3098. “Dhammav±d²”ti ida½ “n±n±sa½v±savu¹¹hako”ti etassa visesana½. Yath±ha“tayome, bhikkhave, vandiy±. Pacch± upasampannena pure-upasampanno vandiyo, n±n±sa½v±sakovu¹¹hataro dhammav±d² vandiyo, sadevake loke, bhikkhave, sam±rake…pe… tath±gatoaraha½ samm±sambuddho vandiyo”ti (c³¼ava. 312).
3099. “Eteyeva vandiy±, na aññe”ti niy±massa akatatt± aññesampi vandiy±na½ sabbh±va½dassetum±ha “tajjan±d²”ti-±di. Ettha ±di-saddena niyassapabb±jan²yapa-as±raº²yakammesaªgaºh±ti. Etth±ti etasmi½ vandan²y±dhik±re. Kammanti apalokan±di catubbidha½kamma½.
3100. Saªghena adhammakamme kariyam±ne ta½ v±retu½ asakkontena, asakkontehi ca paµipajjitabbavidhi½dassetum±ha “adhiµµh±nan”ti-±di. Adhiµµh±na½ panekassa uddiµµhanti yojan±, adhammakamma½karont±na½ bhikkh³namantare nis²ditv± ta½ “adhamman”ti j±nitv±pi ta½ v±retu½asakkontassa ekassa “na meta½ khamat²”ti cittena adhiµµh±namuddiµµhanti vutta½ hoti.Dvinna½ v± tiººameva c±ti tameva v±retu½ asakkont±na½ dvinna½ v±tiººa½ v± bhikkh³na½ aññamañña½ “na meta½ khamat²”ti diµµh±vikamma½ sakasakadiµµhiy± pak±sana½ uddiµµhanti attho. Tato uddha½ t²hi uddha½ catunna½ kammassa paµikkosana½ “ida½adhammakamma½ m± karoth±”ti paµikkhipana½ uddiµµhanti attho.
3101. Viss±sagg±halakkhaºa½ aggahitaggahaºena pañcavidhanti dassetum±ha “sandiµµho”ti-±di.Yojan± panettha eva½ veditabb±– sandiµµho ca hoti, j²vati ca, gahite ca attamano hoti,sambhatto ca hoti, j²vati ca, gahite ca attamano hoti, ±lapito ca hoti, j²vatica, gahite ca attamano hot²ti eva½ sandiµµhasambhatta-±lapit±na½ tiººamekekassa t²ºit²ºi viss±sagg±halakkhaº±ni katv± navavidha½ hot²ti veditabba½. Vacanattho, panettha vinicchayoca heµµh± vuttova.
3102. S²lavipatti, diµµhivipatti ca ±c±r±j²vasambhav± dve vipattiyo c±ti yojan±,±c±ravipatti, ±j²vavipatti c±ti vutta½ hoti.
3103. Tatth±ti tesu cat³su vipatt²su. Appaµikamm± p±r±jik± vuµµh±nag±min²saªgh±dises±pattik± duve ±pattiyo s²lavipatt²ti pak±sit±ti yojan±.
3104. Y± ca antagg±hik± diµµhi, y± dasavatthuk± diµµhi, aya½ duvidh± diµµhi diµµhivipatt²tid²pit±ti yojan±. Tattha antagg±hikadiµµhi n±ma ucchedantasassatantag±havasena pavatt±diµµhi. “Natthi dinnan”ti-±dinayappavatt± dasavatthuk± diµµhi.
3105. Thullaccay±dik± desan±g±minik± y± pañca ±pattiyo, ±c±rakusalenabhagavat± s± ±c±ravipatt²ti vutt±ti yojan±. ¾di-saddena p±cittiyap±µidesan²yadukkaµadubbh±sit±na½gahaºa½. ti pañc±pattiyo apekkhitv± bahutta½. ti ±c±ravipatti s±maññamapekkhitv±ekatta½.
3106. Kuhan±d²ti ±di-saddena lapan± nemittikat± nippesikat± l±bhena l±bha½nijig²sanat± gahit±, kuhan±d²na½ vitth±ro visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.16) vuttanayenaveditabbo. ¾j²vo paccayo hetu yass± ±pattiy±ti viggaho. Chabbidh±ti catutthap±r±jikasañcarittathullaccayap±cittiyap±µidesan²yadukkaµ±patt²na½ vasena chabbidh±. Pak±sit±
“¾j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº± p±piccho icch±pakato asanta½ abh³ta½ uttarimanussadhamma½ullapati, ±patti p±r±jikassa. ¾j²vahetu…pe… sañcaritta½ sam±pajjati,±patti saªgh±disesassa. ¾j²vahetu…pe… ‘yo te vih±re vasati, so bhikkhuarah±’ti bhaºati, paµij±nantassa ±patti thullaccayassa. ¾j²vahetu…pe… bhikkhupaº²tabhojan±ni agil±no attano atth±ya viññ±petv± bhuñjati, ±patti p±cittiyassa.¾j²vahetu…pe… bhikkhun² paº²tabhojan±ni agil±n± attano atth±ya viññ±petv±bhuñjati, ±patti p±µidesan²yassa. ¾j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº± s³pa½ v± odana½v± agil±no attano atth±ya viññ±petv± bhuñjati, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (pari.287)–

Desit±. Imin± ±j²vavipatti d²pit±.

3107. “Ukkhitto”ti-±di yath±kkamena tesa½ tiººa½ n±n±sa½v±sak±na½sar³padassana½. Tattha tayo ukkhittak± vutt±yeva.
3108-9. “Yo saªghena ukkhepan²yakammakat±na½ adhammav±d²na½ pakkhe nisinno ‘tumhe ki½bhaºath±’ti tesañca itaresañca laddhi½ sutv± ‘ime adhammav±dino, itare dhammav±dino’ticitta½ upp±deti, aya½ tesa½ majjhe nisinnova tesa½ n±n±sa½v±sako hoti, kamma½kopeti. Itaresampi hatthap±sa½ an±gatatt± kopet²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 455) ±gataaµµhakath±vinicchaya½ dassetum±ha “adhammav±dipakkhasmin”ti-±di.
Adhammav±dipakkhasminti ukkhepan²yakammena niss±rit±na½ adhammav±d²na½ pakkhasmi½. Nisinnov±tihatthap±sa½ avijahitv± gaºap³rako hutv± nisinnova. Vicintayanti “ime nu khodhammav±dino, ud±hu ete”ti vividhen±k±rena cintayanto. “Ete pana dhammav±d²”tim±nasa½ upp±deti, eva½ uppanne pana m±nase. Adhammav±dipakkhasmi½ nisinnova eva½ m±nasa½ upp±dento aya½ bhikkhu. Laddhiy±ti eva½ upp±ditam±nasasaªkh±t±ya laddhiy±.Tesa½ adhammav±d²na½ n±n±sa½v±sako n±ma hot²ti pak±sito.
Tatraµµho pana soti tasmi½ adhammav±dipakkhasmi½ nisinnova so. Sada-dh±tuy± gatiniv±raºatthatt±tatra nisinno “tatraµµho”ti vuccati. Dvinnanti dhammav±di-adhammav±dipakkh±na½ dvinna½saªgh±na½. Kammanti catuvagg±disaªghena karaº²yakamma½. Kopet²ti adhammav±d²na½asa½v±sabh±va½ gantv± tesa½ gaºap³raºatt±, itaresa½ ekas²m±ya½ µhatv± hatthap±sa½ anupagatatt±,chandassa ca adinnatt± kamma½ kopeti. Yo pana adhammav±d²na½ pakkhe nisinno“adhammav±dino ime, itare dhammav±dino”ti tesa½ majjhe pavisati, yattha v± tatthav± pakkhe nisinno “ime dhammav±dino”ti gaºh±ti, aya½ attan±va att±na½ sam±nasa½v±saka½karot²ti veditabbo.
3110. Bahis²m±gato pakatatto bhikkhu sace hatthap±se µhito hoti, so s²m±ya n±n±sa½v±sakomatoti yojan±. Ta½ gaºap³raºa½ katv± katakammampi kuppati. Eva½ yath±vuttaniy±menatayo n±n±sa½v±sak± mahesin± vutt±ti yojan±.
3111. Cutoti p±r±jik±panno s±sanato cutatt± “cuto”ti gahito. “Bhikkhun²ek±dasa abhabb±”ti padacchedo. Imeti bhedamanapekkhitv± s±maññena sattarasa jan±.Asa½v±s±ti na sa½vasitabb±, natthi v± etehi pakatatt±na½ ekakamm±diko sa½v±sotiasa½v±s± n±ma siyu½.
3112. Asa½v±sassa sabbass±ti yath±vuttassa sattarasavidhassa sabbassa asa½v±sassa. Tath±kamm±rahassa c±ti “yassa saªgho kamma½ karoti, so neva kammapatto, n±pi chand±raho,apica kamm±raho”ti (pari. 488) eva½ pariv±re vuttakamm±rahassa ca. Ummattak±d²nanti±di-saddena khittacitt±d²na½ gahaºa½. Saªghe tajjan²y±d²ni karonte. Paµikkhepotipaµikkosan±. Na r³hat²ti paµikkosaµµh±ne na tiµµhati, kamma½ na kopet²ti adhipp±yo.
3113. Sasa½v±seka…pe… bhikkhunoti vuttanayena kammena v± laddhiy± v± asa½v±sikabh±va½ anupagatatt± sam±nasa½v±sakassa s²m±ya asa½v±sikabh±va½ anupagantv± ekas²m±ya µhitassa antimavatthu½ anajjh±pannatt± pakatattassa bhikkhuno. Anantarassapi hatthap±se vacanena vac²bhedakaraºena paµikkhepo paµikkoso ruhati paµikkosanaµµh±neyeva tiµµhati,kamma½ kopet²ti adhipp±yo.
3114. Chahi ±k±reh²ti (p±ci. aµµha. 438; kaªkh±. aµµha. nid±navaººan±) lajjit±ya,aññ±ºat±ya, kukkuccapakatat±ya, satisammos±ya, akappiyekappiyasaññit±ya, kappiye-akappiyasaññit±y±tiimehi chahi ±k±rehi. Pañca samaºakapp± ca vutt±, pañca visuddhiyo ca vutt±tiyojan±.
“Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, pañcahi samaºakappehi phala½ paribhuñjitu½, aggiparijita½ satthaparijita½nakhaparijita½ ab²ja½ nibbaµµab²jaññeva pañcaman”ti (c³¼ava. 250) khuddakavatthukeanuññ±t± pañca samaºakapp± n±ma. Pañca visuddhiyoti pariv±re ekuttare “pañcavisuddhiyo”ti imassa niddese “nid±na½ uddisitv± avasesa½ sutena s±vetabba½, aya½paµham± visuddh²”ti-±din± (pari. 325) nayena dassit± pañca p±timokkhuddesasaªkh±t± pañcavisuddhiyo ca “suttuddeso p±risuddhi-uposatho adhiµµh±nuposatho pav±raº± s±maggi-uposathoyevapañcamo”ti (pari. 325) eva½ vutt± pañca visuddhiyo c±ti dvepañcavisuddhiyo “dvipañcaviññ±º±n²”ti-±d²suviya s±maññavacanena saªgahit±.
3115-7. Nissesena d²yati paññap²yati ettha sikkh±padanti nid±na½, tesa½ tesa½ sikkh±pad±na½paññattiy± µh±nabh³ta½ ves±l²-±di. Pu½ vuccati nirayo, ta½ galati maddati nerayikadukkha½anubhavat²ti puggalo, satto. Ariyapuggal± ta½sadisatt±, bh³tapubbagatiy±v± “puggal±”ti veditabb±. Idha panete sikkh±padav²tikkamassa ±dikammik±adhippet±. Id±ni puggalaniddesa½ vakkhati. Vasati ettha bhagavato ±º±saªkh±t± sikkh±padapaññattita½ paµicca pavattat²ti vatthu, tassa tassa puggalassa sikkh±padapaññattihetubh³to ajjh±c±ro.
Vidh±na½ vibhajana½ vidhi, pabhedo. Paññ±p²yati bhagavato ±º± pak±rena ñ±p²yati et±y±tipaññatti, paññattiy± vidhi pabhedo “paññattividhin”ti vattabbe “vidhi½ paññattiy±”ti g±th±bandhavasena asamatthaniddeso. S± pana paññattividhi paññatti-anupaññatti anuppannapaññattisabbatthapaññatti padesapaññatti s±dh±raºapaññatti as±dh±raºapaññatti ekatopaññatti ubhatopaññattivasenanavavidh± hoti.
“Vipatti ±patti an±patt²”ti padacchedo, vipajjanti et±ya s²l±dayoti vipatti.S± pana s²la-±c±radiµµhi-±j²v±na½ vasena catubbidh±. S± pana uddesavasena heµµh± dassit±va.¾pajjanti et±ya akusal±by±katabh³t±ya bhagavato ±º±v²tikkamanti ±patti.S± pubbapayog±divasena anekappabhed± ±patti. An±patti aj±nan±divasena ±º±yaanatikkamana½. Samuµµh±ti etehi ±patt²ti samuµµh±n±ni, k±y±divasena chabbidh±ni±pattik±raº±ni. Samuµµh±n±na½ nayo samuµµh±nanayo, ta½.
Vajjañca kammañca kiriy± ca saññ± ca cittañca ±ºatti ca vajjakammakriy±saññ±citt±ºattiyo,t±sa½ vidhi tath± vuccati, ta½. Vajjavidhinti “yass± sacittakapakkhe citta½ akusalamevahoti, aya½ lokavajj±, ses± paººattivajj±”ti (kaªkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan±)vutta½ vajjavidhi½. Kammavidhinti “sabb± ca k±yakammavac²kammatadubhayavasena tividh±hont²”ti (kaªkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan±) dassita½ kammavidhi½ Kriy±vidhinti “atth±patti kiriyato samuµµh±ti, atthi akiriyato, atthi kiriy±kiriyato,atthi siy± kiriyato siy± akiriyato”ti-±din± (kaªkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan±)nayena dassita½ kiriy±vidhi½. Saññ±vidhinti “saññ±vimokkh±”ti-±din± (kaªkh±.aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan±) nayena dassita½ saññ±vidhi½.
Cittavidhinti “sabb±pi cittavasena duvidh± honti sacittak±, acittak± c±”ti(kaªkh±. aµµha. paµhamap±r±jikavaººan±) vutta½ cittavidhi½. ¾ºattividhinti “s±ºattika½an±ºattikan”ti vutta½ ±ºattividhi½. Aªgavidh±nanti sabbasikkh±padesu ±patt²na½vutta½ aªgavidh±nañca. Vedan±ttika½, kusalattikañc±ti yojan±. Ta½ pana “akusalacitta½,dvicitta½, ticitta½, dukkhavedana½, dvivedana½, tivedanan”ti tattha tattha dassitameva.
Sattarasavidha½ eta½ lakkhaºanti yath±vuttanid±n±disattarasappabheda½ sabbasikkh±pad±na½ s±dh±raºalakkhaºa½. Dassetv±ti pak±setv±. Budho vinayakusalo. Tattha tattha sikkh±padesu yath±raha½yojeyy±ti sambandho.
3118. Imesu sattarasasu lakkhaºesu nid±napuggale t±va niddisitum±ha “nid±nan”ti-±di.Tatth±ti tesu sattarasasu s±dh±raºalakkhaºesu, niddh±raºe ceta½ bhumma½. Nid±nantiniddh±ritabbadassana½. “Puran”ti ida½ “ves±l²”ti-±dipadehi pacceka½ yojetabba½.Sakkabhagg±ti etehi janapadav±c²hi saddehi µh±nanissit± n±gar±va gahetabb±. T±nica “sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmi½, bhaggesu viharati susum±ragire”ti tatthatattha sikkh±padanid±ne nidassit±neva.
3119. “Dasa ves±liy±”ti-±d²na½ atthavinicchayo uttare ±vi bhavissati. Giribbajetir±jagahanagare. Tañhi samant± µhitehi isigili-±d²hi pañcahi pabbatehivajasadisanti “giribbajan”ti vuccati.
3121. Bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhasmi½ sudinnadhaniy±dayo tev²satividh± ±dikammikapuggal±vutt±ti yojan±.
3122. Ubhayap±timokkhe ±gat± te sabbe ±dikammikapuggal± paripiº¹it± ti½sa bhavant²tiyojan±. Vatthu±d²na½ vinicchayo uttare vakkham±natt± idha na vutto. Nanu canid±napuggalavinicchayampi tattha vakkhat²ti so idha kasm± vuttoti? N±ya½ doso, imassapakaraºatt± idh±pi vattabboti. Yadi eva½ vatthu-±divinicchayopi idha vattabbo siy±,so kasm± na vuttoti? Ekayoganiddiµµhassa imassa vacanena sopi vuttoyeva hot²tiekadesadassanavasena sa½khittoti daµµhabbo.
3123. Yo ena½ taru½ j±n±ti, so paññatti½ asesato j±n±t²ti sambandho. Ettha “ena½tarun”ti imin± nid±n±disattarasappak±ra½ sabbasikkh±padas±dh±raºalakkhaºasamud±ya½ r³pakenadasseti. Ki½ visiµµha½ tarunti ±ha “tim³lan”ti-±di.
Tattha tim³lanti nid±napuggalavatthusaªkh±t±ni t²ºi m³l±ni etass±ti tim³la½. Navapattantinavavidhapaººattisaªkh±t±ni patt±ni etass±ti navapatta½. Dvayaªkuranti lokavajjapaººattivajjasaªkh±t±dve aªkur± etass±ti dvayaªkura½. “Dvi-aªkuran”ti vattabbe i-k±rassa ay±desa½katv± “dvayaªkuran”ti vutta½. Sattaphalanti ±ºatti-±patti-an±pattivipattisaññ±vedan±kusalattikasaªkh±t±nisatta phal±ni etass±ti sattaphala½. Chapupphanti chasamuµµh±nasaªkh±t±ni pupph±nietass±ti chapuppha½. Dvippabhavanti cittakammasaªkh±t± dve pabhav± etass±ti dvippabhava½.Dvis±khanti kiriya-aªgasaªkh±t± dve s±kh± etass±ti dvis±kha½. Ena½taru½ yo j±n±t²ti yo vutto bhikkhu vuttasar³pas±dh±raºasattarasalakkhaºar±sivinicchayasaªkh±tataru½j±n±ti. Soti so bhikkhu. Paññattinti vinayapiµaka½. Asesatoti sabbaso.
3124. Iti eva½ madhurapadattha½ an±kula½ parama½ uttama½ ima½ vinicchaya½ yo paµhativ±cuggata½ karonto pariy±puº±ti, garusantike s±dhuka½ suº±ti, paripucchateca attha½ paripucchati ca, so bhikkhu vinaya vinicchaye up±lisamo bhavati vinayadhar±na½etadaggaµµh±ne nikkhittena up±limah±therena sadiso bhavat²ti yojan±.

Iti vinayatthas±rasand²paniy± vinayavinicchayavaººan±ya

Pakiººakavinicchayakath±vaººan± niµµhit±.