412. Asammukh± vadantass±ti ettha “akkosan±dhipp±yass±”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. “Akatok±samattan±”ti n±nuvattati. Sattahi ±patt²h²ti p±r±jikasaªgh±disesathullaccayap±cittiyap±µidesan²yadukkaµadubbh±sitasaªkh±tesu sattasu ±pattikkhandhesu yena kenac²ti vutta½ hoti. “Tath±”ti imin± “asammukh±”ti ida½ saªgaºh±ti. Kammanti tajjan²y±disattavidha½ kamma½.
413. Ummattak±d²nanti ±di-saddena “an±patti suddhe asuddhadiµµhissa asuddhe asuddhadiµµhissa ummattakassa ±dikammikass±”ti (p±r±. 390) vutte saªgaºh±ti. Pañcaªgasa½yutanti ya½ codeti, tassa “upasampanno”ti saªkhy³pagamana½, tasmi½ suddhasaññit±, yena p±r±jikena codeti, tassa diµµh±divasena am³lakat±, c±van±dhipp±yena sammukh± codan±, tassa taªkhaºavij±nananti imehi pañcahi aªgehi yutta½ hoti.
415. Idanti “sikkh±padan”ti seso, “sikkh±padan”ti ca imin± tappaµip±dan²y± ±pattiyeva gayhati. Tisamuµµh±nanti k±yacittato, v±c±cittato, k±yav±c±cittatoti sacittakehi t²hi samuµµh±nato tisamuµµh±na½. Tenev±ha “sacittan”ti. Paµighacitt±na½ dvinna½ aññatarena sahitatt± sacittaka½. Ta½sampayutt±ya domanassavedan±ya vasena dukkhavedana½.

Duµµhadosakath±vaººan±.

416. Lesamattanti “aññampi vatthu½ lissati silissati voh±ramatteneva ²saka½ all²yat²ti leso, j±ti-±d²na½yeva aññatarakoµµh±sasseta½ adhivacanan”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.391) aµµhakath±ya dassitanibbacanesu “leso n±ma dasa les± j±tileso n±maleso”ti-±din± (p±r±. aµµha. 394) nayena padabh±jane vuttesu j±tin±magott±d²su dasasu lesesu aññataralesamattanti vutta½ hoti.
Tattha j±ti n±ma khattiyabr±hmaº±dij±ti. N±ma½ n±ma imasmi½ sikkh±pade “chagalako dabbo mallaputto n±ma, chagalik± mettiy± bhikkhun² n±m±”ti µhapita½ n±ma½ viya codakehi µhapitan±mañca buddharakkhit±disakan±mañc±ti duvidha½ n±ma½. Gotta½ n±ma gotamamoggall±n±digotta½. Liªga½ n±ma d²ghat±disaºµh±nan±nattañca kaºhat±divaººan±nattañc±ti ida½ duvidhaliªga½. ¾pattileso n±ma lahuk±dir³pena µhitap±cittiy±di-±patti. Patto n±ma lohapatt±di. C²vara½ n±ma pa½suk³l±di. Upajjh±yo n±ma cuditakassa upajjh±yo. ¾cariyo n±ma cuditakassa pabbajj±cariy±diko. Sen±sana½ n±ma cuditakasseva niv±sap±s±d±dika½.
Codeyy±ti aññakhattiyaj±tika½ puggala½ p±r±jika½ ajjh±pajjanta½ disv± attano verikhattiyaj±tika½ puggala½ “khattiyo may± diµµho, p±r±jika½ dhamma½ ajjh±pannos²”ti-±din± nayena codeti. Garuk±patti n±ma saªgh±diseso. Sace c±vanacetanoti “appeva n±ma na½ imamh± brahmacariy± c±veyyan”ti (p±r±. 392) vuttatt± sace ima½ s±san± c±veyy±m²ti adhipp±yo hutv± codet²ti vutta½ hoti, imin± byatirekavasena na aññ±dhipp±yoti vuttameva hot²ti purimasikkh±padaµµhakath±ya½ dassitesu “c±van±dhipp±yo akkos±dhipp±yo”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.389) evam±din±nappak±r±dhipp±yesu ±pattiy± aªgabh³ta½ c±van±dhipp±ya½ dassetv± ses±dhipp±ye paµikkhipati.
417. Tath±saññ²ti aya½ p±r±jikamajjh±pannoyev±ti tath±saññ². “Codeti v± cod±peti v±”ti vuttatt± “tath±saññ²”ti ida½ “cod±pet²”ti imin±pi yojetabba½. Sesoti ettha “p±r±jik±ni vutt±n²”ti-±di½ katv± “sacitta½ dukkhavedanan”ti pariyanta½ katv± dassitapaµhamasikkh±padavinicchayasaªg±hakakath±pabandhena vuttasabbavinicchayesu ta½sikkh±padaniyata½ “am³laken±”ti idañca imasmi½ sikkh±pade “bhikkhumantimavatthun±…pe… an±patti siy±”ti vuttamatthañca µhapetv± avasiµµhasabbavinicchayoti attho. Anantarasamo mato heµµh± anantara½ vuttasikkh±padeneva sadisoti veditabbo.

Dutiyaduµµhadosakath±vaººan±.

418. Samaggassa saªghass±ti “samaggo n±ma saªgho sam±nasa½v±sako sam±nas²m±ya½ µhito”ti padabh±jane vuttatt± cittena ca k±yena ca ek²bh³tassa saªghass±ti vutta½ hoti. Ca-k±ro padap³raºo, eva-k±rattho v±, nasamaggass±ti byatirekattho veditabbo. Bhedattha½ v±yameyy±ti “ime katha½ kad± bhijjissant²”ti rattindiva½ cintetv± up±ya½ gavesitv± pakkhapariyesan±di½ kareyy±ti attho. Vuttañhi p±¼iya½ “bhed±ya parakkameyy±ti katha½ ime n±n± assu vin± assu vagg± ass³ti pakkha½ pariyesati gaºa½ bandhat²”ti (p±r±. 412).
Bhedahetunti “idhup±li bhikkhu adhamma½ ‘dhammo’ti d²peti, dhamma½ ‘adhammo’ti d²pet²”ti-±din± (pari. 459) nayena khandhake vutta½ aµµh±rasabhedakaravatthusaªkh±ta½ saªghabhedak±raºam±ha Idameva hi padabh±jane vutta½ “bhedanasa½vattanika½ v± adhikaraºanti aµµh±rasabhedakaravatth³n²”ti. Gahetv±ti paggayha. Tiµµheyy±ti nappaµinissajjeyya. Parid²payanti ettha parid²pento, na paµinissajjantoti attho. Yath±ha “tiµµheyy±ti na paµinissajjeyy±”ti.
419. Bhikkh³h²ti tassa saªghabhedakassa parakkamana½ passantehi v± d³re ce, µhita½ pavatti½ suºantehi v± lajj²hi supesalehi sesabhikkh³hi. Vuttañheta½ “bhikkh³h²ti aññehi bhikkh³hi. Ye passanti ye suºanti, tehi vattabbo”ti (p±r±. 412). Tassa vadantehi eva½ vattabbanti vacan±k±radassanattham±ha “m±yasm± samaggassa saªghassa bhed±ya parakkami, bhedanasa½vattanika½ v± adhikaraºa½ sam±d±ya paggayha aµµh±si, samet±yasm± saªghena, samaggo hi saªgho sammodam±no avivadam±no ekuddeso ph±su viharat²”ti (p±r±. 411) p±µha½, ta½ ekadesasaªgahavasena upalakkhetum±ha “bhedattha½…pe… bhedak±raºan”ti. Iti vattabboti yojan±.
420. Vuccam±no h²ti ettha hi-saddo api-saddattho. “P²”ti v± p±µho, tehi lajjibhikkh³hi “m±yasm±”ti-±din± nayena visu½ tikkhattu½ vuttop²ti attho. Nissajjeyya na ceva nanti ta½ bhed±ya parakkamana½ appaµinissajjanapaccay± dukkaµ±patti½ ±pajjitv±pi na vissajjeyy±ti attho. Vuttañheta½ “no ce paµinissajjati, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (p±r±. 412). Tath± hi appaµinissajjanto hatthesu, p±desu ca gahetv± saªghamajjhe ±netv± tatheva tikkhattu½ vuttopi ta½ avissajjetv± dukkaµ±patti½ ±pannoti imin± ca saªgahito. Vuttañheta½ bhagavat± “so bhikkhu saªghamajjhampi ±ka¹¹hitv± vattabbo ‘m±yasm±…pe… ph±su viharat²’ti. Dutiyampi vattabbo. Tatiyampi vattabbo. Sace paµinissajjati, icceta½kusala½. No ce paµinissajjati, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti. Ida½ ubhayattha dukkaµa½ s±maññena vakkhati “tikkhattu½ pana vuttassa, apariccajatopi tan”ti.
Samanubh±sitabboti ettha “so bhikkh³”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½, “y±vatatiyan”ti seso, yath±ha “so bhikkhu bhikkh³hi y±vatatiya½ samanubh±sitabbo”ti (p±r±. 411), tath± saªghamajjhepi tikkhattu½ vuccam±nopi no vissajjetv± dukkaµa½ ±panno so ±dh±nagg±h² bhikkhu saªghena tikkhattu½ vutta½ kammav±ca½ vatv± samanubh±sitabboti attho. Yath±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “y±vatatiya½ samanubh±sitabboti y±va tatiya½ samanubh±sana½, t±va samanubh±sitabbo, t²hi samanubh±sanakammav±c±hi kamma½ k±tabban”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.411). Tanti bhed±ya parakkamana½, bhedanasa½vattanika½ adhikaraºa½ paggahetv± µh±nañca. Accajanti, ñatticatutth±ya kammav±c±ya vuccam±n±yapi accajanto. Garuka½ phuseti tatiy±ya kammav±c±ya “so bh±seyy±”ti yyak±rappatt±ya saªgh±disesa½ ±pajjati.
421. Saªghassa bhed±ya parakkamanta½ bhikkhu½ disv±, sutv±, ñatv± ca avadantassa bhikkhuno dukkaµanti yojan±.
422. K²vad³re vasantehi sutv± gantv± vattabbanti ±ha “gantv±”ti-±di. Addhayojanameva addhayojanat±, tato adhika½ v±. Gil±na½ paµicca addhayojana½ vutta½, itara½ paµicca “adhika½ d³rampi pana gantabban”ti vutta½. Tenev±ha “sace sakkot²”ti. T±vadeti tad± eva, acir±yitv±ti attho.
423. Tikkhattu½ pana vuttass±ti “m±yasm±”ti-±din± nayena visuñca saªghamajjhe ca tikkhattu½ vuttass±pi apariccajantassa. Ta½ bhed±ya parakkam±dika½. Bhedappavattiy± sutakkhaºe saya½ agantv± paººa½ v± s±sana½ v± pesentassa ±patti½ dassetum±ha “d³ta½ v±”ti-±di. Yath±ha aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.411) “d³ta½ v± paººa½ v± pesetv± vadatopi ±pattimokkho natth²”ti-±di.
425. Yyak±re pana sampatteti “yassa nakkhamati, so bh±seyy±”ti (p±r±. 413) tatiyakammav±c±ya ante yyak±re ucc±rite. Passambhant²ti paµippassambhanti, v³pasamant²ti attho. Dukkaµ±dayoti ñattiy± dukkaµa½, dv²hi kammav±c±hi dve ca thullaccay±. Yath±ha “saªgh±disesa½ ajjh±pajjantassa ñattiy± dukkaµa½, dv²hi kammav±c±hi thullaccay± paµippassambhant²”ti (p±r±. 414). Tasm± ñattiy± pubbe bahi ca saªghamajjhe ca tikkhattu½ vuttepi appaµinissajjanena ±pann±ni dve dukkaµ±ni desetabb±n²ti viññ±yati.
Imiss± kammav±c±ya ki½ ±pann±pattiyo paµippassambhanti, ud±hu an±pann±ti vic±raº±ya “yo avas±ne paµinissajjissati, so t± ±pattiyo na ±pajjati, tasm± an±pann± paµippassambhant²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.414) mah±sumattherassa v±da½ “kiman±pann±na½ paµippassaddhiy±”ti paµib±hitv± “liªgaparivattane as±dh±raº±pattiyo viya ±pann± paµippassambhant²”ti mah±padumattherassa v±do µhito.
426. Akate pana kammasminti yath±vuttasamanubh±sanakamme akate. Apariccajatopi c±ti ta½ saªghabhed±ya parakkamana½ apariccajantass±pi. “Saªgh±disesen±”ti imin± kamma½ akatv± saªghamajjhe ca bahi ca tikkhattu½ vuccam±nassa appaµinissajjanena dukkaµa½ pana hot²ti byatirekatova dasseti.
427. Pubbe v±ti ñattiy± pubbe visu½, saªghamajjhe v± tikkhattu½ vuccam±nepi. Taªkhaºep²ti ñattikkhaºe v±. Ñattiy± aniµµhit±yapi pacch±pi, imassa avadhi½ dasseti “asampatte yyak±rasmin”ti. Paµinissajjatopi ca tassa saªgh±disesena an±patti pak±sit±ti paµhamag±th±ya pacchima¹¹ha½ idh±netv± yojetabba½.
428. Ett±vat± “an±patti asamanubh±santassa paµinissajjantassa ummattakassa khittacittassa vedan±µµassa ±dikammikass±”ti (p±r±. 416) p±µhe “paµinissajjantass±”ti padena gahitesu “ñattito”ti-±d²su vinicchaya½ dassetv± ta½ nigametu½ “paµinissajjato v±pi tan”ti ±ha. Nigamanatthajotako eva½-saddo s±matthiy± labbhati, eva½ “ñattito”ti-±din± yath±vuttanayena paµinissajjantassa v±ti attho. Tanti saªghabhedappayoga½. Asamanubh±sato v±ti asamanubh±siyam±nassa. “Asamanubh±siyato”ti vattabbe vikaraºapaccayalopena “asamanubh±sato”ti vuttanti daµµhabba½. Yath±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “asamanubh±santass±ti asamanubh±siyam±nass±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.416). “Saªgh±disesena an±patti pak±sit±”ti anuvattam±natt± icchitatthe siddhepi puna “an±patti pak±sit±”ti vacane punaruttat± ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati, pad±vutti n±ma ala½k±ro hot²ti.