Mah±vibhaªgasaªgahakath±vaººan±

4. Eva½ sotujana½ savane niyojetv± yath±paµiññ±ta½ uttaravinicchaya½ dassetum±ha“methunan”ti-±di. “Kati ±pattiyo”ti aya½ diµµhasa½sandan±, adiµµhajotan±,vimaticchedan±, anumati, kathetukamyat±pucch±ti pañcanna½ pucch±na½ kathetukamyat±pucch±.Tisso ±pattiyo phuseti tass± saªkhepato vissajjana½.
5. Eva½ gaºan±vasena dassit±na½ “bhave”ti-±di sar³pato dassana½. Khetteti tiººa½magg±na½ aññatarasmi½ allok±se tilab²jamattepi padese. Methuna½ paµisevantassa p±r±jika½bhaveti sambandho. “Thullaccayan”ti vuttanti yojan±. “Yebhuyyakkh±yite”tiida½ nidassanamatta½, upa¹¹hakkh±yitepi thullaccayassa heµµh± vuttatt±. Vaµµakate mukheaphusanta½ aªgaj±ta½ pavesentassa dukkaµa½ vuttanti yojan±.
6. “Adinna½ ±diyanto”ti-±dayopi vuttanay±yeva.
7. Pañcam±sagghane v±p²ti por±ºakassa n²lakah±paºassa catutthabh±gasaªkh±te pañcam±se,tadagghanake v±. Adhike v±ti atirekapañcam±sake v± tadagghanake v±. Adinnepañcav²satiy± avah±r±na½ aññatarena avahaµe par±jayo hot²ti attho. M±se v± ³nam±sev± tadagghanake v± dukkaµa½. Tato majjheti pañcam±sakato majjhe. Pañca m±s± sam±haµ±,pañcanna½ m±s±na½ sam±h±roti v± pañcam±sa½, pañcam±sa½ agghat²ti pañcam±sagghana½,pañcam±sañca pañcam±sagghanañca pañcam±sagghana½, ekadesasar³pekasesoya½, tasmi½. M±sev±ti etth±pi m±so ca m±sagghanakañca m±sam±sagghanakoti vattabbe “m±se”ti ekadesasar³pekaseso,uttarapadalopo ca daµµhabbo.
“Pañcam±sagghane”ti s±maññena vuttepi por±ºakassa n²lakah±paºasseva catutthabh±gavasenapañcam±saniyamo k±tabbo. Tath± hi bhagavat± dutiyap±r±jika½ paññ±pentena bhikkh³supabbajita½ pur±ºavoh±rikamah±matta½ bhikkhu½ “kittakena vatthun± r±j± m±gadho seniyobimbis±ro cora½ gahetv± hanati v± bandhati v± pabb±jeti v±”ti pucchitv± tena“p±dena v± p±d±rahena v±”ti vutte teneva pam±ºena adinna½ ±diyantassa paññatta½.Aµµhakath±yañca
“Pañcam±sako p±doti p±¼i½ ulliªgitv± ‘tad± r±jagahe v²satim±sako kah±paºohoti, tasm± pañcam±sako p±do’. Etena lakkhaºena sabbajanapadesu kah±paºassacatuttho bh±go ‘p±do’ti veditabbo. So ca kho por±ºakassa n²lakah±paºassa vasena,na itaresa½ dudrad±mak±d²na½. Tena hi p±dena at²t± buddh±pi p±r±jika½ paññapesu½,an±gat±pi paññapessanti. Sabbabuddh±nañhi p±r±jikavatthumhi v± p±r±jike v± n±natta½natthi, im±neva catt±ri p±r±jikavatth³ni, im±neva catt±ri p±r±jik±ni, ito³na½ v± atireka½ v± natthi. Tasm± bhagav±pi dhaniya½ vigarahitv± p±deneva dutiyap±r±jika½paññapento ‘yo pana bhikkhu adinna½ theyyasaªkh±tan’ti-±dim±h±”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.88)vutta½.

S±ratthad²paniyañca

“Catuttho bh±go p±doti veditabboti imin±va sabbajanapadesu kah±paºasseva v²satimobh±gom±sakoti idañca vuttameva hot²ti daµµhabba½. Por±ºasatth±nur³pa½ lakkhaºasampann±upp±dit± n²lakah±paº±ti veditabb±. Dudrad±mena upp±dito dudrad±mako. So kiran²lakah±paºassa tibh±ga½ agghat²’ti vatv± ‘yasmi½ padese n²lakah±paº± na santi, tatth±pin²lakah±paºavaseneva paricchedo k±tabbo. Katha½? N²lakah±paº±na½ va¼añjanaµµh±ne caava¼añjanaµµh±ne ca sam±na-agghavasena pavattam±na½ bhaº¹a½ n²lakah±paºena sam±naggha½ gahetv± tassacatutthabh±gagghanaka½ n²lakah±paºassa p±dagghanakanti paricchinditv± vinicchayo k±tabbo”ti(s±rattha. µ². 2.88) ayamatthova vutto.
Ettha kah±paºa½ n±ma karont± suvaººenapi karonti rajatenapi tambenapisuvaººarajatatambamissakenapi Tesu katara½ kah±paºa½ n²lakah±paºanti? Kecit±va “suvaººakah±paºan”ti. Keci “missakakah±paºan”ti. Tattha “suvaººakah±paºan”tivadant±na½ ayamadhipp±yo– p±r±jikavatthun± p±dena sabbattha ekalakkhaºena bhavitabba½,k±ladesaparibhog±divasena agghan±natta½ p±dasseva bhavitabba½. Bhagavat± hi dhammikar±j³hihananabandhanapabb±jan±nur³peneva adinn±d±ne p±r±jika½ paññatta½, na itarath±. Tasm± es±sabbad± sabbattha abyabhic±r²ti suvaººamayassa kah±paºassa catutthena p±dena bhavitabbanti.
“Missakakah±paºan”ti vadant±na½ pana ayamadhipp±yo–

Aµµhakath±ya½

“Tad± r±jagahe v²satim±sako kah±paºo hoti, tasm± pañcam±sako p±do. Etena lakkhaºenasabbajanapadesu kah±paºassa catuttho bh±go ‘p±do’ti veditabbo. So ca kho por±ºakassan²lakah±paºassa vasena, na itaresa½ dudrad±mak±d²nan”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 1.88)–

Vuttatt±, s±ratthad²paniyañca

“Por±ºasatth±nur³pa½ lakkhaºasampann± upp±dit± n²lakah±paº±ti veditabb±”ti (s±rattha.µ². 2.88)–

Vuttatt± ca “vinayavinicchaya½ patv± garuke µh±tabban”ti vacanato ca missakakah±paºoyevan²lakah±paºo. Tattheva hi por±ºasatthavihita½ lakkhaºa½ dissati. Katha½? Pañca ±s± suvaººassa, tath± rajatassa, dasa m±s± tambass±ti ete v²sati m±se missetv± bandhanatth±yav²himatta½ loha½ pakkhipitv± akkhar±ni ca hatthi-±d²namaññatarañca r³pa½ dassetv± katoniddosatt± n²lakah±paºo n±ma hot²ti.

Sikkh±bh±janavinicchaye ca kesuci potthakesu “p±do n±ma pañca m±s± suvaººass±”tipurimapakkhav±d²na½ matena p±µho likhito. Kesuci potthakesu dutiyapakkhav±d²na½matena “pañca m±s± hiraññass±”ti p±µho likhito. S²ha¼abh±s±ya por±ºakehi likhit±yas±maºerasikkh±ya pana–
“Por±ºakassa n²lakah±paºass±ti vuttaaµµhakath±vacanassa, por±ºake ratanasutt±bhidh±nakasuttevuttakah±paºalakkhaºassa ca anur³pato ‘suvaººarajatatamb±ni missetv± uµµh±petv± katakah±paºa½kah±paºa½ n±m±’ti ca ‘s±maºer±namupasampann±nañca adinn±d±nap±r±jikavatthumhiko viseso’ti puccha½ katv± ‘s±maºer±na½ dasikasutten±pi p±r±jiko hoti, upasampann±na½pana suvaººassa v²sativ²himatten±”ti–

Ca viseso dassito.

Ta½ pana suvaººam±sakavasena a¹¹hatiyam±saka½ hoti, pañcam±sakena ca bhagavat± p±r±jika½ paññatta½.Tasm± tassa yath±vuttalakkhaºassa kah±paºassa sabbadesesu alabbham±natt± sabbadesas±dh±raºenatassa missakakah±paºassa pañcam±sap±dagghanakena suvaººeneva p±r±jikavatthumhi niyamitesabbadesav±s²na½ upak±r±ya hot²ti eva½ suvaººeneva p±r±jikavatthuparicchedo kato.Ayameva niyamo s²ha¼±cariyav±dehi s±roti gahito. Tasm± sikkh±garukehisabbattha pesalehi vinayadharehi ayameva vinicchayo s±rato paccetabbo. Honti cettha–
“Hemarajatatambehi, satthe niddiµµhalakkhaºa½;
ah±petv± kato v²sa-m±so n²lakah±paºo.
Hemap±da½ sajjhup±da½, tambap±dadvayañhi so;
missetv± r³pamappetv±, k±tu½ satthesu dassito.
‘El±’ti vuccate doso, niddosatt± tath²rito;
tassa p±do suvaººassa, v²sav²hagghano mato.
Yasmi½ pana padese so, na vattati kah±paºo;
v²sasovaººav²haggha½, tapp±dagghanti vediya½.
V²sasovaººav²haggha½, thenent± bhikkhavo tato;
cavanti s±maññaguº±, icc±hu vinayaññuno”ti.
9. Op±tanti ±v±µa½. Dukkhe j±teti yojan±.
10. Uttari½ dhammanti ettha “uttarimanussadhamman”ti vattabbe niruttinayena majjhapadalopa½,niggah²t±gamañca katv± “uttari½ dhamman”ti vutta½. Uttarimanuss±na½ jh±y²nañcevaariy±nañca dhamma½ uttarimanussadhamma½. Attupan±yikanti attani ta½ upaneti“mayi atth²”ti samud±caranto, att±na½ v± tattha upaneti “aha½ ettha sandiss±m²”tisamud±carantoti attupan±yiko, ta½ attupan±yika½, eva½ katv± vadantoti sambandho.
11. Pariy±yeti “yo te vih±re vasati, so bhikkhu arah±”ti-±din± (pari.287) pariy±yabhaºane. ѱteti ya½ uddissa bhaºati, tasmi½ viññumhimanussaj±tike acirena ñ±te. No ceti no ce j±n±ti.

Iti uttare l²natthapak±saniy±

P±r±jikakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

13. Ceteti, upakkamati, muccati, eva½ aªgattaye puººe garuka½ vutta½. Dvaªgeceteti, upakkamati yadi na muccati, eva½ aªgadvaye thullaccayanti yojan±. Payogetipayojetv± upakkamitu½ aªgaj±t±masana½, parassa ±º±pananti evar³pe s±hatthik±ºattikapayoge.
14. Vuttanayeneva upar³pari pañh±pucchana½ ñ±tu½ sakk±ti ta½ avattuk±mo ±ha “itopaµµh±y±”ti-±di. Mayampi yadettha pubbe avuttamanutt±natthañca, tadeva vaººayiss±ma.
15. K±yen±ti attano k±yena. K±yanti itthiy± k±ya½. Esa nayo“k±yabaddhan”ti etth±pi.
16. Attano k±yena paµibaddhena itthiy± k±yapaµibaddhe phuµµhe tu dukkaµantiyojan±.
17. Tisso ±pattiyo siyunti yojan±. Dvinna½ magg±nanti vaccamaggapass±vamagg±na½.
18. Vaºº±dibhaññeti vaºº±din± bhaºane. K±yapaµibaddhe vaºº±din± bhaññe dukkaµantiyojan±.
19. Attak±macariy±y±ti attak±map±ricariy±ya.
20. Paº¹akassa santikepi attak±map±ricariy±ya vaººa½ vadato tassa bhikkhunotiyojan±. Tiracch±nagatass±pi santiketi etth±pi eseva nayo.
21. Itthipuris±namantare sañcaritta½ sañcaraºabh±va½ sam±panne bhikkhumhipaµiggaºhanav²ma½s±pacc±haraºakattike sampanne tassa budho garuka½ niddiseti yojan±.
22. Dvaªgasam±yogeti t²svetesu dvinna½ aªg±na½ yath±kathañci sam±yoge. Aªge satipanekasminti tiººamekasmi½ pana aªge sati.
24. Payogeti “adesitavatthuka½ pam±º±tikkanta½ kuµi½, adesitavatthuka½ mahallakavih±rañcak±ress±m²”ti upakaraºattha½ araññagamanato paµµh±ya sabbapayoge. Ekapiº¹e an±gatetisabbapariyantima½ piº¹a½ sandh±ya vutta½.
25. Idha yo bhikkhu am³lakena p±r±jikena dhammena anuddha½set²ti yojan±.
26. Ok±sa½ na ca k±retv±ti “karotu me, ±yasm±, ok±sa½, aha½ te vattuk±mo”ti eva½ tena bhikkhun± ok±sa½ ak±r±petv±.
28. Aññabh±giyeti aññabh±giyapadena upalakkhitasikkh±pade. Eva½ aññatrapi ²disesuµh±nesu attho veditabbo.
29. “Samanubh±san±ya ev±”ti padacchedo. Na paµinissajanti appaµinissajanto.
30. Ñattiy± dukkaµa½ ±panno siy±, dv²hi kammav±c±hi thullata½ ±panno siy±,kammav±c±ya os±ne garuka½ ±panno siy±ti yojan±. “Thullatan”ti ida½ thullaccay±patti-upalakkhaºavacana½.
31. Cat³su y±vatatiyakesu paµhame ±pattipariccheda½ dassetv± itaresa½tiººa½ tenapi ekaparicchedatt± tattha vuttanayameva tesu atidisanto ±ha “bhed±nuvattake”ti-±di.

Iti uttare l²natthapak±saniy±

Saªgh±disesakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.

32. Atirekac²varanti anadhiµµhita½, avikappita½ vikappanupagapam±ºa½ c²vara½ laddh±das±ha½ atikkamanto ekameva nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½ ±pajjati. Tic²varena ekarattimpivin± vasanto ekameva nissaggiya½ p±cittiya½ ±pajjati. Idañca j±tivasena ekatta½sandh±ya vutta½ vatthugaºan±ya ±patt²na½ paricchinditabbatt±.