Vass³pan±yikakkhandhakakath±vaŗŗan±

2608. Vass³pan±yik± vutt±ti seso. Pacchim± c±ti ettha iti-saddo nidassane.Vass³pan±yik±ti vass³pagaman±. ¾layo, vac²bhedo v± k±tabbo upagacchat±tiimin± vass³pagamanappak±ro dassito. Upagacchat± ±layo kattabbo, vac²bhedo v±kattabboti sambandho. Upagacchantena ca sen±sane asati “idha vassa½ vasiss±m²”ticittupp±damatta½ v± k±tabba½, sen±sane sati “imasmi½ vih±re ima½ tem±sa½ vassa½upem²”ti ca “idha vassa½ upem²”ti ca vac²bhedo v± k±tabboti attho.
2609. J±na½ vass³pagamana½ anupagacchato v±p²ti yojan±. Tem±santi ettha “purima½v± pacchima½ v±”ti seso. Carantass±p²ti ettha “c±rikan”ti seso. Purima½v± tem±sa½ pacchima½ v± tem±sa½ avasitv±va c±rika½ carantass±pi dukkaµantiyojan±. Tem±santi accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. Yath±ha– “na, bhikkhave, vassa½upagantv± purima½ v± tem±sa½ pacchima½ v± tem±sa½ avasitv± c±rik± pakkamitabb±,yo pakkameyya, ±patti dukkaµass±”ti (mah±va. 185).
2610. Rukkhassa susireti ettha “suddhe”ti seso. Yath±ha– “rukkhasusireti etthasuddhe rukkhasusireyeva na vaµµati, mahantassa pana rukkhasusirassa anto padaracchadana½ kuµika½ katv± pavisanadv±ra½ yojetv± upagantu½ vaµµat²”ti. “Rukkhassa susire”tiimin± rukkhekadeso viµapopi saŖgahito, sopi suddhova na vaµµati. Yath±ha– “rukkhaviµabhiy±tietth±pi suddhe viµapamatte na vaµµati, mah±viµape pana aµµaka½ bandhitv± tattha padaracchadana½kuµika½ katv± upagantu½ vaµµat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 203).
“Chatteti etth±pi cat³su thambhesu chatta½ µhapetv± ±varaŗa½ katv± dv±ra½ yojetv±upagantu½ vaµµati, chattakuµik± n±mes± hoti. C±µiy±ti etth±pi mahantena kapallenachatte vuttanayena kuµi½ katv±va upagantu½ vaµµat²”ti aµµhakath±vacanato evamakat±susuddhachattac±µ²su niv±raŗa½ veditabba½. Chavakuµ²ti µaŖkitamańc±dayo vutt±. Yath±ha–“chavakuµik± n±ma µaŖkitamańc±dibhed± kuµi, tattha upagantu½ na vaµµat²”ti (mah±va.aµµha. 203).
Sus±ne pana ańńa½ kuµika½ katv± upagantu½ vaµµati. “Chavasar²ra½ jh±petv± ch±rik±ya,aµµhik±nańca atth±ya kuµik± kar²yat²”ti andhakaµµhakath±ya½ chavakuµi vutt±. “ŻaŖkitamańcotikasikuµik±p±s±ŗagharanti likhitan”ti (vajira. µ². mah±vagga 203) vajirabuddhitthero.Catunna½ p±s±ŗ±na½ upari p±s±ŗa½ attharitv± kato gehopi “µaŖkitamańco”tivuccati. D²ghe mańcap±de majjhe vijjhitv± aµaniyo pavesetv± mańca½ karont²titassa ida½ upari, ida½ heµµh±ti natthi, parivattetv± atthatopi t±disova hoti, ta½sus±ne, devaµµh±ne ca µhapenti, ayampi µaŖkitamańco n±ma.
2611. “Sati paccayavekalle, sar²r±ph±sut±ya v±”ti avasesantar±y±na½ vakkham±natt±“antar±yo”ti imin± r±jantar±y±di dasavidho gahetabbo.
2612-4. “Anuj±n±mi bhikkhave, sattanna½ satt±hakaraŗ²yena appahitepigantu½, pageva pahite bhikkhussa bhikkhuniy± sikkham±n±ya s±maŗerassa s±maŗeriy± m±tuy±ca pitussa c±”ti (mah±va. 198) vuttanaya½ dassetum±ha “m±t±pit³nan”ti-±di.
M±t±pit³na½ dassanattha½, pańcanna½ sahadhammik±na½ dassanattha½ v± nesa½ atthe sati v± nesa½antare gil±na½ daµµhu½ v± tadupaµµh±k±na½ bhatt±di½ pariyesanattha½ v± nesa½ bhatt±di½ pariyesanattha½v± tath± nesa½ pańcanna½ sahadhammik±na½ ańńatara½ anabhirata½ ukkaŗµhita½ aha½ gantv±v³pak±sessa½ v± v³pak±s±pess±mi v± dhammakathamassa kariss±m²ti v± tassa pańcanna½sahadhammik±na½ ańńatarassa uµµhita½ uppanna½ diµµhi½ vivecess±mi v± vivec±pess±miv± dhammakathamassa kariss±m²ti v± tath± uppanna½ kukkucca½ vinodess±m²ti v±vinod±pess±m²ti v± dhammakathamassa kariss±m²ti v± eva½ vinayańńun± bhikkhun± satt±hakiccenaapesitepi gantabba½, pageva pahiteti yojan±.
Bhatt±d²ti ettha ±di-saddena bhesajjapariyesan±di½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Yath±ha– “gil±nabhatta½v± pariyesiss±mi, gil±nupaµµh±kabhatta½ v± pariyesiss±mi, gil±nabhesajja½ v±pariyesiss±mi, pucchiss±mi v± upaµµhahiss±mi v±”ti. V³pak±sessanti yatthaanabhirati uppann±, tato ańńattha gahetv± gamiss±m²ti attho.
Vinodess±mahanti v±ti ettha -saddena “idha pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu garudhamma½ ajjh±pannohoti pariv±s±raho, so ce bhikkh³na½ santike d³ta½ pahiŗeyya ‘ahańhi garudhamma½ajjh±panno pariv±s±raho, ±gacchantu bhikkh³, icch±mi bhikkh³na½ ±gatan’ti.Gantabba½, bhikkhave, satt±hakaraŗ²yena appahitepi, pageva pahite ‘pariv±sad±na½ ussukka½kariss±mi v± anuss±vess±mi v± gaŗap³rako v± bhaviss±m²”ti-±dinaya½ (mah±va.193) saŖgaŗh±ti. Eva½ satt±hakiccena gacchantena anto-upac±ras²m±ya µhiteneva “antosatt±he±gacchiss±m²”ti ±bhoga½ katv± gantabba½. Sace ±bhoga½ akatv± upac±ras²ma½atikkamati, chinnavasso hot²ti vadanti.
2615. “Aya½ panettha p±¼imuttakaratticchedavinicchayo”ti aµµhakath±gata½ ratticchedavinicchaya½dassetum±ha “vassa½ upagatenetth±”ti-±di. Etth±ti imasmi½ satt±hakicc±dhik±re.Aya½ p±¼imuttakavinicchayo daµµhabboti attho.
2616. “Asuka½ n±ma divasan”ti-±din± nimantan±k±ra½ vakkhati. Pubbanti paµhama½.Vaµµat²ti satt±hakiccena gantu½ vaµµati. Yath±ha– “sace ekasmi½ mah±v±se paµhama½yevakatik± kat± hoti ‘asukadivasa½ n±ma sannipatitabban’ti, nimantitoyeva n±ma hoti,gantu½ vaµµat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 199). “Up±sakehi ‘imasmi½ n±ma divase d±n±d²nikaroma, sabbe eva sannipatant³’ti katik±yapi kat±ya gantu½ vaµµati, nimantitoyeva n±mahot²”ti keci.
2617. Bhaŗ¹akanti attano c²varabhaŗ¹a½. Na vaµµat²ti satt±hakiccena gantu½na vaµµati. Pahiŗant²ti c²varadhovan±dikammena pahiŗanti. ¾cariyupajjh±y±na½ ±ŗattiyenakenaci anavajjakiccena satt±hakaraŗ²yena gantu½ vaµµat²ti imin±va d²pita½ hoti.
2618. Uddes±d²namatth±y±ti p±¼iv±can±ni sandh±ya. ¾di-saddenaparipucch±di½ saŖgaŗh±ti. Gar³nanti agil±n±nampi ±cariyupajjh±y±na½. Gantu½ labhat²tisatt±hakaraŗ²yena gantu½ labhati. Puggaloti pakaraŗato bhikkhu½yeva gaŗh±ti.
2619. ¾cariyoti nidassanamatta½, upajjh±yena niv±ritepi eseva nayo. “Sacepana na½ ±cariyo ‘ajja m± gacch±’ti vadati, vaµµat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 199) aµµhakath±naya½dassetum±ha “ratticchede an±patti, hot²ti parid²pit±”ti. Ratticchedetivassacchedanimitta½. “Ratticchede”ti sabbattha vassacchedoti sanniµµh±na½ katv±vadanti, eva½ satt±hakaraŗ²yena gata½ na½ antosatt±heyeva puna ±gacchanta½ sace ±cariyov± upajjh±yo v± “ajja m± gacch±”ti vadati, satt±h±tikkamepi an±patt²ti adhipp±yo,vassacchedo pana hotiyev±ti daµµhabba½ satt±hassa bahiddh± v²tin±mitatt±.
2620. Yassa kassaci ń±tiss±ti m±t±pit³hi ańńassa ń±tijanassa. “Gacchato dassanatth±y±”tiimin± sesań±tikehi “maya½ gil±n± bhadant±na½ ±gamana½ icch±m±”ti ca “upaµµh±kakulehid±na½ dass±ma, dhamma½ soss±ma, bhikkh³na½ dassana½ icch±m±”ti ca eva½ kattabba½ niddisitv±d³te v± pesite satt±hakaraŗ²yena gacchato ratticchedo ca dukkaµańca na hot²ti vutta½hoti. Yath±ha “idha pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhussa ń±tako gil±no hoti…pe… gantabba½,bhikkhave, satt±hakaraŗ²yena pahite, na tveva appahite”ti (mah±va. 199) ca “idhapana, bhikkhave, up±sakena saŖgha½ uddissa vih±ro k±r±pito hoti…pe… icch±mid±nańca d±tu½ dhammańca sotu½ bhikkh³ ca passitunti. Gantabba½, bhikkhave,satt±hakaraŗ²yena pahite, na tveva appahite”ti (mah±va. 188) ca.
2621. “Aha½ g±maka½ gantv± ajjeva ±gamiss±m²”ti ±gaccha½ ±gacchanto sace p±puŗitu½na sakkoteva, vaµµat²ti yojan±. Vaµµat²ti ettha “ajjeva ±gamiss±m²”ti gantv±±gacchantassa antar±magge sace aruŗuggamana½ hoti, vassacchedopi na hoti, ratticchedadukkaµańcanatth²ti adhipp±yo.
2622. Vajeti (mah±va. aµµha. 203) gop±lak±na½ niv±sanaµµh±ne. Sattheti jaŖghasatthasakaµasatth±na½sanniviµµhok±se. T²su µh±nesu bhikkhuno, vassacchede an±patt²ti tehi saddhi½gacchantasseva natthi ±patti, tehi viyuńjitv± gamane pana ±pattiyeva, pav±retuńcana labhati.
Vaj±d²su vassa½ upagacchantena vass³pan±yikadivase tena bhikkhun± up±sak± vattabb± “kuµik±laddhu½ vaµµat²”ti. Sace karitv± denti, tattha pavisitv± “idha vassa½ upem²”titikkhattu½ vattabba½. No ce denti, s±l±saŖkhepena µhitasakaµassa heµµh± upagantabba½.Tampi alabhantena ±layo k±tabbo. Satthe pana kuµik±d²na½ abh±ve “idha vassa½ upem²”tivac²bheda½ katv± upagantu½ na vaµµati, ±layakaraŗamattameva vaµµati. ¾layo n±ma “idhavassa½ vasiss±m²”ti cittupp±damatta½.
Sace maggappaµipanneyeva satthe pav±raŗadivaso hoti, tattheva pav±retabba½. Atha sattho antovasseyevabhikkhun± patthitaµµh±na½ patv± atikkamati. Patthitaµµh±ne vasitv± tattha bhikkh³hisaddhi½ pav±retabba½. Ath±pi sattho antovasseyeva antar± ekasmi½ g±me tiµµhati v±vippakirati v±, tasmi½yeva g±me bhikkh³hi saddhi½ vasitv± pav±retabba½, appav±retv±tato para½ gantu½ na vaµµati.
N±v±ya vassa½ upagacchanten±pi kuµiya½yeva upagantabba½. Pariyesitv± alabhante ±layok±tabbo Sace antotem±sa½ n±v± samuddeyeva hoti, tattheva pav±retabba½. Atha n±v±k³la½ labhati, sayańca parato gantuk±mo hoti, gantu½ na vaµµati. N±v±ya laddhag±meyevavasitv± bhikkh³hi saddhi½ pav±retabba½. Sacepi n±v± anut²rameva ańńattha gacchati, bhikkhuca paµhama½ laddhag±meyeva vasituk±mo, n±v± gacchatu, bhikkhun± tattheva vasitv± bhikkh³hisaddhi½ pav±retabba½.
Iti vaje, satthe, n±v±yanti t²su µh±nesu natthi vassacchede ±patti, pav±retuńcalabhati.
2623. Sati paccayavekalleti piŗ¹ap±t±d²na½ paccay±na½ ³natte sati. Sar²r±ph±sut±yav±ti sar²rassa aph±sut±ya ±b±dhe v± sati. Vassa½ chetv±pi pakkameti vassaccheda½katv±pi yath±ph±sukaµµh±na½ gaccheyya. Api-saddena vassa½ achetv± vassacchedak±raŗesati satt±hakaraŗ²yena gantumpi vaµµat²ti d²peti.
2624. Yena kenantar±yen±ti r±jantar±y±d²su yena kenaci antar±yena. Yo bhikkhuvassa½ nopagato, ten±pi chinnavassena v±pi dutiy± vass³pan±yik± upagantabb±ti yojan±.
2625-6. Satt±hanti accantasa½yoge upayogavacana½. “V²tin±met²”tiimin± sambandho. Upagantv±pi v± bahiddh± eva satt±ha½ v²tin±meti ce. Yo gacchati,yo ca v²tin±meti, tassa bhikkhussa. Purim±pi na vijjat²ti anupagatatt±, chinnavassatt±ca purim±pi vass³pan±yik± na vijjati na labhati. Imesa½ dvinna½ yath±kkama½ upac±r±tikkame,satt±h±tikkame ca ±patti veditabb±.
Paµissave ca bhikkhussa, hoti ±patti dukkaµanti “idha vassa½ vasath±”ti vutte“s±dh³”ti paµissuŗitv± tassa visa½v±de asacc±pane ±patti hoti. Katam±ti±ha “dukkaµan”ti. Na kevala½ etasseva visa½v±de ±patti hoti, atha khoitaresampi paµissav±na½ visa½v±de ±patti veditabb±. Yath±ha– “paµissave ca ±pattidukkaµass±ti ettha na kevala½ ‘ima½ tem±sa½ idha vassa½ vasath±’ti etasseva paµissavassavisa½v±de ±patti, ‘ima½ tem±sa½ bhikkha½ gaŗhatha, ubhopi maya½ idha vassa½ vasiss±ma,ekatova uddis±pess±m±’ti evam±din±pi tassa tassa paµissavassa visa½v±de dukkaµan”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 207). Tańca kho paµissavak±le suddhacittassa pacch± visa½v±danapaccay± hoti.Paµhama½ asuddhacittassa pana paµissave p±cittiya½, visa½v±dena dukkaµanti p±cittiyenasaddhi½ dukkaµa½ yujjati.
2627. “Vassa½ upagantv± pana aruŗa½ anuµµh±petv± tadaheva satt±hakaraŗ²yena pakkamantass±piantosatt±he nivattantassa an±patt²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 207) aµµhakath±vacanato, “kov±do vasitv± bahi gacchato”ti vakkham±natt± ca “nuµµh±petv± pan±ruŗan”tip±µho gahetabbo. Katthaci potthakesu “uµµh±petv± pan±ruŗan”ti p±µho dissati,so na gahetabbo.
2628. Vasitv±ti dv²hat²ha½ vasitv±. Yath± vassa½ vasitv± aruŗa½ anuµµh±petv±va satt±hakaraŗ²yenagacchato an±patti, tath± gataµµh±nato antosatt±he ±gantv± punapi aruŗa½ anuµµh±petv±vasatt±hakaraŗ²yena gacchato an±patti. “Satt±hav±rena aruŗo uµµh±petabbo”ti (mah±va.aµµha. 201) aµµhakath±vacana½ sattam±ruŗena paµibaddhadivasa½ sattamena aruŗeneva saŖgahetv±sattama-aruŗabbhantare an±gantv± aµµhama½ aruŗa½ bahi uµµh±pentassa ratticchedadassanapara½, nasattama-aruŗasseva tattha uµµh±petabbabh±vadassanaparanti gahetabba½ sikkh±bh±jana-aµµhakath±ya, s²ha¼agaŗµhipadesuca tath± vinicchitatt±.
2629. “Nopeti asatiy±”ti padacchedo, nopet²ti “imasmi½ vih±re ima½tem±sa½ vassa½ upem²”ti vac²bhedena na upagacchati.
2630. Vuttamevattha½ samatthetum±ha “na doso koci vijjat²”ti.
2631. “Imasmi½ vih±re ima½ tem±sa½ vassa½ upem²”ti tikkhattu½ vacane nicch±riteeva vassa½ upagato siy±ti yojan±. “Nicch±riteva tikkhattun”ti ida½ ukka½savasenavutta½, saki½, dvikkhattu½ v± nicch±ritepi vass³pagato n±ma hot²ti. Yath±ha– “imasmi½vih±re ima½ tem±sa½ vassa½ upem²ti saki½ v± dvattikkhattu½ v± v±ca½ nicch±retv±vavassa½ upagantabban”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 184).
2632. Navamito paµµh±ya gantu½ vaµµati, ±gacchatu v± m± v±, an±patt²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 207) aµµhakath±naya½ dassetum±ha “±di½ tu navami½ katv±”ti-±di.Navami½ pabhuti ±di½ katv±, navamito paµµh±y±ti vutta½ hoti. Gantu½ vaµµat²tisatt±hakaraŗ²yeneva gantu½ vaµµati, tasm± pav±raŗadivasepi tadaheva ±gantu½ asakkuŗeyyaµµh±na½pav±raŗatth±ya gacchantena labbham±nena satt±hakaraŗ²yena gantu½ vaµµati. “Pav±retv± panagantu½ vaµµati pav±raŗ±ya ta½divasasannissitatt±”ti (vajira. µ². mah±vagga 207) hi vajirabuddhitthero.So pacch± ±gacchatu v± m± v±, doso na vijjat²ti yojan±.

Vass³pan±yikakkhandhakakath±vaŗŗan±.