Catubbidhakammakath±vaººan±

2983. Apalokanasaññita½ kamma½, ñattikamma½, ñattidutiyakamma½, ñatticatutthakammantiim±ni catt±ri kamm±n²ti yojan±. Tattha catt±r²ti gaºanaparicchedo. Im±n²tianantarameva vakkham±natt± ±sannapaccakkhavacana½. Kamm±n²ti paricchinnakammanidassana½.“Apalokanasa-añatan”ti-±di tesa½ sar³padassana½.
Tatr±ya½ saªkhepato vinicchayo (c³¼ava. aµµha. 215; pari. aµµha. 482)– apalokanakamma½n±ma s²maµµhakasaªgha½ sodhetv± chand±rah±na½ chanda½ ±haritv± samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy±ta½ ta½ vatthu½ kittetv± “ruccati saªghass±”ti tikkhattu½ s±vetv± kattabba½ kamma½vuccati. Ñattikamma½ n±ma vuttanayeneva samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± ek±ya ñattiy±kattabba½ kamma½. Ñattidutiyakamma½ n±ma vuttanayeneva samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy±ek±ya ñattiy±, ek±ya ca anuss±van±y±ti eva½ ñattidutiy±ya anuss±van±ya kattabba½kamma½. Ñatticatutthakamma½ n±ma vuttanayeneva samaggassa saªghassa anumatiy± ek±yañattiy±, t²hi ca anuss±van±h²ti eva½ ñatticatutth±hi t²hi anuss±van±hi kattabba½kamma½. Ñatti dutiy± yassa anuss±vanassa ta½ ñattidutiya½, tena kattabba½kamma½ ñattidutiyakamma½. Ñatti catutth± yassa anuss±vanattayassa ta½ ñatticatuttha½,tena k±tabba½ kamma½ ñatticatutthakamma½.
2984-7. Tesa½ µh±navasena bheda½ dassetum±ha “apalokanakamman”ti-±di. Navanna½ µh±n±na½sam±h±ro navaµµh±na½, “gacchat²”ti imin± sambandho. Ñattikammanti gamanakiriy±kattunidassana½ Navaµµh±nanti kammanidassana½. Dutiyanti ñattidutiyakamma½.Satta µh±n±ni gacchat²ti yojan±.
Id±ni ta½ µh±nabheda½ sar³pato dassetum±ha “niss±raºañc±”ti-±di. Niss±raº±dikammavises±na½ saññ±. Apalokanakammañhi niss±raºa½…pe… pañcama½ kammalakkhaºantiim±ni pañca µh±n±ni gacchat²ti yojan±.
Eva½ n±mavasena dassit±ni niss±raº±d²ni atthato vibhajitv± dassetum±ha “niss±raºañc±”ti-±di.Samaºuddesatoti kaºµakas±maºerato niss±raºañca os±raºañca vadeti yojan±. Tatthakaºµakas±maºerassa niss±raº± t±dis±na½yeva samm±vatta½ disv± pavesan± “os±raº±”tiveditabb±.
Pabbajantena hetubh³tena bhaº¹uka½ bhaº¹ukammapucchana½ vadeyy±ti attho. Pabbajj±pekkhassakesacchedanapucchana½ bhaº¹ukamma½ n±ma. Channena hetubh³tena brahmadaº¹aka½ kamma½vadeti yojan±. Tath±r³pass±ti channasadisassa mukharassa bhikkh³ duruttavacanena ghaµµentassa.K±tabboti “bhante, itthann±mo bhikkhu mukharo bhikkh³ duruttavacanehi ghaµµentoviharati, so bhikkhu ya½ iccheyya, ta½ vadeyya. Bhikkh³hi itthann±mo bhikkhu neva vattabbo,na ovaditabbo, na anus±sitabbo. Saªgha½, bhante, pucch±mi ‘itthann±massa bhikkhunobrahmadaº¹assa d±na½ ruccati saªghass±’ti. Dutiyampi pucch±mi… tatiyampi pucch±mi‘itthann±massa, bhante, bhikkhuno brahmadaº¹assa d±na½ ruccati saªghass±”ti (pari. aµµha.495-496) eva½ brahmadaº¹o k±tabbo.
2988-9. “¾pucchitv±n±”ti pubbakiriy±ya “gahit±y±”ti aparakiriy± ajjh±haritabb±,“ruciy±”ti etassa visesana½. Det²ti ettha “acchinnac²var±d²nan”tiseso. Sabbo saªgho sannipatitv±na sabbaso sabbe s²maµµhe ±gat±gate bhikkh³ ±pucchitv±na“itthann±mena parikkh±rena bhavitabba½, ruccati tassa d±nan”ti visu½ pucchitv±gahit±ya bhikkh³na½ ruciy± tikkhattu½ apaloketv± c²var±diparikkh±ra½ acchinnac²var±d²na½deti, ya½ eva½bh³ta½ saªghassa d±na½, ta½ tassa apalokanakammassa kammalakkhaºa½ hot²tiyojan±. Lakkh²yat²ti lakkhaºa½, kammameva lakkhaºa½, na niss±raº±d²n²ti kammalakkhaºa½.
2990-1. Eva½ apalokanakammassa pañca µh±n±ni uddesaniddesavasena dassetv± id±ni ñattikammassakammalakkhaºa½ t±va dassetum±ha “niss±raºan”ti-±di. Iti “ñattiy± nava µh±n±n²”tiayamuddeso vakkham±nena “vinicchaye”ti-±diniddeseneva vibh±v²yati.
2992. Vinicchayeti ubb±hikavinicchaye. Asampatteti niµµha½ agate. Therass±tidhammakathikassa. Tenev±ha “avinayaññuno”ti. Tassa “suºantu me ±yasmant±,aya½ itthann±mo bhikkhu dhammakathiko, imassa neva sutta½ ±gacchati, no suttavibhaªgo,so attha½ asallakkhetv± byañjanacch±y±ya attha½ paµib±hati, yad±yasmant±na½ pattakalla½,itthann±ma½ bhikkhu½ vuµµh±petv± avases± ima½ adhikaraºa½ v³pasameyy±m±”ti (c³¼ava.233) eva½ ubb±hikavinicchaye dhammakathikassa bhikkhuno y± nissaraº± vutt±, s± ñattikamme“niss±raº±”ti vutt±ti yojan±.
2993-4. Upasampad±pekkhassa “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, itthann±mo itthann±massa ±yasmatoupasampad±pekkho anusiµµho so may±, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, itthann±mo±gaccheyy±ti. ¾gacch±h²”ti (mah±va. 126) vacanapaµisa½yuttassa saªghassa sammukh±nayana½,s± os±raº± n±ma. “¾gaccha os±raº±”ti padacchedo.
Uposathavasen±pi, pav±raº±vasen±pi. Ñattiy± µhapitatt±ti “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho,ajjuposatho pannaraso, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, saªgho uposatha½ kareyya” (mah±va. 134),“suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, ajja pav±raº± pannaras², yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, saªgho pav±reyy±”ti(mah±va. 210) uposathapav±raº±vasena ñattiy± µhapitatt± uposatho, pav±raº± v±ti im±nidve ñattikamm±ni.
“Upasampad±pekkhañhi, anus±seyyahanti c±”ti imin± “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho,itthann±mo itthann±massa ±yasmato upasampad±pekkho, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ itthann±ma½anus±seyyan”ti (mah±va. 126) aya½ ek± ñatti gahit±.
2995. “Itthann±mamaha½ bhikkhu½, puccheyya½ vinayanti c±”ti imin± “suº±tu me,bhante saªgho, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ itthann±ma½ vinaya½ puccheyyan”ti (mah±va.151) aya½ ek± ñatti gahit±. Evam±d²ti ±di-saddena “yadi saªghassa pattakalla½,itthann±mo itthann±ma½ anus±seyy±”ti, “yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ itthann±ma½antar±yike dhamme puccheyyan”ti (mah±va. 126), “yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, itthann±moitthann±ma½ antar±yike dhamme puccheyy±”ti, “yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, itthann±moitthann±ma½ vinaya½ puccheyy±”ti (mah±va. 151), “yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½itthann±mena vinaya½ puµµho vissajjeyyan”ti (mah±va. 152), “yadi saªghassapattakalla½, itthann±mo itthann±mena vinaya½ puµµho vissajjeyy±”ti– (mah±va. 152)im± cha ñattiyo gahit±. Eva½ purim± dve, im± ca ch±ti edis± im± aµµha ñattiyo“sammut²”ti vutt±.
2996. Nissaµµhac²var±d²na½ d±nanti “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, ida½ c²vara½ itthann±massabhikkhuno nissaggiya½ saªghassa nissaµµha½, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, saªgho ima½ c²vara½ itthann±massabhikkhuno dadeyy±”ti (p±r±. 464) eva½ nissaµµhac²varapatt±d²na½ d±na½ “d±nan”tivuccati. ¾patt²na½ paµigg±hoti “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, aya½ itthann±mobhikkhu ±patti½ sarati vivarati utt±ni½ karoti deseti, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½,aha½ itthann±massa bhikkhuno ±patti½ paµiggaºheyyan”ti (c³¼ava. 239), “yad±yasmant±na½pattakalla½, aha½ itthann±massa bhikkhuno ±patti½ paµiggaºheyyan”ti (c³¼ava. 239).Tena vattabbo “passas²”ti. “¾ma pass±m²”ti. “¾yati½ sa½vareyy±s²”ti.Eva½ ±patt²na½ paµigg±ho “paµigg±ho”ti vuccati.
2997. Pav±rukka¹¹han±ti pav±raºukka¹¹han±. G±th±bandhavasena ºa-k±ralopo. Atha v±pav±raºa½ pav±roti pav±raºa-saddapariy±yo pav±ra-saddo. “Ima½ uposatha½ katv±, k±¼epav±ray±m²”ti imin± “suºantu me ±yasmant± ±v±sik±, yad±yasmant±na½ pattakalla½,id±ni uposatha½ kareyy±ma, p±timokkha½ uddiseyy±ma, ±game k±¼e pav±reyy±m±”ti(mah±va. 240) aya½ ñatti upalakkhaºato dassit±. Eva½ katapav±raº± “paccukka¹¹han±”timat±. Ettha ca k±¼eti pubbakattikam±sassa k±¼apakkhuposathe. Imin± ca “±gamejuºhe pav±reyy±m±”ti aya½ ñatti ca upalakkhit±. Juºhetiaparakattikajuºhapakkha-uposathe.
2998. Tiºavatth±raketi tiºavatth±rakasamathe. Sabbapaµham± ñatt²ti sabbasaªg±hik±ñatti vuccati. Itar± c±ti ubhayapakkhe pacceka½ µhapit± dve ñattiyo c±ti eva½ tidh±pavatta½ eta½ ñattikamma½ kammalakkhaºa½ iti eva½ vuttanayena “vinicchaye”ti-±din±ñattiy± nava µh±n±ni veditabb±n²ti yojan±.
2999-3000. Eva½ ñattikamme nava µh±n±ni dassetv± id±ni ñattidutiyakamme satta µh±n±nidassetum±ha “ñattidutiyakammamp²”ti-±di. “Ñattidutiyakamman”ti-±dik±uddesag±th± utt±natth±va.
Niddese pattanikkujjan±d²ti ±di-saddena pattukkujjana½ gahita½. Niss±ros±raº±mat±ti “niss±raº±, os±raº±”ti ca mat±. Tattha bhikkh³na½ al±bh±ya parisakkan±dikehiaµµhahi aªgehi samann±gatassa up±sakassa saªghena asambhogakaraºattha½ pattanikkujjanavasena niss±raº±ca tasseva samm± vattantassa pattukkujjanavasena os±raº± ca veditabb±. S± khuddakavatthukkhandhakeva¹¹halicchavivatthusmi½ (c³¼ava. 265) vutt±.
3001. S²m±disammuti sammuti n±ma. S± pañcadasadh± mat±ti s²m±sammuti tic²varena-avippav±sasammutisanthatasammuti bhattuddesaka sen±sanagg±h±paka bhaº¹±g±rika c²varapaµigg±haka y±gubh±jakaphalabh±jaka khajjabh±jaka appamattakavissajjaka s±µiyagg±h±paka pattagg±h±paka ±r±mikapesakas±maºerapesakasammut²ti eva½ s± sammuti pañcadasavidh± mat±ti attho.Kathinassa vattha½, tassa. Matoyeva matako, matakassa v±so matakav±so, tassa matakav±saso,matakac²varassa.
3002. ¾nisa½sakhettabh³tapañcam±sabbhantareyeva ubbh±ro antarubbh±ro. Kuµivatthussa,vih±rassa vatthuno ca desan± desan± n±m±ti yojan±.
3003. Tiºavatth±rake dvinna½ pakkh±na½ s±dh±raºavasena µhapetabbañatti ca pacch± pakkhadvaye visu½visu½ µhapetabb± dve ñattiyo c±ti tisso ñattiyo kammav±c±ya abh±vena ñattikamme“kammalakkhaºan”ti dassit±, pacch± visu½ visu½ dv²su pakkhesu vattabb± dve ñattidutiyakammav±c±ñattidutiyakamme “kammalakkhaºan”ti dassit±ti ta½ dassetum±ha “tiºavatth±rakekamme”ti. “Moh±ropanat±dis³”ti imin± p±cittiyesu dassitamoh±ropanakammañcaaññav±dakavihesak±ropanakamm±diñca saªgaºh±ti. Etth±ti imasmi½ ñattidutiyakamme.Kammalakkhaºameva kammalakkhaºat±.
3004-5. Iti eva½ yath±vuttanayena ime satta µh±nabhed± ñattidutiyakammassa. Eva½ ñattidutiyakammesatta µh±n±ni dassetv± ñatticatutthakamme µh±nabheda½ dassetum±ha “tath±”ti-±di.
3006. Tajjan±d²nanti ±di-saddena niyass±d²na½ gahaºa½. Tesa½ sattanna½ kamm±na½.Passaddhi v³pasamo.
3007. “Bhikkhun²na½ ov±do”ti bhikkhunov±dakasammuti phal³pac±rena vutt±.
3008-9. M³lapaµikkasso m³l±ya paµikassan±, g±th±bandhavasena ka-k±rassadvebh±vo. Ukkhittass±nuvattik±ti ukkhitt±nuvattik± ek± y±vatatiyak±, aµµhasaªgh±dises±, ariµµho caº¹ak±¼² ca dve, ime ek±dasa y±vatatiyak± bhavanti. Imesa½vas±ti ukkhitt±nuvattik±d²ni puggal±dhiµµh±nena vutt±ni, imesa½ samanubh±sanakamm±na½vasena. Dasek±ti ek±dasa.
3011. Eva½ catunnampi kamm±na½ µh±nabheda½ dassetv± anvayato, byatirekato ca k±tabbappak±ra½dassetum±ha “apalokanakammañc±”ti-±di. Ñattiy±pi na k±raye, ñattidutiyenapina k±rayeti yojan±.
3012. Apalokanakamme vuttalakkhaºena ñattikamm±d²nampi k±tabbappak±ro sakk± viññ±tuntita½ adassetv± ñattidutiyakamme labbham±navisesa½ dassetum±ha “ñattidutiyakamm±n²”ti-±di.Apaloketv± k±tabb±ni lahuk±nipi ñattidutiyakamm±ni atth²ti yojan±. T±nipana katam±n²ti ±ha “sabb± sammutiyo siyun”ti. Ettha s²m±sammuti½ vin±ses± tic²varena-avippav±sasammuti-±dayo sabb±pi sammutiyoti attho.
3013. Ses±n²ti yath±vuttehi ses±ni s²m±sammuti-±d²ni cha kamm±ni. Na vaµµat²tina vaµµanti, g±th±bandhavasena na-k±ralopo. Yath±ha “s²m±sammuti, s²m±sam³hanana½,kathinad±na½, kathinuddh±ro, kuµivatthudesan±, vih±ravatthudesan±ti im±ni cha kamm±nigaruk±ni apaloketv± k±tu½ na vaµµanti, ñattidutiyakammav±ca½ s±vetv±va ±tabb±n²”ti (pari. aµµha. 482). “Apaloketv± k±tu½ pana na vaµµat²”tiida½ nidassanamatta½, ñatticatutthakammavasen±pi k±tu½ na vaµµanteva. Tenev±ha “yath±vuttanayeneva,tena teneva k±raye”ti, yo yo nayo ta½ ta½ kamma½ k±tu½ vutto, teneva tenevanayen±ti attho.

Catubbidhakammakath±vaººan±.