2564. Tes³ti niddh±raºe bhumma½. T²º²ti niddh±ritabbadassana½, imin± eka½v± dve v± nimitt±ni na vaµµant²ti dasseti. Yath±ha– “s± eva½ sammannitv± bajjham±n±ekena, dv²hi v± nimittehi abaddh± hot²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 138). Saten±p²tiettha pi-saddo sambh±van±ya½ daµµhabbo, tena v²satiy±, ti½s±ya v± nimittehi vattabbamevanatth²ti d²peti.
2565. Tiyojana½ para½ ukkaµµho paricchedo etiss±ti tiyojanapar±. “V²sat²”ti-±d²na½saªkhy±ne, saªkhyeyye ca vattanato idha saªkhy±ne vattam±na½ v²sati-sadda½ gahetv± ekav²satibhikkh³nanti bhinn±dhikaraºaniddeso katoti daµµhabba½. “Ekav²satin”ti vattabbeg±th±bandhavasena niggah²talopo, v²sativaggakaraº²yaparamatt± saªghakammassa kamm±rahena saddhi½bhikkh³na½ ekav²sati½ gaºhant²ti attho, idañca nisinn±na½ vasena vutta½.Heµµhimantato hi yattha ekav²sati bhikkh³ nis²ditu½ sakkonti, tattake padese s²ma½bandhitu½ vaµµat²ti.
2566. Y± ukkaµµh±yapi y± ca heµµhim±yapi kesaggamattatopi adhik± v± ³n± v±, et±dvepi s²m±yo “as²m±”ti ±diccabandhun± vutt±ti yojan±.
2567. Samantato sabbameva nimitta½ kittetv±ti pubbadis±nudis±d²su paritosabbadis±su yath±laddha½ nimittopaga½ sabbanimitta½ “vinayadharena pucchitabba½ ‘puratthim±yadis±ya ki½ nimittan’ti? ‘Pabbato, bhante’ti. Puna vinayadharena ‘eso pabbatonimittan”ti-±din± (mah±va. aµµha. 138) aµµhakath±ya½ vuttanayena nimittena nimitta½ghaµetv± kittetv±. Ñatti dutiy± yass±ti viggaho, “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho,y±vat± samant± nimitt± kittit±”ti-±din± (mah±va. 139) padabh±jane vuttena ñattidutiyenakammen±ti attho. Arahati pahoti vinayadharoti adhipp±yo.
2568. Bandhitv±ti yath±vuttalakkhaºanayena sam±nasa½v±sas²ma½ paµhama½ bandhitv±. Anantarantikiccantarena byavahita½ akatv±, k±lakkhepa½ akatv±ti vutta½ hoti, s²ma½ sam³hanituk±m±na½ paccattik±na½ ok±sa½ adatv±ti adhipp±yo. Pacch±ti sam±nasa½v±sasammutitopacch±. C²var±vippav±saka½ sammannitv±na y± baddh±, s± “avippav±s±”ti vuccat²tiyojan±.
Tattha c²var±vippav±saka½ sammannitv±na y± baddh±ti “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, y± s±saªghena s²m± sammat± sam±nasa½v±s± ekuposath±…pe… µhapetv± g±mañcag±m³pac±rañca, khamati saªghassa, tasm± tuºh², evameta½ dh±ray±m²”ti (mah±va. 144) vuttanayenac²varena avippav±sa½ sammannitv± y± baddh±. S± avippav±s±ti vuccat²ti tattha vasant±na½bhikkh³na½ c²varena vippav±sanimitt±pattiy± abh±vato tath± vuccati, “avippav±sas²m±”tivuccat²ti vutta½ hoti.
2569. “Y± k±ci nadilakkhaºappatt± nad² nimitt±ni kittetv± ‘eta½ baddhas²ma½ karom±’tikat±pi as²m±va hot²”ti-±dika½ (mah±va. aµµha. 147) aµµhakath±naya½ dassetum±ha “nad²…pe…na vottharat²”ti, na pattharati s²m±bh±vena by±pin² na hot²ti attho. Tenev±tiyena na vottharati, teneva k±raºena. Abrav²ti “sabb±, bhikkhave, nad² as²m±,sabbo samuddo as²mo, sabbo j±tassaro as²mo”ti (mah±va. 147) avoca.

S²m±kath±vaººan±.

2570. Aµµhamiy±pi uposathavoh±ratt± dinavasena uposath±na½ atirekattepi idha adhippeteyevauposathe gahetv± ±ha “navev±”ti.
2571-3. Te sar³pato dassetum±ha “c±tuddaso…pe… kammenuposath±”ti. Catuddasanna½p³raºo c±tuddaso. Pannarasanna½ p³raºo pannaraso. Yad± pana kosambakkhandhake(mah±va. 451 ±dayo) ±gatanayena bhinne saªghe os±rite tasmi½ bhikkhusmi½ saªgho tassavatthussa v³pasam±ya saªghas±maggi½ karoti, tad± “t±vadeva uposatho k±tabbo, p±timokkha½uddisitabban”ti (mah±va. 475) vacanato µhapetv± c±tuddasapannarase aññopiyo koci divaso s±magg² uposathoti. Ettha iti-saddo luttaniddiµµho. C±tuddaso,pannaraso, s±magg² ca uposathoti ete tayopi uposath± divaseneva niddiµµh± divasenevavutt±ti yojan±.
Saªghe-uposathoti saªghena k±tabba-uposatho. Gaºepuggaluposathoti etth±pi eseva nayo.S±dhyas±dhanalakkhaºassa sambandhassa labbham±natt± “saªghe”ti-±d²su s±mivacanappasaªge bhummaniddeso.Uposatho s±dhyo kammabh±vato, saªghagaºapuggal± s±dhana½ k±rakabh±vato.
Suttassa uddeso suttuddeso, suttuddesoti abhidh±na½ n±ma½ yassa so suttuddes±bhidh±no.Kammen±ti kiccavasena.
2574. “Adhiµµh±nan”ti v±ccaliªgamapekkhitv± “niddiµµhan”ti napu½sakaniddeso.V±ccaliªg± hi tabb±dayoti p±timokkho niddiµµho, p±risuddhi niddiµµh±ti pumitthiliªgenayojetabb±.
2575. Vutt±ti “pañcime, bhikkhave, p±timokkhuddes±, nid±na½ uddisitv± avasesa½sutena s±vetabba½, aya½ paµhamo p±timokkhuddeso”ti-±din± (mah±va. 150) desit±,sayañca tesañca uddese saªkhepato dassetum±ha “nid±nan”ti-±di. S±vetabbantiettha “suten±”ti seso. Sesakanti anuddiµµhaµµh±na½–
“Suº±tu me, bhante saªgho…pe… ±vikat± hissa ph±su hot²ti ima½ nid±na½uddisitv± ‘uddiµµha½ kho ±yasmanto nid±na½, tatth±yasmante pucch±mikaccittha parisuddh±, dutiyampi pucch±mi…pe… evameta½ dh±ray±m²’ti vatv± ‘uddiµµha½kho ±yasmanto nid±na½. Sut± kho pan±yasmantehi catt±ro p±r±jik± dhamm±…pe…avivadam±nehi sikkhitabban”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 150)–

Aµµhakath±ya vuttanayena avasesa½ sutena s±vetabba½.

2576. Sesesup²ti uddiµµh±pekkh±ya sesesu p±r±jikuddes±d²supi. “Ayamevanayo ñeyyo”ti s±maññena vuttepi “vitth±reneva pañcamo”ti vacanato vitth±ruddese“s±vetabba½ tu sesakan”ti aya½ nayo na labbhati. “S±vetabba½ tu sesakan”tivacanato p±r±jikuddes±d²su yasmi½ vippakate antar±yo uppajjati, tena saddhi½ avasesa½ sutena s±vetabba½. Nid±nuddese pana anuddiµµhe sutena s±vetabba½ n±ma natthi. Bhikkhunip±timokkheaniyatuddesassa parih²natt± “bhikkhun²nañca catt±ro”ti vutta½. Uddes± navimepan±ti bhikkh³na½ pañca, bhikkhun²na½ catt±roti ubhatop±timokkhe ime nava uddes±vutt±ti attho.
2577. Uposatheti saªghuposathe. Antar±yanti r±jantar±y±dika½ dasavidha½ antar±ya½.Yath±ha– “r±jantar±yo corantar±yo agyantar±yo udakantar±yo manussantar±yoamanussantar±yo v±¼antar±yo sar²sapantar±yo j²vitantar±yo brahmacariyantar±yo”ti(mah±va. 150).
Tattha sace bhikkh³su “uposatha½ kariss±m±”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 150) nisinnesu r±j±±gacchati, aya½ r±jantar±yo. Cor± ±gacchanti aya½ corantar±yo.Davad±ho ±gacchati v±, ±v±se v± aggi uµµhahati, aya½ agyantar±yo. Megho v±uµµheti, ogho v± ±gacchati, aya½ udakantar±yo. Bah³ manuss± ±gacchanti, aya½manussantar±yo. Bhikkhu½ yakkho gaºh±ti, aya½ amanussantar±yo. Byaggh±dayocaº¹amig± ±gacchanti, aya½ v±¼antar±yo. Bhikkhu½ sapp±dayo ¹a½santi, aya½ sar²sapantar±yo.Bhikkhu gil±no v± hoti, k±la½ v± karoti, verino v± ta½ m±retu½ gaºhanti,aya½ j²vitantar±yo. Manuss± eka½ v± bahu½ v± bhikkh³ brahmacariy± c±vetuk±m±gaºhanti, aya½ brahmacariyantar±yo.
“Cev±”ti imin± antar±yeva antar±yasaññin± vitth±ruddese akatepi an±patt²tid²peti. Anuddesoti vitth±rena anuddeso. Niv±ritoti “na, bhikkhave,asati antar±ye sa½khittena p±timokkha½ uddisitabban”ti-±din± (mah±va. 150) paµisiddho.Imin± “anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, sati antar±ye sa½khittena p±timokkha½ uddisitun”ti(mah±va. 150) idampi vibh±vita½ hoti.
2578. Tass±ti p±timokkhassa. Issaraºassa hetum±ha “‘ther±dheyyan’ti p±µhato”ti.Ther±dheyyanti ther±dh²na½, ther±yattanti attho. P±µhatoti p±¼ivacanato. “Yotattha bhikkhu byatto paµibalo, tass±dheyya½ p±timokkhan”ti (mah±va. 155) vacanato±ha “avattanten±”ti-±di. Avattanten±ti antamaso dvepi uddese uddisitu½ asakkontena. Therena yo ajjhiµµho, evamajjhiµµhassa yassa pana therassa, navassa, majjhimassav± so p±timokkho vattati paguºo hoti, so issaroti sambandho.
Ajjhiµµhoti “tva½, ±vuso, p±timokkha½ uddis±”ti ±ºatto, imin± an±ºattassauddisitu½ s±matthiy± satipi anissarabh±vo d²pito hoti. Yath±ha– “sace therassapañca v± catt±ro v± tayo v± p±timokkhuddes± n±gacchanti, dve pana akhaº¹± suvisad±v±cuggat± honti, ther±yattova p±timokkho. Sace pana ettakampi visada½ k±tu½na sakkoti, byattassa bhikkhuno ±yatto hot²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 155).
2579. Uddisanteti p±timokkhuddesake p±timokkha½ uddisante. Sam± v±ti ±v±sikehigaºanena sam± v±. App± v±ti ³n± v±. ¾gacchanti sace pan±ti sace pana ±gantuk±bhikkh³ ±gacchanti. Sesakanti anuddiµµhaµµh±na½.
2580. Uddiµµhamatteti uddiµµhakkhaºeyeva kath±rambhato pubbameva. “V±”ti ida½ etth±piyojetabba½, imin± avutta½ “avuµµhit±ya v±”ti ima½ vikappa½ sampiº¹eti. Avuµµhit±yaparis±y±ti ca bhikkhuparis±ya aññamañña½ sukhakath±ya nisinn±yayev±ti attho.Paris±y±ti ettha “ekacc±y±”ti ca “sabb±y±”ti ca seso. Bhikkh³na½ ekacc±yaparis±ya vuµµhit±ya v± sabb±ya paris±ya vuµµhit±ya v±ti yojan±. Tesanti vuttappak±r±na½±v±sik±na½. M³leti santike. P±risuddhi k±tabb±ti yojan±. “Idha pana,bhikkhave…pe… ±gacchanti bahutar±, tehi, bhikkhave, bhikkh³hi puna p±timokkha½uddisitabban”ti vuttanaya½ dassetum±ha “sace bah³”ti. Ettha “puna p±timokkha½uddisitabban”ti seso. Sabbavikappesu pubbakicca½ katv± puna p±timokkha½uddisitabbanti attho. Aya½ panettha sesavinicchayo–
“Pannarasov±sik±na½, itar±na½ sacetaro;
sam±netarenuvattantu, purim±na½ sacedhik±;
purim± anuvattantu, tesa½ sesepyaya½ nayo.
“P±µipadov±sik±na½
itar±na½ uposatho;
samathok±na½ s±maggi½,
m³laµµh± dentu k±mato.
Bahi gantv±na k±tabbo,
no ce denti uposatho;
deyy±nicch±ya s±magg²,
bah³su bahi v± vaje.
“P±µipadegantuk±na½, evameva aya½ nayo;
s±veyya sutta½ sañcicca, ass±ventassa dukkaµanti.
2581. Viniddiµµhass±ti ±ºattassa, imin± itaresa½ an±patt²ti d²peti. Idha “agil±nass±”tiseso. Therena ±º±pentena “kiñci kamma½ karonto v± sad±k±lameva ekov± bh±ranittharaºako v± sarabh±ºakadhammakathik±d²su aññataro v± na uposath±g±rasammajjanattha½±º±petabbo, avases± pana v±rena ±º±petabb±”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 159) aµµhakath±yavuttavidhin± ±º±petabbo. Sace ±ºatto sammajjani½ t±vak±likampi na labhati, s±kh±bhaªga½kappiya½ k±retv± sammajjitabba½. Tampi alabhantassa laddhakappiya½ hoti.
¾sanapaññ±pan±ºattiyampi vuttanayeneva ±º±petabbo. ¾º±pentena casace uposath±g±re ±san±ni natthi, saªghik±v±satopi ±haritv± paññapetv± puna ±haritabb±ni.¾sanesu asati kaµas±rakepi taµµik±yopi paññapetu½ vaµµati, taµµik±supi asati s±kh±bhaªg±nikappiya½ k±retv± paññapetabb±ni, kappiyak±raka½ alabhantassa laddhakappiya½ hoti.