503. Paµinissajjatopi tanti samanubh±sanakammato pubbe v± ñatticatutth±su kammav±c±su antakammav±c±ya yya-k±ra½ appatt±ya v± kulad³sanakamma½ pajahantass±ti vutta½ hoti. Saªghabhedasamanti paµhamasaªghabhedena samanti.

Kulad³sanakath±vaººan±.

504. “J±nan”ti imassa “bhikkhun±”ti etassa visesanatt± j±nat±ti gahetabba½. P±¼iy± likhite s²ha¼agaºµhipade pana evar³pa½ ±patti½ ±pannosm²ti ñatv±ti attho vutto. Y±vat²hanti yattak±ni ah±ni, “ch±dit±”ti imin± sambandho, ch±danakiriy±-accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. Ch±dit±ti “aha½ itthann±ma½ ±patti½ ±panno”ti sabrahmac±r²na½ an±rocanadivasena paµicch±dit±. ¾patt²ti saªgh±dises±patti. Ak±m±ti aruciy±va saªgh±disesa½ ±pajjitv± akatapaµikammassa saggamokkh±na½ antar±yakaratt±ti adhipp±yo. Parivatthabbanti pariv±sa½ sam±d±ya vatthabba½. Kittaka½ k±lanti ±ha “t±vat²han”ti, tattak±ni ah±n²ti vutta½ hoti. ¾pajjitv± yattak±ni ah±ni paµicch±deti, tattak±neva ah±n²ti attho.
505-6. ¾patti kittakena paµicchann± hot²ti ±ha “±patti c±”ti-±di. Tattha ±patti c±ti saªgh±dises±patti ca. Anukkhitto c±ti ukkhepan²yakammena saya½ aniss±rito ca. Pah³ c±ti saya½ sabrahmac±r²na½ santika½ gantv± ±rocetu½ pahoti ca. Anantar±yiko c±ti gamanavibandhakena r±jacor±di-antar±yena virahito ca. Catusva p²ti ettha “etes³”ti seso, etesu cat³s³ti attho. Ta½saññ²ti ±pattisaññ² anukkhittasaññ² pahusaññ² anantar±yikasaññ²ti vutta½ hoti. Tassa eva½saññino imesu cat³su tath±saññino puggalassa. Ch±detuk±mat±ti ±cariy±d²su g±ravena v± garah±dibhay± v± “na ±rocess±m²”ti paµicch±detuk±mat± ca. Ch±dananti tath± cintetv± “aha½ itthann±ma½ ±panno”ti avatv± paµicch±danañc±ti imehi dasahi aªgehi. “Bhikkhun±”ti kattuniddesatt± chann±ti ettha ch±dit±ti attho. K±lavidhi½ dasseti “aruºuggamanen±”ti, ±patti-±pannadivasa½ khepetv± aruºuµµh±nena saddhi½ chann± hot²ti attho.

Dvebh±ºav±ravaººan± niµµhit±.

507. Eva½ paµicchannasaªgh±disesapaµikammattha½ “ak±m± parivatthabban”ti vihitassa pariv±sassa ko bhedo, ko pavattikkamoti ±ha “tividho”ti-±di. So pariv±so tividho d²pitoti sambandho. Ken±ti ±ha “tividh±petacetas±”ti. “Tisso vidh±, seyyohamasm²ti vidh±, sadisohamasm²ti vidh±, h²nohamasm²ti vidh±”ti (d². ni. 3.305) vuttavidh±ya m±nan±madheyyato tividham±nato apagatacittena samm±sambuddhen±ti attho.
Paµicchann± ±patti etass±ti paµicchanno. Aris±d²na½ ±gatigaºatt± tattha pakkhipanena a-k±rapaccayo daµµhabbo. Teneva vakkhati “paµicchann±ya d±tabbo”ti-±di.
Suddhantoti “ubho koµiyo sodhetv± d±tabbapariv±so suddhanto n±m±”ti p±¼igaºµhipade vuttatt± upasampad±k±lasaªkh±to suddho pubbanto, ±rocitak±lasaªkh±to suddho aparanto ca pariv±sasam±d±nak±le v± parivasanak±le v± upaparikkhitv± diµµh± suddh± ant± an±pattik±lasaªkh±t± ubho koµiyo ass±ti katv± suddhantan±mako pariv±so ca. Ettha ca bhed±di½ vakkhati.
Samm± divas±d²na½ odh±na½ pakkhepo yattha so samodh±no, pariv±so. Divasesu divase v± ±patt²su ±pattiyo v± sabb± n±n±vatthuk± ±pattiyo ekato katv± odh±ya d±tabbapariv±soti attho. Etth±pi bhed±di½ vakkhati.
508. Tatr±ti tesu t²su pariv±sesu. “Yo”ti seso. It²ti evamattho daµµhabbo. Yo paµicchannapariv±so, ayanti eva½ pak±sitoti yojan±.
509-10. Pariv±sad±nak±le vuccam±n±ya kammav±c±ya padh±nalakkhaºa½ dassetum±ha “vatthugottavasen±”ti-±di. Tattha “vatth³”ti sukkamocan±diko v²tikkamo vuccati. Ayameva sukkavissaµµhi-±dika½ ga½ v±ca½ saññañca t±yati rakkhat²ti katv± “gottan”ti vuccati. Tañhi saj±tiyas±dh±raºavij±tiyavinivattanavasena aññattha gantu½ adatv± v±ca½ sadda½, tabbisaya½ saññañca rakkhati. Ida½ vatthugottadvayav±caka½ sukkavissaµµhik±yasa½saggavisesavacanañca “n±n±vatthuk±”ti s±maññavacanañc±ti imin± vacanadvayen±ti vutta½ hoti. Vuttañheta½ aµµhakath±ya½ “sukkavissaµµhi½ k±yasa½saggan’ti-±divacanen±pi ‘n±n±vatthuk±yo’ti-±divacanen±pi vatthuceva gottañca saªgahitan”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102). N±m±pattivasena v±ti ettha saªgh±disesoti saj±tis±dh±raºan±ma½, ±patt²ti sabbas±dh±raºan±manti dv²hi n±mehi ta½ta½v²tikkamavasena ±pajjitabbato tadeva ±patt²ti evamubhinna½ n±m±patt²na½ vasena v±ti attho.
Kammav±c± hi k±tabb±ti “vatthugottavasen±p²”ti ettha api-saddo “n±m±pattivasena v±”ti ettha saªgh±disesoti saj±tis±dh±raºan±ma½, ±patt²ti sabbas±dh±raºan±manti dv²hi n±meh²ti ida½ samuccinot²ti ubhaya½ ekato yojetv± kammav±c± k±tabb±ti. “N±m±pattivasena v±”ti ettha vikappatthena -saddena, “aha½ bhante sambahul± saªgh±dises± ±pattiyo ±pajji½ ek±hapaµicchann±yo’ti eva½ n±mamattavasena v± yojan± k±tabb±”ti aµµhakath±ya vuttavisesanivattanatthamattasaddavasena ca vatthugottavirahitena kevalena n±m±pattimattena payojetv± k±tabb±yev±ti vutta½ hoti. Kammav±c±ya karaºappak±ro pana samuccayakkhandhake ±gatanayena ±pannapuggalan±mena ca ek±hapaµicchann±divacanena ca yojetv± daµµhabbo. Tassa d±tabboti yojan±. “Pariv±so”ti pakaraºato labbhati, paµicchann±pattikassa puggalassa pariv±so d±tabboti attho.
Tena c±ti laddhapariv±sena antos²m±ya ukkuµika½ nisinnena paggahitañjalin± bhikkhun± ca. Sam±diyitv±ti etth±pi “vattan”ti s±matthiy± labbhati. “Sam±d±nepyaya½ nayo”ti (vi. vi. 514) vakkham±natt± “vatta½ sam±diy±mi, pariv±sa½ sam±diy±m²”ti imesa½ dvinna½ aññatara½ v± dvayameva v± tikkhattu½ vatv± p±riv±sikakkhandhake vuttavattap³raºattha½ sam±diyitv±ti vutta½ hoti. ¾dito saªghassa ±rocetabbanti yojan±. Tath± vatta½ sam±diyitv± nisinnena paµhama½ saªghassa “aha½ bhante eka½ ±patti½ ±pajji½ sañcetanika½ sukkavissaµµhi½ ek±hapaµicchanna½, soha½ saªgha½ ekiss± ±pattiy± sañcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±hapaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ y±ci½, tassa me saªgho ekiss± ±pattiy± sañcetanik±ya sukkavissaµµhiy± ek±hapaµicchann±ya ek±hapariv±sa½ ad±si, soha½ parivas±mi, veday±m±ha½ bhante, vedayat²ti ma½ saªgho dh±ret³”ti eva½ ±rocetabba½.
“Imañca panattha½ gahetv± y±ya k±yaci v±c±ya ±rocetu½ vaµµatiyev±”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102) aµµhakath±vacanato y±ya k±yaci bh±s±yapi ±rocetu½ vaµµati.
511. Punappun±gat±nanti ettha “bhikkh³nan”ti seso. Pubbe ±rocanaµµh±na½ asampatt±na½ ±gantuk±na½ bhikkh³nampi. ¾rocentov±ti ekassa ±rocane so ce vu¹¹hataro hoti, “bhante”ti vatv± pubbe vuttanayeneva vatv±, navako ce, “±vuso”ti vatv± avas±ne “ma½ ±yasm± dh±ret³”ti, dve ce honti, “ma½ ±yasmant± dh±rent³”ti, tayo ce, “ma½ ±yasmanto dh±rent³”ti vatv± ±rocentova. Rattiy± cheda½ akatv±ti “pakatattena bhikkhun± saddhi½ ekacchanne”ti-±din± (c³¼ava. 81) nayena vutta-ekasen±sane pakatattena bhikkhun± saddhi½ aruºuµµh±panavasena kariyam±nena sahav±sena v± “pakatattabhikkh³hi vin± ekakena v±so”ti vuttavippav±sena v± “±gantuk±na½ ±rocan±ya akaraºan”ti vutta-an±rocanena v± sambhavanta½ ratticchedamakatv±. Vattabheda½ akatv± v± p±riv±sikakkhandhake p±riv±sikassa paññattavattato ekampi ah±petv± ca. Sad± vaseti pariv±sa½ vasitu½ parikappit± sabbadivas± y±va khiºanti, t±va vaseyy±ti attho.
512. Tattha pariv±so visodhetu½ na sakk± ceti tassa vih±rassa mahantatt± ±gate ±gantukabhikkh³ pariyesitv± ±rocentena ratticcheda½ akatv± pariv±sa½ sodhetu½ na sakk± ce hoti. Ta½ vatta½ nikkhipitv±n±ti tath± sam±dinna½ vatta½ upari vakkham±nanayena nikkhipitv±.
513. Kattha nikkhipeyy±ti ±ha “tatth±”ti-±di. Tattheva saªghamajjhe v±ti attano yasmi½ vatta½ sam±dinna½, tasmi½yeva saªghamajjhe v±. Puggale v±ti bhikkh³su uµµh±ya tattha tattha gatesu antos²m±yayeva oh²ne ekabhikkhumhi v± asatiy± bahis²ma½ gatena saritakkhaºe attan± saddhi½ gacchante tass±yeva paris±ya pariv±sad±ne sammukh²bh³te puggale v± ±gantukabhikkhu ce, tassa v± santike ±rocetv± vatta½ nikkhipitabbanti vutta½ hoti. Katha½ nikkhipe’ti ±ha “nikkhip±m²”ti-±di. “Tath±”ti imin± “nikkhip±m²”ti eta½ pacc±masati. Ta½ vattanti attan± sam±dinna½ ta½ vatta½.
514. Aya½ nayoti “ekapaden±pi dv²hi padehi v± pan±”ti eva½ anantaroditanayo.
515-20. Pakatattoti vuccat²ti saggamokkh±varaº±bh±vena pakato pubbasar³peneva µhito att± etass±ti “pakatatto”ti kath²yati. Pacc³sak±lasminti aruºato purimak±le.
Parikkhittavih±rass±ti ettha p±k±r±d²hi parikkhitta½ ekampi sen±sana½ viharanti asminti katv± tath± vuccati. Dve le¹¹up±te atikkamm±ti yojan±. Le¹¹up±tadvayassa avadhi½ dasseti “parikkhepato bah²”ti, “aparikkhittato parikkhep±rahaµµh±n± bah²”ti ca.
Parikkhep±rahaµµh±na½ n±ma katamanti? Visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.31) dhutaªganiddese “majjhimaµµhakath±ya½ pana vih±rass±pi g±masseva upac±ra½ n²haritv± ubhinna½ le¹¹up±t±na½ abbhantar± minitabban’ti vutta½. Idametthapam±ºan”ti vuttatt± aparikkhittassa paµhamale¹¹up±ta½ hoti, g±me vuttena vidhin± vih±rapariyante µhitabhattas±lagil±nas±l±disen±sane ce parikkhepo atthi, tattha v±, natthi ce, nibbakosassa udakap±taµµh±ne µhitena m±tug±mena cha¹¹itabh±janadhovanodakapatanaµµh±ne v± sen±sanato d³re cetiyaªgaºe, bodhiyaªgaºe v± µhatv± balamajjhimassa purisassa hattha½ pas±retv± attano balappam±ºena khittassa muµµhiy± gahitap±s±ºassa patanaµµh±na½ vih±r³pac±ro n±ma, tadeva p±k±r±d²hi parikkhep±rahaµµh±na½ n±ma. Tattha µhatv± tatheva khittassa p±s±ºassa patanaµµh±na½ eko le¹¹up±to, tatth±pi µhatv± tatheva khittassa p±s±ºassa patanaµµh±na½ eko le¹¹up±toti eva½ dve le¹¹up±t± gahetabb±.
Maggato okkamitv±ti maggato apasakkitv±. Gumben±ti rukkhagahanena v± lat±gahanena v±. Vatiy±ti kaºµakas±kh±d²hi kat±ya vatiy±.
Vattam±d±y±ti pubbe vuttanayena vatta½ sam±diyitv±. ¾rocetv±ti yath±vuttanayena ±rocetv±.
Nikkhipitv±ti pubbe vuttanayena vatta½ nikkhipitv±. Bhikkh³ti attan± saddhi½ hatthap±sad±natth±ya ±gato bhikkhu. Yassa kassac²ti ettha “santike”ti seso.
¾rocetv± ti attano navakataro ce, “±vuso”ti, vu¹¹ho ce, “bhante”ti vatv± yath±vuttanayeneva ±rocetv±. Sesanti avasesavinicchaya½. Samuccayass±ti c³¼avagg±gatassa tatiyasamuccayakkhandhakassa. Aµµhakath±yac±ti “sace añño koci bhikkhu kenacideva karaº²yen±”ti-±din± (c³¼ava. aµµha. 102) aµµhakath±gatavinicchayen±pi.