²ti “gacchissat²”ti vacanampi. Pisaddo purimaµµhakath±cariy±na½ vacan±pekkho.
Abh³tag±mam³latt± t±disassa b²jag±mass±ti ettha b²jag±mo tividho hoti– yo saya½ bh³tag±mato hutv± aññampi bh³tag±ma½ janeti, ambaµµhi-±diko. Yo pana saya½ bh³tag±mato hutv± añña½ pana bh³tag±ma½ na janeti, t±lan±¼iker±dikh±ºu. Yo pana sayampi bh³tag±mato ahutv± aññampi bh³tag±ma½ na janeti. P±n²yaghaµ±d²na½ bahi sev±loti. Bh³tag±mo pana catubbidho hoti– yo saya½ b²jag±mato hutv± aññampi b²jag±ma½ janeti, etarahi ambarukkh±diko. Yo pana saya½ b²jag±mato ahutv±va añña½ b²jag±ma½ janeti, ±dikappak±le ambarukkh±diko. Yo pana saya½ b²jag±mato hutv± añña½ pana b²jag±ma½ na janeti, n²lavaººo phalitakadal²rukkh±diko. Yo pana sayampi b²jag±mato ahutv± aññampi b²jag±ma½ na janeti, idha vutto anantakasev±l±dikoti. Tattha catuttha½ bh³tag±ma½ sandh±ya vutta½ “abh³tag±mam³lakatt± t±disassa b²jass±”ti. Aya½ pana tatiyab²jag±massa ca catutthabh³tag±massa ca viseso– tatiyab²jag±me m³lapaºº±ni na paññ±yanti, catutthabh³tag±me t±ni paññ±yant²ti. M³lapaºº±na½ apaññ±yanatt± b²jag±moti vutto, tesa½ paññ±yanatt± bh³tag±moti vutto. Itarath± hi virodho bhaveyy±ti. Attano v±de p±cittiyabh±vato garuka½, mah±paccari-±d²na½ v±de dukkaµamattabh±vato lahuka½. Etanti µh±na½.
Eva½ udakaµµha½ dassetv± thalaµµha½ dassento ±ha “thalaµµhe”ti-±di. Thalaµµhe vinicchayo eva½ veditabboti yojan±. Tatth±ti haritakh±º³su. Uddha½ va¹¹hat²ti navas±kh±niggamanena chinnato upari va¹¹hati. Soti kh±ºu. Phalit±ya kadaliy± kh±ºu b²jag±mena saªgahitoti yojan±. Phala½ sañj±ta½ etiss±ti phalit±. Tath±ti “bh³tag±meneva saªgahit±”ti pad±ni ±ka¹¹hati. Yad±ti yasmi½ k±le. Ratanappam±º±p²ti hatthappam±º±pi. Ath±ti ap±d±nattho, tato r±sikaraºato aññanti attho. Bh³miya½ nikhaºant²ti sambandho. “M³lesu ceva paººesu c±”ti ettha casaddo samuccayatthova, na vikappatthoti ±ha “m³lamattesu pan±”ti-±di.
B²j±n²ti m³l±dib²j±ni. Ýhapit±ni hont²ti sambandho. “Upar²”ti padena heµµh± m³l±ni c±ti attha½ nayena ñ±peti. Na aªkure niggatamatteyeva atha kho harite n²lapaººavaººe j±teyeva bh³tag±masaªgaho k±tabboti ±ha “harite”ti-±di. T±laµµh²na½ m³lanti sambandho. Dantas³ci viy±ti hatthidantas³ci viya. Yath± asampuººabh³tag±mo tatiyo koµµh±so na ±gato, na eva½ am³lakabh³tag±mo. So pana ±gatoyev±ti ±ha “am³lakabh³tag±me”ti. Am³likalat± viya am³lakabh³tag±me saªgaha½ gacchat²ti attho.
Vand±k±ti rukkh±dan². S± hi saya½ rukkha½ niss±ya j±yant²pi attano nissay±na½ rukkh±na½ adanatt± bhakkhanatt± vad²yati thut²yat²ti “vand±k±”ti vuccati. Aññ± v±ti vand±k±ya aññ± v±. Tanti vand±k±di½. Tatoti rukkhato. Vananti khuddako gaccho. Pagumboti mah±gaccho. Daº¹akoti rukkho daº¹ayogato. Tass±p²ti am³likalat±yapi. Ayameva vinicchayoti vand±k±dikassa vinicchayo viya aya½ vinicchayo daµµhabboti yojan±. “Dve t²ºi patt±n²”ti vuttatt± ekapatto sañj±yantopi aggab²jasaªgaha½ gacchat²ti attho. “Anupasampannen±”ti pada½ “littass±”ti pade katt±. Nid±ghasamayeti gimhak±le. Abboh±rikoti ±pattiy± aªganti na voharitabbo. Voharitu½ na arahat²ti attho. Etanti abboh±rikata½, “sace…pe… pamajjitabb±”ti vacana½ v±.
Ahi½ sappa½ ch±det²ti ahicchatta½, ta½yeva ahicchattaka½. Yath±kathañci hi byuppatti, ru¼hiy± atthavinicchayo. Tasm±ti tato vikopanato. Tatth±ti ahicchattake. Heµµh± “udakapappaµako”ti vatv± idha “rukkhapappaµik±yap²”ti vuttatt± pappaµakasaddo dviliªgoti daµµhabbo. Tanti pappaµika½. Ýhita½ niyy±santi sambandho. Eva½ “laggan”ti etth±pi. Hatthakukkuccen±ti hatthalolena. “Chindantass±p²”ti pade hetu.
V±satthiken±ti v±sa½ icchantena. “Ocin±petabb±”ti pade katt±. Upp±µenteh²ti uddharantehi. Tesanti s±maºer±na½. S±kha½ gahitanti sambandho. Ýhapitassa siªg²verass±ti yojan±.
Chijjanakanti chijjanayutta½, chijjan±rahanti attho. “Caªkamitaµµh±na½ dassess±m²”ti imin± vattas²sena caªkamana½ vaµµat²ti dasseti. “Bhijjat²”ti imin± abhijjam±ne gaºµhipi k±tabboti dasseti. D±rumakkaµakanti makkaµassa hattho makkaµo upac±rena, makkaµo viy±ti makkaµako, sadisatthe ko. D±rusaªkh±to makkaµako d±rumakkaµako. Ta½ ±koµent²ti sambandho. Aniy±mitatt±ti imanti aniy±mitatt± vacanassa. Ida½ mah±s±mañña½, visesas±maññampi vaµµat²ti ±ha “n±ma½ gahetv±p²”ti-±di. Sabbanti sabba½ vacana½.
“Ima½ j±n±ti-±d²s³”ti pada½ “evamattho daµµhabbo”ti pade ±dh±ro. Ima½ m³labhesajja½ j±n±ti ima½ m³labhesajja½ yojitu½ j±n±ti yojan±. Ett±vat±ti “ima½ j±n±”ti-±divacanamattena. Kappiyanti samaºavoh±rena, voh±rassa v± yutta½ anur³pa½. Etth±ti “kappiya½ k±tabban”ti vacane. Nibbaµµab²jamev±ti phalato nibbaµµetv± visu½ kata½ b²ja½ eva. Tatth±ti sutte. Karontena bhikkhun± k±tabbanti yojan±. “Kappiyanti vatv±v±”ti imin± paµhama½ katv± aggisatthanakh±ni uddharitv± pacch± vattu½ na vaµµat²ti dasseti. Lohamayasatthass±ti ayatamb±dilohamayassa satthassa. Teh²ti manuss±d²na½ nakhehi. Teh²ti ass±d²na½ khurehi. Teh²ti hatthinakhehi. Yeh²ti nakhehi. Tatthaj±takehip²ti tasmi½ satthe j±takehipi, nakheh²ti sambandho.
Tatth±ti purimavacan±pekkha½. “Kappiya½ karonten±”ti-±divacanamapekkhati. “Ucchu½ kappiya½ kariss±m²”ti ucchumeva vijjhati, pageva. “D±ru½ kappiya½ kariss±m²”ti ucchu½ vijjhati, “d±ru½ kappiya½ kariss±m²”ti d±rumeva v± vijjhati, vaµµati ek±baddhatt±ti vadanti. Tanti rajju½ v± valli½ v±. Sabba½ khaº¹anti sambandho. Tatth±ti maricapakkesu. Kaµ±hanti ek±ya bh±janavikatiy± n±mameta½. Idha pana b²j±na½ bh±janabh±vena ta½sadisatt± phalapheggupi “kaµ±han”ti vuccati. Ek±baddhanti kaµ±hena ekato ±baddha½.
T±n²ti tiº±ni. Ten±ti rukkhapavaµµan±din±. Tatr±ti tasmi½ µhapanap±tanaµµh±ne. “Manussaviggahap±r±jikavaººan±yan”ti pada½ “vuttan”ti pade s±maññ±dh±ro. Bhikkhu ajjhotthaµo hot²ti sambandho. Op±teti ±v±µe. So hi avapatanaµµh±natt± “op±to”ti vuccati. Rukkhanti ajjhotthaµarukkha½. Bh³minti op±tathirabh³mi½. J²vitahet³ti nimittatthe paccattavacana½, j²vitak±raº±ti attho. “Bhikkhun±”ti pada½ “nikkh±metun”ti pade bh±vakatt±, k±ritakatt± v±. “Ajjhotthaµabhikkhun”ti v± “op±tabhikkhun”ti v± k±ritakamma½ ajjh±haritabba½. Tatth±ti an±pattibh±ve, an±pattibh±vassa v±. Etass±ti suttassa. Paro pana k±ruññena karot²ti sambandho. Etamp²ti k±ruññampi. ti sacca½, yasm± v±ti. Paµhama½.