Dutiyap±r±jikakath±vaººan±

39. Id±ni dutiya½ p±r±jikavinicchaya½ dassetum±ha “±diyanto”ti-±di. Tattha “theyyacitten±”ti p±µhaseso. So ca paccattekavacanantehi sabbapadehi yojetabbo, theyyacittena ±diyanto par±jitoti sambandho. Parasantaka½ ±r±m±di½ abhiyuñjitv± s±mika½ par±jetv± theyyacittena gaºhanto tadatth±ya kate pubbapayoge dukkaµa½, s±mikassa vimatupp±dane thullaccayañca ±pajjitv± tassa ca attano ca dhuranikkhepena p±timokkhasa½varas²lasampattiy± ad±y±do hutv± par±jito hot²ti vutta½ hoti.
“Tath±”ti ca “ap²”ti ca “par±jito”ti ca “theyyacitten±”ti imin± saha ekato katv± “haranto”ti-±d²hi cat³hipi padehi yojetabba½. Theyyacittena harantopi tath± par±jitoti yojan± s²s±d²hi parasantaka½ bhaº¹a½ haranto theyyacittena bhaº¹assa ±masane dukkaµañca phand±pane thullaccayañca ±pajjitv± s²sato khandhoharaº±dipayoga½ karontopi tath± par±jito hot²ti attho.
Theyyacittena avaharantopi tath± par±jitoti yojan±. Aya½ panettha attho– aññehi saªgopan±di½ sandh±ya attani upanikkhittabhaº¹a½ “dehi me bhaº¹an”ti codiyam±no “na may± gahitan”ti-±din± mus± vatv± theyyacittena gaºhantopi tassa vimatupp±dane thullaccayam±pajjitv± tatheva dhuranikkhepena par±jito hot²ti. “N±ha½ aggahesin”ti-±din± avaj±nitv± paµikkhipitv± haranto “avaharanto”ti vutto.
Theyyacittena iriy±patha½ vikopentopi tath± par±jitoti yojan±. Ya½ pana aññesa½ bhaº¹aharaºakamanuss±d²namaññatara½ “tena bhaº¹ena saha gaºh±m²”ti bhaº¹a½ haranta½ theyyacittena niv±retv± attan± icchitadis±bhimukha½ katv± tassa pakati-iriy±patha½ vikopentopi paµhamap±duddh±rena thullaccayam±pajjitv± dutiyapadav±r±tikkamena tatheva par±jito hot²ti attho.
Theyyacittena µh±n± c±ventopi tath± par±jitoti yojan±. Thal±d²su µhita½ bhaº¹a½ theyyacittena avaharituk±mat±ya µhitaµµh±nato apanentopi dutiyapariyesan±d²su ±masan±vas±nesu sabbesupi payogesu dukkaµ±ni ca phand±pane thullaccayañca ±pajjitv± upari vakkham±nappak±resu viya µhitaµµh±nato kesaggamattampi apanento tatheva par±jito hot²ti attho.
Evamet±ya g±th±ya “±diyeyya hareyya avahareyya iriy±patha½ vikopeyya µh±n±c±veyya saªketa½ v²tin±meyy±”ti (p±r±. 92) padabh±jan±gatesu chasu padesu ±do pañca pad±ni saªgahetv± chaµµha½ pada½ kasm± na saªgahitanti ce? Aya½ g±th± na ta½padabh±jana½ dassetu½ vutt±, atha kho tesa½ pad±na½ vinicchaya½ sandh±ya aµµhakath±su (p±r±. aµµha. 1.92) vuttapañcav²sati-avah±re dassetu½ tadavayavabh³tapañcapañcak±ni dassetuk±mena vutt±, tasm± ettha chaµµha½ pada½ na vuttanti daµµhabba½. Atha v± vakkham±ne tatiyapañcake nissaggiy±vah±rapadena, pañcamapañcake parikapp±vah±rapadena ca saªgayham±natt± ettha n±nekabhaº¹apañcakadvaya½ asaªkarato dassetu½ chaµµha½ pada½ na gahitanti veditabba½.
40. Imasmi½ adinn±d±nap±r±jike vatthumhi otiººe kattabbavinicchayassa pañcav²sati-avah±r±na½ aªg±ni honti, te ca n±n±bhaº¹apañcaka½ ekabhaº¹apañcaka½ s±hatthikapañcaka½ pubbapayogapañcaka½ theyy±vah±rapañcakanti niddiµµh± pañcapañcakabhed±, tattha im±ya g±th±ya n±nekabhaº¹apañcakadvayappabhede dasa avah±re saªgahetv± avasesapañcakattaya½ dassetu½ “tatth±”ti ±raddha½. Tattha tatth±ti tissa½ g±th±ya½. N±nekabhaº¹±nanti n±n±, eko ca bhaº¹o yesanti viggaho. Saviññ±ºaka-aviññ±ºakabhaº¹avasena n±n±bhaº¹apañcakañca saviññ±ºakabhaº¹avaseneva ekabhaº¹apañcakañca veditabba½. Pañca parim±º± yesante pañcak±, tesa½. Avah±r±ti avaharaº±ni, corakamm±n²ti vutta½ hoti. Eteti anantarag±th±ya “±diyanto”ti-±din± niddiµµh± ±diyant±dayo. Paµipattisant±ne visesa½ vinicchaya½ bh±veti upp±det²ti vibh±v², vinayadharo, tena vibh±vin±. Viññ±tabb±ti paresa½ ±r±m±disaviññ±ºakavatth³ni v± d±samay³r±di½ kevala½ saviññ±ºakavatthumatta½ v± avaharitu½ kat± yath±vuttasar³p± ±diyan±dayo µh±n±c±vanapariyos±n± pañca avah±r± yath±vuttan±n±bhaº¹a-ekabhaº¹avisay± hutv± pavattant²ti n±n±bhaº¹apañcaka½ ekabhaº¹apañcakanti dasa avah±r± bhavant²ti vinayadharena otiººassa vatthuno vinicchayopak±rakatt± tathato ñ±tabb±ti attho.
41. Eva½ pañcav²sati avah±re dassetu½ vattabbesu pañcasu pañcakesu n±nekabhaº¹apañcak±ni dve dassetv± id±ni avasesapañcakattaya½ dassetum±ha “s±hatth±”ti-±di. Tattha s±hatthoti sako hattho, tena nibbatto, tassa v± sambandh²ti s±hattho, avah±ro, corena sahatth± kato avah±roti attho. ¾ºattiko cev±ti ±ºattiy± nibbatto ±ºattiko, avah±ro, corassa “ima½ n±ma bhaº¹a½ gaºh±”ti yassa kassaci ±º±panena siddho avah±ro ca. Nissaggoti nissajjana½ nissaggo, avah±ro, suªkagh±taµµh±ne, parikappitok±se v± µhatv± bhaº¹assa bahi p±tananti vutta½ hoti.
Atthas±dhakoti p±r±jik±pattisaªkh±ta½ attha½ s±dhet²ti atthas±dhako, so avah±ro ca yath±ºattika½ avir±dhetv± eka½sena avaharantassa “asukassa bhaº¹a½ avahar±”ti avisesena v± avaharitabbavatthuviseso gahaºak±lo gahaºadeso gahaº±k±ro c±ti evam±divises±namaññatarena visesetv± v± ±º±panañca eka½sena p±dagghanakatelapivanaka½ up±han±dikiñcivatthu½ telabh±jan±d²su p±tan±dippayogo c±ti evam±dippayogo ca kiriy±siddhiy± puretarameva p±r±jikasaªkh±tassa atthassa s±dhanato atthas±dhako avah±ro c±ti vutta½ hoti.
Dhuranikkhepanañc±ti dhurassa nikkhepana½ dhuranikkhepana½, tañca avah±ro, parasantak±na½ ±r±m±d²na½ abhiyogavisaye ca upanikkhittassa bhaº¹±dino visaye ca corassa s±mino vissajjane ca s±mino ca, yad± kad±ci yath±kathañci gaºhiss±m²ti gahaºe niruss±habh±vasaªkh±to dhuranikkhep±vah±ro c±ti vutta½ hoti. Iti ida½ dhuranikkhepanañca yath±vuttappak±ra½ s±hatth±dicatukkañca pañcanna½ avah±r±na½ sam³ho pañcaka½, s±hatth±dipañcaka½ “s±hatthapañcakan”ti vuccati. ¾di-saddo luttaniddiµµhoti veditabba½.
42. Pubbasahapayog± c±ti ettha “pubbapayogo sahapayogo”ti payoga-saddo pacceka½ yojetabbo. “¾ºattivasena pubbapayogo veditabbo”ti aµµhakath±vacanato (p±r±. aµµha. 1.92) yath±ºattikamavir±dhetv± gaºhato “asukassa itthann±ma½ bhaº¹a½ avahar±”ti ±º±pana½ pubbapayogo n±ma avah±ro. K±yena, v±c±ya v± payujjana½ ±º±pana½ payogo, ±ºattassa bhaº¹aggahaºato pubbatt± pubbo ca so payogo c±ti pubbapayogo avah±roti daµµhabba½. “Ýh±n±c±vanavasena sahapayogo veditabbo”ti aµµhakath±vacanassa upalakkhaºapadatt± µh±n±c±vanañca par±yattabh³migahaºe kh²lasaªkaman±dikañca sahapayogo avah±roti veditabbo.
Sa½vid±haraºanti bah³hi ekato hutv± “ida½ n±ma bhaº¹a½ avahariss±m±”ti sa½vidahitv± sabbehi, ekato v± sabbesa½ anumatiy± ekena v± gantv± parasantakassa theyyacittena haraºasaªkh±to sa½vid±vah±ro ca. Sama½ ek² hutv± visu½ eken±pi theyyacittena p±de v± p±d±rahe v± gahite katamantan±na½ sabbesampi p±r±jika½ hot²ti daµµhabba½ Sa½vidahitv± mantetv± avaharaºa½ sa½vid±haraºa½. Niruttinayena saddasiddhi veditabb±. “Sa½vid±haraºan”ti “sa½vid±vah±ro”ti imassa vevacana½. “Sambahul± sa½vidahitv± eko bhaº¹a½ avaharati, ±patti sabbesa½ p±r±jikass±”ti (p±r±. 118) vacanato eva½ sahakatamantanesu eken±pi theyyacittena p±de v± p±d±rahe v± gahite katamantan±na½ sabbesa½ p±r±jika½ hot²ti daµµhabba½.
Saªketakammanti pubbaºh±dik±laparicchedena sañj±nana½ saªketo, tena kata½ kamma½ avaharaºa½ saªketakamma½ n±ma. Ta½ pana purebhatt±d²su kañci k±la½ paricchinditv± “imasmi½ k±le itthann±ma½ bhaº¹a½ avahar±”ti vutte tasmi½yeva k±le ta½yeva yath±vutta½ bhaº¹a½ avaharati ce, saªketak±rakassa saªketakkhaºeyeva p±r±jikanti saªkhepato veditabba½.
Nemittanti parabhaº¹±vah±rassa hetutt± akkhinikhaºan±di nimitta½ n±ma, tena nibbatta½ nemitta½, avaharaºasaªkh±takamma½ avah±ro. “May± akkhimhi nikhaºite v± bhamumhi ukkhitte v± itthann±ma½ bhaº¹a½ avahar±”ti ±ºattena ta½ nimitta½ disv± vuttameva bhaº¹a½ vuttaniy±mamavir±dhetv± gahita½ ce, nimittak±rakassa nimittakaraºakkhaºeyeva p±r±jika½ hoti. Vuttaniy±ma½ vir±dhetv± gahita½ ce, nimittak±rako muccati, avah±rakasseva p±r±jika½. Pubbapayogo ±di yassa ta½ pubbapayog±di, pubbapayog±di ca ta½ pañcakañc±ti viggaho.
43. Theyyañca pasayhañca parikappo ca paµicchanno ca kuso ca theyyapasayhaparikappapaµicchannakus±, te ±d² upapadabh³t± yesa½ avah±r±na½ te theyya…pe… kus±dik± avah±r±, imin± theyy±vah±ro ca…pe… kus±vah±ro c±ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha theyy±vah±roti theno vuccati coro, tassa bh±vo theyya½, ettha na-k±ralopo niruttinayena daµµhabbo, tena avaharaºa½ theyy±vah±ro, sandhicched±divasena adissam±nena gahaºañca k³µam±nak³µakah±paº±d²hi vañcetv± gahaºañca theyy±vah±ro.
Pasayha abhibhavitv± avaharaºa½ pasayh±vah±ro, g±mavilopak± viya s±mike abhibhavitv± gahaºañca r±jabhaµ±dayo viya abhibhavitv± nibaddhakaraggahaºe adhikaggahaºañca pasayh±vah±ro.
Vatthasutt±dika½ paricchijja kappetv± avaharaºa½ parikapp±vah±ro, so ca bhaº¹ok±saparikappavasena duvidho hoti. Tattha nikkhittabhaº¹a½ andhak±rappadesa½ pavisitv± sutt±dibhaº¹±ni tattha nikkhitt±ni, te pe¼±dayo gaºhantassa “vatth±ni ce gaºhiss±mi, sutt±ni ce na gaºhiss±m²”ti-±din± nayena parikappetv± ukkhipana½ bhaº¹aparikappapubbakatt± bhaº¹aparikapp±vah±ro n±ma. ¾r±mapariveº±d²ni pavisitv± lobhan²ya½ bhaº¹a½ disv± gabbhap±s±datalapamukham±¼akap±k±radv±rakoµµhak±di½ ya½ kiñci µh±na½ parikappetv± “etthantare diµµho ce, oloketu½ gahita½ viya dass±mi, no ce, hariss±m²”ti parikappetv± ±d±ya gantv± parikappitaµµh±n±tikkamo ok±saparikappapubbakatt± ok±saparikapp±vah±ro n±m±ti saªkhepato veditabbo.
Tiºapaºº±d²hi paµicchannassa bhaº¹assa avaharaºa½ paµicchann±vah±ro, uyy±n±d²su k²¼am±nehi v± saªghaparivisantehi v± manussehi omuñcitv± µhapita½ alaªk±r±dika½ ya½ kiñci bhaº¹a½ disv± “oºamitv± gaºhante ±saªkant²”ti µhatv± tiºapaººapa½suv±luk±d²hi paµicch±detv± s±mikesu pariyesitv± adisv± s±layesu gatesu pacch± theyyacittena gahaºañca tadeva bhaº¹a½ kaddam±d²su theyyacittena aªguµµh±d²hi p²¼etv± os²d±petv± heµµh±bh±gena phuµµhaµµh±na½ uparibh±gena atikkamanañca paµicchann±vah±roti vutta½ hoti.
Kusena avah±ro kus±vah±ro, theyyacittena kusa½ saªk±metv± parakoµµh±sassa agghena mahantassa v± samasamassa v± gahaºanti attho. Yo pana bhikkhu kusap±tanena saªghassa c²varesu bh±jiyam±nesu attano koµµh±sena sama½ v± adhika½ v± ³naka½ v± agghena pañcam±saka½ v± atirekapañcam±saka½ v± agghanaka½ aññassa koµµh±sa½ avaharituk±mo attano koµµh±se patita½ kusa½ parakoµµh±se p±tetuk±mo uddharati, taªkhaºe ca parassa koµµh±se p±titakkhaºe ca na p±r±jika½ an±pajjitv± parakoµµh±sato paran±malikhita½ kusa½ ukkhipento tato kesaggamattampi apan±meti, p±r±jiko hoti. Yadi paµhama½ parakoµµh±sato kusa½ uddharati, uddhaµakkhaºe ca attano koµµh±se p±titakkhaºe ca sakan±malikhita½ kusa½ uddharaºakkhaºe ca p±r±jika½ an±pajjitv± parakoµµh±se p±tanakkhaºe hatthato kesaggamattampi mutte p±r±jiko hoti.