Kathinakkhandhakakath±vaººan±

2697. Vutthavass±na½ purimik±ya vassa½ upagantv± y±va mah±pav±raº±,t±va ratticcheda½ akatv± vutthavass±na½ bhikkh³na½ ekassa v± dvinna½ tiººa½ catunna½pañcanna½ atirek±na½ v± bhikkh³na½ pañcanna½ ±nisa½s±na½ vakkham±n±na½ an±mantac±r±d²na½pañcanna½ ±nisa½s±na½ paµil±bhak±raº± munipuªgavo sabbesa½ ag±rik±dimun²na½ sakalaguºagaºehiuttamo bhagav± kathinatth±ra½ “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, vassa½vutth±na½ bhikkh³na½ kathina½attharitun”ti (mah±va. 306) abrvi kathes²ti yojan±.
Etth±ya½ vinicchayo– “kathinatth±ra½ ke labhanti, ke na labhant²ti? Gaºanavasena t±vapacchimakoµiy± pañca jan± labhanti, uddha½ satasahassampi, pañcanna½ heµµh± na labhant²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 306) ida½ aµµhakath±ya atth±rakassa bhikkhuno saªghassa kathinadussad±nakamma½sandh±ya vutta½. “Vutthavassavasena purimik±ya vassa½ upagantv± paµhamapav±raº±ya pav±rit±labhanti, chinnavass± v± pacchimik±ya upagat± v± na labhanti. Aññasmi½ vih±re vutthavass±pina labhant²ti mah±paccariya½ vuttan”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 306) ida½ aµµhakath±ya ±nisa½sal±bha½sandh±ya vutta½, na kamma½.
Id±ni tadubhaya½ vibhajitv± dasseti–
“Purimik±ya upagat±na½ pana sabbe gaºap³rak± honti, ±nisa½sa½ na labhanti, ±nisa½soitaresa½yeva hoti. Sace purimik±ya upagat± catt±ro v± honti, tayo v± dve v±eko v±, itare gaºap³rake katv± kathina½ attharitabba½. Atha catt±ro bhikkh³ upagat±,eko paripuººavasso s±maºero, so ce pacchimik±ya upasampajjati, gaºap³rako ceva hoti,±nisa½sañca labhati Tayo bhikkh³ dve s±maºer±, dve bhikkh³ tayo s±maºer±,eko bhikkhu catt±ro s±maºer±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Sace purimik±ya upagat±kathinatth±rakusal± na honti, atth±rakusal± khandhakabh±ºakatther± pariyesitv± ±netabb±,kammav±ca½ s±vetv± kathina½ atthar±petv± d±nañca bhuñjitv± gamissanti, ±nisa½sopana itaresa½yeva hot²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 306).
Kathina½ kena dinna½ vaµµat²ti? Yena kenaci devena v± manussena v± pañcanna½ v± sahadhammik±na½aññatarena dinna½ vaµµati. Kathinad±yakassa vatta½ atthi, sace so ta½ aj±nanto pucchati“bhante, katha½ kathina½ d±tabban”ti, tassa eva½ ±cikkhitabba½ “tiººa½ c²var±na½aññatarappahonaka½ s³riyuggamanasamaye vattha½ ‘kathinac²vara½ dem±’ti d±tu½ vaµµati,tassa parikammattha½ ettak± n±ma s³ciyo, ettaka½ sutta½, ettaka½ rajana½, parikamma½karont±na½ ettak±na½ bhikkh³na½ y±gubhattañca d±tu½ vaµµat²”ti.
Kathinatth±raken±pi dhammena samena uppanna½ kathina½ attharantena vatta½ j±nitabba½. Tantav±yagehatohi ±bhatasant±neneva khalimakkhitas±µakopi na vaµµati, mal²nas±µakopi na vaµµati, tasm±kathinatth±ras±µaka½ labhitv± suddha½ dhovitv± s³ci-±d²ni c²varakamm³pakaraº±ni sajjetv±bah³hi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ tadaheva sibbitv± niµµhitas³cikamma½ rajitv± kappabindu½datv± kathina½ attharitabba½. Sace tasmi½ anatthateyeva añño kathinas±µaka½ attharitabbaka½±harati, aññ±ni ca bah³ni kathin±nisa½savatth±ni deti, yo ±nisa½sa½bahu½ deti, tassa santakeneva attharitabba½. Itaro yath± tath± ovaditv± saññ±petabbo.
Kathina½ pana kena attharitabba½? Yassa saªgho kathinac²vara½ deti. Saªghena pana kassa d±tabba½?Yo jiººac²varo hoti. Sace bah³ jiººac²var± honti, vu¹¹hassa d±tabba½. Vu¹¹hesupiyo mah±pariv±ro tadaheva c²vara½ katv± attharitu½ sakkoti, tassa d±tabba½. Sacevu¹¹ho na sakkoti, navakataro sakkoti, tassa d±tabba½. Api ca saªghena mah±therassasaªgaha½ k±tu½ vaµµati, tasm± “tumhe, bhante, gaºhatha, maya½ katv± dass±m±”ti vattabba½.
T²su c²varesu ya½ jiººa½ hoti, tadatth±ya d±tabba½. Pakatiy± dupaµµac²varassa dupaµµatth±yevad±tabba½. Sacepissa ekapaµµac²vara½ ghana½ hoti, kathinas±µako ca pelavo, s±ruppatth±yadupaµµappahonakameva d±tabba½. “Aha½ alabhanto ekapaµµa½ p±rup±m²”ti vadantass±pi dupaµµa½d±tu½ vaµµati. Yo pana lobhapakatiko hoti, tassa na d±tabba½. Ten±pi kathina½ attharitv±“pacch± visibbitv± dve c²var±ni kariss±m²”ti na gahetabba½.
Yassa pana diyyati, tassa–
“Suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, ida½ saªghassa kathinadussa½ uppanna½, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½,saªgho ima½ kathinadussa½ itthann±massa bhikkhuno dadeyya kathina½ attharitu½, es± ñatti.
“Suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, ida½ saªghassa kathinadussa½ uppanna½, saªgho ima½ kathinadussa½itthann±massa bhikkhuno deti kathina½ attharitu½, yass±yasmato khamati imassakathinadussassa itthann±massa bhikkhuno d±na½ kathina½ attharitu½, so tuºhassa, yassa nakkhamati,so bh±seyya.
“Dinna½ ida½ saªghena kathinadussa½ itthann±massa bhikkhuno kathina½ attharitu½, khamatisaªghassa, tasm± tuºh², evameta½ dh±ray±m²”ti (mah±va. 307)–

Eva½ ñattidutiy±ya kammav±c±ya d±tabbanti eva½ dinna½.

2698-9. Na ullikhitamatt±di-catuv²sativajjitanti p±¼iya½ ±gatehi “na ullikhitamattenaatthata½ hoti kathinan”ti (mah±va. 308) ullikhitamatt±d²hi catuv²satiy± ±k±rehi vajjita½. C²varanti “ahatena atthata½ hoti kathinan”ti (mah±va. 309) p±¼iya½ ±gat±na½ so¼asanna½ ±k±r±na½ aññatarena yutta½ katapariyosita½ dinna½ kappabindu½tiººa½ c²var±na½ aññatarac²vara½. Te pana catuv²sati ±k±r±, so¼as±k±r± ca p±¼ito(mah±va. 308), aµµhakath±to (mah±va. aµµha. 308) ca gahetabb±. Ganthag±ravaparih±ratthamidhana vutt±.
Bhikkhun± vakkham±ne aµµhadhamme j±nantena attharakena ±d±ya gahetv± pur±ºaka½ attan±paribhuñjiyam±na½ attharitabbac²varena ekan±maka½ pur±ºac²vara½ uddharitv± paccuddharitv±nava½ attharitabba½ c²vara½ adhiµµhahitv± pur±ºapaccuddhaµac²varassa n±mena adhiµµhahitv±vata½ antarav±saka½ ce, “imin± antarav±sakena kathina½ atthar±mi”iti vacas± vattabbantiyojan±. Sace uttar±saªgo hoti, “imin± uttar±saªgena kathina½ atthar±mi”, sacesaªgh±µi hoti, “im±ya saªgh±µiy± kathina½ atthar±m²”ti vattabba½.
2700-1. Icceva½ tikkhattu½ vutte kathina½ atthata½ hot²ti yojan±. Tenapana bhikkhun± navakena kathinac²vara½ ±d±ya saªgha½ upasaªkamma “atthata½, bhante, saªghassakathina½, dhammiko kathinatth±ro, anumodatha”iti vattabbanti yojan±.
2702. Anumodakesu ca therehi “atthata½, ±vuso, saªghassa kathina½, dhammiko kathinatth±ro,anumod±m±”ti vattabba½, navena pana “atthata½, bhante, saªghassa kathina½, dhammikokathinatth±ro, anumod±m²”ti iti puna ²raye katheyy±ti yojan±. G±th±yapana anumodanap±µhassa atthadassanamukhena “su-atthata½ tay± bhante”ti vutta½, na p±µhakkamadassanavasen±tiveditabba½.
Atth±rakesu ca anumodakesu ca navehi vu¹¹h±na½ vacanakkamo vutto, vu¹¹hehi nav±na½vacanakkamo pana tadanus±rena yath±raha½ yojetv± vattabboti g±th±su na vuttoti veditabbo.Atth±rakena therena v± navena v± gaºapuggal±na½ vacanakkamo ca gaºapuggalehi atth±rakassavacanakkamo ca vuttanayena yath±raha½ yojetu½ sakk±ti na vutto.
Eva½ atthate pana kathine sace kathinac²varena saddhi½ ±bhata½ ±nisa½sa½ d±yak± “yenaamh±ka½ kathina½ gahita½, tasseva ca dem±”ti denti, bhikkhusaªgho anissaro. Athaavic±retv±va datv± gacchanti, bhikkhusaªgho issaro. Tasm± sace kathinatth±rakassa sesac²var±nipidubbal±ni honti, saªghena apaloketv± tesampi atth±ya vatth±ni d±tabb±ni, kammav±c±yapana ek±yeva vaµµati. Avasese kathin±nisa½se balavavatth±ni vass±v±sikaµhitik±yad±tabb±ni, µhitik±ya abh±ve ther±sanato paµµh±ya d±tabb±ni, garubhaº¹a½ na bh±jetabba½.Sace pana ekas²m±ya bah³ vih±r± honti, sabbe bhikkh³ sannip±tetv± ekattha kathina½attharitabba½, visu½ visu½ attharitu½ na vaµµati.
2703. “Kathinassa ca ki½ m³lan”ti-±d²ni sayameva vivarissati.
2706. Aµµhadhammuddesag±th±ya pubbakicca½ pubba-vacaneneva uttarapadalopena vutta½. Tenevavakkhati “pubbakiccanti vuccat²”ti. “Paccuddh±ra”iti vattabbe “paccuddhara”itig±th±bandhavasena rasso. Teneva vakkhati “paccuddh±ro”ti. Adhiµµhahana½ adhiµµh±na½.Paccuddh±ro ca adhiµµh±nañca paccuddhar±dhiµµh±n±. Itar²tarayogena dvandasam±so. Atth±rotiettha “kathinatth±ro”ti pakaraºato labbhati.
“M±tik±”ti imin± “aµµha kathinubbh±ram±tik±”ti pakaraºato viññ±yati. Yath±ha–“aµµhim±, bhikkhave, m±tik± kathinassa ubbh±r±y±”ti (mah±va. 310). M±tik±tim±taro janettiyo, kathinubbh±ra½ et± aµµha janent²ti attho. Uddh±roti kathinassauddh±ro. ¾nisa½s±ti ettha “kathinass±”ti pakaraºato labbhati. Kathinassa ±nisa½s±tiime aµµha dhamm±ti yojan±. Yath±ha “atthatakathin±na½ vo, bhikkhave, pañca kappissant²”ti-±di(mah±va. 306). “¾nisa½sen±”tipi p±µho. ¾nisa½sena saha ime aµµha dhamm±tiyojan±.
2707. “Na ullikhitamatt±di-catuv²sativajjitan”ti-±din± kathina½ attharitu½ katapariyosita½c²vara½ ce laddha½, tattha paµipajjanavidhi½ dassetv± sace akatasibban±dikamma½vatthameva laddha½, tattha paµipajjanavidhi½ pubbakiccavasena dassetum±ha “dhovanan”ti-±di.Tattha dhovananti kathinadussassa setabh±vakaraºa½. Vic±roti “pañcaka½ v± sattaka½v± navaka½ v± ek±dasaka½ v± hot³”ti vic±raºa½. Chedananti yath±vic±ritassa vatthassachedana½. Bandhananti moghasuttak±ropana½. Sibbananti sabbas³cikamma½. Rajanantirajanakamma½. Kappanti kappabindud±na½. “Pubbakiccan”ti vuccati ida½ sabba½kathinatth±rassa paµhamameva kattabbatt±.
2708. Antarav±sakoti ettha iti-saddo luttaniddiµµho. Saªgh±µi, uttar±saªgo, athoantarav±sakoti esameva tu paccuddh±ropi adhiµµh±nampi atth±ropi vuttoti yojan±.
2709. Aµµham±tik± (mah±va. 310-311; pari. 415; mah±va. aµµha. 310-311) dassetum±ha“pakkamanañc±”ti-±di. Pakkamana½ anto etass±ti pakkamanantik±ti vattabbeuttarapadalopena “pakkamanan”ti vutta½. Esa nayo sabbattha. Aµµhim±ti ettha “m±tik±”tipakaraºato labbhati. Im± aµµha m±tik±ti yojan±.
2710. Uddes±nukkamena niddisitum±ha “katac²varam±d±y±”ti-±di. “Katac²varam±d±y±”tiimin± c²varapalibodhupacchedo dassito. “¾v±se nirapekkhako”ti imin±dutiyo ±v±sapalibodhupacchedo dassito. Ettha sabbav±kyesu “atthatakathino yo bhikkhusace pakkamat²”ti seso. Atikkant±ya s²m±y±ti vih±ras²m±ya atikkant±ya.Hoti pakkamanantik±ti ettha “tassa bhikkhuno”ti seso, tassa bhikkhunopakkamanantik± n±ma m±tik± hot²ti attho.
2711-2. ¾nisa½sa½ n±ma vutthavassena laddha½ akatas³cikammavattha½. Tenevavakkhati “karot²”ti-±di. “Vih±re anapekkhako”ti imin± ettha paµhama½ ±v±sapalibodhupacchedodassito. Sukhaviharaºa½ payojanamass±ti sukhavih±riko, vih±roti. Tattha tasmi½vih±re viharantova ta½ c²vara½ yadi karoti, tasmi½ c²vare niµµhite niµµh±nant±niµµh±nantik±ti vuccat²ti yojan±. “Niµµhitec²vare”ti imin± c²varapalibodhupacchedodassito.
2713. Tamassamanti ta½ vutthavass±v±sa½. Dhuranikkhepeti ubhayadhuranikkhepavasena cittappavattakkhaºe. Sanniµµh±na½ n±ma dhuranikkhepo. Ettha palibodhadvayassa ekakkhaºeyeva upacchedo aµµhakath±ya½ vutto “sanniµµh±nantike dvepi palibodh± ‘nevima½ c²vara½ k±ressa½, na paccessan’ticintitamatteyeva ekato chijjant²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 311).
2714. Kathinacch±dananti kathin±nisa½sa½ c²varavatthu½. Na paccessanti napacc±gamiss±mi. Karontassev±ti ettha “c²varan”ti pakaraºato labbhati. “Kathinacch±danan”tiida½ v± sambandhan²ya½. Karontass±ti an±dare s±mivacana½. Naµµhanti corehi haµatt±v± upacik±d²hi kh±ditatt± v± naµµha½. Da¹¹ha½ v±ti aggin± da¹¹ha½ v±. N±sanantik±tieva½ c²varassa n±sanante labbham±n± aya½ m±tik± n±sanantik± n±m±ti attho. Ettha“na paccessan”ti imin± paµhama½ ±v±sapalibodhupacchedo dassito. “Karontassev±”tiimin± dutiya½ c²varapalibodhupacchedo dassito.
2715. Laddh±nisa½soti laddhakathin±nisa½sac²varo. ¾nisa½se c²vare s±pekkho apekkhav±bahis²magato vassa½vutthas²m±ya bahis²magato ta½ c²vara½ karoti, sokatac²varo antarubbh±ra½ antar± ubbh±ra½ suº±ti ce, savanantik± n±ma hot²ti yojan±.“Bahis²magato”ti-±din± dutiyapalibodhupacchedo dassito. Ettha “katac²varo”tivuttatt± c²varapalibodhupacchedo paµhama½ hoti, itaro pana “saha savanena ±v±sapalibodhochijjat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 311) aµµhakath±ya vuttatt± pacch± hoti.
2716-7. C²var±s±ya vassa½vuttho ±v±sato pakkanto “tuyha½ c²vara½ dass±m²”tikenaci vutto bahis²magato pana savati, puna “tava c²vara½ d±tu½ na sakkom²”tivutto ±s±ya chinnamatt±ya c²vare pacc±s±ya upacchinnamatt±ya ±s±vacchedik±n±ma m±tik±ti mat± ñ±t±ti yojan±. ¾s±vacch±dike kathinubbh±re ±v±sapalibodhopaµhama½ chijjati, c²var±s±ya upacchinn±ya c²varapalibodho chijjati.
2718-20. Yo vassa½vutthavih±ramh± añña½ vih±ra½ gato hoti, so ±gaccha½ ±gacchantoantar±magge kathinuddh±ra½ atikkameyya, tassa so kathinuddh±ro s²m±tikkantikomatoti yojan±. Tattha s²m±tikkantike kathinubbh±re c²varapalibodho paµhama½ chijjati,tassa bahis²me ±v±sapalibodho chijjati.
Ettha ca “s²m±tikkantiko n±ma c²varak±las²m±tikkantiko”ti kenaci vutta½.“Bahis²m±ya½ c²varak±lasamayassa atikkantatt± s²m±tikkantiko”ti (s±rattha. µ².mah±va. 311) s±ratthad²paniya½ vutta½. “¾gaccha½ antar±magge, taduddh±ramatikkame”tivuttatt± pana saªghena kariyam±na½ antarubbh±ra½ ±gacchanto vih±ras²ma½asampatteyeva kathinubbh±rassa j±tatt± ta½ na sambhuºeyya, tasseva½ s²mamatikkantasseva satopuna ±gacchato antar±magge j±to kathinubbh±ro s²m±tikkantikoti amh±ka½ khanti.
Kathin±nisa½sac²vara½ ±d±ya sace ±v±se s±pekkhova gato hoti, puna ±gantv± kathinuddh±ra½kathinassa antarubbh±rameva sambhuº±ti ce yadi p±puºeyya, tassa so kathinuddh±rohoti, so “sahubbh±ro”ti vuccat²ti yojan±. Sahubbh±re dve palibodh± apubba½acarima½ chijjanti.
2721. “S²m±tikkantiken±”ti vattabbe uttarapadalopena “s²mato”ti vutta½.Pakkamanañca niµµh±nañca sanniµµh±nañca s²mato s²m±tikkantikena saha ime catt±rokathinubbh±r± puggal±dh²n± puggal±yatt± sahubbh±rasaªkh±to antarubbh±ro saªgh±dh²notiyojan±. “Antarubbharo”ti g±th±bandhavasena rassatta½.
2722. N±sananti n±sanantiko. Savananti savanantiko. ¾s±vacchedik±pi c±titayopi kathinubbh±r±. Na tu saªgh± na bhikkhutoti saªghatopi na honti, puggalatopina hont²ti attho. C²varassa vin±so saªghassa v± c²varas±mikassa v± payogena na j±totin±sanako t±va kathinubbh±ro ubhatopi na hot²ti vutto. Savanañca ubhayesa½ payogato naj±tanti tath± vutta½. Tath± ±s±vacchedik±pi.
2723. ¾v±soyeva palibodhoti viggaho. Palibodho ca c²vareti ettha c²varetibhedavacanicch±ya nimittatthe bhumma½, c²varanimittapalibodhoti attho,c²varasaªkh±to palibodhoti vutta½ hoti. Sacc±diguºayutta½ mus±v±d±didosavimutta½attha½ vadati s²len±ti yuttamuttatthav±d², tena.
2724. Aµµhanna½ m±tik±nanti bahis²magat±na½ vasena vutt± pakkamanantik±dayo satta m±tik±, bahis²ma½ gantv± antarubbh±ra½ sambhuºantassa vasena vutto sahubbh±roti im±sa½aµµhanna½ m±tik±na½ vasena ca. Antarubbh±ratopi v±ti bahis²ma½ agantv± tattheva vasitv±kathinubbh±rakammena ubbh±rakathin±na½ vasena labbhanato antarubbh±rato c±ti mahesin±kathinassa duve ubbh±r±pi vutt±ti yojan±. Bahis²ma½ gantv± ±gatassa vasena sahubbh±ro,bahis²ma½ ±gat±na½ vasena antarubbh±roti ekoyeva ubbh±ro dvidh± vutto, tasm±antarubbh±ra½ visu½ aggahetv± aµµheva m±tik± p±¼iya½ (mah±va. 310) vibhatt±tiveditabb±.
2725. An±mantac±ro uttarapadalopavasena “an±mant±” iti vutto. Y±va kathina½na uddhar²yati, t±va an±mantetv± caraºa½ kappissati, c±rittasikkh±padena an±patti bhavissat²tiattho.
Asam±d±nac±ro “asam±d±nan”ti uttarapadalopena vutto. Asam±d±nac±roti tic²vara½asam±d±ya caraºa½, c²varavippav±so kappissat²ti attho.
“Gaºato”ti imin± uttarapadalopena gaºabhojana½ dassita½. Gaºabhojanampi kappissati,ta½ sar³pato p±cittiyakaº¹e vutta½.
“Y±vadatthikan”ti imin± y±vadatthac²vara½ vutta½. Y±vadatthac²varantiy±vatakena c²varena attho, t±vataka½ anadhiµµhita½ avikappita½ kappissat²ti attho.
“Tattha yo c²varupp±do”ti imin± “yo ca tattha c²varupp±do”ti (mah±va.306) vutto ±nisa½so dassito. Yo ca tattha c²varupp±doti tattha kathinatthatas²m±ya½matakac²vara½ v± hotu saªghassa uddissa dinna½ v± saªghikena tatrupp±dena ±bhata½ v±, yenakenaci ±k±rena ya½ saªghika½ c²vara½ uppajjati, ta½ tesa½ bhavissat²ti attho.Ime pañca kathin±nisa½s± ca vutt±ti sambandho.

Kathinakkhandhakakath±vaººan±.