“Mattik± pakatimattik± v± hotu pañcavaºº± v± sudh± v± sajjurasakaªguµµhasiles±d²suv± ya½ kiñci dullabhaµµh±ne ±netv± v± dinna½ tatthaj±taka½ v± rakkhitagopita½ t±laphalapakkamatta½garubhaº¹a½ hot²”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) aµµhakath±gatavinicchaya½ dassetum±ha “mattik±”ti-±di.P±katik± v± setageruk±dipañcavaºº± v±pi mattik±ti yojan±. Sileson±ma kabiµµh±disileso. ¾di-saddena sajjurasakaªguµµh±d²na½ gahaºa½. T±lapakkapam±ºantiekaµµhit±laphalapam±º±pi. Tampi mattik±di saªghakamme, cetiyakamme ca niµµhite atireka½puggalikakamme d±tu½ vaµµati.
2879-80. “Ve¼u-±dikan”ti padacchedo. Rakkhita½ gopita½ v±pi gaºhat± samaka½ v±atireka½ v± th±vara½ antamaso ta½agghanaka½ v±likameva v± datv± gahetabbanti yojan±.
Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “rakkhitagopita½ ve¼u½ gaºhantena samaka½ v± atireka½ v± th±vara½antamaso ta½agghanakav±lik±yapi ph±tikamma½ katv± gahetabbo. Ph±tikamma½ akatv±gaºhantena tattheva va¼añjetabbo, gamanak±le saªghike ±v±se µhapetv± gantabba½. Asatiy±gahetv± gatena pana pahiºitv± d±tabbo. Desantaragatena sampattavih±re saªghik±v±seµhapetabbo”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) ve¼umhiyeva aya½ vinicchayo vutto, idha pana “vallive¼±dika½kiñc²”ti valli-±d²nampi s±maññena vuttatt± ta½ upalakkhaºamatta½ valli-±d²supiyath±raha½ labbhat²ti veditabba½.
2881. Añjananti sil±mayo. Eva½ harit±lamanosil±pi.
2882. D±rubhaº¹e aya½ vinicchayo– pariº±hato yath±vutta s³cidaº¹appam±ºako aµµhaªgulad²ghoyo koci d±rubhaº¹ako d±rudullabhaµµh±ne saªghassa dinno v± tatthaj±tako v± rakkhitagopitogarubhaº¹a½ hot²ti yojan±.
2883. Eva½ kurundaµµhakath±ya ±gatavinicchaya½ dassetv± mah±-aµµhakath±ya (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) ±gata½ dassetum±ha “mah±-aµµhakath±yan”ti-±di. Tattha ±sandikasattaªg± vuttalakkhaº±va. “Bhaddap²µhan”ti vettamaya½ p²µha½ vuccati. P²µhik±ti pilotik±baddhap²µhameva.
2884. E¼akap±dap²µha½ n±ma d±rupaµµik±ya upari p±de µhapetv± bhojanapallaªka½ viya katap²µha½vuccati. “¾malakavaµµakap²µhan”ti etassa “±maº¹akavaµµakan”ti pariy±yo, tasm±ubhayen±pi ±malak±k±rena yojita½ bahup±dakap²µha½ vuccati. Kesuci potthakesu“tath±maº¹akap²µhakan”ti p±µho. G±th±bandhavasena maº¹aka-saddapayogo. Koccha½bh³tag±mavagge catutthasikkh±pade vuttasar³pa½. Pal±lap²µhanti nipajjanatth±ya kat± pal±labhisi,imin± kadalipatt±dimayap²µhampi upalakkhaºato dassita½. Yath±ha– “pal±lap²µhena cetthakadalipatt±dip²µh±nipi saªgahit±n²”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321). Dhovane phalakanti c²varadhovanaphalaka½, dhovan±disadd±na½ viyettha vibhatti-alopo. Imesu t±vaya½ kiñci khuddaka½ v± hotu mahanta½ v±, saªghassa dinna½ garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Byagghacamma-onaddhampiv±¼ar³paparikkhitta½ ratanaparisibbita½ koccha½ garubhaº¹ameva.
2885. Bhaº¹ik±ti daº¹akaµµhacchedanabhaº¹ik±. Muggaroti daº¹amuggaro. Daº¹amuggaron±ma yena rajitac²vara½ pothenti. Vatthaghaµµanamuggaroti c²varaghaµµanamuggaro, yenaanuv±t±di½ ghaµµenti. Ambaºanti phalakehi pokkharaºisadisa½ katap±n²yabh±jana½. Mañj³s±n±ma doºipe¼±. N±v± poto. Rajanadoºik± n±ma yattha c²vara½ rajanti,pakkarajana½ v± ±kiranti.
2886. U¼uªkoti n±¼ikeraphalakaµ±h±dimayo u¼uªko. Ubhaya½ pidh±nasamako samuggo.“Khuddako parividhano karaº¹an”ti vadanti. Karaº¹o ca p±dagaºhanakato atirekappam±ºoidha adhippeto. Kaµacch³ti dabbi. ¾di-saddena p±n²yasar±vap±n²yasaªkh±d²na½ gahaºa½.
2887. Gehasambh±ranti gehopakaraºa½. Thambhatul±sop±naphalak±di d±rumaya½, p±s±ºamayampiimin±va gahita½. Kappiyacammanti “e¼ak±jamig±nan”ti-±din± (vi. vi. 2650)heµµh± dassita½ kappiyacamma½. Tabbipariy±ya½ akappiya½. Abh±jiya½ garubhaº¹att±.Bh³mattharaºa½ katv± paribhuñjitu½ vaµµati.
2888. Aµµhakath±ya½ “e¼akacamma½ pana paccattharaºagatikameva hoti, tampi garubhaº¹amev±”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) vuttatt± ±ha “e¼acamma½ garu½ vuttan”ti. Kurundiya½pana “sabba½ mañcappam±ºa½ camma½ garubhaº¹an”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) vutta½.Ettha ca “paccattharaºagatikamev±”ti imin± mañcap²µhepi attharitu½ vaµµat²ti d²peti.“P±v±r±dipaccattharaºampi garubhaº¹an”ti eke, “no”ti apare, v²ma½sitv± gahetabba½.Mañcappam±ºanti ca pam±ºayutta½ mañca½. Pam±ºayuttamañco n±ma yassa d²ghaso navavidatthiyo tiriyañca tadupa¹¹ha½. Uddha½ mukhamass±ti udukkhala½. ¾di-saddenamusala½, suppa½, nisada½, nisadapoto, p±s±ºadoºi, p±s±ºakaµ±hañca saªgahita½. Pesak±r±d²ti±di-saddena cammak±r±d²na½ gahaºa½. Turivem±di pesak±rabhaº¹añca bhast±di cammak±rabhaº¹añcakasibhaº¹añca yuganaªgal±di saªghika½ saªghasantaka½ garubhaº¹anti yojan±.
2889. “Tathev±”ti imin± “saªghikan”ti ida½ pacc±masati. ¾dh±rakotipatt±dh±ro. T±lavaºµanti t±lavaºµehi kata½. Ve¼udantavil²vehi v± morapiñchehiv± cammavikat²hi v± katampi ta½sadisa½ “t±lavaºµan”teva vuccati. Vaµµavidh³pan±na½t±lavaºµeyeva antogadhatt± “b²jan²”ti caturassavidh³panañca ketakap±rohakunt±lapaºº±dimayadantamayavis±ºamayadaº¹akamakasab²jan²ca vuccati. Pacchi p±kaµ±yeva. Pacchito khuddako t±lapaºº±dimayo bh±janavisesocaªkoµaka½. Sabb± sammajjan²ti n±¼ikerah²r±d²hi baddh± yaµµhisammajjan², muµµhisammajjan²tiduvidh± pariveºaªgaº±disammajjan² ca tatheva duvidh± khajj³rin±¼ikerapaºº±d²hi baddh±gehasammajjan² c±ti sabb±pi sammajjan² garubhaº¹a½ hoti.
2890. Cakkayuttakay±nanti hatthavaµµakasakaµ±diyuttay±nañca.
2891. Chattanti paººakilañjasetacchattavasena tividha½ chatta½. Muµµhipaººanti t±lapaººa½sandh±ya vutta½. Vis±ºabh±janañca tumbabh±janañc±ti viggaho, ekadesasar³pekaseso,g±th±bandhavasena niggahit±gamo ca. Vis±ºamaya½, bh±jana½ tumbamaya½ bh±janañc±ti attho.Idha “p±dagaºhanakato atirittappam±ºan”ti seso. Araº² araºisahita½. ¾di-saddena±malakatumba½ anuññ±tav±siy± daº¹añca saªgaºh±ti. Lahu agarubhaº¹a½, bh±jan²yantiattho. P±dagaºhanakato atirittappam±ºa½ garubhaº¹a½.
2892. Vis±ºanti govis±º±di ya½ kiñci vis±ºa½. Atacchita½ yath±gatameva bh±jan²ya½. Aniµµhita½ mañcap±d±di ya½ kiñci bh±jan²yanti yojan±. Yath±ha– “mañcap±do mañca-aµan²p²µhap±do p²µha-aµan² v±sipharasu-±d²na½ daº¹oti etesu ya½ kiñci vippakatatacchanakamma½aniµµhitameva bh±jan²ya½, tacchitamaµµha½ pana garubhaº¹a½ hot²”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321).
2893. Niµµhito tacchito v±p²ti tacchitaniµµhitopi. Vidhoti k±yabandhane anuññ±tavidho.Hiªgukaraº¹akoti hiªgumayo v± tad±dh±ro v± karaº¹ako. Añjan²ti añjanan±¼ik±ca añjanakaraº¹ako ca. Sal±k±yoti añjanisal±k±. Udapuñchan²ti hatthidantavis±º±dimay±udakapuñchan². Ida½ sabba½ bh±jan²yameva.
2894. Paribhog±rahanti manuss±na½ upabhogaparibhogayogga½. Kul±labhaº¹anti ghaµapiµhar±dikumbhak±rabhaº¹ampi.Pattaªg±rakaµ±hanti pattakaµ±ha½, aªg±rakaµ±hañca. Dh³mad±na½ n±¼ik±. Kapallik±tid²pakapallik±.
2895. Thupik±ti p±s±d±dithupik±. D²parukkhoti pad²p±dh±ro. Cayanacchadaniµµhak±tip±k±racetiy±d²na½ cayaniµµhak± ca geh±d²na½ chadaniµµhak± ca. Sabbamp²tiyath±vutta½ sabbampi anavasesa½ parikkh±ra½.
2896. Kañcanakoti sarako. Ghaµakoti p±dagaºhanakato anatirittappam±ºoghaµako. “Yath± ca mattik±bhaº¹e, eva½ lohabhaº¹epi kuº¹ik± bh±jan²yakoµµh±samevabhajat²”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 321) aµµhakath±naya½ saªgahetum±ha “lohabhaº¹epi kuº¹ik±pica bh±jiy±”ti.
2897. Garu n±ma pacchima½ garubhaº¹attaya½. Th±vara½ n±ma purimadvaya½. Saªghass±tisaªghena. Parivattetv±ti puggalik±d²hi t±disehi tehi parivattetv±. Tatr±ya½ parivattananayo(c³¼ava. aµµha. 321)– saªghassa n±¼iker±r±mo d³re hoti, kappiyak±rak± ta½ bahutara½kh±danti, tato sakaµavetana½ datv± appameva ±haranti, aññesa½ pana tassa ±r±massaavid³rag±mav±s²na½ manuss±na½ vih±rassa sam²pe ±r±mo hoti, te saªgha½ upasaªkamitv±sakena ±r±mena ta½ ±r±ma½ y±canti, saªghena “ruccati saªghass±”ti apaloketv±sampaµicchitabbo. Sacepi bhikkh³na½ rukkhasahassa½ hoti, manuss±na½ pañcasat±ni, “nanutumh±ka½ ±r±mo khuddako”ti na vattabba½. Kiñc±pi hi aya½ khuddako, athakho itarato bahutara½ ±ya½ deti. Sacepi samakameva deti, evampi icchiticchitakkhaºeparibhuñjitu½ sakk±ti gahetabbameva.
Sace pana manuss±na½ bahutar± rukkh± honti, “nanu tumh±ka½ bahutar± rukkh±”ti vattabba½.Sace “atireka½ amh±ka½ puñña½ hotu, saªghassa dem±”ti vadanti, j±n±petv±sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Bhikkh³na½ rukkh± phaladh±rino, manuss±na½ rukkh± na t±va phala½gaºhanti. Kiñc±pi na gaºhanti, na cirasseva gaºhissant²ti sampaµicchitabbameva.Manuss±na½ rukkh± phaladh±rino, bhikkh³na½ na t±va phala½ gaºhanti. “Nanu tumh±ka½rukkh± phaladh±rino”ti vattabba½. Sace “gaºhatha, bhante, amh±ka½ puñña½ bhavissat²”tivadanti, j±n±petv± sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Eva½ ±r±mena ±r±mo parivattetabbo.Eteneva nayena ±r±mavatthupi vih±ropi vih±ravatthupi ±r±mena parivattetabba½. ¾r±mavatthun±ca mahantena v± khuddakena v± ±r±ma-±r±mavatthuvih±ravih±ravatth³ni.
Katha½ vih±rena vih±ro parivattetabbo? Saªghassa antog±me geha½ hoti, manuss±na½ vih±ramajjhep±s±do, ubhopi agghena samak±, sace manuss± tena p±s±dena ta½ geha½ y±canti, sampaµicchitu½vaµµati. Bhikkh³na½ ce mahagghatara½ geha½ hoti, “mahagghatara½ amh±ka½ gehan”ti vutteca “kiñc±pi mahagghatara½, pabbajit±na½ pana as±ruppa½, na sakk± tattha pabbajitehi vasitu½,ida½ pana s±ruppa½, gaºhath±”ti vadanti, evampi sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Sace pana manuss±na½mahaggha½ hoti, “nanu tumh±ka½ geha½ mahagghan”ti vattabba½. “Hotu, bhante, amh±ka½puñña½ bhavissati, gaºhath±”ti vutte pana sampaµicchitu½ vaµµati. Eva½ vih±rena vih±roparivattetabbo. Eteneva nayena vih±ravatthupi ±r±mopi ±r±mavatthupi vih±rena parivattetabba½.Vih±ravatthun± ca mahagghena v± appagghena v± vih±ravih±ravatthu-±r±ma-±r±mavatth³ni.Eva½ t±va th±varena th±varaparivattana½ veditabba½.
Garubhaº¹ena garubhaº¹aparivattane pana mañcap²µha½ mahanta½ v± hotu khuddaka½ v±, antamaso caturaªgulap±daka½ g±mad±rakehi pa½sv±g±rakesu k²¼antehi katampi saªghassa dinnak±lato paµµh±ya garubhaº¹a½ hoti. Sacepi r±jar±jamah±matt±dayo ekappah±reneva mañcasata½ v± mañcasahassa½ v± denti, sabbe kappiyamañc± sampaµicchitabb±, sampaµicchitv± vu¹¹hapaµip±µiy±“saªghikaparibhogena paribhuñjath±”ti d±tabb±, puggalikavasena na d±tabb±. Atirekamañcebhaº¹±g±r±d²su paññapetv± pattac²vara½ nikkhipitumpi vaµµati.
Bahis²m±ya “saªghassa dem±”ti dinnamañco saªghattherassa vasanaµµh±ne d±tabbo. Tattha ce bah³mañc± honti, mañcena kamma½ natthi, yassa vasanaµµh±ne kamma½ atthi, tattha “saªghikaparibhogenaparibhuñjath±”ti d±tabbo. Mahagghena satagghanakena, sahassagghanakena v± mañcena añña½mañcasata½ labhati, parivattetv± gahetabba½. Na kevala½ mañcena mañcoyeva, ±r±ma-±r±mavatthuvih±ravih±ravatthup²µhabhisibimbohan±nipiparivattetu½ vaµµanti. Esa nayo p²µhabhisibimbohanesupi etesu hi kappiy±kappiya½vuttanayameva. Tattha akappiya½ na paribhuñjitabba½, kappiya½ saªghikaparibhogena paribhuñjitabba½.Akappiya½ v± mahaggha½ kappiya½ v± parivattetv± vuttavatth³ni gahetabb±ni, agarubhaº¹upaga½pana bhisibimbohana½ n±ma natth²ti.
2898. Bhikkhu adhotena p±dena, allap±dena v± sen±sana½ nakkameti sambandho. Sayantiettha, ±santi c±ti sayan±sana½, parikammakatabh³mattharaº±di. Allap±dena v±tiyena akkantaµµh±ne udaka½ paññ±yati, evar³pena tintap±dena. Yath±ha– “allehi p±deh²tiyehi akkantaµµh±ne udaka½ paññ±yati, evar³pehi p±dehi paribhaº¹akatabh³mi v± sen±sana½v± na akkamitabba½. Sace pana udakasinehamattameva paññ±yati, na udaka½, vaµµat²”ti(c³¼ava. aµµha. 324). Sa-up±hanoti ettha “dhotap±dakan”ti vattabba½. P±de paµimukk±hiup±han±hi sa-up±hano bhikkhu dhotap±daka½ dhotap±dehi akkamitabbaµµh±na½ tatheva na akkametiyojan±.
2899. Parikammakat±y±ti sudh±diparikammakat±ya. Niµµhubhantass±tikhe¼a½ p±tentassa. Parikammakata½ bhittinti setabhitti½ v± cittakammakata½ v±bhitti½. Na kevalañca bhittimeva, dv±rampi v±tap±nampi apassenaphalakampi p±s±ºatthambhampirukkhatthambhampi c²varena v± kenaci v± appaµicch±detv± apassayitu½ na labhatiyeva. “Dv±rav±tap±n±dayopana aparikammakat±pi apaµicch±detv± na apassayitabb±”ti gaºµhipade vutta½.
2901. Nidd±yato tassa koci sar²r±vayavo paccattharaºe saªkuµite sahas± yadi mañca½ phusati, dukkaµanti yojan±.
2902. Lomesu mañca½ phusantesu. Hatthap±d±na½ talena akkamitu½ vaµµat²ti yojan±.Mañcap²µha½ n²harantassa k±ye paµihaññati, an±patti.
“D±yakehi ‘k±yena phusitv± yath±sukha½ paribhuñjath±’ti dinnasen±sana½, mañcap²µh±diñcad±yakena vuttaniy±mena paribhuñjantassa doso natth²”ti m±tikaµµhakath±ya s²ha¼agaºµhipadevuttatt± tath± paribhuñjantassa an±patti. “Ima½ mañcap²µh±di½ saªghassa damm²”ti vuttegarubhaº¹a½ hoti, na bh±jetabba½ saªghassa par±maµµhatt±. “Ima½ mañcap²µh±di½ bhadant±na½ vassaggenagaºhitu½ damm²”ti vutte satipi garubhaº¹abh±ve kappiyavatthu½ bh±jetv± gaºhitu½vaµµati, akappiyabhaº¹ameva bh±jetv± gahetu½ na labbhati. “Ima½ mañcap²µha½ vassaggenagahetu½ saªghassa damm²”ti vutte vassaggena bh±jetv± gahetabba½ vassaggena bh±jana½ paµhama½vatv± pacch± saªghassa par±maµµhatt±. “Saªghassa ima½ mañcap²µha½ vassaggena gaºhitu½ damm²”tivutte pana garubhaº¹a½ hoti paµhama½ saªghassa par±maµµhatt±ti ayampi visesom±tikaµµhakath± gaºµhipadeyeva vutto.
2903-4. Uddesabhattavinicchayekadesa½ dassetum±ha “sahassagghanako”ti-±di. Sahassagghanakosac²varo piº¹ap±to avassika½ bhikkhu½ patto, tasmi½ vih±re ca “evar³po piº¹ap±toavassika½ bhikkhu½ patto”ti likhitv± µhapitopi ca hoti, tato saµµhivass±namaccayet±diso sahassagghanako sac²varo koci piº¹ap±to sace uppanno hoti, ta½ piº¹ap±ta½budho vinicchayakusalo bhikkhu avassikaµµhitik±ya adatv± saµµhivassikaµµhitik±yadadeyy±ti yojan±.
2905. Uddesabhatta½ bhuñjitv±ti upasampannak±le attano vassaggena patta½ uddesabhatta½paribhuñjitv±. J±to ce s±maºerakoti sikkh±paccakkh±n±divasena sace s±maºeroj±to. Tanti upasampannak±le gahita½ tadeva uddesabhatta½. S±maºerassa p±¼iy±tis±maºerapaµip±µiy± attano patta½ pacch± gahetu½ labhati.
2906. Yo s±maºero sampuººav²sativasso “sve uddesa½ labhissat²”ti vattabbo, ajja so upasampanno hoti, µhitik± at²t± siy±ti yojan±, sve p±petabb± s±maºeraµµhitik±ajja upasampannatt± atikkant± hot²ti attho, ta½ bhatta½ na labhat²ti vutta½ hoti.
2907. Uddesabhatt±nantara½ sal±kabhatta½ dassetum±ha “sace pan±”ti-±di. Sace sal±k±laddh±, ta½dine bhatta½ na laddha½, punadine tassa bhatta½ gahetabba½, na sa½sayo “gahetabba½nu kho, na gahetabban”ti eva½ sa½sayo na k±tabboti yojan±.
2908. Uttari uttara½ atireka½ bhaªga½ byañjana½ etass±ti uttaribhaªga½, tassa,atirekabyañjanass±ti attho. Ekacarass±ti ekac±rikassa. Sal±k±yeva sal±kik±.
2909. Uttaribhaªgameva uttaribhaªgaka½.
2910. Yena yena h²ti g±hitasal±kena yena yena bhikkhun±. Ya½ yanti bhattabyañjanesuya½ ya½ bhatta½ v± ya½ ya½ byañjana½ v±.
2911. Saªghuddes±dikanti saªghabhatta-uddesabhatt±dika½. ¾di-saddena nimantana½, sal±ka½,pakkhika½, uposathika½, p±µipadikanti pañca bhatt±ni gahit±ni.
Tattha sabbasaªghassa dinna½ saªghabhatta½ n±ma. “Saªghato ettake bhikkh³ uddisitv± deth±”ti-±din±vatv± dinna½ uddesabhatta½. “Saªghato ettak±na½ bhikkh³na½ bhatta½ gaºhath±”ti-±din±vatv± dinna½ nimantana½ n±ma. Attano attano n±mena sal±kag±hak±na½ bhikkh³na½dinna½ sal±kabhatta½ n±ma. C±tuddasiya½ dinna½ pakkhika½. Uposathe dinna½uposathika½. P±µipade dinna½ p±µipadika½. Ta½ta½n±mena dinnameva tath± tath±vohar²yati. Etesa½ pana vitth±rakath± “abhilakkhites³”ti-±din± (c³¼ava. aµµha. 325pakkhikabhatt±dikath±) aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanayena veditabb±. ¾gantuk±d²ti ettha±di-saddena gamikabhatta½, gil±nabhatta½, gil±nupaµµh±kabhattanti t²ºi gahit±ni.¾gantuk±na½ dinna½ bhatta½ ±gantukabhatta½. Eseva nayo sesesu.
2912. Vih±ranti vih±rabhatta½ uttarapadalopena, vih±re tatrupp±dabhattasseta½adhivacana½. V±rabhattanti dubbhikkhasamaye “v±rena bhikkh³ jaggiss±m±”ti dhuragehatopaµµh±ya dinna½. Niccanti niccabhatta½ uttarapadalopena, tañca tath± vatv±va dinna½.Kuµibhatta½ n±ma saªghassa ±v±sa½ katv± “amh±ka½ sen±sanav±sino amh±ka½bhatta½ gaºhant³”ti dinna½. Pannarasavidha½ sabbameva bhatta½ idha imasmi½ sen±sanakkhandhakeuddiµµha½ kathita½. Etesa½ vitth±ravinicchayo atthikehi samantap±s±dik±ya gahetabbo.
2913. Paccayabh±jane micch±paµipattiy± mah±d²navatt± appamatteneva paµipajjitabbanti paccayabh±janaka½anus±santo ±ha “p±¼in”ti-±di.

Sen±sanakkhandhakakath±vaººan±.