Pav±raºakkhandhakakath±vaººan±

2633. “Pav±raº±”ti ida½ “c±tuddas²”ti-±d²hi pacceka½ yojetabba½. Tasmi½tasmi½ dine k±tabb± pav±raº± abhedopac±rena tath± vutt±. S±magg² uposathakkhandhakakath±vaººan±yavuttasar³p±va. S±maggipav±raºa½ karontehi ca paµhama½ pav±raºa½ µhapetv± p±µipadato paµµh±yay±va kattikac±tum±sipuººam± etthantare k±tabb±, tato pacch± v± pure v± na vaµµati.Tev±c² dvekav±c²ti “suº±tu me, bhante…pe… tev±cika½ pav±reyya,dvev±cika½ pav±reyya, ekav±cika½ pav±reyy±”ti ta½ ta½ ñatti½ µhapetv± k±tabb±pav±raº± vuccati.
2634. T²ºi kamm±ni muñcitv±, anteneva pav±rayeti “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave,pav±raºakamm±ni, adhammena vagga½ pav±raºakamma½…pe… dhammena samagga½ pav±raºakamman”ti(mah±va. 212) vatv± “tatra, bhikkhave yadida½ adhammena vagga½ pav±raºakamma½,na, bhikkhave, evar³pa½ pav±raºakamma½ k±tabba½…pe… tatra, bhikkhave, yadida½ dhammenasamagga½ pav±raºakamma½, evar³pa½, bhikkhave, pav±raºakamma½ k±tabban”ti-±divacanato (mah±va.212) t²ºi akattabb±ni pav±raºakamm±ni muñcitv± k±tu½ anuññ±tena catutthena pav±raºakammenapav±reyy±ti attho. Tassa vibh±gekadesa½ “pañca yasmi½ pan±v±se”ti-±din± vakkhati.
2635. Pubbakicca½ sam±petv±ti–
“Sammajjan² pad²po ca, udaka½ ±sanena ca;
pav±raº±ya et±ni, ‘pubbakaraºan’ti vuccati.
“Chandap±risuddhi-utukkh±na½, bhikkhugaºan± ca ov±do;
pav±raº±ya et±ni, ‘pubbakiccan’ti vuccat²”ti.–

Vutta½ navavidha½ pubbakicca½ niµµh±petv±.

Pattakalle sam±niteti–
“Pav±raº± y±vatik± ca bhikkh³ kammappatt±,
sabh±g±pattiyo ca na vijjanti;
vajjan²y± ca puggal± tasmi½ na honti,
‘pattakallan’ti vuccat²”ti.–

Vutte catubbidhe pattakalle samodh±nite parisam±pite.

Ñatti½ µhapetv±ti “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, ajja pav±raº±, yadi saªghassa pattakalla½,saªgho pav±reyy±”ti (mah±va. 210) eva½ sabbasaªg±hikavasena ca “tev±cika½ pav±reyy±”tica d±n±dikaraºena yebhuyyena rattiy± khepit±ya ca r±j±di-antar±ye sati ca tadanur³pato“dvev±cika½, ekav±cika½, sam±navassika½ pav±reyy±”ti ca ñatti½ µhapetv± t±sa½ viseso aµµhakath±ya½ dassitoyeva. Yath±ha–
“Evañhi vutte tev±cikañca dvev±cikañca ekav±cikañca pav±retu½ vaµµati, sam±navassika½na vaµµati. ‘Tev±cika½ pav±reyy±’ti vutte pana tev±cikameva vaµµati, añña½ navaµµati, ‘dvev±cika½ pav±reyy±’ti vutte dvev±cikañca tev±cikañca vaµµati, ekav±cikañcasam±navassikañca na vaµµati. ‘Ekav±cika½ pav±reyy±’ti vutte pana ekav±cikadvev±cikatev±cik±nivaµµanti, sam±navassikameva na vaµµati. ‘Sam±navassikan’ti vutte sabba½ vaµµat²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 210).
K±tabb±ti therena bhikkhun± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± ukkuµika½ nis²ditv±añjali½ paggahetv± evamassa vacan²yo “saªgha½, ±vuso, pav±remi diµµhena v±…pe…tatiyampi ±vuso, saªgha½ pav±remi diµµhena v±…pe… passanto paµikariss±m²”ti(mah±va. 210) vuttanayena k±tabb±. Navakena bhikkhun± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv±…pe…tatiyampi, bhante, saªgha½ pav±remi diµµhena v±…pe… passanto paµikariss±m²ti(mah±va. 210) vuttanayena k±tabb±.
2636. Theresu pav±rentesu yo pana navo, so saya½ y±va pav±reti, t±va ukkuµika½nis²deyy±ti yojan±.
2637. Catt±ro v± tayopi v± ek±v±se ekas²m±ya½ vasanti ce, ñatti½ vatv±“suºantu me, ±yasmanto, ajja pav±raº±, yad±yasmant±na½ pattakalla½, maya½ aññamañña½pav±reyy±m±”ti (mah±va. 216) gaºañatti½ µhapetv± pav±reyyunti yojan±.
Pav±reyyunti ettha therena bhikkhun± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ katv± ukkuµika½nis²ditv± añjali½ paggahetv± te tayo v± dve v± bhikkh³ evamassu vacan²y± “aha½,±vuso, ±yasmante pav±remi diµµhena v± sutena v± parisaªk±ya v±, vadantu ma½ ±yasmantoanukampa½ up±d±ya, passanto paµikariss±mi. Dutiyampi…pe… tatiyampi aha½,±vuso, ±yasmante pav±remi diµµhena v± sutena v± parisaªk±ya v±, vadantu ma½ ±yasmantoanukampa½ up±d±ya, passanto paµikariss±m²”ti (mah±va. 216) pav±retabba½. Navenapi“aha½, bhante, ±yasmante pav±remi diµµhena v± sutena v± parisaªk±ya v±, vadantu ma½±yasmanto anukampa½ up±d±ya passanto paµikariss±mi. Dutiyampi…pe… tatiyampiaha½, bhante, ±yasmante pav±remi diµµhena v± sutena v± parisaªk±ya v±, vadantu ma½±yasmanto anukampa½ up±d±ya, passanto paµikariss±m²”ti pav±retabba½.
2638. Aññamañña½ pav±reyyu½, vin± ñatti½ duve jan±. Tesu therena “aha½, ±vuso,±yasmanta½ pav±remi diµµhena v± sutena v± parisaªk±ya v±, vadatu ma½ ±yasm± anukampa½up±d±ya, passanto paµikariss±mi. Dutiyampi…pe… tatiyampi aha½, ±vuso,±yasmanta½ pav±remi…pe… paµikariss±m²”ti (mah±va. 217) pav±retabba½.Navenapi “aha½, bhante, ±yasmanta½ pav±remi…pe… vadatu ma½ ±yasm± anukampa½up±d±ya, passanto paµikariss±mi. Dutiyampi…pe… tatiyampi aha½, bhante,±yasmanta½ pav±remi…pe… paµikariss±m²”ti pav±retabba½.
Adhiµµheyy±ti pubbakicca½ sam±petv± “ajja me pav±raº± c±tuddas²”ti v± “pannaras²”tiv± vatv± “adhiµµh±m²”ti adhiµµheyya Yath±ha “ajja me pav±raº±tiettha sace c±tuddasik± hoti, ‘ajja me pav±raº± c±tuddas²’ti, sace pannarasik±,‘ajja me pav±raº± pannaras²’ti eva½ adhiµµh±tabban”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 218), imin± sabbasaªg±h±diñatt²suca tasmi½ tasmi½ divase so so voh±ro k±tabboti d²pitameva.
Ses± saªghapav±raº±ti pañcahi, atirekehi v± bhikkh³hi kattabb± pav±raº± saªghapav±raº±.
2639. Pav±riteti paµhamapav±raº±ya pav±rite. An±gatoti kenaci antar±yena purimik±yaca pacchimik±ya ca vass³pan±yik±ya vassa½ anupagato. Avutthoti pacchimik±ya upagato.Vuttañhi khuddasikkh±vaººan±ya “avutthoti pacchimik±ya upagato apariniµµhitatt± ‘avuttho’tivuccat²”ti. P±risuddhi-uposatha½ kareyy±ti yojan±. Ettha “tesa½ santike”tiseso.
2640-1. Yasmi½ pan±v±se pañca v± catt±ro v± tayo v± samaº± vasanti, te tattha ekekassapav±raºa½ haritv±na sace aññamañña½ pav±renti, ±patti dukkaµanti yojan±.
Sesanti “adhammena samaggan”ti-±dika½ vinicchaya½. Idh±ti imasmi½ pav±raº±dhik±re.Budhoti vinayadharo. Uposathe vuttanayen±ti uposathavinicchaye vuttakkamena.Nayeti j±neyya.
2642. Samp±detattano sucinti attano uposatha½ samp±deti. Sabba½ s±dhet²tiuposath±disabba½ kamma½ nipph±deti. Nattanoti attano uposatha½ na nipph±deti.
2643. Tasm±ti yasm± attano suci½ na s±dheti, tasm±. Ubhinnantiattano ca saªghassa ca. Kiccasiddhatthamevidh±ti uposath±dikammanippajjanattha½ idha imasmi½uposathakamm±dipakaraºe. P±risuddhip²ti ettha pi-saddena pav±raº± saªgahit±. Tenevavakkhati “chanda½ v± p±risuddhi½ v±, gahetv± v± pav±raºan”ti.
Chandap±risuddhipav±raºa½ dentena sace s±pattiko hoti, ±patti½ desetv± eka½sa½uttar±saªga½ katv± ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± añjali½ paggahetv± chand±dih±rako bhikkhuvattabbo “chanda½ dammi, chanda½ me hara, chanda½ me ±roceh²”ti (mah±va. 165), “p±risuddhi½dammi, p±risuddhi½ me hara, p±risuddhi½ me ±roceh²”ti (mah±va. 164), “pav±raºa½dammi, pav±raºa½ me hara, pav±raºa½ me ±rocehi, mamatth±ya pav±reh²”ti (mah±va. 213).
2644. “Chando eken±”ti padacchedo. Ekena bah³nampi chando h±tabbo, tath± p±risuddhih±tabb±. Pi-saddena pav±raº± h±tabb±ti yojan±. Parampar±haµo chandoti bah³na½v± ekassa v± chand±dih±rakassa hatthato antar± aññena gahit± chandap±risuddhipav±raº±.Visuddhiy± na gacchati anavajjabh±v±ya na p±puº±ti bi¼±lasaªkhalikachand±d²na½ saªghamajjha½agamanena vaggabh±vakaraºato.
Ettha ca yath± bi¼±lasaªkhalik±ya paµhamavalaya½ dutiyavalaya½ p±puº±ti, na tatiya½, evamimepichand±dayo d±yakena yassa dinn±, tato aññattha na gacchat²ti bi¼±lasaªkhalik±sadisatt± “bi¼±lasaªkhalik±”ti vutt±. Bi¼±lasaªkhalik±ggahaºañcettha y±sa½ k±sañci saªkhalik±na½upalakkhaºamattanti daµµhabba½.
2645-6. Chanda½ v± p±risuddhi½ v± pav±raºa½ v± gahetv± chand±dih±rakosaªghamappatv± sace s±maºer±dibh±va½ paµij±neyya v± vibbhameyya v± mareyya v±, ta½ sabba½chand±dibh±va½ n±haµa½ hoti, saªgha½ patv± eva½ siy± s±maºer±dibh±va½ paµij±nanto,vibbhanto, k±lakato v± bhaveyya, ta½ sabba½ haµa½ ±n²ta½ hot²ti yojan±.
Tattha s±maºer±dibh±va½ v± paµij±neyy±ti “aha½ s±maºero”ti-±din± bh³ta½ s±maºer±dibh±va½katheyya, pacch± s±maºerabh³miya½ patiµµhaheyy±ti attho. ¾di-saddena antimavatthu½ajjh±panno gahito.
2647. Saªgha½ patv±ti antamaso ta½ta½kammappattassa catuvagg±disaªghassa hatthap±sa½ patv±tiattho. Pamattoti pam±da½ satisammosa½ patto. Suttoti nidd³pagato. Khittacittakotiyakkh±d²hi vikkhepam±p±ditacitto. N±rocet²ti attano chand±d²na½ ±haµabh±va½ekass±pi bhikkhuno na katheti. Sañcicc±ti sañcetetv± j±nantoyeva an±dariyon±roceti, dukkaµa½ hoti.
2648. Ye teti ye te bhikkh³ ther± v± nav± v± majjhim± v±. Vipassan±tisahacariyena samathopi gayhati. Samathavipassan± ca idha taruº±yeva adhippet±, tasm± vipassan±yutt±tiettha taruº±hi samathavipassan±hi samann±gat±ti attho. Rattindivanti accantasa½yogeupayogavacana½. Atandit±ti analas±.
“Rattindivan”ti ettha ratti-saddena rattiy±yeva gahaºa½, ud±hu ekadesass±ti ±ha“pubbaratt±pararattan”ti. Pubb± ca s± ratti c±ti pubbaratti, paµhamay±mo,apar± ca s± ratti c±ti apararatti, pacchimay±mo, pubbaratti caapararatti c±ti sam±h±radvande sam±sante a-k±rapaccaya½ katv± “pubbaratt±pararattan”tivutta½. Idh±pi accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. Majjhimay±me k±yadarathav³pasamanatth±ya supana½anuññ±tanti ta½ vajjetv± purimapacchimay±mesu nirantarabh±van±nuyogo k±tabbotidassanatthameva vutta½. Vipassan± par±yan± samathavipassan±va para½ ayana½ patiµµh± etesantivipassan±par±yan±, samathavipassan±ya yuttapayutt± hont²ti vutta½ hoti.
2649. Laddho ph±suvih±ro yehi te laddhaph±suvih±r±, tesa½. Ph±suvih±rotica sukhavih±rassa m³lak±raºatt± taruº± samathavipassan± adhippet±, paµiladdhataruºasamathavipassan±nantiattho. Siy± na parih±niti parih±ni n±ma eva½ kate na bhaveyya.
Kattikam±saketi c²varam±sasaªkh±te kattikam±se pav±raº±ya saªgaho vuttoti yojan±.G±th±bandhavasena “saªg±ho”ti d²gho kato, pav±raº±saªgaho vuttoti attho. Yath±ha–
“Pav±raº±saªgaho ca n±m±ya½ vissaµµhakammaµµh±n±na½ th±magatasamathavipassan±na½ sot±pann±d²nañcana d±tabbo. Taruºasamathavipassan±l±bhino pana sabbe v± hontu, upa¹¹h± v±, ekapuggalov±, ekassapi vasena d±tabboyeva. Dinne pav±raº±saªgahe antovasse parih±rova hoti,±gantuk± tesa½ sen±sana½ gahetu½ na labhanti. Tehipi chinnavassehi na bhavitabba½,pav±retv± pana antar±pi c±rika½ pakkamitu½ labhant²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 241).
Pav±raº±saªgahassa d±nappak±ro pana p±¼ito gahetabbo.

Pav±raºakkhandhakakath±vaººan±.