P±r±jikakath±

Paµhamap±r±jikakath±vaººan±

6. Eva½ pañcahi g±th±hi ratanattayapaº±m±di½ dassetv± id±ni yath±paµiññ±tavinicchaya½ dassetum±ha “tividhe”ti-±di. Tattha “tividhe”ti-±din± paµhamap±r±jikasikkh±padavinicchaya½ dasseti. Tividheti vaccapass±vamukhamagg±na½ vasena tippak±re maggeti imin± sambandho. Tilamattamp²ti tilab²jamattampi aªgaj±tanti sambandho. Maggeti vaccapass±v±na½ nikkhamanadv±rat±ya, annap±napittasemh±d²na½ pavesananikkhamanadv±rat±ya ca maggavoh±ragate sar²rappadese, allok±seti sambandho. “Maggesu tilamattampi, t²su sevanacetano”ti vattabbepi “tividhe”ti pak±rav±cividhasaddop±d±nena saj±tisaªgahavasena t²hi r±s²hi saªgahetv± pabhedavasena ti½savidho maggo dassito hoti.
Seyyathida½? P±r±jikavatthubh³tamukh±dimagg±na½ nissayabh³te satte dassetu½ “tisso itthiyo manussitth² amanussitth² tiracch±nagatitth²”ti-±din± (p±r±. 56) nayena p±¼iya½ dassitamanuss±manussatiracch±nagatitth²na½ pacceka½ tiººa½ magg±na½ vasena nava magg±, tatheva dassit±na½ tiººa½ ubhatobyañjanak±na½ vasena nava magg±, tiººa½ pana paº¹ak±na½ mukhamaggavaccamagg±na½ vasena pacceka½ dve dve magg±ti cha magg±, tath± tiººa½ pana puris±nanti eva½ ti½savidho hoti.
Sevanacetanoti sevane methunapayoge cetan± ass±ti viggaho, methunar±g³pasa½hit±ya cetan±ya samann±gatoti attho. Allok±seti ti½samagg±namaññatare magge pakativ±tena asa½phuµµhe allapadese, imin± b±hira½ p±r±jikakkhetta½ na hot²ti d²peti. Visesanassa vises±pekkhatt± dutiyag±th±ya “sasikkho so”ti padadvaya½ ±haritv± “sevanacetano sasikkho so bhikkh³”ti yojetabba½.
Aªge sar²re j±tanti aªgaj±ta½, purisanimitta½. Satipi avasesasar²r±vayav±na½ tath±bh±ve ru¼hivasena tadeva tath± vutta½. Pavesentoti dvaya½dvayasam±pattisaªkh±tak±yikakiriya½ nipph±dento. Par±jitoti dullabh±ya khaºasampattiy± laddhabbato dullabh± lokiyalokuttaraguºasampattisukhato parih±petv± kilesasapattehi par±jayam±p±ditoti attho.
Ayamettha yojan±– sasikkho sevanacetano tividhe magge allok±se aªgaj±ta½ tilamattampi pavesento so bhikkhu par±jito hot²ti. Ett±vat±–
“Yo pana bhikkhu bhikkh³na½ sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno sikkha½ apaccakkh±ya dubbalya½ an±vikatv± methuna½ dhamma½ paµiseveyya, antamaso tiracch±nagat±yapi, p±r±jiko hoti asa½v±so”ti (p±r±. 44)–

Bhagavat± paññattasikkh±pada½ saªgahitanti daµµhabba½.

7. Eva½ imiss± g±th±ya att³pakkamam³laka½ p±r±jika½ dassetv± id±ni “bhikkhupaccatthik± manussitthi½ bhikkhussa santike ±netv± vaccamaggena (p±r±. 58) aªgaj±te abhinis²dent²”ti-±dinayappavatta½ paropakkamam³laka½ p±r±jikañca dassetum±ha “pavesanan”ti-±di. Tattha pavesananti bhikkhupaccatthikehi suttapamatt±dimanussitthi-±d²namaññatara½ ±netv± yath±vuttamagg±namaññatara½ magga½ yath± pavisati, tath± bhikkhuno aªgaj±te abhinis²d±pane sambhavanta½ maggappavesanam±ha. Pavesana½ s±diyanto sasikkho soti yojan±. Ettha “pavesana½ s±diyati adhiv±seti, tasmi½ khaºe sevanacitta½ upaµµh±pet²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.58) aµµhakath±vacanato aggato y±va m³la½ pavesentesu ass±dacitta½ upaµµh±pento taªkhaºeyeva s±sanato cutoti attho. Paviµµhanti-±d²su padesupi evameva yojan±.
Paviµµhanti paviµµhakkhaºo. “Paviµµhan”ti-±din± t±ya t±ya kiriy±ya upalakkhito khaºo gahetabbo. Tenevettha accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½ kata½. Ýhitanti ettha “sukkavissaµµhisamaye”ti aµµhakath±vacanassa sabbath± by±p±rarahita½ k±la½ sandh±ya vuttatt± sukkavissaµµhisamayopi gahetabbo. Teneva gaºµhipade vuttanayena paviµµhassa ca y±va uddharaº±rambho, t±va sambhavanto µhitak±lopi gahetabbo. Uddharaºanti n²haraºak±lo.
ti vikappe, ap²ti samuccaye, so -saddena vikappit±na½ pakkh±na½ tulyabalata½ joteti. Iti imehi dv²hipi “so ce pavesana½ s±diyati, paviµµha½ s±diyat²”ti-±din± (p±r±. 58) p±¼iya½ ±gatanayena labbham±na½ pavesan±di-ekakkhaºampi s±diyanapaccay± ±pajjam±na½ p±r±jika½ dasseti. Sasikkhoti sikkh±ya saha vattat²ti sasikkho, apaccakkh±tasikkhoti attho. S±diyantoti sevanacitta½ upaµµh±pento. So bhikkhu. Ýhapetv± kiriyanti att³pakkamana½ vin±. Cutoti “bhikkhupaccatthikehi katamida½, na may±”ti lesena na muccati, s±diyanacitte sati s±sanato cutoyeva hot²ti adhipp±yo.
Ettha ca sasikkhoti ida½ “sikkha½ apaccakkh±ya dubbalya½ an±vikatv±”ti (p±r±. 44) sikkh±padap±µhassa atthadassanavasena niddiµµha½. Tassa padabh±jane (p±r±. 45), tadaµµhakath±ya ca vibhatta½ sikkh±paccakkh±na½ saªkhepato eva½ veditabba½– cittakhettak±lapayogapuggalavij±nanavasena sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena. Upasampannabh±vato cavituk±mat±citteneva hi sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na dav± v± rav± v± vadantassa. Eva½ cittavasena sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Tath± “buddha½ paccakkh±mi, dhamma½ paccakkh±mi, saªgha½ paccakkh±mi, sikkha½, vinaya½, p±timokkha½, uddesa½, upajjh±ya½, ±cariya½, saddhivih±rika½, antev±sika½, sam±nupajjh±yaka½, sam±n±cariyaka½, sabrahmac±ri½ paccakkh±m²”ti eva½ vutt±na½ buddh±d²na½ catuddasanna½, “gih²ti ma½ dh±rehi, up±sako, ±r±miko, s±maºero, titthiyo, titthiyas±vako, assamaºo, asakyaputtiyoti ma½ dh±reh²”ti eva½ vutt±na½ gihi-±d²na½ aµµhannañc±ti imesa½ b±v²satiy± khettapad±na½ yassa kassaci savevacanassa vasena tesu ya½ kiñci vattuk±massa ya½ kiñci vadato sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na rukkh±d²na½ aññatarassa n±ma½ gahetv± sikkha½ paccakkhantassa. Eva½ khettavasena sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Tattha yadeta½ “paccakkh±m²”ti ca “ma½ dh±reh²”ti c±ti vutta½ vattam±nak±lavacana½, y±ni ca “ala½ me buddhena, ki½ nu me buddhena, na mamattho buddhena, sumutt±ha½ buddhen±”ti-±din± nayena ±khy±tavasena k±la½ an±masitv± purimehi cuddasahi padehi saddhi½ yojetv± vutt±ni “ala½ me”ti-±d²ni catt±ri pad±ni, tesa½yeva savevacan±na½ vasena paccakkh±na½ hoti, na “paccakkh±sin”ti v± “paccakkhissan”ti v± “ma½ dh±res²”ti v± “ma½ dh±ressat²”ti v± “ya½ n³n±ha½ paccakkheyyan”ti v±ti-±d²ni at²t±n±gataparikappavacan±ni bhaºantassa. Eva½ vattam±nak±lavasena ceva an±maµµhak±lavasena ca paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Payogo pana duvidho k±yiko ca v±casiko ca. Tattha “buddha½ paccakkh±m²”ti-±din± nayena y±ya k±yaci bh±s±ya vac²bheda½ katv± v±casikapayogeneva paccakkh±na½ hoti, na akkharalikhana½ v± hatthamudd±didassana½ v± k±yapayoga½ karontassa. Eva½ v±casikapayogeneva paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Puggalo pana duvidho yo ca paccakkh±ti, yassa ca paccakkh±ti. Tattha yo paccakkh±ti, so sace ummattakakhittacittavedanaµµ±na½ aññataro na hoti. Yassa pana paccakkh±ti, so sace manussaj±tiko hoti, na ca ummattak±d²na½ aññataro, sammukh²bh³to ca sikkh±paccakkh±na½ hoti. Na hi asammukh²bh³tassa d³tena v± paººena v± ±rocana½ ruhati. Eva½ yath±vuttassa puggalassa vasena paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena.
Vij±nanampi niyamit±niyamitavasena duvidha½. Tattha yassa, yesa½ v± niyametv± “imassa, imesa½ v± ±rocem²”ti vadati. Sace te yath± pakatiy± loke manuss± vacana½ sutv± ±vajjanasamaye j±nanti, eva½ tassa vacan±nantarameva tassa “aya½ ukkaºµhito”ti v± “gihibh±va½ patthayat²”ti v± yena kenaci ±k±rena sikkh±paccakkh±nabh±va½ j±nanti, paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Atha aparabh±ge “ki½ imin± vuttan”ti cintetv± j±nanti, aññe v± j±nanti, apaccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Aniyametv± ±rocentassa pana sace vuttanayena yo koci manussaj±tiko vacanattha½ j±n±ti, paccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±. Eva½ vij±nanavasena paccakkh±na½ hoti, na tadabh±vena. Yo pana antamaso dav±yapi paccakkh±ti, tena apaccakkh±t±va hoti sikkh±.
Iti imesa½ vuttappak±r±na½ citt±d²na½ vasena apaccakkh±tasikkho “sasikkho”ti vutto.
8-10. “Id±ni santhatena santhatassa ghaµµane up±dinnakaghaµµan±bh±vato doso natth²”ti p±pabhikkh³na½ lesakappana½ paµikkhipitu½ “bhikkhupaccatthik± manussitthi½ bhikkhussa santike ±netv± vaccamaggena, pass±vamaggena, mukhena aªgaj±ta½ abhinis²denti santhat±ya asanthatass±”ti-±din± (p±r±. 61) nayena p±¼iya½ vuttasanthatav±r±namattha½ saªgaºhanto ±ha “santhaten±”ti-±di. Tattha santhaten±ti cammaco¼atipupaµµ±d²hi paµicch±ditena. “Pavesento”ti imin± santhatav±rassa paropakkama½ niss±ya dassanamupalakkhaºanti att³pakkamepi yojetabbata½ dasseti, tassa vakkham±nena “par±jito”ti imin± sambandho. “Tathev±”ti imin± pavesentoti-±dippak±ra½ par±masati.
Eva½ pavesento kad± par±jito hot²ti ±ha “up±dinnen±”ti-±di. Ettha up±dinnen±ti taºh±diµµh²hi upetena kammun± attano phalabh±veneva ±dinna½ gahitanti up±dinna½, etena attano aªgaj±tassa, vatthupuggal±na½ maggassa ca ghaµµanaµµh±nagata½ k±yappas±da½ dasseti. Imin±va aªgaj±tagata½ anaµµhak±yappas±da½ cammakhila½, pi¼ak±di ca gahetabba½. “Up±dinnaka½ n±ma k±yindriyan”ti gaºµhipade vutta½. Tabbipariy±yena “anup±dinnakan”ti tappaµicch±daka½ co¼±di vutta½. Up±dinnena up±dinne, anup±dinne v± p±r±jikakkhette ghaµµite, anup±dinnakena v± up±dinne anup±dinne v± p±r±jikakkhette ghaµµiteti yojan±. Ettha ca karaºavacanant±ni pad±ni “aªgaj±ten±”ti imassa visesan±ni.
Ett±vat± santhatacatukkavasena att³pakkame sati p±r±jikakkhette p±r±jika½ dassetv± id±ni par³pakkamepi dassetum±ha “sace”ti-±di. Etth±ti etesu cat³su vikappesu. P±r±jikakkhette paviµµhe t³ti ettha tu-saddena pavesanaµµhituddh±rakkhaºattaya½ samuccinoti. Ya½ta½-sadd±na½ niccasambandhatt± hi “so”ti ta½-saddop±d±ne “yo”ti ya½-saddopi ajjh±haritabbo, s±matthiyena sampiº¹anattho apisaddo ca. Ayamettha atthayojan±– bhikkhupaccatthikehi ±netv± bhikkhuno aªgaj±te abhinis²d±pitamanussitthi-±d²na½ t²su maggesu aññataramaggasaªkh±ta½ p±r±jikakkhetta½ paviµµhe v± tu-saddena sampiº¹itapavesanaµµhituddh±r±namaññatarakkhaºe v± sace yo s±diyati, sappamukh±dippavesanak±le viya anuttasitv± k±mar±gapip±s±bhibh³to yadi s±diyati, sopi bhikkhu par±jito hot²ti yojan±. “Sace s±diyat²”ti imin± s±saªkavacanena na s±diyati, an±patt²ti s³cita½ hoti.
“P±r±jikakkhette”ti imin± byavacchinne aññasmi½ µh±ne v²tikkamantassa imasmi½yeva vikappe sambhavantiyo itar±pattiyo dassetum±ha “khette”ti-±di. “Etth±”ti ±netv± sambandhan²ya½. “Khette”ti s±maññaniddesepi heµµh± “p±r±jikakkhette”ti visesitatt±, uparithullaccay±d²nañca vidh²yam±natt± aññath±nupapattilakkhaº±ya s±matthiy± thullaccayadukkaµ±na½ khetteti ayamattho labbhati. “Kaººacchiddakkhin±s±s³”ti-±din± nayena vakkham±nesu j²vam±nakasar²ragatathullaccayadukkaµakkhettes³ti vutta½ hoti.