Cammakkhandhakakath±vaººan±

2650. E¼ak± ca aj± ca mig± c±ti viggaho. Pas³na½ dvande ekattanapu½sakattassa vibh±sitatt±bahuvacananiddeso. E¼ak±nañca aj±nañca mig±na½ rohiteºikuruªg±nañca. Pasad± camigam±t± ca pasadamigam±t±, “pasadamigam±tuy±”ti vattabbe g±th±bandhavasena “pasadan”tiniggahit±gamo. Pasadamigam±tuy± ca camma½ bhikkhuno vaµµat²ti yojan±. “Mig±nan”tiimin± gahit±namevettha vibh±gadassana½ “rohiteº²”ti-±di. Rohit±dayo migavibh±gavises±.
2651. Etesa½ yath±vuttasatt±na½ camma½ µhapetv± añña½ camma½ dukkaµ±pattiy± vatthubh³tantiattho. Aññanti ca–
“Makkaµo k±¼as²ho ca, sarabho kadal²migo;
ye ca v±¼amig± honti, tesa½ camma½ na vaµµat²”ti. (Mah±va. aµµha. 259)–

Aµµhakath±ya paµikkhitta½ cammam±ha. Makkaµo n±ma s±khamigo. K±¼as²ho n±mamah±mukhav±naraj±tiko. V±¼amig± n±ma s²habyaggh±dayo. Yath±ha– “tattha v±¼amig±tis²habyaggha-acchataracch±, na kevalañca eteyeva, yesa½ pana camma½ vaµµat²ti vutta½, teµhapetv± avases± antamaso gomahi½sassami¼±r±dayopi sabbe imasmi½ atthe ‘v±¼amig±’tvevaveditabb±”ti.

Thavik± ca up±han± ca thavikop±hana½. Am±nusa½ manussacammarahita½sabba½ camma½ thavikop±hane vaµµat²ti yojan±. Ettha thavik±ti up±han±dikosakassagahaºa½. Yath±ha “manussacamma½ µhapetv± yena kenaci cammena up±han± vaµµati. Up±han±kosakasatthakakosakakuñjik±kosakesupieseva nayo”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 259).
2652. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, sabbapaccantimesu janapadesu guºaªguº³p±hanan”ti (mah±va.259) vacanato “vaµµanti majjhime dese, na guºaªguº³p±han±”ti vutta½. Majjhimedeseti “puratthim±ya dis±ya gajaªgala½ n±ma nigamo”ti-±din± (mah±va. 259) vuttas²m±paricchedemajjhimadese. Guºaªguº³p±han±ti catupaµalato paµµh±ya bahupaµal± up±han±. Yath±ha–“guºaªguº³p±han±ti catupaµalato paµµh±ya vuccat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 245). Majjhimadeseguºaªguº³p±han± na vaµµant²ti yojan±. Anto-±r±meti ettha pakaraºato “sabbesan”tilabbhati, gil±n±namitaresañca sabbesanti attho. Sabbatth±pi c±ti anto-±r±me,bahi c±ti sabbatth±pi. Roginoti gil±nassa vaµµant²ti yojan±.
2653. Puµabaddh± khallakabaddh±c±ti pacceka½ yojetabba½. Viseso panet±sa½ aµµhakath±yameva vutto “puµabaddh±ti yonaka-up±han± vuccati, y± y±vajaªghato sabbap±da½ paµicch±deti.Khallakabaddh±ti paºhipidh±nattha½ tale khallaka½ bandhitv± kat±”ti. P±liguºµhim±ca “paliguºµhitv± kat±, y± upari p±damattameva paµicch±deti, na jaªghan”ti aµµhakath±ya½dassit±va. T³lapuºº±ti t³lapicun± p³retv± kat±.
Sabb±va n²l± sabban²l±, s± ±di y±sa½ t± sabban²l±dayo. ¾di-saddenamah±n±marattapariyant±na½ gahaºa½. Et±sa½ sar³pa½ aµµhakath±yameva vutta½ “n²lik± um±pupphavaºº±hoti, p²tik± kaºik±rapupphavaºº±, lohitik± jayasumanapupphavaºº±, mañjiµµhik±mañjiµµhavaºº± eva, kaºh± add±riµµhakavaºº±, mah±raªgaratt± satapadipiµµhivaºº±, mah±n±maratt±sambhinnavaºº± hoti paº¹upal±savaºº±. Kurundiya½ pana ‘padumapupphavaºº±’ti vuttan”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 246). Sabban²l±dayopi c±ti api-saddena n²l±divaddhik±na½ gahaºa½.
2654. Citr±ti vicitr±. Meº¹avis±º³pamavaddhik±ti meº¹±na½ vis±ºasadisavaddhik±,kaººikaµµh±ne meº¹asiªgasaºµh±ne vaddhe yojetv± kat±ti attho. “Meº¹avis±º³pamavaddhik±”tiida½ ajavis±º³pamavaddhik±na½ upalakkhaºa½. Morassa piñchena parisibbit±ti talesuv± vaddhesu v± morapiñchehi suttakasadisehi parisibbit±. Up±han± na ca vaµµant²tiyojan±.
2655. Majj±r±ti bi¼±r±. K±¼ak± rukkhakaºµak±. Ðl³k± pakkhibi¼±l±.S²h±ti kesaras²h±dayo s²h±. Udd±ti catuppadaj±tik±. D²p² saddal±.Ajinass±ti eva½n±mikassa. Parikkhaµ±ti up±hanapariyante c²vare anuv±ta½ viyavuttappak±ra½ camma½ yojetv± kat±.
2656. Sace ²dis± up±han± labhanti, t±sa½ va¼añjanappak±ra½ dassetum±ha “puµ±di½apanetv±”ti-±di. Puµ±di½ sabbaso chinditv± v± apanetv± v± up±han± dh±retabb±tiyojan±. Evamakatv± laddhan²h±reneva dh±rentassa dukkaµa½. Yath±ha– “et±su ya½kiñci labhitv± sace t±ni khallak±d²ni apanetv± sakk± honti va¼añjitu½,va¼añjetabb±, tesu pana sati va¼añjantassa dukkaµan”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 246).
Vaººabheda½ tath± katv±ti ettha “ekadesen±”ti seso. “Sabbaso v±”ti ±haritv±sabbaso v± ekadesena v± vaººabheda½ katv± sabban²l±dayo up±han± dh±retabb±tiyojan±. Tath± akatv± dh±rentassa dukkaµa½. Yath±ha “et±su ya½ kiñci labhitv±rajana½ co¼akena puñchitv± vaººa½ bhinditv± dh±retu½ vaµµati. Appamattakepi bhinnevaµµatiyev±”ti. N²lavaddhik±dayopi vaººabheda½ katv± dh±retabb±.
2657. Tattha µh±ne pass±vap±duk±, vaccap±duk±, ±camanap±duk±ti tisso p±duk±yoµhapetv± sabb±pi p±duk± t±lapattik±dibhed± sabb±pi saªkaman²y± p±duk± dh±retu½na vaµµant²ti yojan±.
2658. Atikkantapam±ºa½ ucc±sayanasaññita½ ±sandiñceva pallaªkañca sevam±nassa dukkaµantiyojan±. ¾sand² vuttalakkhaº±va. Pallaªkoti p±desu ±harim±ni v±¼ar³p±ni µhapetv±kato, ekasmi½yeva d±rumhi kaµµhakammavasena chinditv± kat±ni asa½h±rim±ni tatraµµh±nevav±¼ar³p±ni yassa p±desu santi, evar³po pallaªko kappat²ti “±harimen±”ti imin±vad²pita½. “Akappiyar³pakato akappiyamañco pallaªko”ti hi s±rasam±se vutta½.
2659. Gonakanti d²ghalomakamah±kojava½. Caturaªgul±dhik±ni kira tassa lom±ni,k±¼avaººañca hoti. “Caturaªgulato ³nakappam±ºalomo kojavo vaµµat²”ti vadanti.Kuttakanti so¼asanna½ n±µakitth²na½ µhatv± naccanayogga½ uºº±mayattharaºa½.Cittanti bhitticchidd±dikavicitra½ uºº±mayattharaºa½. Paµikanti uºº±maya½ setattharaºa½.Paµalikanti ghanapupphaka½ uºº±maya½ lohitattharaºa½, yo “±malakapatto”tipi vuccati.
Ekantalominti ubhato uggataloma½ uºº±mayattharaºa½. Vikatinti s²habyaggh±dir³pavicitra½uºº±mayattharaºa½. “Ekantalom²ti ekatodasa½ uºº±mayattharaºan”ti d²ghanik±. T³likantirukkhat³lalat±t³lapoµakit³lasaªkh±t±na½ tiººa½ t³l±na½ aññatarapuººa½ pakatit³lika½.Uddalomikanti ekato uggataloma½ uºº±mayattharaºa½. “Uddalom²ti ubhatodasa½uºº±mayattharaºa½. Ekantalom²ti ekatodasa½ uºº±mayattharaºan”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.15)d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. S±rasam±se pana “uddalom²ti ekato uggatapuppha½.Ekantalom²ti ubhato uggatapupphan”ti vutta½.
2660. Kaµµissanti ratanaparisibbita½ koseyyakaµµissamaya½ paccattharaºa½. “Koseyyakaµµissamayantikoseyyakasaµamayan”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.15) ±cariyadhammap±lattherena vutta½,kantitakoseyyapuµamayanti attho. Koseyyanti ratanaparisibbita½ kosiyasuttamaya½paccattharaºa½. Ratanaparisibbanarahita½ suddhakoseyya½ pana vaµµati.
D²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ panettha “µhapetv± t³lika½ sabb±neva gonak±d²ni ratanaparisibbit±nina vaµµant²”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.15) vutta½. Tattha “µhapetv± t³likan”tietena ratanaparisibbanarahit±pi t³lik± na vaµµat²ti d²peti. “Ratanaparisibbit±nina vaµµant²”ti imin± pana y±ni ratanaparisibbit±ni, t±ni bh³mattharaºavasena yath±nur³pa½mañc±d²su ca upanetu½ vaµµat²ti d²pitanti veditabba½. Ettha ca vinayapariy±ya½patv± garuke µh±tabbatt± idha vuttanayenevettha vinicchayo veditabbo. Suttantikadesan±ya½pana gahaµµh±nampi vasena vuttatt± nesa½ saªgaºhanattha½ “µhapetv± t³lika½…pe… vaµµant²tivuttan”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.15) apare.
Hatthi-assarathattharanti hatthipiµµhe attharita½ attharaºa½ hatthattharaºa½ n±ma. Assarathattharepieseva nayo. Kadalimigapavara-paccattharaºakampi c±ti kadalimigacamma½ n±ma atthi,tena kata½ pavarapaccattharaºanti attho. Ta½ kira setavatthassa upari kadalimigacamma½ pattharitv±sibbetv± karonti. Pi-saddena ajinappaveº² gahit±. Ajinappaveº² n±maajinacammehi mañcapam±ºena sibbetv± kat± paveº². T±ni kira camm±ni sukhumatar±ni,tasm± dupaµµatipaµµ±ni katv± sibbanti. Tena vutta½ “ajinappaveº²”ti.
2661. Rattavit±nassa heµµh±ti kusumbh±dirattassa lohitavit±nassa heµµh± kappiyapaccattharaºehiatthata½ sayan±sanañca. Kas±varattavit±nassa pana heµµh± kappiyapaccattharaºena atthata½ vaµµati.Teneva vakkhati “heµµh± akappiye”ti-±di.
Dvidh± ratt³padh±nakanti s²sapasse, p±dapasse c±ti ubhatopasse paññattarattabibbohanavantañca sayan±sana½. Ida½ sabba½ akappiya½ paribhuñjato dukkaµa½ hoti. “Ya½ pana ekamevaupadh±na½ ubhosu passesu ratta½ v± hoti padumavaººa½ v± vicitra½ v±, sace pam±ºayutta½,vaµµat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 254) aµµhakath±vinicchayo eteneva byatirekato vuttohoti. “Yebhuyyaratt±nipi dve bibbohan±ni na vaµµant²”ti gaºµhipade vutta½. Tenevayebhuyyena rattavit±nampi na vaµµat²ti viññ±yati.
Ettha ca kiñc±pi d²ghanik±yaµµhakath±ya½ “alohitak±ni dvepi vaµµantiyeva,tato uttari labhitv± aññesa½ d±tabb±ni, d±tu½ asakkonto mañce tiriya½ attharitv±upari paccattharaºa½ datv± nipajjitumpi labhat²”ti (d². ni. aµµha. 1.15) avisesena vutta½.Sen±sanakkhandhakasa½vaººan±ya½ pana “agil±nassa s²s³padh±nañca p±d³padh±nañc±ti dvayamevavaµµati, gil±nassa bibbohan±ni santharitv± upari paccattharaºa½ datv± nipajjitumpi vaµµat²”ti(c³¼ava. aµµha. 297) vuttatt± gil±noyeva mañce tiriya½ attharitv± nipajjitu½ labhat²tiveditabba½.
2662. Uddha½ setavit±nampi heµµh± akappiye paccattharaºe sati na vaµµat²ti yojan±. Tasmintiakappiyapaccattharaºe.
2663. “Ýhapetv±”ti imin± ±sand±dittayassa vaµµan±k±ro natth²ti d²peti. Sesa½sabbanti gonak±di dvidh±ratt³padh±nakapariyanta½ sabba½. Gihisantakanti gih²na½santaka½ tehiyeva paññatta½, imin± pañcasu sahadhammikesu aññatarena v± tesa½ ±ºattiy±v± paññatta½ na vaµµat²ti d²peti. Labhateti nis²ditu½ labhati.
2664. Ta½ kattha labhat²ti padesaniyama½ dassetum±ha “dhamm±sane”ti-±di. Dhamm±sanetiettha aµµhakath±ya½ “yadi dhamm±sane saªghikampi gonak±di½ bhikkh³hi an±ºatt± ±r±mik±dayosayameva paññ±penti ceva n²haranti ca, eta½ gihivikatan²h±ra½ n±ma. Imin± gihivikatan²h±renavaµµat²”ti (c³¼ava. aµµha. 320; vi. saªga. aµµha. pakiººakavinicchayakath± 56 atthatosam±na½) vutta½. Bhattagge v±ti vih±re nis²d±petv± parivesanaµµh±ne v± bhojanas±l±ya½v±. Apisaddena gih²na½ gehepi tehi paññatte gonak±dimhi nis²ditu½ n±patt²ti d²peti. Dhamm±san±dipadesaniyamanena tato aññattha gihipaññattepi tatthanis²ditu½ na vaµµat²ti byatirekato viññ±yati.
Bh³mattharaºaketi ettha “kate”ti seso. Tatth±ti saªghike v± gihisantake v±gonak±dimhi sahadhammikehi an±ºattehi gih²hi eva bh³mattharaºe kate. Sayituntiupari attano paccattharaºa½ datv± nipajjitu½ vaµµati. Api-saddena nis²ditumpi v±tisamuccinoti. “Bh³mattharaºake”ti imin± gih²hi eva mañc±d²su sayanattha½ atthate upariattano paccattharaºa½ datv± sayitu½ v± nis²ditu½ v± na vaµµat²ti d²peti.

Cammakkhandhakakath±vaººan±.