Saªgh±disesakath±vaººan±

325. Eva½ n±n±nayapaµimaº¹itassa p±r±jikakaº¹assa vinicchaya½ dassetv± id±ni tadanantaramuddiµµhassa terasakaº¹assa vinicchaya½ dassetum±ha “mocetuk±mat±”ti-±di. Mocetu½ k±met²ti mocetuk±mo, tassa bh±vo mocetuk±mat±, t±ya sampayutta½ citta½ mocetuk±mat±citta½. Ettha “mocetuk±mat±”ti imin± ek±dasasu r±gesu “mocanass±do”ti vutta½ imassa saªgh±disesassa m³lak±raºa½ sukkamocanavisaya½ r±gam±ha.
Ek±dasa r±g± n±ma “mocanass±do, muccanass±do, muttass±do, methunass±do, phassass±do, kaº¹uvanass±do, dassanass±do, nisajjass±do, v±cass±do, gehassitapema½, vanabhaªgiyan”ti evam±gat±. Idha mocana½ n±ma sambhavadh±tumocana½, tadatth±ya tabbisayar±gasampayuttavedan± mocanass±do n±ma. Ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “mocetu½ ass±do mocanass±do”ti. Muccam±ne ass±do muccanass±do, sambhavadh±tumhi muccam±ne ta½r±gasampayutt± vedan± muccanass±do n±ma. Eteneva nayena muttass±d±div±cass±d±vas±nesu padesu atthakkamo veditabbo. Imehi navahi padehi ass±das²sena kuntayaµµhiñ±yena ta½sahacarito r±go dassito. Yath±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “navahi padehi sampayutta-ass±das²sena r±go vutto”ti.
Gehassitapemanti ettha gehaµµh± m±tu-±dayo ±dheyya-±dh±ravoh±rena “geh±”ti vuccanti. “Mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karont²”ti-±d²su viya tannissito sinehapariy±yo r±go “gehassitapeman”ti vutto. Imin± padena r±gassa sabh±vo sandassito. Vanato bhañjitv± ±bhata½ ya½ kiñci phalapupph±di vanabhaªgiya½ n±ma. Idha pana r±gavasena paµibaddhacitta½ m±tug±mehi virahadukkh±panayanattha½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.240) tesa½ µh±ne µhapetv± dassanaphusanavasena vinditu½ r±g²hi gahetabbato tehi pi¼andhitam±lasahita½ tamb³lanti evam±di “vanabhaªgiyan”ti adhippeta½. Imin± patthitavisayagocaro r±go tad±yattavatthuvasena sandassito. Yath±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “ekena padena sar³peneva r±go, ekena padena vatthun± vutto. Vanabhaªgo hi r±gassa vatthu, na r±goyev±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.240).
“Mocetuk±mat±”ti idameva avatv± “cittan”ti vacanena v²tikkamas±dhik±ya k±yaviññattiy± samuµµh±paka½ r±gasampayutta½ cittavisesa½ dasseti. Tena cittena samuµµh±piyam±na½ viññattisaªkh±ta½ v²tikkama½ “v±y±mo”ti imin± dasseti. V±y±mo n±ma ta½cittasampayuttav²riya½. Ettha pana “semho gu¼o”ti-±d²su viya phale het³pac±rañ±yena v²tikkamassa visesahetubh³tav²riyav±cakena ca padena v²tikkamova vuttoti daµµhabba½. Ajjhattab±hiravatthughaµµana½, ±k±se kaµikampananti sukkamocanattho v±y±moti attho. Sukkassa mocana½ sukkamocana½.
Ettha ca sukkass±ti “sukkanti dasa sukk±ni n²la½ p²taka½ lohitaka½ od±ta½ takkavaººa½ dakavaººa½ telavaººa½ kh²ravaººa½ dadhivaººa½ sappivaººan”ti (p±r±. 237) padabh±jane vutt±ni satt±na½ pitt±di-±sayabhedena, pathavidh±tu-±d²na½ catunna½ v± rasasoºitama½sameda-aµµhi-aµµhimiñj±na½ channa½ dehadh±t³na½ v± bhedena anekadh± bhinne dasavidhe sukke aññatarassa sukkass±ti attho. Mocana½ vissaµµh²ti pariy±ya½, pakatiy± µhitasakaµµh±nato mocananti attho. Yath±ha padabh±jane “vissaµµh²ti µh±nato c±van± vuccat²”ti (p±r±. 237). Iha “µh±na½ n±ma vatthis²sasaªkh±ta½ muttakaraºam³lan”ti keci. “Kaµ²”ti apare. “Sakalak±yo”ti aññe. Imesa½ tiººa½ vacanesu “tatiyassa bh±sita½ subh±sitan”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.237) aµµhakath±ya½ tatiyav±dassa katap±sa½satt± kesalomanakhadant±na½ ma½savinimuttaµµh±nañca muttakar²sakhe¼asiªgh±ºik±thaddhasukkhacammañca vajjetv± avasesa½ sakalasar²ra½ k±yappas±dabh±vaj²vitindriya-abaddhapitt±na½ viya sambhavadh±tuy± ca µh±nanti veditabba½.
“Sukkamocanan”ti imin±ki½ vutta½ hot²ti? “¾rogyatth±ya, sukhatth±ya, bhesajjatth±ya, d±natth±ya, puññatth±ya, yaññatth±ya, saggatth±ya, b²jatth±ya, v²ma½satth±ya, davatth±ya mocet²”ti (p±r±. 237) vuttadasavidha-adhipp±yantogadha-aññatara-adhipp±yo hutv± “r±g³patthambhe, vacc³patthambhe, pass±v³patthambhe, v±t³patthambhe, ucc±liªgap±ºakadaµµh³patthambhe mocet²”ti (p±r±. 237) vuttapañcavidhak±l±namaññatarak±le “ajjhattar³pe, bahiddh±r³pe, ajjhattabahiddh±r³pe, ±k±se kaµi½ kampento mocet²”ti (p±r±. 237) vuttacaturup±y±namaññatarena up±yena yath±vuttar±gapis±cavasena vivaso hutv± yath±vuttan²l±didasavidhasambhavadh±t³namaññatara½ yath±vuttaµµh±nato khuddakamakkhik±ya pivanamattampi sace mocet²ti saªkhepato gahetabba½. Ettha ca ucc±liªgap±ºak± n±ma lomasap±º±, yesa½ lome alline aªgaj±ta½ kammaniya½ hoti.
Aññatra supinanten±ti supino eva supinanto, nissakkavacanappasaªge karaºavacanato supinant±ti attho. Supin± n±ma “v±t±didh±tukkhobhavasena v± pubb±nubh³ta-itthir³p±divisayavasena v± iµµh±niµµhadevat±nubh±vena v± puññena paµilabhitabba-atthassa, apuññena pattabb±natthassa ca pubbanimittavasena v± hot²”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.237) vuttesu cat³su k±raºesu ekena k±raºena kapinidd±ya supine dissam±n±rammaºato ya½ sukkamocana½ hoti, ta½ avisaya½ sukkamocana½ vin±ti vutta½ hoti.
Saªgh±disesova saªgh±disesat±. Saªgh±disesa½ ±pajjitv± tato vuµµh±tuk±massa kulaputtassa ±dimhi pariv±sad±nattha½ majjhe ca m³l±yapaµikassanena vin± v± saha v± m±nattad±nattha½, avas±ne abbh±natthañca saªgho esitabboti “saªgho ±dimhi ceva sese ca icchitabbo ass±ti saªgh±diseso”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.237; kaªkh±. aµµha. sukkavissaµµhisikkh±padavaººan±) vuttatt± saªgh±dises± n±ma, sukkavissaµµhisaªgh±dises±patti hot²ti attho. Yath±ha padabh±jane “saªghova tass± ±pattiy± pariv±sa½ deti, m³l±ya paµikassati, m±natta½ deti, abbheti, na sambahul±, na ekapuggalo, tena vuccati ‘saªgh±diseso’ti. Tasseva ±pattinik±yassa n±ma½ n±makamma½ adhivacana½, tenapi vuccati ‘saªgh±diseso”ti (p±r±. 237). Ettha ca pariv±s±dikath± saªgh±dises±vas±ne ±gataµµh±neyeva ±vi bhavissati.
326. Ett±vat± m³lasikkh±pad±gata½ att³pakkamam³laka½ ±patti½ dassetv± id±ni imiss± saªgh±dises±pattiy± par³pakkamenapi ±pajjana½ dassetum±ha “paren±”ti-±di. Upakkam±petv±ti aªgaj±tassa gahaºa½ v± ghaµµana½ v± k±retv±.
327. Sañcicc±ti “upakkam±mi mocess±m²”ti cetetv± pakappetv±. Upakkamantass±ti ajjhattar³p±d²su t²su yattha katthaci ghaµµentassa. Samuddiµµhanti “ceteti upakkamati na muccati, ±patti thullaccayass±”ti (p±r±. 262) padabh±jane bhagavat± vuttanti adhipp±yo.
328. Imissa½ g±th±ya½ “attano aªgaj±ta½ upakkamantass±”ti imin± ajjhattar³pe v± bahiddh±r³pe v± ajjhattabahiddh±r³pe v± attano aªgaj±ta½ ghaµµentass±ti imassa atthassa vuttatt± aªgaj±taghaµµanena vin±bh±vato imin± asaªgayham±nass±pi ±k±se kaµikampanena sukkamocane saªgh±disesassa paµhamag±th±ya½ “v±y±mo”ti s±maññavacanena saªgahitatt± ta½ µhapetv± “tena kho pana samayena aññatarassa bhikkhuno mocan±dhipp±yassa ±k±se kaµi½ kampentassa asuci mucci…pe… asuci na mucci. Tassa kukkucca½ ahosi…pe… an±patti bhikkhu saªgh±disesassa, ±patti thullaccayass±”ti ±k±sekaµikampanavatthumhi vuttatt± amutte thullaccaya½ saªgahetum±ha “sañcicc±”ti-±di.
Tattha sañcicc±ti “upakkam±mi mocess±m²”ti j±nitv± sañj±nitv±ti attho. “Upakkamantass±”ti s±maññato ta½ visesetu½ “±k±se kampanenap²”ti ±ha, kaµikampanen±ti gahetabba½. Kathamida½ labbhat²ti ce? Im±ya kath±ya saªgahetabbavatthumhi “±k±se kaµi½ kampentass±”ti (p±r±. 266) p±µhe “kaµi½ kampentass±”ti vacanasahacarassa “±k±se”ti vacanassa sannidh±nabalena labbhati atthappakaraºasaddantarasannidh±n± sadd±na½ visesatthad²panato.
329. Vatthinti muttavatthi½, muttakaraºassa vatthinti attho. K²¼±ya p³retv±ti g±mad±rako viya k²¼ituk±mat±ya muttavatthi½ da¼ha½ gahetv± p³retv±ti attho. Yath±ha vatthivatthumhi aµµhakath±ya½ “te bhikkh³ vatthi½ da¼ha½ gahetv± p³retv± p³retv± vissajjent± g±mad±rak±viya pass±vamaka½s³”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.264). “Na vaµµat²”ti s±maññena kasm± vuttanti? Tasmi½ vatthusmi½ vuttanayena mocan±dhipp±yena da¼ha½ gahetv± p³retv± p³retv± vissajjentassa sukke mutte mocan±dhipp±yo ceteti, upakkamati, muccat²ti aªg±na½ sampannatt± saªgh±disesassa amutte thullaccayassa sambhavato ubhayasaªgahattham±ha.
330. Upanijjh±yanavatthumhi “na ca bhikkhave s±rattena m±tug±massa aªgaj±ta½ upanijjh±yitabba½, yo upanijjh±yeyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (p±r±. 266) p±¼iya½ “m±tug±mass±”ti s±maññena vuttatt± “tissannan”ti vadati. Tissanna½ pana itth²nanti manuss±manussatiracch±nagatavasena tissanna½ itth²na½. “Aªgaj±tan”ti visesetv± vuttatt± “nimittan”ti muttakaraºameva vuccati, paµasaten±pi paµicch±dita½ v± appaµicch±dita½ v± yonimagganti attho. Ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “sacepi paµasata½ nivatth± hoti, purato v± pacchato v± µhatv± ‘imasmi½ n±ma ok±se nimittan’ti upanijjh±yantassa dukkaµameva. Anivatth±na½ g±mad±rik±na½ nimitta½ upanijjh±yantassa pana kimeva vattabban”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.266). Purato v±ti ettha “µhatv±”ti p±µhaseso.
331. Ekena…pe… passato eka½ dukkaµanti sambandho. “Ekena payogena eka½ dukkaµan”ti vacanato anekehi payogehi anek±ni dukkaµ±n²ti byatirekato labbhati. Yath±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “ito cito ca viloketv± punappuna½ upanijjh±yantassa payoge payoge dukkaµan”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.266). Imiss± aµµhakath±ya “ito cito c±”ti vuttatt± umm²lananim²lananti ettha “vividh± ta½ anoloketv± tameva olokentass±”ti labbhati.
332. Amocan±dhipp±yassa muttasmi½ an±patti pak±sit±ti yojan±. Mocan±dhipp±ya½ vin± bhesajjakaraºattha½ suddhacittena aªgaj±te bhesajjalepa½ karontassa v± suddhacitteneva ucc±rapass±v±di½ karontassa v± muttepi an±patt²ti ida½ “an±patti supinantena namocan±dhipp±yass±”ti-±din± (p±r±. 263) nayena an±pattiv±re vuttamev±ti attho.
Imasmi½ p±µhe “anupakkamantass±”ti avuttepi imassa p±µhassa purato “ceteti na upakkamati muccati, an±patt²”ti (p±r±. 262) ca “na ceteti na upakkamati muccati, an±patt²”ti (p±r±. 262) ca vacanato ta½ saªgahetum±ha “anupakkamatopi ca muttasmi½ an±patti pak±sit±”ti. Mocanass±dar±gena p²¼ito hutv± “aho vata me mucceyy±”ti cintetv± v± evar³pamocanass±dar±gap²¼±pubbaªgamacitte asatipi kevala½ k±mavitakkamattena upahato hutv± t±disa-ajjhattikab±hiravatth³su ghaµµanavasena v± ±k±se kaµikampanavasena v± upakkama½ akarontassa t±disacint±balena v± k±mavitakkabalena v± sukke muttepi an±patt²ti ida½ yath±vuttap±µhavasena pak±sitanti attho.