Pabbajj±kath±vaººan±

2444. Icceva½ n±tisaªkhepavitth±ravasena vibhaªgadvaye, tadaµµhakath±ya ca ±gata½vinicchaya½ dassetv± id±ni khandhak±gata½ vinicchaya½ dassetum±rabhanto ±ha “s²lakkhandh±d²”ti-±di.Tattha s²lakkhandh±diyutten±ti s²lasam±dhipaññ±vimuttivimuttiñ±ºadassanasaªkh±tehipañcahi khandhehi guºar±s²hi yuttena samann±gatena. Subhakkhandhen±ti suvaºº±liªgasadisavaµµakkhandhat±yasubho sundaro khandho etass±ti subhakkhandho, bhagav±, tena. Imin± b±tti½salakkhaº±namekadesabh³tassasamavaµµakkhandhat±lakkhaºassa parid²pakena vacanena lakkhaº±h±ranayena b±tti½salakkhaº±dik± sabb±pir³pak±yasir² sandassit±ti veditabb±.
Khandhaketi khandh±na½ sam³ho khandhako, khandh±na½ v± k±yanato d²panato khandhako. “Khandh±”ticettha pabbajj³pasampad±divinayakammasaªkh±t±, c±rittav±rittasikkh±padasaªkh±t± ca paññattiyoadhippet±. Pabbajj±d²ni hi bhagavat± paññattatt± “paññattiyo”ti vuccanti. Paññattiyañcakhandha-saddo dissati “d±rukkhandho (sa½. ni. 4.241) aggikkhandho (paµi. ma. 1.116)udakakkhandho”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 6.37) viya. Apica bh±gar±satthat± cettha yujjatiyevat±sa½ paññatt²na½ bh±gaso, r±sito ca vibhattatt±. Tasmi½ khandhake. Pi-saddovutt±pekkh±ya pañcasatikasattasatikakkhandhake dve vajjetv± pabbajjakkhandhak±dikebhikkhunikhandhakapariyos±ne v²satividhe khandhake vuttavinicchayassa idha vakkham±natt±.Tadeva sandh±y±ha “khandhakepi pavakkh±mi, sam±sena vinicchayan”ti.
2445. “M±tar± pitar±”ti imin± janak±yeva adhippet±. “Bhaº¹ukamma½, samaºakaraºa½,pabb±jananti ca pariy±ya-sadd±”ti “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, saªgha½ apaloketu½ bhaº¹ukamm±y±”ti(mah±va. 98) imiss± p±¼iy± aµµhakath±ya (mah±va. aµµha. 98) vutta½. ¾pucchitv±tiettha “saªghan”ti seso.
2446. V±vaµoti pasuto, yuttapayuttoti attho. “Pabb±jetv± ±naya iti c±”tipadacchedo. Ettha ca tidh± pabb±jana½ veditabba½ kesacchedana½, k±s±ya-acch±dana½, saraºad±nanti,im±ni t²ºi karonto “pabb±jet²”ti vuccati. Tesu eka½, dve v±pi karontotath± vohar²yatiyeva. Tasm± “pabb±jetv±nay±”ti imin± kese chinditv± k±s±y±niacch±detv± ±neh²ti ayamattho d²pitoti daµµhabbo.
2447. Avuttoti upajjh±yena anuyyojito. So daharo sace ta½ sayameva kesacchedanak±s±yacch±danehipabb±jeti, vaµµat²ti yojan±.
2448. Tatth±ti attano sam²pe. Khaº¹as²ma½ netv±ti bhaº¹ukamm±rocanaparih±rattha½vutta½. Tena sabhikkhuke vih±re aññampi bhikkhu½ “etassa kese chind±”ti vattu½na vaµµati. Pabb±jetv±ti kesacchedana½ sandh±ya vadati.
2450. “Purisa½ bhikkhuto añño, pabb±jeti na vaµµat²”ti ida½saraºad±na½ sandh±ya vutta½. Tenev±ha “s±maºero”ti-±di.
2451. Ubhinnampi therather²na½ “imehi c²varehi ima½ acch±deh²”ti ±ºattiy±s±maºeropi v± hotu, tath± s±maºer² v± hotu, te ubho s±maºeras±maºer² k±s±y±nid±tu½ labhant²ti yojan±.
2452-4. Pabb±jentena bhikkhun±ti ettha “tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ datv±”ti vattabba½ evañhikatv± kes±panayanassa aµµhakath±ya½ vuttatt±. Vuttañhi tattha “±vuso, suµµhu upadh±rehi,sati½ upaµµh±peh²ti vatv± tacapañcakakammaµµh±na½ ±cikkhitabba½. ¾cikkhantena ca vaººasaºµh±nagandh±sayok±savasenaasucijegucchapaµikk³labh±va½, nijj²vanissattabh±va½ v± p±kaµa½ karontena ±cikkhitabban”ti-±di.Kimatthameva½ kar²yat²ti ce? Sace upanissayasampanno hoti, tassa khuraggeyeva arahattap±puºanattha½.Vuttañceta½ aµµhakath±ya½
“Ye hi keci khuragge arahatta½ patt±, sabbe te evar³pa½ savana½ labhitv± kaly±ºamittena±cariyena dinnanaya½ niss±ya, no aniss±ya, tasm±ssa ±ditova evar³p² kath± kathetabb±”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 34).
Eteneva byatirekato ito aññ± aniyy±nikakath± na kathetabb±ti d²pita½ hoti.Gomay±din±ti gomayacuºº±din±. ¾di-saddena mattik±d²na½ gahaºa½. P²¼ak±v±ti thullap²¼ak± v±. Kacchu v±ti sukhumakacchu v±. Niya½puttanti attano putta½. “Bhikkhun±”ti imassa padassa d³ratt± “yatin±”ti±ha.
2455-6. Kasm± pana eva½ nah±petabboti ±ha “ettaken±p²”ti-±di. Soti pabbajj±pekkho.Upajjh±yak±dis³ti ettha ±di-saddena ±cariyasam±nupajjh±yak±d²na½ gahaºa½. P±puºantih²ti ettha hi-saddo yasm±-padatthe vattati. Yasm± ettaken±pi upajjh±y±d²su sag±ravohoti, yasm± ca evar³pa½ upak±ra½ labhitv± kulaputt± uppanna½ anabhirati½ paµivinodetv±sikkh±yo parip³retv± nibb±na½ p±puºissanti, tasm± evar³po upak±ro k±tabbotiattho.
2458. Ekatoti sabb±ni c²var±ni ekato katv±.
2459. Ath±ti adhik±rantar±rambhe nip±to. Tassa hatthe adatv±pi upajjh±yo v± ±cariyo v±pi sayameva ta½ pabbajj±pekkha½ acch±deti, vaµµat²ti yojan±.
2460. Adinnac²varassa aggahetabbatt± ±ha “apanetv± tato sabba½, puna d±tabbamevatan”ti. Tatoti tassa sar²rato. Tanti c²vara½.
2461-2. Etadeva ±ha “bhikkhun±”ti-±din±. Adinna½ na vaµµat²ti ettha pabbajj±na ruhat²ti vadanti. Tasseva santaka½ v±pi c²vara½ adinna½ na vaµµati attasantake±cariyupajjh±y±na½ attano santake c²vare k± kath± vattabbameva natth²ti attho.Bhikkh³ti ye tattha sannipatit±. K±r±petv±na ukkuµinti ettha sabbadh±tvatth±nugatokaroti-saddo gahitoti ukkuµika½ nis²d±petv±ti attho gahetabbo, “ukkuµikan”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 34) aµµhakath±p±µho g±th±bandhasukhattha½ idha ka-k±ralopena niddiµµho.
2464. Ekapada½ v±p²ti buddhamicc±dika½ ekampi v± pada½. Ekakkharampiv±ti buk±r±di-akkharesu ekampi v± akkhara½. Paµip±µinti “buddha”micc±dika½padapanti½.
2465. Akattabbappak±rantara½ dassetum±ha “tikkhattu½ yadi v±”ti-±di. Tath±seses³ti yadi v± “dhamma½ saraºan”ti tikkhattu½ deti, “saªgha½ saraºan”ti yadiv± tikkhattu½ deti, evampi t²ºi saraº±ni adinn±neva honti.
2466. Anun±sikant±ni katv± d±tabb±n²ti sambandho. Anun±sikanta½ katv± d±nak±leantar±viccheda½ akatv± d±tabb±n²ti dassetu½ “ek±baddh±ni v± pan±”ti vutta½.Vicchinditv± padapaµip±µito ma-k±ranta½ katv± d±nasamaye viccheda½ katv±. Mant±n²ti“buddha½ saraºa½ icc±din± ma-k±rant±ni. “Buddha½ saraºa½ gacch±m²”ti-±din± nayenaniggahitantameva katv± na d±tabbanti “ath±”ti ±ha.
2467. Suddhi n±ma ±cariyassa ñattiy±, kammav±c±ya ca ucc±raºavisuddhi. Pabbajj±ti s±maºeras±maºeripabbajj±. Ubhatosuddhiy± vin±ti ubhatosuddhi½ vin± ±cariyantev±s²na½ ubhinna½ t²su saraºattayad±naggahaºesu ucc±raºasuddhi½ vin±, ekass±pi akkharassa vipattisabbh±ve na hot²ti attho.
2468-9. “Pabbajj±guºamicchat±”ti ida½ “±cariyena, antev±siken±”ti padadvayassavisesana½ daµµhabba½, antev±sikassa pabbajj±guºa½ icchantena ±cariyena, attano pabbajj±guºa½icchantena antev±sikena ca bu-ddha-k±r±dayo vaºº± bu-k±ra dha-k±r±dayo vaºº± akkhar±µh±nakaraºasampada½ kaºµhat±lumuddhadanta-oµµhan±sik±bheda½ µh±nasampadañca akkharuppattis±dhakatamajivh±majjh±dikaraºasampadañcaah±pentena aparih±pentena vattabb±ti yojan±. Kasm± idameva da¼ha½ katv± vuttanti±ha “ekavaººavin±sen±”ti-±di. Hi-saddo yasm±-padatthe, yasm± ekass±pi vaººassavin±sena anucc±raºena v± durucc±raºena v± pabbajj± na ruhati, tasm± eva½ vuttantiadhipp±yo.
2470. Yadi siddh±ti s±saªkavacanena ubhato-ucc±raºasuddhiy± dukkaratta½ d²petv± “appamattehibhavitabban”ti ubhinna½ ±cariyantev±sik±na½ anusiµµhi dinn± hoti. Saraºagamanatov±tiavadh±raºena s±maºerapabbajj± upasampad± viya ñatticatutthena kammena na hoti, id±nipisaraºagamaneneva sijjhat²ti d²peti. Hi-saddo pasiddhiya½. Yath±ha–
“Yasm± saraºagamanena upasampad± parato paµikkhitt±, tasm± s± etarahi saraºagamanamattenevana ruhati. S±maºerassa pabbajj± pana yasm± paratopi ‘anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, imehit²hi saraºagamanehi s±maºerapabbajjan’ti (mah±va. 105) anuññ±t± eva, tasm± s± etarahipisaraºagamanamatteneva ruhat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 34).
Saraºagamanato eva pabbajj± yadipi kiñc±pi siddh± nipphann±, tath±pi assa s±maºerassa“idañcidañca may± p³retabba½ s²lan”ti ñatv± parip³raºatth±ya bhikkhun± dasa s²l±nid±tabb±n²ti yojan±. Yath±ha “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, s±maºer±na½ dasa sikkh±pad±ni,tesu ca s±maºerehi sikkhitu½. P±º±tip±t± veramaº²”ti-±di (mah±va. 106).

Pabbajj±kath±vaººan±.

2471. Upajjh±yanti vajj±vajje upanijjh±yat²ti upajjh±yo, ta½, bhagavat± vuttehi aªgehi samann±gato paripuººadasavasso puggalo. Niv±setv± ca p±rupitv±ca sirasi añjali½ paggahetv± attano abhimukhe ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± “upajjh±yome, bhante, hoh²”ti tikkhattu½ vatv± ±y±can±ya kat±ya “s±hu, lahu, op±yika½,paµir³pa½, p±s±dikena samp±deh²”ti imesu pañcasu padesu aññatara½ k±yena v±v±c±ya v± ubhayena v± viññ±petv± tasmi½ sampaµicchite pituµµh±ne µhatv± atrajamiva ta½gahetv± vajj±vajja½ upaparikkhitv± dosena niggaºhitv± saddhivih±rike sikkh±pentoupajjh±yo n±ma.
Vijj±sippa½, ±c±rasam±c±ra½ v± sikkhituk±mehi ±darena caritabbo upaµµh±tabboti±cariyo, ta½, upajjh±ye vuttalakkhaºasamann±gatoyeva puggalo. Vuttanayeneva nis²ditv±“±cariyo me, bhante, hohi, ±yasmato niss±ya vacch±m²”ti tikkhattu½ vatv± ±y±can±yakat±ya “s±h³”ti-±d²su pañcasu aññatara½ vatv± tasmi½ sampaµicchite pituµµh±neµhatv± puttaµµh±niya½ antev±si½ sikkh±pento ±cariyo n±ma.
Ettha ca s±h³ti s±dhu. Lah³ti agaru, mama tuyha½ upajjh±yabh±ve bh±riya½ natth²tiattho. Op±yikanti up±yapaµisa½yutta½, ta½ upajjh±yaggahaºa½ imin± up±yena tva½me ito paµµh±ya bh±ro j±tos²ti vutta½ hoti. Paµir³panti anur³pa½ te upajjh±yaggahaºantiattho. P±s±diken±ti pas±d±vahena k±yavac²payogena. Samp±deh²ti tividha½sikkha½ nipph±deh²ti attho. K±yena v±ti hatthamudd±di½ dassento k±yena v±.N±mavisesa½ vin± p³retabbavatt±na½ samat±ya ubhopi ekato vutt±.
Et±ni vatt±ni upajjh±yassa saddhivih±rikena, ±cariyassa antev±siken±pievameva k±tabb±nev±ti. Vasat±ti vasantena. Piyas²len±ti piya½ s²lametass±tipiyas²lo, tena, s²la½ parip³rituk±men±ti vutta½ hoti.
2472-3. ¾sana½ paññapetabbanti ettha “k±lasseva vuµµh±ya up±han± omuñcitv± eka½sa½uttar±saªga½ karitv±”ti (mah±va. 66) vutt± pubbakiriy± vattabb±. ¾sana½ paññapetabbanti dantakaµµhakh±danaµµh±na½ sammajjitv± nis²danatth±ya ±sana½ paññapetabba½. Imin± ca y±gup±naµµh±n±d²supi ±san±ni paññapetabb±nev±ti dassita½ hoti.