Vissajjanavaseneva, hoti atthavinicchayo”ti. (U. vi. 14)–

Vatv± pañha½ pah±ya tato paµµh±ya uttaramattasseva dassitatt± tath± vohar²yanti.

“Tasm± vinayan³p±yan”ti-±din± pana sotujana½ sakkaccasavane niyojeti. Sakkaccasavanapaµibaddh± hi sabb±pi lokiyalokuttarasampatt²ti ayamettha samud±yattho. Aya½ pana avayavattho– so yasm± atthayojanakkamena padayojana½ katv± vaººite suviññeyyo hoti, tasm± tath± padayojana½ katv± atthavaººana½ kariss±ma–
Seµµha½ appaµipuggala½ buddhañceva bhav±bh±vakara½ dhammañceva niraªgaºa½ gaºañceva siras± vanditv± bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²nañca hitatth±ya sam±sena sam±hito vinayassavinicchaya½ vakkh±m²ti yojan±.
Tattha seµµhanti sabbe ime pasatth± ayametesa½ atisayena pasatthoti seµµho. Tath± hi so bhagav± “ahañhi br±hmaºa jeµµho seµµho lokass±”ti (p±r±. 11) verañjabr±hmaºassa attano jeµµhaseµµhabh±vassa parij±nanavinicchayahetubh³t±hi jh±n±d²hi niratisayaguºasampatt²hi samann±gatatt±–
“Tvameva asi sambuddho, tuva½ satth± anuttaro;
sadevakasmi½ lokasmi½, natthi te paµipuggalo. (D². ni. 2.370).
Tuva½ buddho tuva½ satth±, tuva½ m±r±bhibh³ muni;
tuva½ anusaye chetv±, tiººo t±resima½ paja½.
Upadh² te samatikkant±, ±sav± te pad±lit±;
s²hosi anup±d±no, pah²nabhayabheravo. (Ma. ni. 2.400; su. ni. 550-551; therag±. 839-940).
Mah±v²ra mah±pañña, iddhiy± yasas± jala;
sabbaverabhay±t²ta, p±de vand±mi cakkhum±”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.159; dha. pa. aµµha. 1.56).–

¾d²h² n±n±nayehi sadevakena lokena abhitthaviyat±ya pasatthatamo, tameva seµµha½ pasatthatamanti attho.

Appaµipuggalanti natthi etassa paµipuggalo adhiko, sadiso v±ti appaµipuggalo. Tath± hi guºavasena anant±parim±º±su lokadh±t³su attan± adhikassa, sadisassa v± puggalassa abh±vato–
“Na me ±cariyo atthi, sadiso me na vijjati;
sadevakasmi½ lokasmi½, natthi me paµipuggalo”ti. (Mah±va. 11)–

Attan±va attano avipar²to appaµipuggalabh±vo paµiññ±to, tasm± ta½ appaµipuggala½ sabbalokuttamanti attho.

Buddhanti anantamaparimeyya½ ñeyyamaº¹alamanavasesa½ buddhav±ti buddho, etena anekakappakoµisatasahassa½ sambhatapuññañ±ºasambh±r±nubh±vasiddhidhammar³pak±yasirivil±sapaµimaº¹ito saddhammavaracakkavatt² samm±sambuddho dassito. Atha v± catt±ri sacc±ni saya½ vicitopacitap±ramit±parip±citena sav±san±navasesakilesappah±yakena sayambhuñ±ºena bujjh²ti buddho. Yath±ha–
“Abhiññeyya½ abhiññ±ta½, bh±vetabbañca bh±vita½;
pah±tabba½ pah²na½ me, tasm± buddhosmi br±hmaº±”ti. (Ma. ni. 2.392, 399; su. ni. 563; therag±. 828).
Vitth±ro panassa “bujjhit± sacc±n²ti buddho, bodhet± paj±y±ti buddho”ti-±din± (mah±ni. 192; c³¼ani. p±r±yanatthutig±th±niddesa 97; paµi. ma. 1.162) niddes±d²su vuttanayena veditabbo. Saddasiddhi s±sanik±na½ avagamanatthe vattam±n± budha-dh±tuto “bh±vakammesu ta” iti ito t±tivattam±ne “budhagam±ditthe kattar²”ti imin± kacc±yanasuttena kattari tappaccayavidh±nato veditabb±. Lokiy±na½ pana bodhanatthadh±t³nampi gamanatthat±ya vuttatt± gatyatth±kammak±di suttato kattari ta-ppaccayakaraºena veditabb±.
Atha v± dh±t³na½ anekatthat±ya budha-iccaya½ dh±tu j±garaºavikasanatthesu vattam±no akammakoti “pabuddho puriso, pabuddha½ paduman”ti-±d²su viya buddhav± aññ±ºanidd±vigamena ñ±ºacakkh³ni umm²lanto pabuddho, guºehi v± vikasitoti kattari siddhena buddha-saddena “buddho”ti tibhavanekac³¼±maºip±dapaªkajar±garatano bhagav± lokan±tho vuccati, imasmi½ pakkhepi gatyatth±disutte akammakaggahaºena paccayavidh±na½ daµµhabba½.
Atha v± sakammak±na½ dh±t³na½ kammavacanicch±ya abh±ve akammakabh±vato “phala½ sayameva pakkan”ti-±d²su viya bodhanattheyeva budha-dh±tuto kattari vidh±na½ sijjhati. Atha v± n²laguºayogena paµ±d²su n²lavoh±ro viya bh±vas±dhana½ buddha-sadda½ gahetv± buddhaguºayogato “buddho”ti vohar²yati. Evamanekadh± siddhena buddha-saddena vuccam±na½ ta½ bhagavanta½ ta½ dhammar±janti attho.
“Seµµha½ appaµipuggalan”ti padadvaya½ “buddhan”ti etassa visesana½. Ettha ca “buddha½, seµµha½, appaµipuggalan”ti imehi t²hi padehi nayato “itipi so bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.157; 3.6; ma. ni. 1.147, 144; 3.434; sa½. ni. 1.249; 5.479; a. ni. 5.14, 30; 6.25, 26; netti. 93), “yo vadata½ pavaro manujesu, sakyamun² bhagav± katakicco”ti-±d²hi (vi. va. 886) ca anekehi suttapadehi dassitad³r±vid³rasantikanid±nahetuphalasattopak±r±vatth±dhammattha- lokuddh±rattikattayasaªgahita½ suparisuddha½ buddhaguºasamudaya½ niravasesa½ dasseti. Ayameva hi buddhaguº±na½ niravasesato dassan³p±yo, yadida½ nayadassana½. Itarath± paµipadavaººan±ya aparimit±na½ buddhaguº±na½ ko hi n±ma samattho pariyanta½ gantu½. Yath±ha–
“Buddhopi buddhassa bhaºeyya vaººa½;
kappampi ce aññamabh±sam±no;
kh²yetha kappo cirad²ghamantare;
vaººo na kh²yetha tath±gatass±”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 3.141; ma. ni. aµµha. 2.425; ud±. aµµha. 53; apa. aµµha. 2.7.20; bu. va½. aµµha. 4.4; cariy±. aµµha. nid±nakath±, pakiººakakath±; d². ni. µ². 1.ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±; ma. ni. µ². 1.ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±; sa½. ni. µ². 1.1.ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±; a. ni. µ². 1.1.ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±; vajira. µ². ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±; s±rattha. µ². 1.ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±; netti. µ². ganth±rambhakath±vaººan±).

Evametehi t²hi padehi niravasesaguºasa½kittanathutiy± vasena “vanditv±”ti imin± paº±massa ca vuttatt± im±ya a¹¹hag±th±ya buddharatanasaªkh±tapaµhamavandan²yavatthuvisay± thutipaº±masabh±v± vandan± dassit±ti daµµhabba½.

Tadanantara½ dhammaratanassa paº±ma½ dassetum±ha “bhav±bh±vakara½ dhamman”ti. Ettha bhava-saddena dve bhav± vutt± kammabhavo, upapattibhavoti. Tattha kammabhavo bhavati etasm± phalanti “bhavo”ti vuccati. Vip±kakkhandhakaµatt±r³pasaªkh±to pana upapattibhavo avijj±taºhup±d±nasaªkh±r±disahak±rik±raºayuttena kusal±kusalacetan±saªkh±takammabhavapaccayena yath±raha½ bhavat²ti “bhavo”ti vuccati. So pana k±mabhavar³pabhava-ar³pabhavasaññ²bhava-asaññ²bhavanevasaññ²n±saññ²bhava- ekavok±rabhavacatuvok±rabhavapañcavok±rabhavavasena navavidho. Evametesu navasu bhavesu dasavidhopi dhammo att±na½ dh±rentassa puggalasant±nassa anup±disesanibb±nadh±tuy± para½ appaµisandhikat±s±dhanena bhavesu bhavassa v± abh±va½ karot²ti bhav±bh±vakaro, ta½, apar±paraj±tippabandhassa hetusamuggh±tena appavattidhammat±p±dakanti attho.
Dhammanti att±na½ dh±rente cat³su ap±yesu, sa½s±re ca apatam±ne dh±ret²ti dhammo, so catumaggaphalanibb±nasaªkh±tanavalokuttaradhammo ca tappaµip±dako navaªgas±san±paran±madheyyacatur±s²tisahassadhammakkhandhappabhedabhinno pariyattidhammo c±ti dasavidho. Sopi nippariy±yadhammo, pariy±yadhammo c±ti duvidho. Tattha nippariy±yadhammo n±ma ap±ye, sa½s±re v± padh±nahetubh³t±na½ uddhambh±giy±na½, orambh±giy±nañca dasanna½ sa½yojan±na½ samucchindanena maggadhammo, tassa ta½kiccanipphattinimittabh±vena nibb±nadhammo c±ti pañcavidhopi nippariy±yena puggalasant±na½ dh±ret²ti katv± “nippariy±yadhammo”ti vuccati. Catt±ri pana s±maññaphal±ni paµippassaddhipah±nena magg±nuguºappavattiy±, pariyatti ca magganibb±n±dhigamassa m³lak±raºabh±vatoti pañcavidhopi pariy±yadhammo n±ma.
Ett±vat± “sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 1.249; a. ni. 3.76; d². ni. 3.6; a. ni. 6.10, 25, 26), “r±gavir±gamanejamasokan”ti-±d²hi (vi. va. 887) ca suttantehi vuttassa, tadaµµhakath±d²su ca vaººitassa saraº±nussaraºavasen±pi saggamokkhasampattipaµil±bhak±raºassa anavasesassa dhammaratanaguºassa nayato uddiµµhatt± ca “vanditv±”ti imin± paº±massa dassitatt± ca dhammaratanasaªkh±tassa dutiyassa vandan²yassa thutipaº±masabh±v± vandan± dassit±ti daµµhabba½.
Tadanantara½ saªgharatanassa vandan±sandassanattha½ vutta½ “gaºañceva niraªgaºan”ti. Ettha “r±go aªgaºa½ doso aªgaºa½ moho aªgaºan”ti (vibha. 924) vuttehi r±g±di-aªgaºehi tadaªgavikkhambhanasamucchedapaµippassaddhinissaraºavimuttivasena niggato vimuttoti niraªgaºo, ta½ niraªgaºa½. Ariyava½se s²lasam±dhipaññ±vimuttivimuttiñ±ºadassanasaªkh±tehi guºagaºehi gaº²yat²ti gaºo, ta½.
Ett±vat± “suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 1.249; a. ni. 3.76; d². ni. 3.6; a. ni. 6.10, 25, 26;), “yattha ca dinna½ mahapphalam±hu, cat³su suc²su purisayuges³”ti-±d²hi (vi. va. 888) ca tehi tehi suttapadehi vutt±na½, tadaµµhakath±d²su ca vaººit±na½ vimal±tulanikhilavis±lapesalas²l±din±nappak±r±nagghasaªgharatanaguº±na½ sa½kittanasabh±v±ya thutiy± ca “vanditv±”ti etena yath±vuttasar³papabhedapaº±massa vuttatt± ca saªgharatanasaªkh±tatatiyavandan²yavatthuvisay± thutippaº±masaªkh±t± vandan± dassit±ti veditabb±. Siras±ti attappas±dag±rav±vahantena muddhan±. Vanditv±ti paºamitv± thomitv± v±.
Eva½ paµhamag±th±ya vandan²yassa ratanattayassa thutippaº±masaªkh±ta½ vandana½ dassetv± tadanantar±ya sandassetabbapayojan±dipaµip±dik±ya g±th±ya “bhikkh³nan”ti imin± kiñc±pi sa½s±re bhaya½ ikkhat²ti “bhikkh³”ti kaly±ºaputhujjanena saddhi½ aµµha ariyapuggal± vuccanti, p±¼iya½ (p±r±. 44-45; vibha. 510) pana “bhinnapaµa½ dh±ret²ti bhikkhu, bhikkhanas²loti bhikkh³”ti-±din± bhikkhusaddassa atthuddh±ravasena nibbacanantar±ni dassetv± p±timokkhasa½varasa½varaº±rahasseva adhippetabh±va½ dassetu½ “samaggena saªghena ñatticatutthena kammena akuppena µh±n±rahena upasampanno, aya½ imasmi½ atthe adhippeto bhikkh³”ti dassit± sikkh±k±m± s±san±vac±r± kulaputt± idh±dhippet±, tesa½ bhikkh³nañca. Bhikkhun²nañc±ti aµµhav±cika-upasampad±kammena ubhatosaªghe upasampann±t±dis±yeva kuladh²taro dassit±. Ekatopasampann±pi s±maññena gayhanti. Ekatopasampann±ti ca bhikkhunisaªghe upasampajjitv± y±va bhikkhusaªghe na upasampajjanti, t±va, bhikkhun² ca liªgaparivattanena bhikkhunibh±vappatt± adhippet±, t±sa½ bhikkhun²nañca.
Hitatth±y±ti sabbasampattinipph±dakaraºatth±ya hinoti gacchati yath±dhippetaphalas±dhane pavattat²ti hitanti arogat±dik±raºa½ amatosadh±di vuccati. Idha pana saggamokkhasampattisiddhik±raºa½ p±timokkhasa½varas²larakkhana½ vuccati, tadatth±ya.
Sam±hito samm± ±hito pavattito vinicchayamaggo eten±ti “sam±hito”ti pakaraºak±rako dassito. Atha v± samm± ±hita½ vinayavinicchaye µhapita½ pavattita½ cittametass±ti “sam±hitacitto”ti vattabbe uttarapadalopena “sam±hito”ti vutto. Paramagambh²rasuduttaravinayapiµakatthavinicchaye pavattan±rahassa imin± visesanena attani sam±hitacittappavattinimittabh³to attano ñ±ºassa padaµµh±nabh³to sam±dhi dassito tena sam±dhin± sam±hito hutv±ti attho.
Pavakkh±m²ti pak±rena vakkh±mi, yena pak±rena vinayavinicchaye vutte ajjatan± mandasatimativ²riy± paµipajjanak± gambh²ratara½ vinayapiµakatthavinicchaya½ sukhena uggaºhitu½, dh±retuñca sakkonti, t±disena pak±ravisesena vakkh±m²ti attho. Sam±sen±ti samasana½ sa½khipana½ sam±so, tena, sa½khittarucik±namuggh±µitaññ³na½ kat±dhik±r±na½ ñ±ºuttar±na½ puggal±nañca papañcabh²ruk±na½ gahaºadh±raºe mandayant±na½ mandabuddh²nañca upak±rakena n±tivitth±rakkamen±ti attho. Vinayass±ti vinayapiµakassa. Tañhi–
“Vividhavisesanayatt±;
vinayanato ceva k±yav±c±na½;
vinayatthavid³hi aya½;
vinayo ‘vinayo’ti akkh±to”ti. (D². ni. aµµha. 1.paµhamasaªg²tikath±; p±r±. aµµha. 1.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±; dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±)–

Vuttehi atthavisesehi “vinayo”ti vuccati. Tassa eva½ sandassitasabh±vassa “vinayo n±ma s±sanassa ±y³”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.paµhamasaªg²tikath±; p±r±. aµµha. 1.paµhamasaªg²tikath±; khu. p±. aµµha. 5.paµhamamah±saªg²tikath±) saªg²tik±rakehi mah±kassap±d²hi abhitthutaguºassa vinayapiµakuttamassa. Vinicchayanti visesena, vividhena v± ±k±rena vippaµipattin²haraºavasena c²yati vibhaj²yat²ti “vinicchayo”ti laddhan±ma½ vibhajana½, vinayavinicchaya½ n±ma pakaraºanti vutta½ hoti. “Vinayassavinicchayan”ti ca aluttasam±soya½ “dev±na½piyatisso, kaºµhek±¼o”ti-±d²su viya.

Eva½ dutiyag±th±ya kattunimittapayojan±bhidh±n±bhidheyyapakaraºappak±rekadesa½ dassetv± sakkaccasavanak±raºanidassanamukhen±pi pakaraºappak±r±di½ dassetum±ha “an±kula”micc±di. Tattha an±kulanti natthi ettha saddato, atthato, vinicchayato v± ±kula½ pubb±paravirodho, missat± v±ti an±kulo, vinayavinicchayo, ta½ vadato me nibodhath±ti sambandho. Asa½kiººanti nik±yantaraladdh²hi asammissa½.
Madhuratthapadakkamanti pad±na½ kamo padakkamo, padagati, sadd±namucc±raºanti attho. Madhuro attho ca padakkamo ca yassa so madhuratthapadakkamo, ta½–
“Pad±satta½ padatth±na½, madhuratthamud²rita½;
yena majjanti dh²manto, madhuneva madhubbat±”ti.–

Imin± lakkhaºena sadd±namatth±nañca vasena pad±satt±paran±madheyyam±dhuriy±laªk±rena samalaªkatatt± madhuratthapadakkama½.

Paµubh±vakaranti paµati gacchati paj±n±t²ti paµu, paññav±, paµuno bh±vo, saddappavattinimittabh³t± paññ±, ta½ paµubh±va½ paññ±visesa½ karoti janet²ti paµubh±vakaro, ta½, paññ±visesajanakanti attho. Eta½ vinayassa vinicchayanti yojan±. Paramanti uttama½. Vinayakkameti vinayapiµake, tadatthe ca, pavattikkame paµubh±vakaranti attho.
Eva½ tatiyag±th±ya pakaraºaguº±padesena sotujana½ samuss±hetv± id±ni “ap±ran”ti-±dicatutthag±th±ya pakaraºañca tannissaya½ vinayapiµakañca n±v±s±garabh±vena dassetv± tirobh³topameyyopam±nabhedena r³pak±laªk±rena pakaraºaguºa½ pak±sento sotujana½ samuttejeti. Tattha ap±ranti natthi p±ra½ etass±ti ap±ro, vinayas±garo. So hi purimabuddhupp±desu s±sana½ pas²ditv± vinayapiµake uggahaºadh±raºapaµip±danapaµipattivasena akat±dhik±rehi puggalehi duradhigaman²yadhammatthaniruttipaµibh±napariyantat±ya “ap±ro”ti vuccati.
Otarant±nanti sajjh±yanasavanadh±raº±divasena ajjhog±hant±na½. S±ranti nibb±nasamp±pakabh±vena s±rabh³t±ya ariyamaggasambh±r±ya pubbabh±gapaµipattiy± m³labh³tap±timokkhasa½varasaªkh±tas²las±rappak±sakat±ya s±ra½. Vinayas±garanti vinayapiµakasaªkh±ta½ s±gara½. Vinayo hi sikkh±padapaññattiy± k±lappattaj±nanass±pi dhammasen±pati-±d²nampi avisayatt± atigambh²r±tivitthiººabh±vena s±garo viy±ti s±garo, vinayo ca so s±garo c±ti vinayas±garo, ta½, ag±dh±p±raguºayogato s±garopama½ vinayapiµakanti attho.
Dutiyag±th±ya “bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²nan”ti vatv±pi “hitatth±y±”ti imin± sambandhatt± ca v±kyantarehi antaritabh±vena d³ratt± ca ta½ an±diyitv± ettha vinayas±garajjhog±hanatadatthapaµipajjan±rahakattuvisesasandassanatth±ya “bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²nan”ti puna vuttanti daµµhabba½. N±v± viya bh³to n±v±bh³to, ta½, n±v±µµh±niya½ mah±n±v±sadisanti attho. Manoramanti mano ramati ettha, eten±ti v± manoramo, ta½, ajjh±yanavoh±rapasut±na½ paµipattipar±yan±nañca s±dh³na½ manoramanti attho.
Ett±vat± pakaraºaguºasa½kittanena sotujana½ samuttejetv± id±ni sakkaccasavane niyojento “tasm± vinayan³p±yan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha tasm±ti yasm± yath±vutta½ an±kulat±divividh±nagghaguº±laªk±rapaµimaº¹ita½, tena hetun±ti attho. Vinayan³p±yanti vividh±k±rena, visesanayato v± k±yav±c±na½ nayana½ damana½ akattabbato nivattetv± kattabbesu niyojana½ vinayana½, upecca ta½ phala½ ±yati uppajjat²ti up±yo, hetu, vinayanassa up±yo vinayan³p±yo, ta½, k±yaj²vit±napekkh±na½ sikkh±k±m±na½ pesal±na½ bhikkh³na½ bhikkhun²na½ k±yav±c±na½ ananulomikavipphandit±panayanasaªkh±tadamanassa k±raºabh³tanti vutta½ hoti.
Ett±vat± attan± kattumicchite pakaraºe paº¹it±na½ pavattihetubh³t±na½ an±kulat±diguº±na½ vibh±vanavasena “an±kulan”ti-±divisesan±ni vatv± id±ni sakkaccasavan±vabodhe visaya½ visesitabba½ dassetum±ha “vinayassavinicchayan”ti. Ettha ca dutiyag±th±ya “vinayassavinicchayan”ti “pavakkh±m²”ti kiriy±ya kammadassanavasena vutta½, ta½ idha ±netv± sambandhiyam±nampi d³rasambandha½ hot²ti taman±netv± “nibodhath±”ti imiss± kiriy±ya kammasandassanattha½ “vinayassavinicchayan”ti vuttatt± punaruttidos±bh±voti daµµhabba½.
Avikkhittena citten±ti ettha vividhe ±rammaºe khitta½ pesita½ vikkhitta½, uddhaccavicikicch±dipareta½ asam±hita½ citta½, na vikkhitta½ avikkhitta½, tappaµipakkha½ sam±hita½ kusalacitta½, tena, etassa pakaraºuttamassa savan±diby±p±ra½ vin± n±n±rammaºesu pavattivasena vikkhepaman±pannena sam±hitena citten±ti attho. “Avikkhittena…pe… nibodhath±”ti vadantena ca “avikkhittass±ya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo vikkhittass±”ti vacanato vikkhittassa dhammesu d±y±d±bh±vato attano pakaraºatthabh³t±ya adhis²lasikkh±ya samm±paµipajjan±padeso kato hoti.
Vadato meti ettha “g±ravena c±”ti p±µhaseso. Tatth±yamattho– bh±sam±ne mayi g±ravena, yath±vuttena k±raºena c±ti s±mibhumm±namavisesat±ya “me”ti s±mivacanassa “may²”ti atthasambhavato ayamattho vutto. Pakaraºassa an±kulat±diguºasamann±gatatt± ca vattari mayi g±ravena ca sam±hitena cetas±ti adhipp±yo. Nibodhath±ti v±kyatthapadattha½ sandh±yabh±sitatthabh±vatth±divasena nisesato bodhatha, sakkacca½ sutv± vinayavinicchaya½ bujjhatha vij±n±th±ti attho, cint±bh±van±mayañ±º±na½ m³labh³tapakaraºavisaya½ sutamayañ±ºa½ nipph±deth±ti adhipp±yo.

Ganth±rambhakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.