Pad²pakaraºepi vuttanayeneva ±º±petabbo. ¾º±pentena ca “asukasmi½ n±ma ok±setela½ v± vaµµi v± kapallik± v± atthi, ta½ gahetv± karoh²”ti vattabbo. Sacetel±d²ni natthi bhikkh±c±renapi pariyesitabb±ni. Pariyesitv± alabhantassa laddhakappiya½hoti. Apica kap±le aggipi j±letabbo.
2582. D²panti ettha “j±letv±”ti seso. Atha v± “katv±”ti imin± cayojetabba½. Gaºañatti½ µhapetv±ti “suºantu me, ±yasmant±, ajjuposatho pannaraso,yad±yasmant±na½ pattakalla½, maya½ aññamañña½ p±risuddhi-uposatha½ kareyy±m±”ti eva½gaºañatti½ nikkhipitv±. Kattabbo t²huposathoti t²hi bhikkh³hi uposatho k±tabbo.T²su therena eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ katv± ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± añjali½ paggahetv±dve eva½ tikkhattumeva vattabbo “parisuddho aha½, ±vuso, ‘parisuddho’ti ma½ dh±reth±”ti(mah±va. 168). Dutiyena, tatiyena ca yath±kkama½ “parisuddho aha½, bhante, ‘parisuddho’tima½ dh±reth±”ti tikkhattumeva vattabba½.
2583. Pubbakicc±d²ni katv± ñatti½ aµµhapetv± therena navo eva½ tikkhattumeva vattabbo“parisuddho aha½, ±vuso ‘parisuddho’ti ma½ dh±reh²”ti (mah±va.168), navena theropi “parisuddho aha½, bhante, ‘parisuddho’ti ma½ dh±reth±”ti (mah±va.168) tikkhattu½ vattabbo. Imasmi½ pana v±re ñattiy± aµµhapanañca “dh±reh²”ti ekavacananiddesoc±ti ettakova visesoti ta½ an±diyitv± puggalena k±tabba½ uposathavidhi½ dassetum±ha“pubbakicca½ sam±petv±, adhiµµheyya panekako”ti. Adhiµµheyy±ti “ajjame uposatho, pannaraso’ti v± ‘c±tuddaso’ti v± adhiµµh±m²”ti adhiµµheyya. Ass±tiavas±ne vuttapuggala½ sandh±ya ekavacananiddeso. Yath±vutto saªghopi tayopi dvepi attanoattano anuññ±ta½ uposatha½ antar±ya½ vin± sace na karonti, evameva ±pattim±pajjant²tiveditabbo.
2584-5. Id±ni “catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, uposathakamm±ni, adhammena vagga½ uposathakamman”ti-±din±(mah±va. 149) nayena vutta½ kammacatukka½ dassetum±ha “adhammena ca vaggen±”ti-±di.Adhammena vaggena kamma½, adhammato samaggena kamma½, dhammena vaggena kamma½, dhammatosamaggena kammanti et±ni catt±ri uposathassa kamm±n²ti jino abrav²ti yojan±.Cat³svapi panetes³ti etesu cat³su kammesu pana. Catutthanti “samaggenaca dhammato”ti vutta½ catuttha½ uposathakamma½ “dhammakamman”ti adhippeta½.
2586-7. T±ni kamm±ni vibh±vetum±ha “adhammenidh±”ti-±di. Idha imasmi½ s±saneettha etesu cat³su uposathesu. Adhammena vaggo uposatho katamoti kathetuk±mat±pucch±.Yattha yassa½ ekas²m±ya½ bhikkhuno catt±ro vasant²ti yojan±.
Tatra ekassa p±risuddhi½ ±nayitv± te tayo jan± p±risuddhi½ uposatha½karonti ce, eva½ kato uposatho adhammo vagguposatho n±m±ti yojan±, ekas²maµµhehi cat³hisaªghuposathe k±tabbe gaºuposathassa katatt± adhammo ca saªghamajjha½ vin± gaºamajjha½ p±risuddhiy±agamanato tassa hatthap±sa½ anupagamanena vaggo ca hot²ti attho.
2588. Adhammena samaggoti ettha “uposatho katamo”ti anuvattetabba½. “Bhikkhunoekato”ti padacchedo. “Hoti adhammiko”ti padacchedo. Cat³hi samaggehi saªghuposathek±tabbe gaºuposathakaraºa½ adhammo, hatthap±supagamanato samaggo hoti.
2589-90. Yo uposatho dhammena vaggo hoti, so katamoti yojan±. Yattha yassa½ ekas²m±ya½catt±ro bhikkhuno vasanti, tatra ekassa p±risuddhi½ ±nayitv± te tayo jan± p±timokkha½uddisante ce, dhammena vaggo uposatho hot²ti yojan±. Ekas²maµµhehi cat³hi saªghuposathassakatatt± dhammo, ekassa hatthap±sa½ anupagamanena vaggo ca hot²ti attho.
2591. Yo dhammato samaggo, so katamoti yojan±. Idha imasmi½ s±sane catt±ro bhikkhunoekato p±timokkha½ uddisanti ce, aya½ dhammato samaggo uposathoti mato adhippetotiyojan±. Cat³hi saªghuposathassa katatt± dhammo, ekass±pi hatthap±sa½ avijahanena samaggotiadhipp±yo.
2592. Vagge saªghe vaggoti saññino, samagge ca saªghe vaggoti saññino ubhayattha vimatissav± uposatha½ karontassa dukkaµa½ ±patti hot²ti yojan±.
2593. Bhed±dhipp±yatoti “nassantete, vinassantete, ko tehi attho”tieva½ bhedapurekkh±rat±ya “uposatha½ karontass±”ti ±netv± yojetabba½. Tassa bhikkhunothullaccaya½ hoti akusalabalavat±ya ca thullaccaya½ hot²ti. Yath±ha– “bhedapurekkh±rapannarasakeakusalabalavat±ya thullaccaya½ vuttan”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 176). Vagge v± samagge v±saªghe samaggo iti saññino uposatha½ karontassa an±patt²ti yojan±. Avaseso panetthavattabbavinicchayo pav±raºavinicchay±vas±ne “p±risuddhippad±nen±”ti-±d²hi (vi.vi. 2642) ekato vattumicchantena na vutto.
2594-5. “Ukkhitten±”ti-±dik±ni karaºavacanant±ni pad±ni “sah±”ti imin± saddhi½“uposatho na k±tabbo”ti padena pacceka½ yojetabb±ni. Ukkhitten±ti ±pattiy±adassane ukkhittako, ±pattiy± appaµikamme ukkhittako, p±pik±ya diµµhiy± appaµinissaggeukkhittakoti tividhena ukkhittena. Etesu hi tividhe ukkhittake sati uposatha½karonto saªgho p±cittiya½ ±pajjati.
“Gahaµµhen±”ti imin± titthiyopi saªgahito. Sesehi sahadhammih²ti bhikkhun²,sikkham±n±, s±maºero, s±maºer²ti cat³hi sahadhammikehi. Cutanikkhittasikkheh²tiettha cuto ca nikkhittasikkho c±ti viggaho. Cuto n±ma antimavatthu½ ajjh±pannako.Nikkhittasikkho n±ma sikkh±paccakkh±tako.
Ek±dasah²ti paº¹ako, theyyasa½v±sako, titthiyapakkantako, tiracch±nagato, m±tugh±tako,pitugh±tako, arahantagh±tako, bhikkhunid³sako, saªghabhedako lohitupp±dako,ubhatobyañjanakoti imehi ek±dasahi abhabbehi.
Sabh±g±pattikena v± saha uposatho na k±tabbo, p±rivutthena chandena uposatho na k±tabbo,karoto dukkaµa½ hot²ti yojan±. Eva½ ukkhittavajjitesu sabbavikappesu dukkaµamevaveditabba½. “Ya½ dvepi jan± vik±labhojan±din± sabh±gavatthun± ±patti½ ±pajjanti,evar³p± vatthusabh±g± ‘sabh±g±’ti vuccat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 169) vacanato “sabh±g±patt²”tivatthusabh±g±pattiyeva gahetabb±.
Uposathadivase sabbova saªgho sace sabh±g±patti½ ±panno hoti,
“Idha pana, bhikkhave, aññatarasmi½ ±v±se tadahuposathe sabbo saªgho sabh±ga½ ±patti½ ±panno hoti, tehi, bhikkhave, bhikkh³hi eko bhikkhu s±mant± ±v±s± sajjuka½p±hetabbo ‘gacch±vuso, ta½ ±patti½ paµikaritv± ±gaccha, maya½ te santike ta½±patti½ paµikariss±m±’ti. Evañceta½ labhetha, icceta½ kusala½. No ce labhetha,byattena bhikkhun± paµibalena saªgho ñ±petabbo– ‘suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, aya½ sabbosaªgho sabh±ga½ ±patti½ ±panno, yad± añña½ bhikkhu½ suddha½ an±pattika½ passissati,tad± tassa santike ta½ ±patti½ paµikarissat²”ti (mah±va. 171) ca,

Vematiko ce hoti,

“Suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, aya½ sabbo saªgho sabh±g±ya ±pattiy± vematiko, yad±nibbematiko bhavissati, tad± ta½ ±patti½ paµikarissat²”ti (mah±va.171) ca,

Vuttanayena uposatho k±tabbo.

Ettha ca sajjhukanti tadahev±gamanatth±ya. Gaºuposath±d²supi eseva nayo. Vuttañhiaµµhakath±gaºµhipade “yath± saªgho sabh±ga½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± suddha½ alabhitv± ‘yad±suddha½ passissati, tad± tassa santike ta½ ±patti½ paµikarissat²’ti vatv± uposatha½k±tu½ labhati, eva½ dv²hipi aññamañña½ ±rocetv± uposatha½ k±tu½ vaµµati. Eken±pi‘parisuddha½ labhitv± paµikariss±m²’ti ±bhoga½ katv± k±tu½ vaµµati kir±”ti.Kir±ti cettha anussavatthe daµµhabbo, na pan±ruciya½.
P±rivutthena chanden±ti chanda½ ±haritv± kamma½ k±tu½ nisinnenapi “asubhalakkhaºat±din±kenaci k±raºena na kariss±m²”ti vissaµµhe chande sace puna karissati, puna chandap±risuddhi½±haritv± k±tabba½. Yath±ha– “etasmi½ p±riv±siye puna chandap±risuddhi½ an±netv±kamma½ k±tu½ na vaµµat²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 1167).
2596. Adesetv± pan±pattinti ±panna½ ±patti½ adesetv±. N±vikatv±na vematinti “aha½, bhante, sambahul±su ±patt²su vematiko, yad± nibbematiko bhaviss±mi,tad± t± ±pattiyo paµikariss±m²”ti vimati½ an±rocetv±. “Yad± nibbematikotiettha sace panesa nibbematiko na hoti, vatthu½ kittetv±va desetu½ vaµµat²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 169) andhakaµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Tatr±ya½ desan±vidhi– sace meghacchannes³riye “k±lo nu kho, vik±lo”ti vematiko bhuñjati, tena bhikkhun±“aha½, bhante, vematiko bhuñji½, sace k±lo atthi, sambahul± dukkaµ± ±pattiyo±pannomhi. No ce atthi, sambahul± p±cittiy±pattiyo ±pannomh²”ti eva½vatthu½ kittetv± “aha½, bhante, y± tasmi½ vatthusmi½ sambahul± dukkaµ± v± p±cittiy±v± ±pattiyo ±panno, t± tumham³le paµidesem²”ti vattabba½. Eseva nayo sabb±patt²s³ti.
Gaºµhipadesu paneva½ vinicchayo vutto– “aha½, ±vuso, itthann±m±ya ±pattiy±vematiko, yad± nibbematiko bhaviss±mi, tad± ta½ ±patti½ paµikariss±m²’tivatv± uposatho k±tabbo, p±timokkha½ sotabban”ti (mah±va. 170) vacanato y±va nibbematikona hoti, t±va sabh±g±patti½ paµiggahetu½ na labhati. Aññesañca kamm±na½ parisuddhon±ma hoti. “Puna nibbematiko hutv± desetabbamev±”ti (kaªkh±. abhi. µ².nid±navaººan±) neva p±¼iya½, na aµµhakath±ya½ atthi, desite pana na doso. “Ito vuµµhahitv±ta½ ±patti½ paµikariss±m²”ti (mah±va. 170) etth±pi eseva nayoti.
2597. Uposatheti dinak±rakakattabb±k±ravasena pannaras², saªghuposatho, suttuddesotiimehi t²hi lakkhaºehi samann±gate uposathe. Sabhikkhumh± ca ±v±s±ti “yasmi½uposathe kiccan”ti-±din± vakkham±nappak±r± sabhikkhuk± ±v±s±. Idha “an±v±s±”tiseso. ¾v±so v± an±v±so v±ti ettha “abhikkhuko v± n±n±sa½v±sakehisabhikkhuko v±”ti ca na gantabboti ettha “aññatra saªghena aññatra antar±y±”tica seso. “An±v±so”ti udosit±dayo vutt±. Bhikkhun± uposathe sabhikkhumh±±v±s± v± an±v±s± v± abhikkhuko v± n±n±sa½v±sakehi sabhikkhuko v± ±v±sov± an±v±so v± aññatra saªghena aññatra antar±y± kud±cana½ kad±cipi na gantabbotiyojan±.
2598. Yasmi½ ±v±se pana uposathe kicca½ sace vattati, so ±v±so “sabhikkhuko n±m±”ti pak±sitoti yojan±, imin± sace yattha uposatho na vattati, so santesupibhikkh³su abhikkhuko n±m±ti d²peti.
2599. Uposathassa payojana½, tappasaªgena pav±raº±ya ca niddh±retuk±mat±y±ha “uposathokimatth±y±”ti-±di.
2600. Paµikkoseyy±ti niv±reyya. Adentassapi dukkaµanti ettha “kopetu½dhammika½ kamman”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½.
2601. So c±ti (kaªkh±. aµµha. nid±navaººan±) catuvagg±dippabhedena pañcavidho so saªghoca. Heµµhimaparicchedena kattabbakamm±na½ vasena parid²pito, na chabbagg±d²na½ k±tu½ayuttat±dassanavasena.
2602. Catuvagg±dibhedanibandhana½ kamma½ dassetum±ha “pav±raºan”ti-±di. Pav±raºañcatath± abbh±nañca upasampadañca µhapetv± catuvaggena akattabba½ kamma½ na vijjat²ti yojan±.
2603. Majjhadese upasampad± majjhades³pasampad±, ta½. Abbh±na½, majjhades³pasampadañcavin± pañcavaggena sabba½ kamma½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti yojan±.
2604. Kiñcipi kamma½ na na kattabbanti yojan±, sabbampi kamma½ kattabbamev±tiattho. Dve paµisedh± pakatattha½ gamayant²ti. V²sativaggena saªghena sabbesampi kamm±na½kattabbabh±ve kimattha½ atirekav²sativaggassa gahaºanti ±ha “³ne dosoti ñ±petu½,n±dhike atirekat±”ti. Yath±vutte catubbidhe saªghe gaºanato ³ne doso hoti,adhike doso na hot²ti ñ±petu½ atirekat± dassit±, atirekav²sativaggasaªgho dassitotiadhipp±yo.
2605. Catuvaggena kattabbe pakatatt±va catt±ro kammappatt±ti d²pit±ti yojan±.Ses± pakatatt± chand±rah±ti seso. Pakatatt±ti anukkhitt± ceva antimavatthu½anajjh±pann± ca gahetabb±. Sesesu c±ti pañcavagg±d²supi.
2606. Catuvagg±dikattabbakamma½ asa½v±sapuggala½ gaºap³ra½ katv± karontassa dukkaµa½hoti. Na kevala½ dukkaµameva, katañca kamma½ kuppat²ti yojan±.
2607. Pariv±s±d²ti ettha ±di-saddena m³l±yapaµikassan±d²na½ gahaºa½. Tatraµµhantipariv±s±d²su µhita½. “Tath±”ti imin± “kata½ kuppati dukkaµan”ti ida½anuvatteti. Sesa½ t³ti pariv±s±dikammato añña½ pana uposath±dikamma½ Vaµµat²ti te p±riv±sik±dayo gaºap³rake katv± k±tu½ vaµµati.

Uposathakkhandhakakath±vaººan±.