Tatiyap±r±jikakath±vaººan±

241-2. Evamatisukhumanayasam±kula½ dutiyap±r±jika½ dassetv± id±ni tatiyap±r±jika½ dassetum±ha “manussaj±tin”ti-±di. Tattha manussaj±tinti j±yat²ti j±ti, r³p±r³papaµisandhi, manussesu j±ti yassa so manussaj±ti, manussaj±tiko manussaviggahoti vutta½ hoti, ta½ manussaj±ti½.
Ettha ca manusses³ti kusal±kusalamanassa ussannatt± manussasaªkh±tesu naresu. “Ya½ m±tukucchismi½ paµhama½ citta½ uppannan”ti (p±r±. 172) padabh±jane vuttanayena m±tukucchimhi paµhama½ uppajjam±napaµisandhicittañca ta½sampayuttavedan±saññ±saªkh±rasaªkh±takhandhattayañca ta½sahaj±t±ni–
“Tilatelassa yath± bindu, sappimaº¹o an±vilo;
eva½ vaººappaµibh±ga½, ‘kalalan’ti pavuccat²”ti. (P±r±. aµµha. 2.172; vibha. aµµha. 26)–

Vutt±ni j±ti-uººa½sumhi pasannatilatele v± sappimaº¹e v± ot±retv± ukkhipitv± vidhunite agge lambam±nabinduppam±ºakalalasaªkh±t±ni sabh±vak±na½ k±yabh±vavatthudasakavasena ti½sa r³p±ni ca abh±vak±na½ k±yavatthudasakavasena v²sati r³p±ni c±ti aya½ n±mar³papaµisandhi idha “j±t²”ti gahit±. “Yass±”ti imin± aññapadena “y±va maraºak±l± etthantare eso manussaviggaho n±m±”ti (p±r±. 172) padabh±jane vuttanayena paµhamabhavaªgato paµµh±ya cuticitt±sannabhavaªgapariyantasant±nasaªkh±tasatto gahito. Imin± manussaviggahassa paµisandhito paµµh±ya p±r±jikavatthubh±va½ dasseti.

J±nantoti “satto ayan”ti j±nanto. J²vit± yo viyojayeti yo bhikkhu j²vitindriy± viyojeyya voropeyya, tassa j²vitindriya½ upacchindeyya uparodheyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Ten±ha padabh±jane “j²vit± voropeyy±ti j²vitindriya½ upacchindati uparodhet²”ti (p±r±. 172).
Tañca j²vitindriya½ r³p±r³pavasena duvidha½ hoti. Tattha ar³paj²vitindriya½ aviggahatt± upakkamavisaya½ na hoti. R³paj²vitindriyupacchedena pana tad±yattavuttit±ya ta½samak±lameva occhijjam±nat±ya ettha s±maññena ubhayampi gahetabba½. Idañca at²t±n±gata½ na gahetabba½ tassa avijjam±natt±. Upakkamavisay±raha½ pana paccuppannameva gahetabba½. Tañca khaºasantati-addh±vasena tividha½ hoti.
Tattha upp±daµµhitibhaªgavasena khaºattayapariy±panno bh±vo khaºapaccuppanna½ n±ma. Ta½ sarasabhaªgabh³tatt± saya½ bhijjam±na½ upakkamas±dhiya½ vin±savanta½ na hoti. ¾tape µhatv± gabbha½ paviµµhassa andhak±ravigamantarañca s²tena ovaraka½ paviµµhassa visabh±ga-utusamuµµh±nena s²tapan³dantarañca r³pasantati santatipaccuppanna½ n±ma. Paµisandhicut²namantar±¼appavatti khandhasantati addh±paccuppanna½ n±ma. Imasmi½ dvaye upakkamasambhavo, ta½vasena upacchijjam±na½ j²vita½ sant±naparih±nipaccayabh±vato santati-addh±paccuppannadvaya½ yath±paricchinnak±lamappatv± upakkamavasena antar±yeva nirujjhati, tasm± santati-addh±paccuppannar³paj²vitindriyañca ta½nirodhena nirujjham±na-ar³paj²vitindriyañc±ti ubhaya½ ettha “j²vit±”ti gahitanti veditabba½. Idameva sandh±y±ha padabh±jane “santati½ vikopet²”ti (p±r±. 172).
Imiss±va p±º±tip±tabh±ve ±pattibh±vato ettha µhatv± aµµhakath±ya½ (p±r±. aµµha. 2.172) p±ºap±º±tip±tap±º±tip±t²p±º±tip±tappayog±na½ vibh±go dassito. Tattha p±ºoti voh±rato satto, paramatthato upacchijjam±na½ j²vitindriya½, ta½ “j²vit±”ti imin± vutta½. P±º±tip±to n±ma vadhakacetan±, so ca “viyojaye”ti imin± sandassito. P±º±tip±t² n±ma puggalo, so ca “yo”ti imin± sandassito. P±º±tip±tappayogo pana–
“Vutt± p±º±tip±tassa;
payog± cha mahesin±”ti–

¾din± nayena idheva vakkham±navibh±gatt± vakkham±nanayeneva daµµhabbo.

Assa sattha½ nikkhipeyya v±ti yojan±. Ass±ti manussaj±tikassa. “Hatthap±se”ti p±µhaseso. Hatthap±so n±ma sam²poti. Ass±ti sam²pasambandhe s±mivacana½. Satthanti ettha j²vitavihi½ sanupakaraºabh±vena sammat± dh±r±vanta-asi-±di ca dh±r±rahitayaµµhibhindiv±lalagu¼±di ca upalakkhaºavasena gahetabb±. Sasati hi½sat²ti sattha½. Tenev±ha padabh±jane “asi½ v± satti½ v± bhindiv±la½ v± lagu¼a½ v± p±s±ºa½ v± sattha½ v± visa½ v± rajju½ v±”ti. Idh±vutta½ karap±lik±churik±di samukha½ “sattha½ v±”ti imin± saªgahita½. Nikkhipeyy±ti yath± bhogahetu½ labhati, tath± upanikkhipeyya, attavadh±ya icchitakkhaºe yath± gaºh±ti, tath± sam²pe teneva cittena µhapeyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Imin± th±varappayogo sandassito.
Maraºe guºa½ v± vadeyy±ti yojan±, maraºatth±ya maraºe guºa½ vaººet²ti attho. “J²vite ±d²nava½ dasseti, maraºe guºa½ bhaºat²”ti (p±r±. 172) padabh±jane vuttatt± “ki½ tuyhimin± p±pakena dujj²vitena, yo tva½ na labhasi paº²tabhojan±ni bhuñjitu”micc±din± nayena maraºatth±ya j²vite avaººa½ vadanto ca “tva½ khosi up±saka katakaly±ºo akatap±po, mata½ te j²vit± seyyo, ito tva½ k±lakato vividhavihaªgamavik³jite paramasurabhikusumabh³sitataruvaranicite paramaratikarala¼itagatibh±sitavilapitasurayuvatigaºavicarite varanandane acchar±saªghapariv±rito vicarissas²”ti-±din± nayena maraºatth±ya maraº±nisa½sa½ dassento ca “maraºe guºa½ vadeyya”icceva vuccati.
Maraº³p±ya½ deseyy±ti yojan±. Maraº±dhipp±yeneva “sattha½ v± ±hara, visa½ v± kh±da, rajjuy± v± ubbandhitv± k±laªkaroh²”ti padabh±jane vuttasatthaharaº±ni ca avuttampi sobbhanarakapap±t±d²su papatanañc±ti evam±dika½ maraº³p±ya½ ±cikkheyya. “Hoti ayamp²”ti padacchedo, ap²ti pubbe vuttadvaya½ samuccinoti. Dvedh± bhinnasil± viya asandheyyova so ñeyyoti dvidh± bhinnap±s±ºo viya bhagavato paµipattipaµivedhas±sanadvayena so paccuppanne attabh±ve sandh±tumasakkuºeyyov±ti ñ±tabboti attho.
243. Th±var±dayoti ±di-saddena vijj±maya-iddhimayapayogadvaya½ saªgahita½.
244. Tatth±ti tesu chasu payogesu. Sako hattho sahattho, tena nibbatto s±hatthiko, payogo. Idha hatthaggahaºa½ upalakkhaºa½, tasm± hatth±din± attano aªgapaccaªgena nipph±dito vadhappayogo s±hatthikoti veditabbo.
245. “Tva½ ta½ eva½ paharitv± m±reh²”ti bhikkhuno parassa ya½ ±º±pana½, ayam±ºattiko nayoti yojan±. ¾ºattiko nayoti ±ºattiyeva ±ºattiko. Neti pavattet²ti nayo, payogasseta½ n±ma½.
246. D³ranti d³raµµha½. K±yena paµibaddhen±ti ettha k±yekadeso hatth±di k±yo avayave samud±yopac±rato “g±mo da¹¹ho”ti yath±. K±yapaµibaddha½ c±p±dika½ paµibaddha½ n±ma pubbapadalopena “devadatto datto”ti yath±. V±-saddo luttaniddiµµho, k±yena v± k±yapaµibaddhena v±ti vutta½ hoti, “usu-±dinip±tanan”ti imin± sambandho. Vidh±na½ vidhi, payogoti attho.
247. Asañc±rimup±yen±ti asañc±rimena niccalena up±yena. Opatanti etth±ti op±to, so ±di yesa½ apassenavisabhesajjasa½vidh±n±d²na½ te op±t±dayo, tesa½ vidh±na½ op±t±dividh±na½, op±takkhaºan±dikiriy±.
248. Vijj±y±ti ±thabbanaved±gatamaraºamantasaªkh±tavijj±ya. Jappananti yath± paro na suº±ti, tath± punappuna½ vacana½.
249. M±raºe samatth± y± kammavip±kaj± iddhi, aya½ iddhimayo payogo n±m±ti samud²ritoti yojan±. Kammavip±ke j±t± kammavip±kaj±, iddhi, y± “n±g±na½ n±giddhi supaºº±na½ supaººiddhi yakkh±na½ yakkhiddh²”ti-±din± (p±r±. aµµha. 2.172) bahudh± aµµhakath±ya½ vutt±. Tattha diµµhadaµµhaphuµµhavis±na½ n±g±na½ disv±, ¹a½sitv±, phusitv± ca par³pagh±takaraºe n±giddhi veditabb±. Eva½ ses±nampi. Iddhiyeva iddhimayo, bh±van±mayo iddhippayogo panettha na gahetabbo. Vuttañheta½ aµµhakath±ya½
“Keci pana bh±van±mayiddhiy±pi par³pagh±takaraºa½ vadanti. Saha par³pagh±takaraºena ca ±dittaghar³pari khittassa udakaghaµassa bhedana½ viya iddhivin±sañca icchanti, ta½ tesa½ icch±mattameva. Kasm±? Yasm± ta½ kusalavedan±vitakkaparittattik±d²hi na sameti. Katha½? Ayañhi bh±van±mayiddhi n±ma catutthajjh±namay± kusalattike kusal± ceva aby±kat± ca, p±º±tip±to akusalo. Vedan±ttike adukkhamasukhasampayutt±, p±º±tip±to dukkhasampayutto. Vitakkattike avitakka-avic±r±, p±º±tip±to savitakkasavic±ro. Parittattike mahaggat±, p±º±tip±to parittoyev±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.172).
250. Tatth±ti tesu chabbidhesu payogesu. Uddesop²ti uddisana½ uddeso, ta½sahito payogopi uddesoti vutta½ hoti “kunte paveseh²”ti yath±. Eva½ vattabbat±ya ca anuddesoti tabbipar²tavacanameva ñ±pakanti veditabba½. Ettha ekeko uddesopi anuddesopi hot²ti tesamaya½ bhedo pana duvidho hot²ti parid²pitoti yojan±. Imesu chasu payogesveva ekekasseva uddiss±nuddissakiriyam±nat±ya duvidhabh±vato tesa½ dv±dasavidho bhedo padabh±jane ca aµµhakath±ya ca d²pito, tattha vinicchayamid±ni dassayiss±m²ti adhipp±yo.
251. Bah³sup²ti manussesu bah³supi. Tena kammen±ti pah±rad±nasaªkh±tena kammena. Bajjhat²ti ap±ya½ netu½ kammap±sena kammantara½ niv±retv± bajjhat²ti attho.
252. Pah±rep²ti paharaºepi. Dehinoti manussaviggahassa. Tass±ti pahaµassa.
253. Pahaµamatte v±ti pahaµakkhaºe v±. Pacch±ti tappaccay± k±lantare v±. Ubhayath±pi ca mateti dvinna½ ±k±r±namaññatarena matepi. Hant± vadhako. Pahaµamattasminti tasmi½ maraº±rahapah±rassa laddhakkhaºeyeva, maraºato pubbabh±geyev±ti mattasaddena d²peti. Maraºatth±ya ca aññatth±ya ca dinnesu anekesu pah±resu maraºatth±ya dinnappah±reneva yad± kad±ci marissati, pah±rad±nakkhaºeyeva p±r±jika½ hoti. Amaraº±dhipp±yena dinnappah±rabalena ce mareyya, na hot²ti vutta½ hot²ti.
254. Dve payog±ti uddiss±nuddissakiriy±bhedabhinn± s±hatthik±ºattik± dve payog±.
255. Karaºass±ti kiriy±ya. Visesoti n±natta½. ¾ºattiniy±mak±ti ±ºatti½ niy±menti vavatth±pent²ti ±ºattiniy±mak±.
256. Tatth±ti tesu ±ºattiniy±makesu chasu ±k±resu. Yobban±di c±ti ±di-saddena th±variyamandakhi¹¹avuddh±di-avatth±viseso saªgahito.
257. Ya½ m±tik±ya niddiµµha½ sattha½, ta½ katama½?. Sattam±raºanti satte m±renti eten±ti sattam±raºa½, asi-±divadhopakaraºa½.
258. Vijjhananti usu-±d²hi vijjhana½. Bhedananti kakac±d²hi dvidh±karaºa½. Chedananti khagg±d²hi dvidh±karaºa½. T±¼ananti muggar±d²hi ±gh±tana½. Evam±dividhoti evam±dippak±ro. Anekoti bahuko bhedo. Karaºassa viseso kiriy±visesoti attho.