Samathakkhandhakakath±vaººan±

2760. Id±ni samathavinicchaya½ dassetu½ yesu adhikaraºesu santesu samathehi bhavitabba½,t±ni t±va dassento ±ha “viv±d±dh±rat±”ti-±di. Viv±d±dh±rat±ti viv±d±dhikaraºa½.¾patt±dh±rat±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. ¾dh±rat±ti adhikaraºapariy±yo. ¾dh±r²yatiabhibhuyyati v³pasammati samatheh²ti ±dh±ro, viv±do ca so ±dh±ro c±ti viv±d±dh±ro,so eva viv±d±dh±rat±. Evam±dh±r±dhikaraºa-sadd±na½ viv±d±disaddehi saha kammadh±rayasam±sodaµµhabbo. Adhikar²yati abhibhuyyati v³pasammati samatheh²ti adhikaraºanti viv±d±dicatubbidhamevap±¼iya½ dassita½. Ayamattho “etesa½ tu catunnampi, samatt± samath± mat±”ti vakkham±nenaviññ±yati.
2761. Et±ni catt±ri adhikaraº±ni ca “idha pana, bhikkhave, bhikkh³ vivadanti ‘dhammo’tiv± ‘adhammo’ti v±”ti (c³¼ava. 215) aµµh±rasa bhedak±rakavatth³ni ca mahesin±vutt±ni. Tattha tesu cat³su adhikaraºesu viv±do adhikaraºasaªkh±to et±ni aµµh±rasabhedakaravatth³ni nissito niss±ya pavattoti yojan±.
2762. Vipattiyo catassov±ti “idha pana, bhikkhave, bhikkh³ bhikkhu½ anuvadanti s²lavipattiy±v± ±c±ravipattiy± v± diµµhivipattiy± v± ±j²vavipattiy± v±”ti(c³¼ava. 215) vutt± catasso vipattiyo. Diµµh±d²na½ anugantv± s²lavipatti-±d²hivadana½ codan± anuv±do. Up±gatoti nissito, anuv±do catasso vipattiyoniss±ya pavattoti attho. “Tatth±”ti paµhamameva niddh±raºassa vuttatt± idha punavacanepayojana½ na dissati, “sambhav±”ti vacanass±pi na koci atthaviseso dissati.Tasm± “±patt±dh±rat± tattha, satta-±pattisambhav±”ti p±µho na yujjati, “±patt±dh±rat±n±ma, satta ±pattiyo mat±”ti p±µho yuttataro, ±patt±dh±rat± n±ma ±patt±dhikaraºa½n±ma satta ±pattiyo mat± satta ±pattiyova adhippet±ti attho.
2763. Saªghakicc±ni niss±y±ti apalokanakamm±d²ni catt±ri saªghakamm±ni up±d±yakicc±dhikaraº±bhidh±na½ siy±, kicc±dhikaraºa½ n±ma catt±ri saªghakamm±n²ti attho.Etesa½ tu catunnamp²ti etesa½ pana catunnampi adhikaraº±na½. Samatt±ti v³pasamahetutt±.Samath± mat±ti sammukh±vinay±dayo satta adhikaraºasamath±ti adhippet±. Adhikaraº±nisamenti, sammanti v± eteh²ti “samath±”ti vuccant²ti “samatt± samath± mat±”tiimin± samatha-saddassa anvattha½ d²peti.
2764-5. Te sar³pato dassetum±ha “sammukh±”ti-±di. “Vinayo”ti ida½ sammukh±dipadehipacceka½ yojetabba½ “sammukh±vinayo sativinayo am³¼havinayo”ti. “Paµiññ±vinayo”tica paµiññ±takaraºa½ vutta½. Sattamo vinayoti samatho adhippeto. Tiºavatth±rakotiime satta samath± buddhen±diccabandhun± vutt±ti yojan±.
2766. Cat³su adhikaraºesu ya½ adhikaraºa½ yattakehi samathehi sammati,te saªgahetv± dassento ±ha “viv±do”ti-±di.
2767-9. “Viv±do”ti-±din± uddiµµhamattha½ niddisanto ±ha “chaµµhen±”ti-±di. Etthaetesu cat³su adhikaraºesu, samathesu ca ki½ kena sammat²ti ce? Viv±do viv±d±dhikaraºa½chaµµhena yebhuyyasik±ya, paµhamena samathena sammukh±vinayena c±ti dv²hi samathehi sammati.Yass± kiriy±ya dhammav±dino bahutar±, es± yebhuyyasik±. “Saªghasammukhat±, dhammasammukhat±,vinayasammukhat±, puggalasammukhat±”ti (c³¼ava. 229, 234, 236, 237, 242) vutt±na½saªgh±d²na½ catunna½ sannidh±nena v± gaºapuggalehi samiyam±na½ viv±d±dhikaraºa½ saªghasammukhata½vin± itarehi t²hi v± sammat²ti vutta½ hoti.
Ettha ca k±rakasaªghassa saªghas±maggivasena sammukh²bh±vo saªghasammukhat±, sametabbassa vatthuno bh³tat± dhammasammukhat±, yath± ta½ sametabba½, tathevassa samana½ vinayasammukhat±, yo ca vivadati, yena ca vivadati, tesa½ ubhinna½ atthapaccatthik±na½ sammukh²bh±vo puggalasammukhat±.
“Anuv±do cat³hip²”ti uddiµµha½ niddisanto ±ha “sammukh±”ti-±di. Anupubben±tianupaµip±µiy±. Sammukh±vinay±d²hi t²hip²ti sammukh±vinayasativinaya-am³¼havinayehit²hipi. Tathev±ti yath± t²hi, tath± pañcamena tassap±piyasik±samathen±pi anuv±dosammati, pageva cat³h²ti attho.
Yo p±pussannat±ya p±piyo puggalo, tassa kattabbato “tassap±piyasik±”ti kamma½vuccati. ¾yasmato dabbassa mallaputtassa viya sativepullappattassa kh²º±savassakat± am³lik± s²lavipatticodan± sammukh±vinayena, ñatticatutth±ya kammav±c±ya dinnenasativinayena ca sammati. Ummattakassa bhikkhuno kat± ±patticodan± sammukh±vinayenaca tatheva dinnena am³¼havinayena ca sammati. Saªghamajjhe ±pattiy± codiyam±nassa avaj±nitv±paµij±nan±di½ karontassa p±pabhikkhuno bahul±patticodan± sammukh±vinayena ceva tathevapakatena tassap±piyasik±kammena ca v³pasammat²ti vutta½ hoti.
“¾patti pana t²hev±”ti uddesassa niddesam±ha “sammukhen±”ti-±di. Sammukhenasammukh±vinayena, paµiññ±ya paµiññ±takaraºena, tiºavatth±rakena v± imehi t²hi evasamathehi s± ±patti ±patt±dhikaraºa½ upasama½ y±t²ti yojan±. Ettha paµiññ±takaraºa½n±ma ±patti½ paµiggaºhantena “passas²”ti vutte ±patti½ desentena “±ma pass±m²”tisampaµicchana½. Tiºavatth±raka½ pana sayameva vakkhati.
T²heva samatheh²ti ettha garuk±patti sammukh±vinayena, paµiññ±takaraºena c±ti dv²hi,lahuk±patti½ ±pajjitv± saªghe v± gaºe v± puggale v± desan±ya sammukh±vinayena cevapaµiññ±takaraºena ca, kosambak±na½ viggahasadisa½ mah±viggaha½ karontehi ±pann± anekavidh±±pattiyo sace honti, t±su vakkham±nasar³pa½ thullavajj±di½ µhapetv± avases± sabb±±pattiyo sammukh±vinayena, tiºavatth±rakena ca sammant²ti attho.
Kicca½ kicc±dhikaraºa½ ekena sammukh±vinayeneva sammat²ti yojan±.
2770. Yebhuyyasikakammeti ettha nimittatthe bhumma½. Sal±ka½ g±hayetivinicchayak±rake saªghe dhammav±d²na½ bahutta½ v± appataratta½ v± j±nitu½ vakkham±nenanayena sal±ka½ g±h±peyya. Budhoti “na chand±gati½ gacchati…pe… gahit±gahitañcaj±n±t²”ti vutta½ pañcahi aªgehi samann±gata½ puggala½ dasseti. “G³¼hen±”ti-±din±sal±kagg±happak±ro dassito. Kaººajappen±ti ettha kaººe jappo yasmi½ sal±kagg±hapayogetiviggaho. Ettha g³¼hasal±kagg±ho n±ma dhammav±disal±k± ca adhammav±disal±k± cavisu½ visu½ c²varakaººe pakkhipitv± puggal±na½ santika½ visu½ visu½ upasaªkamitv±sal±k± visu½ visu½ dassetv± “ito tava ruccanaka½ gaºh±h²”ti raho µhatv± g±h±pana½.Vivaµaka½ n±ma dhammav±d²na½ bahubh±va½ ñatv± sabbesu j±nantesu puggal±na½ santika½g±h±pana½. Kaººajappana½ n±ma evameva kaººam³le raho µhatv± g±h±pana½.
2771. Alajjussadeti ettha “saªghe”ti seso. Lajjisu b±les³ti etth±pi “ussades³”tivattabba½.
2772. Sakena kammun±yev±ti attano ya½ kicca½, tenev±ti.
2773-5. “¾pajjat²”ti-±di “alajj², lajj², b±lo”ti j±nanassa hetubh³takammadassana½.Duccintitoti abhijjh±ditividhamanoduccaritavasena duµµhu cintento. Dubbh±s²timus±v±d±dicatubbidhavac²duccaritavasena vac²dv±re paññatt±na½ sikkh±pad±na½ v²tikkamavasenaduµµhu bh±sanas²lo. Dukkaµak±rikoti p±º±tip±t±ditividhak±yaduccaritavasena k±yadv±re paññattasikkh±pad±na½ v²tikkamavasena kucchitakammassa karaºas²lo. Itilakkhaºenev±ti yath±vutta½ alajj²lajj²b±lalakkhaºa½ nigameti.
2776. “Yebhuyyasik±”ti-±dig±th±hi niddiµµhameva attha½ nigametum±ha “tidh±”ti-±di.Tidh±sal±kag±hen±ti tividhassa sal±kag±hassa aññatarena. Bahuk± dhammav±dinoyadi siyunti yojan±. K±tabbanti ettha “viv±d±dhikaraºav³pasamanan”ti seso.
2777. Yo puggalo alajj² ca hoti s±nuv±do ca kammato k±yakammato, vac²kammatoca asuci ca sambuddhajigucchan²yoti attho. So eva½vidho p±papuggalo tassa p±piyasikakammassayogo hot²ti sambandho. S±nuv±doti ettha anuv±do n±ma codan±, saha anuv±denavattat²ti s±nuv±do, p±pagarahitapuggalehi k±tabbacodan±ya anur³poti attho.
2778-9. Bhaº¹aneti kalahassa pubbabh±ge. Kalaheti k±yavac²dv±rappavatte hatthapar±mas±dikekalahe ca. Viv±damhi anappaketi bahuvidhe viv±de j±te. Bahu-ass±maºe ciººetisamaº±na½ ananucchavike n±nappak±re k±yikav±casikav²tikkame ca kate. Anaggetianante. Bhassaketi kucchite aman±pavacane ciººeti yojan±, bh±siteti attho.Gavesantanti gavesiyam±na½, ±patt±dhikaraºanti seso. V±¼anti caº¹a½. Kakkha¼anti±sajja½. K±tabbanti v³pasametabba½.
2780-2. Yath± ca v³pasammati, tath± tiºavatth±rake suddho hot²ti sambandho.
Thullavajjanti p±r±jikañceva saªgh±disesañca. Gih²hi paµisa½yutantigih²na½ j±ti-±d²hi p±¼iy± ±gatehi dasahi akkosavatth³hi, aµµhakath±gatehi ca tadaññehiakkosavatth³hi khu½sanavambhanapaccay± ca dhammikapaµissavassa asacc±panapaccay± ca ±pann±patti½.Es± eva hi ±patti gihipaµisa½yutt± n±ma pariv±re “atthi gihipaµisa½yutt±,atthi nagihipaµisa½yutt±”ti duka½ nikkhipitv± “gihipaµisa½yutt±ti sudhammattherassa±patti, y± ca dhammikassa paµissavassa asacc±pane ±patti. Avases± nagihipaµisa½yutt±”ti(pari. aµµha. 321) vacanato.
Sudhammattherassa ±patt²ti ca tena cittassa gahapatino j±ti½ paµicca khu½sanavambhanapaccay±±pann± omasav±dasikkh±padavibh±gagat± dukkaµ±patti gahetabb±. Idañca upalakkhaºamatta½,tasm± itarehipi akkosavatth³hi gihi½ khu½sent±na½ vambhent±na½ itaresa½ bhikkh³na½s± ±patti gihipaµisa½yutt±v±ti veditabba½. Tath± ±panna½ ±patti½ des±pentenadassan³pac±ra½ avijah±petv± savan³pac±ra½ jah±petv± eka½se uttar±saªga½ k±r±petv±ukkuµika½ nis²d±petv± añjali½ paggaºh±petv± s± ±patti des±petabb±.
Diµµh±vikammikanti diµµh±vikamme niyutto diµµh±vikammiko, ta½, aµµhakath±ya½“ye pana ‘na meta½ khamat²’ti aññamañña½ diµµh±vikamma½ karont²”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha.214) ye puggal± dassit±, tesamaññatarasseva gahaºa½.
Yoti bhaº¹anak±rakehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ mahanta½ viggaha½ katv± sambahul± ±pattiyo±panno yo bhikkhu. Tatth±ti tasmi½ tiºavatth±rakasamathak±rake bhikkhusam³he.Na hot²ti chanda½ datv± ta½ bhikkhuparisa½ an±gatatt± na sa½vijjati. Tañca µhapetv±tiyojan±.
Tiºavatth±rake kate sati y±va upasampadam±¼ato pabhuti ±pann±ya ses±ya±pattiy± nir±patti hutv± suddho hoti saªghoti yojan±.

Samathakkhandhakakath±vaººan±.