Yadi dvepi kuse paµicch±detv± sabbesu bhikkh³su sakasakakoµµh±sa½ ±d±ya gatesu yasmi½ kusa½ paµicch±desi, tassa s±mikena ±gantv± “mayha½ kuso kasm± na dissat²”ti vutte coro “mayhampi kuso na dissat²”ti vatv± attano koµµh±sa½ tassa santaka½ viya dassetv± tasmi½ vivaditv± v± avivaditv± v± gahetv± gate itara½ koµµh±sa½ uddharati ce, uddhaµakkhaŗeyeva p±r±jiko hoti. Yadi paro “mayha½ koµµh±sa½ tuyha½ na demi, tva½ tuyha½ koµµh±sa½ vicinitv± gaŗh±h²”ti vadati, eva½ vutte so attano ass±mikabh±va½ j±nantopi parassa koµµh±sa½ uddharati, uddhaµakkhaŗe p±r±jiko hoti. Yadi paro viv±dabh²rukatt± “ki½ viv±den±”ti cintetv± “mayha½ v± patta½ hotu tuyha½ v±, varakoµµh±sa½ tva½ gaŗh±h²”ti vadeyya, dinnaka½ n±ma gahita½ hot²ti p±r±jika½ na hot²ti. Yadi “tava ruccanaka½ gaŗh±h²”ti vutto viv±dabhayena attano patta½ varabh±ga½ µhapetv± l±makabh±ga½ gahetv± gato, coro pacch± gaŗhanto vicit±vasesa½ n±ma aggahes²ti p±r±jiko na hoti. Eva½ kus±vah±ravinicchayo veditabbo. Ayamettha pańcav²satiy± avah±resu saŖkhepo, vitth±ro pana samantap±s±dik±ya vinayasa½vaŗŗan±ya vuttanayeneva veditabbo.
44. Ett±vat± adinn±d±nap±r±jikassa vinicchay±vayavar³pena uggahetabbe pańcav²sati avah±re dassetv± id±ni adinn±d±navinicchaye sampatte sahas± ±patti½ an±ropetv± paµhama½ oloketabb±ni pańca µh±n±ni dassetu½ “vatthuk±lagghadese c±”ti-±di ±raddha½.
Tattha vatthu n±ma avahaµabhaŗ¹a½. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Avah±rakena “may± itthann±ma½ bhaŗ¹a½ avahaµan”ti vuttepi tassa bhaŗ¹assa sass±mika-ass±mikabh±va½ upaparikkhitv± sass±mika½ ce, avah±rak±le tesa½ s±layabh±va½ v± nir±layabh±va½ v± niyametv± s±layak±le ce gahita½, bhaŗ¹a½ aggh±petv± m±saka½ v± ³nam±saka½ v± hoti, dukkaµena, atirekam±saka½ v± ³napańcam±saka½ v± hoti, thullaccayena, pańcam±saka½ v± atirekapańcam±saka½ v± hoti, p±r±jikena k±tabbo. S±mik±na½ nir±layak±le ce gahita½, natthi p±r±jika½. Bhaŗ¹as±mike pana bhaŗ¹a½ ±har±pente ta½ v± bhaŗ¹a½ tadagghanaka½ v± d±tabbanti.
K±lo n±ma avah±rak±lo. Bhaŗ¹a½ n±meta½ kad±ci mahaggha½ hoti, kad±ci samaggha½. Tasm± avahaµabhaŗ¹assa aggha½ paricchindantehi avahaµak±l±nur³pa½ katv± paricchindanattha½ k±lavinicchayo k±tabboti vutta½ hoti.
Aggho n±ma avahaµabhaŗ¹assa aggho. Ettha ca sabbad± bhaŗ¹±na½ aggho sam±nar³po na hoti, navabhaŗ¹a½ mahaggha½ hoti, pur±ŗa½ ce samaggha½. Tasm± avah±rak±le bhaŗ¹assa navabh±va½ v± pur±ŗabh±va½ v± niyametv± aggho paricchinditabboti adhipp±yo.
Deso c±ti bhaŗ¹±vah±radeso. Ettha ca sabbass±pi bhaŗ¹assa uµµh±nadese samaggha½ hutv± ańńattha mahagghatt± avahaµabhaŗ¹e aggha½ paricchinditv± tadanur³p± ±pattiyo niyamantehi aggha½ paricchindanatth±ya avah±radesa½ niyametv± tasmi½ dese agghavasena tadanur³p± ±pattiyo k±retabb±ti adhipp±yo.
Paribhogo n±ma avahaµabhaŗ¹e avah±rato pubbe parehi kataparibhogo. Ettha ca yassa kassaci bhaŗ¹assa paribhogena aggho parih±yat²ti bhaŗ¹as±mika½ pucchitv± tasmi½ bhaŗ¹e navepi ekav±rampi yena kenaci pak±rena paribhutte parih±petv± aggho paricchinditabboti vutta½ hoti.
Evam±din± nayena et±ni pańca µh±n±ni upaparikkhitv±va vinicchayo k±tabboti dassetum±ha “pańcapi ńatv± et±ni kattabbo paŗ¹itena vinicchayo”ti.
45. Ett±vat± adinn±d±navinicchay±vayavabh³te pańcav²sati avah±re ca pańcaµµh±n±valokanańca dassetv± id±ni an±gate p±pabhikkh³na½ lesok±sapidahanattha½ parasantaka½ ya½ kińci vatthu½ yattha katthaci µhita½ yena kenaci pak±rena gaŗhato mokkh±bh±va½ dassetuk±mena tath±gatena y± panet±–
Bh³maµµhańca thalaµµhańca;
±k±saµµha math±para½;
veh±saµµho dakaµµhańca;
n±v± y±naµµhameva ca.
Bh±r± r±ma vih±raµµha½;
khetta vatthuµµhameva ca;
g±m± rańńaµµha mudaka½;
dantapono vanappati.
Haraŗako panidhi ceva;
suŖkagh±taka½ p±ŗak±;
apada½ dvipadańceva;
catuppada½ bahuppada½.
Ocarakoŗirakkho ca;
sa½vid±haraŗampi ca;
saŖketakamma½ nimitta-
miti ti½ settha m±tik±.–

Nikkhitt± t±sa½ yath±kkama½ padabh±jane, tadaµµhakath±ya ca ±gatanayena vinicchaya½ dassetuk±mo paµhama½ t±va bh³maµµhe vinicchaya½ dassetum±ha “dutiya½ v±p²”ti-±di.

Tattha dutiya½ theyyacittena pariyesato dukkaµanti sambandho. Eva½ sabbapadesu. Upari sańj±t±hi rukkhalat±hi, iµµhakap±s±ŗ±d²hi ca sańchanna½ mah±nidhi½ uddharituk±mena “may± ekeneva na sakk±”ti attano ańńa½ sah±ya½ pariyesitu½ theyyacittena sayitaµµh±n± uµµh±n±d²su sabbapayogesu dukkaµa½ hot²ti attho. Kud±la½ bh³mikhaŗanatth±ya piµaka½ v±pi pa½su-uddharaŗatth±ya ya½ kińci bh±jana½. Imesu dv²su kud±lassa ce daŗ¹o natthi, daŗ¹atth±ya rukkhato daŗ¹a½ chindato ca kud±lo ce na hoti, kud±lakaraŗatth±ya ayob²ja½ uddharaŗatth±ya akappiyapathavi½ khaŗantassapi pacchikaraŗatth±ya paŗŗ±ni chindatopi piµakav±yanatth±ya valli½ chindatopi ubhayatth±pi pariyesane mus± bhaŗatopi dukkaµańceva p±cittiyańca, itarapayogesu dukkaµamev±ti veditabba½.
Gacchatoti dutiy±di½ pariyesitv± laddh± v± aladdh± v± nidhiµµh±na½ gacchantassa pade pade dukkaµanti attho. Ettha ca “theyyacitto dutiya½ v± pariyesat²”ti-±di p±¼iya½ (p±r±. 94) “theyyacitto”ti vuttatt±, idha “theyyacitten±”ti vacanato “ima½ nidhi½ labhitv± buddhap³ja½ v± kariss±mi, saŖghabhatta½ v± kariss±m²”ti evam±din± nayena kusalacittappavattiy± sati an±patt²ti daµµhabba½. Pubbayogatoti adinn±d±nassa pubbapayogabh±vato, dutiyapariyesan±d²su pubbapayogesu dukkaµanti attho.
Dukkaµańca aµµhavidha½ hoti pubbapayogadukkaµa½ sahapayogadukkaµa½ an±m±sadukkaµa½ durupaciŗŗadukkaµa½ vinayadukkaµa½ ń±tadukkaµa½ ńattidukkaµa½ paµissavadukkaµanti. Tattha “theyyacitto dutiya½ v± kud±la½ v± piµaka½ v± pariyesati gacchati v±, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti vutta½ pubbapayogadukkaµa½ n±ma. Idha p±cittiyaµµh±ne p±cittiya½, itaresu pubbapayogesu dukkaµa½. “Tatthaj±taka½ kaµµha½ v± lata½ v± chindati, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti vutta½ sahapayogadukkaµa½. Idha adinn±d±nasahitapayogatt± p±cittiyavatthumhi, itaratra ca dukkaµamev±ti ayamettha viseso. Mutt±maŗi-±d²su dasasu ratanesu, s±li-±d²su sattasu dhańńesu, sabbesu ca ±vudhabhaŗ¹±d²su ±masanapaccay± dukkaµa½ an±m±sadukkaµa½. Kadalin±¼ikerapanas±dirukkhaµµhameva phala½ ±masantassa vutta½ dukkaµa½ durupaciŗŗadukkaµa½. Upacaraŗa½ upaciŗŗa½, par±masananti attho. Duµµhu upaciŗŗa½ durupaciŗŗa½, durupaciŗŗe dukkaµa½ durupaciŗŗadukkaµa½. Bhikkh±c±rak±le patte rajasmi½ patite patta½ appaµiggahetv± v± adhovitv± v± bhikkh±paµiggahaŗena dukkaµa½ vinayadukkaµa½, vinaye pańńatta½ dukkaµa½ vinayadukkaµa½. Kińc±pi avasesadukkaµ±nipi vinaye pańńatt±neva, tath±pi ru¼hiy± may³r±disaddehi mor±dayo viya idameva tath± vuccati. “Sutv± na vadanti, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti vutta½ ń±tadukkaµa½ n±ma. Ek±dasasu samanubh±san±su “ńattiy± dukkaµan”ti vutta½ ńattidukkaµa½. “Tassa bhikkhave bhikkhuno purimik± ca na pańń±yati, paµissave ca ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va. 207) vutta½ paµissavadukkaµa½ n±ma. Imesu aµµhasu dukkaµesu idha ±pajjitabba½ dukkaµa½ pubbapayogadukkaµa½ n±ma. Ten±ha “pubbayogato”ti. G±th±bandhasukhattha½ upasagga½ an±diyitv± “pubbapayogato”ti vattabbe “pubbayogato”ti vuttanti gahetabba½.
Ettha ca kińc±pi imesu dukkaµesu asaŖgahit±ni ubhatovibhaŖg±gat±ni div±seyy±didukkaµ±ni ceva khandhak±gat±ni ca bah³ni dukkaµ±ni santi, t±ni panettha vinayadukkaµeyeva saŖgahitabb±ni. “Vinaye pańńatta½ dukkaµa½ vinayadukkaµan”ti hi s±ratthad²paniya½ (s±rattha. µ². 2.94) vuttanti. Aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.94) pana rajokiŗŗadukkaµasseva “vinayadukkaµan”ti gahaŗa½ upalakkhaŗamatta½. Itarath± aµµha dukkaµ±n²ti gaŗan±paricchedoyeva niratthako siy±ti pubbapayoge dukkaµ±d²nampi vinayadukkaµeyeva saŖgahetabbabh±vepi katipay±ni dassetv± itaresamekato dassanattha½ tesa½ visu½ gahaŗa½ suttaŖgasaŖgahitattepi geyyag±th±d²na½ aµµhanna½ visu½ dassana½ viy±ti veditabba½.
46. Tatthaj±taka½ kaµµha½ v±ti tasmi½ ciranihitanidh³pari j±ta½ alla½ sukkha½ kaµµha½ v±. Lata½ v±ti t±disa½ valli½ v±. Ida½ upalakkhaŗa½ tiŗ±d²na½ khuddakagacch±nańca gahetabbatt±. Ubhayatth±p²ti alle ca sukkhe c±ti vutta½ hoti. Allarukkh±d²ni chindato p±cittiya½ ahutv± dukkaµamattassa bhavane k±raŗa½ dasseti “sahapayogato”ti. Avah±rena sahitapayogatt± p±cittiyaµµh±nepi dukkaµamev±ti vutta½ hoti. “Sahapayogato ubhayatth±pi dukkaµan”ti vadanto paµhamag±th±ya dassitapubbapayogato im±ya dassitasahapayogassa visesa½ dasseti.
47. Pathavinti kappiya½ v± akappiya½ v± pathavi½. Akappiyapathavi½ khaŗato sahapayogatt± dukkaµameva. By³hatoti pa½su½ ekato r±si½ karontassa. “Viy³hati ekapasse r±si½ karot²”ti aµµhakath±vacanato ³ha-iccetassa dh±tuno vitakke uppannattepi dh±t³namanekatthatt± vi-upasaggavasena idha r±sikaraŗe vattat²ti gahetabba½. R±sibh³ta½ pa½su½ kud±lena v± hatthena v± pacchiy± v± uddharantassa ca apanentassa ca payogagaŗan±ya dukkaµa½ pa½sumeva v±ti ettha avuttasamuccayatthena -saddena saŖgahitanti daµµhabba½. ¾masantass±ti nidhikumbhi½ hatthena par±masantassa. ti samuccaye. Dukkaµanti duµµhu kata½ kiriya½ satth±r± vutta½ vir±dhetv± khalitv± katatt±ti dukkaµa½. Vuttańceta½ pariv±re (pari. 339)–
“Dukkaµanti hi ya½ vutta½, ta½ suŗohi yath±tatha½;
aparaddha½ viraddhańca, khalita½ yańca dukkaµan”ti.
Duµµhu v± vir³pa½ kata½ kiriy±ti dukkaµa½. Vuttampi ceta½ pariv±re (pari. 339)–
“Ya½ manusso kare p±pa½, ±vi v± yadi v± raho;
‘dukkaµan’ti pavedenti, teneta½ iti vuccat²”ti.
Eva½ “tatthaj±takan”ti-±dig±th±dvay±gata½ chedanadukkaµa½ khaŗanadukkaµa½ by³hanadukkaµa½ uddharaŗadukkaµa½ ±masanadukkaµanti pańcasu sahapayogadukkaµesu purimapurimapayogehi ±pann± dukkaµ±pattiyo pacchima½ pacchima½ dukkaµa½ patv± paµipassambhanti, ta½ta½payog±vas±ne lajjidhamma½ okkamitv± oramati ce, ta½ta½dukkaµamatta½ desetv± parisuddho hoti. Dhuranikkhepamakatv± phand±pentassa thullaccaya½ patv± ±masanadukkaµa½ paµipassambhat²ti mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 1.94) vutta½. Yath±p±¼iy± gayham±ne purimapurim±patt²na½ paµipassaddhi “ńattiy± dukkaµa½, dv²hi kammav±c±hi thullaccay± paµipassambhant²”ti p±¼iya½ (p±r±. 414, 421, 428, 439) ±gatatt± anuss±van±ya eva labbhat²ti daµµhabba½. Imassa pana suttassa anulomavasena mah±-aµµhakath±ya½ vutt± imasmi½ adinn±d±nasikkh±padepi ±pattipaµipassaddhi pam±ŗanti niµµhamettha gantabba½.