2476. Akarontass±ti ettha “vattan”ti seso. An±daravaseneva vatta½ akarontassabhikkhuno tena vattabhedena vatt±karaºena sabbattha sattati½s±dhikasatappabhedaµµh±ne tattaka½yevadukkaµa½ pak±sitanti yojan±.

Upajjh±y±cariyavattakath±vaººan±.

2477. Eva½ upajjh±y±cariyavatt±ni saªkhepena dassetv± upajjh±y±cariyehi saddhivih±rikantev±s²na½k±tabbavatt±ni dassetum±ha “upajjh±yassa vatt±n²”ti-±di. Upajjh±yassa vatt±n²tiupajjh±yena saddhivih±rikassa yuttapattak±le kattabbatt± upajjh±y±yattavatt±n²ti attho.Tath± saddhivih±riketi yath± saddhivih±rikena upajjh±yassa k±tabb±ni, tath± upajjh±yenasaddhivih±rike k±tabb±ni.
Upajjh±y±cariyavattesu g±mappavese pacch±samaºena hutv± n±tid³ranacc±sannagamana½, na antarantar±kath±-op±tana½, ±pattis±mant± bhaºam±nassa niv±raºa½, pattapariy±pannapaµiggahaºanti catt±rivatt±ni, na ekaccassa pattad±n±di-an±pucch±dis±pakkaman±vas±n±ni v²sati paµikkhep±ceti et±ni catuv²sati vatt±ni µhapetv± avases±ni teras±dhikasatavatt±nisandh±y±ha “sata½ terasa hontev±”ti, teras±dhikasatavatt±ni hont²ti attho.¾cariyena antev±sikepi ca k±tabbavatt±ni tath± tattak±nev±ti attho.

Saddhivih±rikantev±sikavattakath±vaººan±.

2478. Upajjh±y±cariyehi saddhivih±rikantev±sik±na½ nissayapaµippassaddhippak±ra½ dassetum±ha“pakkante v±p²”ti-±di. Pakkante v±pi vibbhante v±pi pakkhasaªkante v±pimate v±pi ±ºattiy± v±pi eva½ pañcadh± upajjh±y± saddhivih±rikena gahito nissayopaµippassambhat²ti yojan±. Pakkanteti tadahu apacc±gantuk±mat±ya disa½ gate.Vibbhanteti gihibh±va½ patte. Pakkhasaªkantaketi titthiy±yatana½ gate. Matetik±lakate. ¾ºattiy±ti nissayapaº±manena.
2479-80. ¾cariyamh±pi antev±sikena gahitanissayassa bhedana½ chadh± chappak±rena hot²tiyojan±. Kathanti ±ha “pakkante c±”ti-±di. Ta½ upajjh±yato nissayabhede vuttanayameva.Visesa½ pana sayameva vakkhati “±ºattiyan”ti-±din±. ¾ºattiyanti ettha visesatthajotakopana-saddo luttaniddiµµho. Ubhinnampi dhuranikkhepanepi c±ti ±cariyassa nissayapaº±manepana ubhinna½ ±cariyantev±sik±na½yeva aññamaññanir±layabh±ve sati nissayabhedo hoti,na ekass±ti attho. Tamevattha½ byatirekato da¼h²karoti “ekekass±”ti-±din±.Ekekassa v± ubhinna½ v± ±laye sati na bhijjat²ti yojan±. Yath±ha–
“¾ºattiya½ pana sacepi ±cariyo muñcituk±mova hutv± nissayapaº±man±yapaº±meti, antev±siko ca ‘kiñc±pi ma½ ±cariyo paº±meti, atha kho hadayena muduko’tis±layova hoti, nissayo na paµippassambhatiyeva. Sacepi ±cariyo s±layo, antev±sikonir±layo ‘na d±ni ima½ niss±ya vasiss±m²’ti dhura½ nikkhipati, evampi na paµippassambhati.Ubhinna½ s±layabh±ve pana na paµippassambhatiyeva. Ubhinna½ dhuranikkhepena paµippassambhat²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 83).
Aya½ pana viseso ±cariy±ºattiy± nissayabhedeyeva dassito, na upajjh±y±ºattiy±. S±ratthad²paniya½pana “sacepi ±cariyo muñcituk±mova hutv± nissayapaº±man±ya paº±met²ti-±di sabba½upajjh±yassa ±ºattiyampi veditabban”ti vutta½.
2481. Eva½ pañca s±dh±raºaªg±ni dassetv± as±dh±raºaªga½ dassetum±ha “upajjh±yasamodh±na-gatass±pica bhijjat²”ti. Tattha samodh±nagamana½ sar³pato, pabhedato ca dassetum±ha “dassana½ savanañc±ti,samodh±na½ dvidh± matan”ti. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana samantap±s±dik±ya½(mah±va. aµµha. 83) gahetabbo. Ganthavitth±rabh²r³na½ anuggah±ya pana idha na vitth±rito.
2482-3. Sabh±ge d±yake asante addhikassa ca gil±nassa ca “gil±nena ma½ upaµµhah±”ti y±citassagil±nupaµµh±kassa ca nissaya½ vin± vasitu½ doso natth²ti yojan± “Gil±nupaµµh±kass±”tivattabbe g±th±bandhavasena rassatta½. Imin± sabh±ge nissayad±yake sante ekadivasampiparih±ro na labbhat²ti d²peti. Attano vane ph±suvih±rata½ j±nat±ti attanosamathavipassan±paµil±bhassa vane ph±suvih±ra½ j±nantenapi. “Sabh±ge d±yake asante”tipadacchedo. Sabbameta½ vidh±na½ antovassato aññasmi½ k±le veditabba½. Ayametthasaªkhepo, vitth±ro pana samantap±s±dik±ya gahetabbo.

Nissayapaµippassambhanakath±vaººan±.

2484. Kuµµhamassa atth²ti kuµµh², ta½. “Gaº¹in”ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Rattaset±dibhedena yena kenaci kuµµhena vevaººiya½ pattasar²ranti attho. Yath±ha–
“Rattakuµµha½ v± hotu k±¼akuµµha½ v±, ya½ kiñci kiµibhadaddukacchu-±dippabhedampisabba½ kuµµhamev±ti vutta½. Tañce nakhapiµµhippam±ºampi va¹¹hanakapakkhe µhita½ hoti, napabb±jetabbo. Sace pana niv±sanap±rupanehi pakatipaµicchannaµµh±ne nakhapiµµhippam±ºa½ ava¹¹hanakapakkheµhita½ hoti, vaµµati. Mukhe, pana hatthap±dapiµµhesu v± sacepi ava¹¹hanakapakkhe µhita½ nakhapiµµhitokhuddakapam±ºampi na vaµµatiyev±ti kurundiya½ vutta½. Ta½ tikicch±petv± pabb±jenten±pipakativaººe j±teyeva pabb±jetabbo”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 88).
Nakhapiµµhippam±ºanti ettha “kaniµµhaªgulinakhapiµµhi adhippet±”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesuvutta½.
Gaº¹inti medagaº¹±digaº¹abhedavanta½. Yath±ha “medagaº¹o v± hotu aññov±, yo koci kolaµµhimattakopi ce va¹¹hanakapakkhe µhito gaº¹o hoti, na pabb±jetabbo”ti-±di(mah±va. aµµha. 88). Kolaµµh²ti badaraµµhi. Kil±sinti kil±savanta½. Yath±ha–“kil±soti nabhijjanaka½ napaggharaºaka½ padumapuº¹ar²kapattavaººa½ kuµµha½, yena gunna½viya sabala½ sar²ra½ hot²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 88). Ca-saddo sabbehi upayogavantehipacceka½ yojetabbo. Sosinti khayarogavanta½. Yath±ha– “sosoti sosaby±dhi.Tasmi½ sati na pabb±jetabbo”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 88). Apam±rikanti apam±ravanta½.Yath±ha– “apam±roti pittumm±ro v± yakkhumm±ro v±. Tattha pubbaverikena amanussenagahito duttikiccho hoti, appamattakepi pana apam±re sati na pabb±jetabbo”ti.
R±jabhaµanti rañño bhattavetanabhaµa½ v± µh±nantara½ patta½ v± appatta½ v± r±japurisa½.Yath±ha– “amacco v± hotu mah±matto v± sevako v± kiñci µh±nantara½ patto v±appatto v±, yo koci rañño bhattavetanabhaµo. Sabbo ‘r±jabhaµo’ti saªkhya½ gacchat²”ti.Coranti manussehi appam±dana½ g±magh±tapanthagh±t±dikammena p±kaµa½ corañca. Likhitakantiya½ kañci corika½ v± añña½ v± garu½ r±j±par±dha½ katv± pal±ta½, r±j± ca na½paººe v± potthake v± “itthann±mo yattha dissati, tattha gahetv± m±retabbo”ti v±“hatthap±d±d²nissa chinditabb±n²”ti v± “ettaka½ n±ma daº¹a½ har±petabbo”ti v±likh±peti, evar³pa½ likhitaka½.
“K±rabhedakan”ti g±th±bandhavasena rasso kato. K±rabhedakanti d±tabbakarassav± katacorakammassa v± k±raº± k±r±ghare pakkhitto v± niga¼abandhan±d²hibaddho v±, tato so muccitv± pal±yati, evar³pa½ k±r±bhedakañca. Yath±ha– “k±r±vuccati bandhan±g±ra½, idha pana andubandhana½ v± hotu saªkhalikabandhana½ v± rajjubandhana½v± g±mabandhana½ v± nigamabandhana½ v± nagarabandhana½ v± purisagutti v± janapadabandhana½ v±d²pabandhana½ v±, yo etesu ya½ kiñci bandhana½ chinditv± bhinditv± muñcitv± vivaritv±v± passam±n±na½ v± apassam±n±na½ v± pal±yati, so ‘k±r±bhedako’ti saªkhya½ gacchat²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 92).
2485. Kas±hatanti iºa½ gahetv± d±tu½ asamatthatt± “ayameva te daº¹o hot³”tikas±din± dinnappah±ra½ av³pasantavaºa½. Yath±ha–
“Yo vacanapesan±d²ni akaronto haññati, na so katadaº¹akammo. Yo pana keºiy±v± aññath± v± kiñci gahetv± kh±ditv± puna d±tu½ asakkonto ‘ayameva te daº¹ohot³’ti kas±hi haññati, aya½ kas±hato katadaº¹akammo. Yo ca kas±hi v± hatohotu addhadaº¹ak±d²na½ v± aññatarena, y±va allavaºo hoti, t±va na pabb±jetabbo”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 94).
Lakkhaº±hatanti eka½sa½ katv± p±rutena uttar±saªgena appaµicch±dan²yaµµh±ne tattena lohena±hata½ asacchavibh³talakkhaºena samann±gata½. Yath±ha–
“Yassa pana nal±µe v± ur±d²su v± tattena lohena lakkhaºa½ ±hata½ hoti, so sacebhujisso, y±va allavaºo hoti, t±va na pabb±jetabbo. Sacepissa vaº± ru¼h± hontichaviy± samaparicched±, lakkhaºa½ pana paññ±yati, timaº¹ala½ nivatthassa uttar±saªge kate paµicchannok±se ce hoti, pabb±jetu½ vaµµati. Appaµicchannok±se ce, na vaµµat²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 95).
Iº±yikañc±ti m±t±pitupit±mah±d²hi v± attan± v± gahita-iºa½. Yath±ha–
“Iº±yiko n±ma yassa pitipit±mahehi v± iºa½ gahita½ hoti, saya½ v± iºa½ gahita½hoti, ya½ v± ±µhapetv± m±t±pit³hi kiñci gahita½ hoti, so ta½ iºa½ paresa½dh±ret²ti iº±yiko. Ya½ pana aññe ñ±tak± ±µhapetv± kiñci gaºhanti, so naiº±yiko. Na hi te ta½ ±µhapetu½ issar±. Tasm± ta½ pabb±jetu½ vaµµat²”ti (mah±va.aµµha. 96).
D±santi antoj±to, dhanakk²to, karamar±n²to, saya½ v± d±sabya½ upagatoti catunna½d±s±na½ aññatara½. D±savinicchayo panettha samantap±s±dik±ya (mah±va. aµµha. 97)vitth±rato gahetabbo. Pabb±jentassa dukkaµanti “kuµµhin”ti-±d²hi upayogavantapadehipacceka½ yojetabba½.
2486. Hatthacchinnanti hatthatale v± maºibandhe v± kappare v± yattha katthaci chinnahattha½.Aµµhacchinnanti yath± nakha½ na paññ±yati, eva½ cat³su aªguµµhakesu aññatara½ v± sabbev± yassa chinn± honti, evar³pa½. P±dacchinnanti yassa aggap±desu v± gopphakesuv± jaªgh±ya v± yattha katthaci eko v± dve v± p±d± chinn± honti. Hatthap±dachinnass±pip±¼iya½ (mah±va. 119) ±gatatt± sopi idha vattabbo, yath±vuttanayeneva tassa dukkaµavatthut±paññ±yat²ti na vuttoti daµµhabba½.
Kaººan±saªgulicchinnanti ettha “kaººacchinna½ n±sacchinna½ kaººan±sacchinna½aªgulicchinnan”ti yojan±. Kaººacchinnanti yassa kaººam³le v± kaººasakkhalik±yav± eko v± dve v± kaºº± chinn± honti. Yassa pana kaºº±vaµµe chinn± honti, sakk±ca honti saªgh±µetu½, so kaººa½ saªgh±µetv± pabb±jetabbo. N±sacchinnanti yassaajapadake v± agge v± ekapuµe v± yattha katthaci n±s± chinn± hoti. Yassa pana n±sik± sakk± hoti sandhetu½, so ta½ ph±suka½ katv± pabb±jetabbo. Kaººan±sacchinnantitadubhayacchinna½. Aªgulicchinnanti yassa nakhasesa½ adassetv± ek± v± bah³ v± aªguliyochinn± honti. Yassa pana suttatantumattampi nakhasesa½ paññ±yati, ta½ pabb±jetu½ vaµµati.Kaº¹aracchinnameva c±ti yassa kaº¹aran±mak± mah±nh±r³ purato v± pacchato v± chinn±honti, yesu ekass±pi chinnatt± aggap±dena v± caªkamati, m³lena v± caªkamati, nav± p±da½ patiµµh±petu½ sakkoti.
2487. K±ºanti pasannandho v± hotu pupph±d²hi v± upahatapas±do, yo dv²hi v±ekena v± akkhin± na passati, ta½ k±ºa½. Kuºinti hatthakuº² v± p±dakuº²v± aªgulikuº² v±, yassa etesu hatth±d²su ya½ kiñci vaªka½ paññ±yati, so kuº².Khujjañc±ti yo urassa v± piµµhiy± v± passassa v± nikkhantatt± khujjasar²ro, ta½khujja½. Yassa pana kiñci kiñci aªgapaccaªga½ ²saka½ vaªka½, ta½ pabb±jetu½ vaµµati.Mah±puriso eva hi brahmujugatto, avaseso satto akhujjo n±ma natthi.