“Saªghassa dem±”ti v± “bhikkhusaªghassa dem±”ti v± yena kenaci ±k±rena saªgha½ ±masitv±dinna½ pana pa½suk³lik±na½ na vaµµati “gahapatic²vara½ paµikkhip±mi, pa½suk³likaªga½sam±diy±m²”ti vuttatt±, na pana akappiyatt±. Bhikkhusaªghena apaloketv± dinnampina gahetabba½. Ya½ pana bhikkhu attano santaka½ deti, ta½ bhikkhudattiya½ n±ma vaµµati.Pa½suk³la½ pana na hoti. Eva½ santepi dhutaªga½ na bhijjati. “Bhikkh³na½ dema, ther±na½dem±”ti vutte pana pa½suk³lik±nampi vaµµati. “Ida½ vattha½ saªghassa dema, imin±up±hanatthavikapattatthavika-±yoga-a½sabaddhak±d²ni karoth±”ti dinnampivaµµati.
Pattatthavik±d²na½ atth±ya dinn±ni bah³nipi honti, c²varatth±yapi pahonti, tatoc²vara½ katv± p±rupitu½ vaµµati. Sace pana saªgho bh±jit±tiritt±ni vatth±ni chinditv±up±hanatthavik±d²na½ atth±ya bh±jeti, tato gahetu½ na vaµµati. S±mikehi vic±ritamevahi vaµµati, na itara½.
“Pa½suk³likasaªghassa dhammakaraºa-a½sabaddh±d²na½ atth±ya dem±”ti vuttepi gahetu½ vaµµati.Parikkh±ro n±ma pa½suk³lik±nampi icchitabbo. Ya½ tattha atireka½ hoti, ta½ c²varepiupanetu½ vaµµati. Sutta½ saªghassa denti, pa½suk³likehipi gahetabba½. Aya½ t±vavih±ra½ pavisitv± “im±ni c²var±ni saªghassa damm²”ti dinnesu vinicchayo.
Sace pana bahi upac±ras²m±ya addh±napaµipanne bhikkh³ disv± “saªghassa damm²”ti saªghattherassav± saªghanavakassa v± ±roceti, sacepi yojana½ pharitv± paris± µhit± hoti, ek±baddh± ce, sabbesa½ p±puº±ti. Ye pana dv±dasahi hatthehi parisa½ asampatt±, tesa½ na p±puº±t²ti.
2732. Id±ni “ubhatosaªghe det²”ti m±tika½ vivaranto ±ha “ubhatosaªghamuddiss±”ti-±di.Ubhatosaªghamuddiss±ti bhikkhusaªgha½, bhikkhunisaªghañca uddisitv±. Det²ti “ubhatosaªghassadem²”ti deti. “Bahu v±”ti ettha “bah³ v±”ti vattabbe g±th±bandhavasenarassatta½. Bhikkhun²na½ bhikkh³ thok± v± hontu bah³ v±, puggalaggena akatv±ubhatosaªghavasena samabh±gova k±tu½ vaµµat²ti yojan±.
Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo– “ubhatosaªghassa damm²”ti vuttepi “dvedh±saªghassa dammi,dvinna½ saªgh±na½ dammi, bhikkhusaªghassa ca bhikkhunisaªghassa ca damm²”ti vuttepi ubhatosaªghassadinnameva hoti, dve bh±ge same katv± eko d±tabbo.
“Ubhatosaªghassa ca tuyhañca damm²”ti vutte sace dasa dasa bhikkh³, bhikkhuniyo ca honti,ekav²sati paµiv²se katv± eko puggalassa d±tabbo, dasa bhikkhusaªghassa, dasa bhikkhunisaªghassa.Yena puggaliko laddho, so saªghatopi attano vassaggena gahetu½ labhati. Kasm±? Ubhatosaªghaggahaºenagahitatt±.
“Ubhatosaªghassa ca cetiyassa ca damm²”ti vuttepi eseva nayo. Idha pana cetiyassa saªghatop±puºanakoµµh±so n±ma natthi, ekapuggalassa pattakoµµh±sasamova koµµh±so hoti.
“Ubhatosaªghassa ca tuyhañca cetiyassa c±”ti vutte pana dv±v²sati koµµh±se katv± dasa bhikkh³na½,dasa bhikkhun²na½, eko puggalassa, eko cetiyassa d±tabbo. Tattha puggalo saªghatopiattano vassaggena puna gahetu½ labhati. Cetiyassa ekoyeva.
“Bhikkhusaªghassa ca bhikkhun²nañca damm²”ti vutte pana majjhe bhinditv± na d±tabba½, bhikkh³ca bhikkhuniyo ca gaºetv± d±tabba½.
“Bhikkhusaªghassa ca bhikkhun²nañca tuyhañc±”ti vutte pana puggalo visu½ a labhati, p±puºanaµµh±nato ekameva labhati. Kasm±? Bhikkhusaªghaggahaºena gahitatt±.
“Bhikkhusaªghassa ca bhikkhun²nañca tuyhañca cetiyassa c±”ti vuttepi cetiyassa ekapuggalapaµiv²solabbhati, puggalassa visu½ na labbhati. Tasm± eka½ cetiyassa datv± avasesa½ bhikkh³ca bhikkhuniyo ca gaºetv± bh±jetabba½.
“Bhikkh³nañca bhikkhun²nañca damm²”ti vuttepi na majjhe bhinditv± d±tabba½, puggalagaºan±yaeva vibhajitabba½.
“Bhikkh³nañca bhikkhun²nañca tuyhañca cetiyassa c±”ti eva½ vuttepi cetiyassa ekapuggalapaµiv²solabbhati, puggalassa visu½ natthi, bhikkh³ ca bhikkhuniyo ca gaºetv± eva bh±jetabba½.Yath± ca bhikkhusaªgha½ ±di½ katv± nayo n²to, eva½ bhikkhunisaªgha½ ±di½ katv±pi netabbo.
“Bhikkhusaªghassa ca tuyhañc±”ti vutte puggalassa visu½ na labbhati, vassaggeneva gahetabba½.
“Bhikkhusaªghassa ca cetiyassa c±”ti vutte pana cetiyassa visu½ paµiv²so labbhati.
“Bhikkhusaªghassa ca tuyhañca cetiyassa c±”ti vuttepi cetiyasseva labbhati, na puggalassa.
“Bhikkh³nañca tuyhañc±”ti vuttepi visu½ na labbhati.
“Bhikkh³nañca cetiyassa c±”ti vutte pana cetiyassa labbhati.
“Bhikkh³nañca tuyhañca cetiyassa c±”ti vuttepi cetiyasseva visu½ labbhati, na puggalassa.Bhikkhunisaªgha½ ±di½ katv±pi evameva yojetabba½.
Pubbe buddhappamukhassa ubhatosaªghassa d±na½ denti, bhagav± majjhe nis²dati, dakkhiºato bhikkh³,v±mato bhikkhuniyo nis²danti, bhagav± ubhinna½ saªghatthero, tad± bhagav± attano laddhapaccayeattan±pi paribhuñjati, bhikkh³nampi d±peti. Etarahi pana paº¹itamanuss± sadh±tuka½ paµima½v± cetiya½ v± µhapetv± buddhappamukhassa ubhatosaªghassa d±na½ denti, paµim±ya v± etiyassa v± purato ±dh±rake patta½ µhapetv± dakkhiºodaka½ datv± “buddh±na½ dem±”titattha ya½ paµhama½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ denti, vih±ra½ v± ±haritv± “ida½ cetiyassadem±”ti piº¹ap±tañca m±l±gandh±d²ni ca denti, tattha katha½ paµipajjitabbanti? M±l±gandh±d²nit±va cetiye ±ropetabb±ni, vatthehi paµ±k±, telena pad²p± k±tabb±. Piº¹ap±tamadhuph±ºit±d²nipana yo nibaddha½ cetiyassa jaggako hoti pabbajito v± gahaµµho v±, tassa d±tabb±ni.Nibaddhajaggake asati ±haµapatta½ µhapetv± vatta½ katv± paribhuñjitu½ vaµµati. Upakaµµhek±le bhuñjitv± pacch±pi vatta½ k±tu½ vaµµatiyeva.
M±l±gandh±d²su ca ya½ kiñci “ida½ haritv± cetiyassa p³ja½ karoth±”ti vutte d³rampiharitv± p³jetabba½. “Bhikkha½ saªghassa har±”ti vuttepi haritabba½. Sace pana “aha½piº¹±ya car±mi, ±sanas±l±ya bhikkh³ atthi, te harissant²”ti vutte “bhante, tuyha½yevadamm²”ti vadati, bhuñjitu½ vaµµati. Atha pana “bhikkhusaªghassa dass±m²”ti harantassagacchato antar±va k±lo upakaµµho hoti, attano p±petv± bhuñjitu½ vaµµati.
2733. Ya½ pana c²vara½ “yasmi½ ±v±se vassa½vutthassa saªghassa damm²”ti deti, tasmi½yeva±v±se vutthavassena saªghena v± gaºena v± puggalena v± ta½ c²vara½ bh±jetabbantivaººita½ desitanti yojan±.
Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo– vih±ra½ pavisitv± “im±ni c²var±ni vassa½vutthasaªghassa damm²”tideti, y±vatik± bhikkh³ tasmi½ ±v±se vassa½vutth±, yattak± vassaccheda½ akatv±purimavassa½vutth±, tehi bh±jetabba½, aññesa½ na p±puº±ti. Dis±pakkantass±pi sati g±hake y±va kathinassa ubbh±r± d±tabba½. Anatthate pana kathine antohemante evañca vatv± dinna½ pacchimavassa½vutth±nampi p±puº±t²ti lakkhaºaññ³ vadanti. Aµµhakath±supaneta½ avic±rita½.
Sace pana bahi upac±ras²m±ya½ µhito “vassa½vutthasaªghassa damm²”ti vadati, sampatt±na½ sabbesa½p±puº±ti. Atha “asukavih±re vassa½vutthasaªghass±”ti vadati, tatra vassa½vutth±namevay±va kathinassubbh±r± p±puº±ti. Sace pana gimh±na½ paµhamadivasato paµµh±ya eva½ vadati,tatra sammukh²bh³t±na½yeva sabbesa½ p±puº±ti. Kasm±? Piµµhisamaye uppannatt±. Antovasseyeva“vassa½ vasant±na½ damm²”ti vutte chinnavass± na labhanti, vassa½ vasant±va labhanti.C²varam±se pana “vassa½ vasant±na½ damm²”ti vutte pacchimik±ya vass³pagat±na½yevap±puº±ti, purimik±ya vass³pagat±nañca chinnavass±nañca na p±puº±ti.
C²varam±sato paµµh±ya y±va hemantassa pacchimo divaso, t±va “vass±v±sika½ dem±”ti vuttekathina½ atthata½ v± hotu anatthata½ v±, at²tavassa½vutth±nameva p±puº±ti. Gimh±na½ paµhamadivasatopaµµh±ya vutte pana m±tik± ±ropetabb± “at²tavass±v±sassa pañca m±s± abhikkant±,an±gate c±tum±saccayena bhavissati, kataravass±v±sassa des²”ti. Sace “at²tavassa½vutth±na½damm²”ti vadati, ta½ antovassa½ vutth±nameva p±puº±ti. Dis±pakkant±nampi sabh±g±gaºhitu½ labhanti.
Sace “an±gate vass±v±sika½ damm²”ti vadati, ta½ µhapetv± vass³pan±yikadivase gahetabba½.Atha “agutto vih±ro, corabhaya½ atthi, na sakk± µhapetu½, gaºhitv± v± ±hiº¹itun”tivutte “sampatt±na½ damm²”ti vadati, bh±jetv± gahetabba½. Sace vadati“ito me, bhante, tatiye vasse vass±v±sika½ na dinna½, ta½ damm²”ti, tasmi½antovasse vutthabhikkh³na½ p±puº±ti. Sace te dis±pakkant±, añño viss±sikogaºh±ti, d±tabba½. Atha ekoyeva avasiµµho, ses± k±lakat±, sabba½ ekasseva p±puº±ti.Sace ekopi natthi, saªghika½ hoti, sammukh²bh³tehi bh±jetabbanti.
2734. Y±guy± pana p²t±ya v± bhatte v± bhutte sace pana ±dissa “yena me y±gu p²t±, tassa dammi, yena me bhatta½ bhutta½, tassa damm²”ti paricchinditv± c²vara½ deti, vinayadharena tattha tattheva d±na½ d±tabbanti yojan±. Esa nayo kh±dan²yac²varasen±sanabhesajj±d²su.
Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo– bhikkh³ ajjatan±ya v± sv±tan±ya v± y±guy± nimantetv± tesa½ ghara½paviµµh±na½ y±gu½ deti, y±gu½ datv± p²t±ya y±guy± “im±ni c²var±ni yehi mayha½y±gu p²t±, tesa½ damm²”ti deti, yehi nimantitehi y±gu p²t±, tesa½yeva p±puºanti,yehi pana bhikkh±c±ravattena gharadv±rena gacchantehi v± ghara½ paviµµhehi v± y±gu laddh±, yesa½v± ±sanas±lato patta½ ±haritv± manussehi n²t±, ye v± therehi pesit±, tesa½na p±puºanti.
Sace pana nimantitabhikkh³hi saddhi½ aññepi bah³ ±gantv± antogehañca bahigehañca p³retv±nisinn±, d±yako ca eva½ vadati “nimantit± v± hontu animantit± v±, yesa½ may±y±gu dinn±, sabbesa½ im±ni vatth±ni hont³”ti, sabbesa½ p±puºanti. Yehipana ther±na½ hatthato y±gu laddh±, tesa½ na p±puºanti. Atha so “yehimayha½ y±gu p²t±, sabbesa½ hont³”ti vadati, sabbesa½ p±puºanti. Bhattakh±dan²yesupieseva nayo.
C²vare v±ti pubbepi yena vassa½ v±setv± bhikkh³na½ c²vara½ dinnapubba½ hoti,so ce bhikkh³ bhojetv± vadati “yesa½ may± pubbe c²vara½ dinna½, tesa½yeva ima½c²vara½ v± sutta½ v± sappimadhuph±ºit±d²ni v± hont³”ti, sabba½ tesa½yeva p±puº±ti.
Sen±sane v±ti “yo may± k±rite vih±re v± pariveºe v± vasati, tassida½ hot³”tivutte tasseva hoti.
Bhesajje v±ti “maya½ k±lena k±la½ ther±na½ sappi-±d²ni bhesajj±ni dema, yehit±ni laddh±ni, tesa½yevida½ hot³”ti vutte tesa½yeva hot²ti.
2735. D²yateti d±nanti kammas±dhanena c²vara½ vuccati. Ya½-saddena c²varassa par±maµµhatt±ta½-sadden±pi tadeva par±masitabbanti.
Tatr±ya½ vinicchayo– “ima½ c²vara½ itthann±massa damm²”ti eva½ parammukh± v± “ida½me, bhante, tumh±ka½ damm²”ti eva½ sammukh± v± p±dam³le µhapetv± v± deti,ta½ tasseva hoti. Sace pana “ida½ tumh±kañca tumh±ka½ antev±sik±nañca damm²”tieva½ vadati, therassa ca antev±sik±nañca p±puº±ti. Uddesa½ gahetu½ ±gato gahetv±gacchanto ca atthi, tass±pi p±puº±ti. “Tumhehi saddhi½ nibaddhac±rikabhikkh³na½ damm²”tivutte uddesantev±sik±na½ vatta½ katv± uddesaparipucch±d²ni gahetv± vicarant±na½sabbesa½ p±puº±t²ti.
2737. Vadaticcevameva ceti icceva½ yath±vuttanayena vadati ce. Tantita½ parikkh±ra½. Tesanti m±tu-±d²na½. Saªghasseva santaka½ hot²ti yojan±.
2738. “Pañcanna½…pe… hot²”ti imin± purimag±th±dvayena vitth±ritamevattha½sa½khipitv± dasseti. Pañcanna½ sahadhammik±na½. Accayeti k±lakiriy±ya.D±nanti “mayi k±lakate ima½ parikkh±ra½ tuyha½ hotu, tava santaka½ karoh²”ti-±din±pariccajana½. Kiñcip²ti antamaso dantakaµµhampi. Gih²na½ pana d±na½ tath± d±yak±na½gih²nameva accaye r³hat²ti yojan±.
2739. Bhikkhu v± s±maºero v± bhikkhuni-upassaye k±la½ karoti, assa bhikkhussav± s±maºerassa v± parikkh±r± bhikkh³na½yeva santak± bhikkhusaªghasseva santak±ti yojan±.Bhikkhusaªghasseva santak± k±lakatassa bhikkhusaªghapariy±pannatt±.
2740. S±maºer² v±ti ettha -saddena “sikkham±n± v±”ti ida½ saªgaºh±ti. Vih±rasmi½bhikkh³na½ niv±sanaµµh±ne. Tass±ti bhikkhuniy± v± s±maºeriy± v± sikkham±n±ya v±parikkh±r± bhikkhun²na½ santak± hont²ti yojan±. Santak±ti etth±pi bhikkh³su vuttanayenevatthogahetabbo.
2741. Dehi netv±ti ettha “ima½ c²varan”ti pakaraºato labbhati. “Ima½ c²vara½netv± asukassa deh²”ti ya½ c²vara½ dinna½, ta½ tassa purimasseva santaka½ hoti.“Ida½ c²vara½ asukassa damm²”ti ya½ c²vara½ dinna½, ta½ yassa pahiyyati, tassapacchimasseva santaka½ hot²ti yojan±.
2742. Yath±vuttavacanappak±r±nur³pena s±mike ñatv± s±mikesu viss±senav± tesu matesu matakac²varampi gaºhitu½ vaµµat²ti dassetu½ ±ha “evan”ti-±di.“Matassa v± amatassa v±”ti padacchedo. Viss±sa½ v±pi gaºheyy±ti j²vantassasantaka½ viss±sagg±ha½ gaºheyya. Gaºhe matakac²varanti matassa c²vara½ matakaparikkh±ran²h±renap±petv± gaºheyya.
2743. Rajate anen±ti rajananti m³l±disabbam±ha. Vantadosen±ti sav±sanasamucchinnar±g±didosena.T±din±ti r³p±d²su cha¼±rammaºesu r±g±d²na½ anuppattiy± aµµhasu lokadhammesu nibbik±rat±yaekasadisena.
2744-5. “M³le”ti-±d²su niddh±raºe bhumma½. M³larajane haliddi½ µhapetv± sabba½m³larajana½ vaµµati. Khandhesu rajanesu mañjeµµhañca tuªgah±rakañca µhapetv± sabba½ khandharajana½vaµµati. Pattesu rajanesu alliy± patta½ tath± n²liy± pattañca µhapetv± sabba½ pattarajana½vaµµati. Puppharajanesu kusumbhañca ki½sukañca µhapetv± sabba½ puppharajana½ vaµµati.Tacarajane loddañca kaº¹ulañca µhapetv± sabba½ tacarajana½ vaµµati. Phalarajana½ sabbampivaµµat²ti yojan±.
Mañjeµµhanti eko sakaºµakarukkho, valliviseso ca, yassa rajana½ mañjeµµhab²javaººa½ hoti.Mañjeµµharukkhassa khandho setavaººoti so idha na gahetabbo rajan±dhik±ratt±. Tuªgah±rakon±ma eko sakaºµakarukkho, yassa rajana½ harit±lavaººa½ hoti. All²ti cullat±piñcharukkho,yassa paººarajana½ haliddivaººa½ hoti. N²l²ti gacchaviseso, yassa pana rajana½ n²lavaººa½hoti. Ki½suka½ n±ma valliki½sukapuppha½, yassa rajana½ lohitavaººa½ hoti.
2746. Kiliµµhas±µakanti mal²nas±µaka½. Dhovitunti ekav±ra½dhovitu½. Alliy± dhota½ kira sammadeva rajana½ paµiggaºh±ti.
2747. C²var±na½ kath± ses±ti bhedak±raºappak±rakath±dik± idha avuttakath±. Paµhame kathine vutt±ti seso. Vibh±vin±ti khandhakabh±ºakena.

C²varakkhandhakakath±vaººan±.

Iti vinayatthas±rasand²paniy± vinayavinicchayavaººan±ya

Mah±vaggavinicchayavaººan± niµµhit±.