429. Imassa sikkh±padassa atthuppattiya½ saªghabhedattha½ pañca vatth³ni y±cantena devadattena “s±dhu bhante bhikkh³ y±vaj²va½ macchama½sa½ na kh±deyyu½, yo macchama½sa½ kh±deyya, vajja½ na½ phuseyy±”ti (p±r±. 409) vutte “ala½ devadatta may± tikoµiparisuddha½ macchama½sa½ anuññ±ta½ adiµµha½ asuta½ aparisaªkitan”ti (p±r±. 409) anuññ±tesu macchama½sesu kappiy±kappiyavinicchaya½ pubbe anok±s±bh±vena avatv± pakata½ sikkh±padavinicchaya½ niµµh±petv± id±ni patt±vasesa½ ta½ dassetu½ “yañh²”ti-±di ±raddha½ “Ta½ tass±”ti vakkham±natt± “yan”ti ida½ “bhikkhun”ti imin± ca “macchama½san”ti etena ca yojetabba½. Macchanti odaka½. Ma½santi thalaj±na½ ma½sa½. Nibbematikoti “ma½ uddissa katan”ti v± “saªgha½ uddissa katan”ti v± uppann±ya vimatiy± virahito.
430. Samuddissa katanti saªgha½ v± att±na½ v± uddissa kata½. “Ñatv±”ti imin± aj±nitv± bhuñjantassa an±pattibh±vam±ha.
431. Hatth²na½ ass±na½ acch±na½ manuss±na½ ah²na½ kukkur±na½ d²p²na½ s²h±na½ byaggh±na½ taracch±na½ ma½sa½ akappiya½ hot²ti yojan±.
432. Sacittakat± ±pattiy±yeva yujjati, idha pana ta½hetuka½ ma½sameva hetumhi phal³pac±rena sacittakanti gahita½. Ettha citta½ n±ma att±na½ v± saªgha½ v± uddissa katabh±vaj±nanacitta½. Sesanti anuddissakata½ akappiyama½sa½. Acittakanti vuttanayameva.
433. Pucchitv±yev±ti akappiyama½saparih±rattha½ dasasu ma½sesu n±mañca uddissakatassa parih±rattha½ ubhayass±pi paµiladdh±k±rañca pucchitv±yev±ti attho. Odakesu macchesu akappiy±bh±vato laddh±k±rova ñ±tabbo. Ma½se diµµhamatteyeva “ida½ asukama½san”ti j±nanti ce, apucchitepi doso natthi. D±yakesu ma½sass±bh±ve laddhaniy±me apucchitepi doso natthi. Yath± v± tath± v± vimatiy± uppann±ya appaµigg±hetv± nisinne “kasm± na paµiggaºhath±”ti pucchite vimatiy± uppann±k±ra½ vatv± “maya½ tumhe v± itare bhikkh³ v± uddissa na karimh±”ti vatv± “amh±kameva sandh±ya kata½, paºº±k±ratth±ya kata½, atith²na½ v± atth±ya katan”ti-±din± attan± laddhappak±ra½ vatv± “sa½saya½ akatv± paµiggahetabban”ti vadeyyu½ ce, paµiggahetu½ vaµµat²ti sabbamida½ aµµhakath±ya vutta½.
Bhikkh³na½ eta½ vattanti yojan±. Vattaµµh±ti samm±sambuddhena mah±karuº±ya desita½ p±timokkhasa½varas²la½ visodhetv± paµipajjane patiµµhit±. “Vinayaññuno”ti imin± vinaya½ aj±nitv± upadesappam±ºeneva vatta½ p³rentehi vattassa virodhopi siy±ti te nivatteti. “Vattaµµh±”ti visesanena vinaya½ ñatv±pi ap³raºe nivatteti. Ubhayenapi attan± vuttavinicchayassa parisuddhabh±va½ d²peti.
434. Ida½ samanubh±sananti yath±vuttasikkh±padam±ha. Samanubh±sanena s±dhetabb± ±patti samanubh±san± k±raº³pac±rena. Aññath± ekasamuµµh±n±dibh±vo na yujjati. Ekasamuµµh±na½ k±yav±c±cittasaªkh±ta½ eka½ samuµµh±na½ etass±ti katv±. K±yakammanti hatthamudd±vasena k±yena k±tabbassa paµinissajjanassa akatatt± k±yakamma½. Vac²kammanti vacas± k±tabbassa akatatt± vac²kamma½. Akriyanti yath±vuttanayena “saªghabhedopakkamaniv±raº±ya parakkamana½ paµinissajj±m²”ti k±yavik±rena v± vac²bhedena v± aviññ±panato akiriya½ n±ma hot²ti vutta½ hoti.

Saªghabhedakath±vaººan±.

435. Kiñcipi vattabbanti “eko v± dve v± tayo v±’ti vuttasaªghabhed±nuvattakabhikkhu½ passantehi suºantehi lajjibhikkh³hi visuñca saªghamajjhe ca netv± tikkhattu½yeva saªghabhed±nuvattanassa akattabbata½ vatv± tato anoramant±na½ ñatticatutth±ya kammav±c±ya samanubh±sanakamma½ k±tabban”ti idañca “tatiy±nuss±van±ya yya-k±rappatt±ya ±pajjanakasaªgh±disesato pubbe ±pann± dukkaµathullaccay± paµippassambhant²”ti idañca an±pattipak±ro c±ti ima½ s±dh±raºavinicchaya½ sandh±y±ha. Vacanappak±rabhedo pana attheva, so saªkhepato m±tik±ya (p±r±. 418-419) vitth±rato padabh±jane (p±r±. 418-419) ±gatanayena vattabbo. Ass±ti dutiyasaªghabhedasikkh±padassa. “Samuµµh±n±…pe… mat±”ti imin± s±dh±raºavinicchayo atidiµµhoti daµµhabba½.

Dutiyasaªghabhedakath±vaººan±.

436. Uddesapariy±panneti ettha “sikkh±pade”ti seso, nid±nap±r±jikasaªgh±disesa-aniyatavitth±rasaªkh±te pañcavidha-uddesalakkhaºap±timokkhe antogadhasikkh±padavisayeti attho. “Uddesapariy±panne sikkh±pade”ti imin± “avacan²yamatt±na½ karot²”ti imassa visaya½ dasseti. Bhikkhu dubbacaj±tikoti ettha “yo”ti ajjh±h±ro. “Dubbacaj±tikoti dubbacasabh±vo, vattu½ asakkuºeyyoti attho”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.425-426) aµµhakath±ya vuttadovacassat±ya hetubh³tap±picchat±d²hi ek³nav²satiy± dhammehi samann±gato hutv± attani vutta½ anusiµµhi½ s±daramaggahaºena n±sanat± dovacassasabh±voti attho. Vuttañheta½ padabh±jane “dubbacaj±tiko hot²ti dubbaco hoti dovacassakaraºehi dhammehi samann±gato akkhamo appadakkhiºagg±h² anus±sanin”ti (p±r±. 426).
Avacan²yamatt±na½ karot²ti “m± ma½ ±yasmanto kiñci avacuttha kaly±ºa½ v± p±paka½ v±, ahamp±yasmante na kiñci vakkh±mi kaly±ºa½ v± p±paka½ v±, viramath±yasmanto mama vacan±y±”ti (p±r±. 425) vuttanayena att±na½ avacan²ya½ karoti. Garuka½ siy±ti ettha “tass±”ti ida½ ajjh±h±ranayasambandhena labbhati. Tatr±ya½ yojan±– dubbacaj±tiko yo bhikkhu uddesapariy±panne sikkh±pade att±na½ avacan²ya½ karoti, tassa garuka½ siy±ti.
Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Yo bhikkhu attano dovacassata½ passantehi, suºantehi ca lajjibhikkh³hi “m± ±yasm± att±na½ avacan²ya½ ak±si…pe… aññamaññavuµµh±panen±”ti (p±r±. 425) vuttanayena tikkhattu½ vuttopi dukkaµa½ ±pajjitv±pi na vissajjeti, “so bhikkhu saªghamajjhampi ±ka¹¹hitv± vattabbo”ti (p±r±. 426) vuttatt± hatthe gahetv± ±ka¹¹hitv±pi saªghamajjha½ netv± tatheva tikkhattu½ vutte dukkaµa½ ±pajjitv±pi na vissajjeti, tassa dubbacaj±tikassa ñatticatutth±ya kammav±c±ya kariyam±ne samanubh±sanakamme tatiy±ya kammav±c±ya yyak±rappatt±ya pubbe vuttanayeneva ñattiy± dukkaµa½, dv²hi kammav±c±hi thullaccaye ca paµippassambhayam±no saªgh±diseso hot²ti vutta½ hoti.
437. Dubbaceti ettha “sikkh±pade”ti seso, tath± saªghabhedakavaººaneti etth±pi. Saªghabhedo eva saªghabhedako, ta½ vaººeti kathet²ti saªghabhedakavaººana½, ki½ ta½? Sikkh±pada½, tañca paµhamameva saªghabhedakasikkh±pada½ gahetabba½, tasmi½ vuttanayen±ti yojan±. Yath±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “samuµµh±n±d²ni paµhamasaªghabhedasadis±nev±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.425-426). “Sabbo vinicchayo”ti etena idha dassitena “garuka½ siy±”ti etena saªgahita½ saªgh±dises±vas±navinicchaya½ vajjetv± “akate pan±”ti-±dig±th±ttayena vutta-an±pattippak±re ca “idamekasamuµµh±nan”ti-±dig±th±ya vuttasamuµµh±n±dike ca atidisati.

Dubbacakath±vaººan±.

438. Yo kulad³sako bhikkhu, so chandag±mit±d²hi p±pento bhikkhuhi kamme kariyam±ne ta½ chandag±mit±d²hi p±pana½ accajanto garuka½ phuse saªgh±disesa½ ±pajjat²ti yojan±. “Kulad³sakoti kul±ni d³seti pupphena v± phalena v± cuººena v± mattik±ya v± dantakaµµhena v± ve¼uy± v± vejjik±ya v± jaªghapesanikena v±”ti (p±r±. 437) vacanato saddh±sampannakul±ni l±bha½ niss±ya pupphad±n±d²hi saªgaºhitv± tath± akarontesu lajjibhikkh³su kul±na½ saddh±d³sanato kulad³sako, bhikkhu.
Chandag±mit±d²hi p±pentoti kulad³sanakamma½ karonta½ disv± v± sutv± v± avacanato ±pajjitabbadukkaµato muccanatth±ya “±yasm± kho…pe… alante idha v±sen±”ti vadante lajj² pesale bhikkh³ “chandag±mino ca bhikkh³…pe… ekacca½ na pabb±jent²”ti chandag±mit±d²hi cat³hi agatigamanehi yojentoti attho. Kamme kariyam±neti yath±vuttanayena att±na½ garahant±na½ bhikkh³na½ kariyam±na½ akkosanañca paribh±sanañca ye passanti, ye ca suºanti, tehi “m±yasm± eva½ avaca, na ca bhikkh³ chandag±mino…pe… alante idha v±sen±”ti tikkhattu½ vuccam±nopi dukkaµa½ ±pajjitv±pi appaµinissajjanta½ hatthe gahetv± ±ka¹¹hitv± saªghamajjha½ ±netv± “m±yasm± eva½ avac±”ti-±din± nayeneva punapi tikkhattu½ vutte dukkaµa½ ±pajjitv±pi appaµinissajjantassa ñatticatutth±ya kammav±c±ya samanubh±sanakamme kariyam±neti vutta½ hoti. Garuka½ phuseti ñattiy± dukkaµa½, dv²hi kammav±c±hi thullaccaye ca paµippassambhento tatiyakammav±c±ya ante yyak±re sampatte saªgh±disesa½ ±pajjat²ti vutta½ hoti.
439-40. “Kul±ni d³seti pupphena v±”ti-±din± (p±r±. 437) nayena vuttakulad³sanopakaraºabh³tacuººapaºº±d²su vinicchaya½ dassetum±ha “cuººan”ti-±di. Cuººanti sir²sapaºº±dicuººa½. Paººanti tamb³lapaººat±lapaºº±dikh±ditabb±kh±ditabbapaººa½. Phalanti t±lapanas±diphala½. Pupphanti campak±dipuppha½. Ve¼unti ando¼ik±p±µa½ kiraº¹±dika½ ve¼u½. Kaµµhanti gehad±ru½, indhanañca. Mattikanti p±katika½, pañcavaººa½ v± mattika½.
Attano santaka½, t±vak±lik±divasena gahita½ v± cuººa½…pe… mattika½ kulasaªgahaºatth±ya dadato kulad³sanadukkaµa½ hot²ti sambandho. Theyy±ti corik±. “Dadato”ti ida½ s±mivacana½ “k±tabbo”ti paccattavacananta½ visesitabbamapekkhitv± “dadanto”ti vibhattivipariº±mena paccattavacananta½ anuvattetabba½. K±tabboti ettha k±retabboti attho. Imin± saªghasantaka½, gaºasantaka½, aññapuggalasantakañca cuºº±di½ kulasaªgahattha½ corik±ya dento bhaº¹agghena k±retabboti ima½ vinicchaya½ dasseti. Saªghaññasantaketi saªghaññasantakacuºº±diketi attho. Ettha añña-saddena gaºapuggal±na½ gahaºa½.
441. Saªghika½ garubhaº¹a½ v±ti saªghasantaka½ garubhaº¹apahonaka½ v± paºº±dika½. Sen±sananiy±mitanti “ettak± phalarukkh±dayo sen±sane navakammatth±y±”ti eva½ niyamita½ v±. Issaravat±ye v±ti evak±rena “theyy±”ti ida½ nivattita½.
442. Haritv± v±ti attan±yeva haritv± v±. “Puppha½ dentass±”ti imin± sambandho. Esa nayo uparipi. Har±petv± v±ti aññassa hatthe pesetv± v±. Pakkositv± v±ti ±mantetv± v± pakkos±petv± v±ti upalakkhaºato labbhati. ¾gatassa v±ti attan± eva ±gatassa v±. “Kulasaªgahaºatth±y±”ti vacanena “evar³pe adhipp±ye asati vaµµat²”ti vuttatt± “cetiya½ p³ja½ karont±pi ‘p³jess±m±’ti pupph±ni gahetv± gacchant±pi tattha tattha sampatt±na½ cetiyap³janatth±ya denti, etampi pupphad±na½ n±ma na hot²”ti-±dika½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.436-437) aµµhakath±gata½ sabba½ vinicchaya½ dassita½ hoti.