Uposathakkhandhakakath±vaººan±

2551-2. Y± ek±dasahi s²m±vipatt²hi vajjit± tisampattisa½yut± nimittena nimitta½ghaµetv± sammat±, s± aya½ baddhas²m± n±ma siy±ti yojan±. Tattha atikhuddak±, atimahat²,khaº¹animitt±, ch±y±nimitt±, animitt±, bahis²me µhitasammat±, nadiy± sammat±, samuddesammat±, j±tassare sammat±, s²m±ya s²ma½ sambhindantena sammat±, s²m±ya s²ma½ ajjhottharantenasammat±ti “imehi ek±dasahi ±k±rehi s²mato kamm±ni vipajjant²”ti (pari. 486)vacanato im± ek±dasa vipattis²m±yo n±ma, vipannas²m±ti vutta½ hoti.
Tattha atikhuddak± n±ma yattha ekav²sati bhikkh³ nis²ditu½ na sakkonti. Atimahat²n±ma y± antamaso kesaggamatten±pi tiyojana½ atikkamitv± sammat±. Khaº¹animitt±n±ma aghaµitanimitt± vuccati. Puratthim±ya dis±ya nimitta½ kittetv± anukkamenevadakkhiº±ya, pacchim±ya, uttar±ya dis±ya kittetv± puna puratthim±ya dis±ya pubbakittita½ paµikittetv± µhapetu½ vaµµati, eva½ akhaº¹animitt± hoti. Sace panaanukkamena ±haritv± uttar±ya dis±ya nimitta½ kittetv± tattheva µhapeti, khaº¹animitt±n±ma hoti. Apar±pi khaº¹animitt± n±ma y± animittupaga½ tacas±rarukkha½ v± kh±ºuka½v± pa½supuñjav±lik±puñj±na½ v± aññatara½ antar± eka½ nimitta½ katv± sammat±.Ch±y±nimitt± n±ma pabbatacch±y±d²na½ ya½ kiñci ch±ya½ nimitta½ katv± sammat±.Animitt± n±ma sabbena sabba½ nimitt±ni akittetv± sammat±. Bahis²me µhitasammat±n±ma nimitt±ni kittetv± nimitt±na½ bahi µhitena sammat±.
Nadiy± samudde j±tassare sammat± n±ma etesu nadi-±d²su sammat±. S± hi eva½ sammat±pi“sabb±, bhikkhave, nad² as²m±, sabbo samuddo as²mo, sabbo j±tassaro as²mo”ti(mah±va. 148) vacanato asammat±va hoti. S²m±ya s²ma½ sambhindantena sammat± n±maattano s²m±ya paresa½ s²ma½ sambhindantena sammat±. Sace hi por±ºakassa vih±rassapuratthim±ya dis±ya ambo ceva jamb³ c±ti dve rukkh± aññamañña½ sa½saµµhaviµap± honti,tesu ambassa pacchimadis±bh±ge jamb³, vih±ras²m± ca jambu½ anto katv± amba½kittetv± baddh± hoti, atha pacch± tassa vih±rassa puratthim±ya dis±ya vih±re kates²ma½ bandhant± bhikkh³ ta½ amba½ anto katv± jambu½ kittetv± bandhanti, s²m±yas²ma½ sambhinn± hoti. S²m±ya s²ma½ ajjhottharantena sammat± n±ma attano s²m±yaparesa½ s²ma½ ajjhottharantena sammat±. Sace hi paresa½ baddhas²ma½ sakala½ v± tass± padesa½v± anto katv± attano s²ma½ sammannati, s²m±ya s²m± ajjhottharit± n±ma hot²ti.Iti im±hi ek±dasahi vipattis²m±hi vajjit±ti attho.
Tisampattisa½yut±ti nimittasampatti, paris±sampatti, kammav±c±sampatt²tiim±hi t²hi sampatt²hi samann±gat±. Tattha nimittasampattiyutt± n±ma “pabbatanimitta½,p±s±ºanimitta½, vananimitta½, rukkhanimitta½, magganimitta½, vammikanimitta½, nadinimitta½,udakanimittan”ti (mah±va. 138) eva½ vuttesu aµµhasu nimittesu tasmi½ tasmi½ dis±bh±geyath±laddh±ni nimittupag±ni nimitt±ni “puratthim±ya dis±ya ki½ nimitta½? Pabbato,bhante, eso pabbato nimittan”ti-±din± nayena samm± kittetv± sammat±.
Paris±sampattiyutt± n±ma sabbantimena paricchedena cat³hi bhikkh³hi sannipatitv± y±vatik±tasmi½ g±makhette baddhas²ma½ v± nadisamuddaj±tassare v± anokkamitv± µhit± bhikkh³, tesabbe hatthap±se v± katv±, chanda½ v± ±haritv± sammat±.
Kammav±c±sampattiyutt± n±ma “suº±tu me, bhante saªgho, y±vat± samant± nimitt± kittit±”ti-±din±(mah±va. 139) nayena vutt±ya parisuddh±ya ñattidutiyakammav±c±ya sammat±. Eva½ ek±dasavipattis²m±yo atikkamitv± tividhasampattiyutt± nimittena nimitta½ ghaµetv± sammat±s²m± baddhas²m±ti veditabb±.
2553-4. Khaº¹asam±nasa½v±sa-avippav±s± ±dayo ±dibh³t±, ±dimhi v± y±sa½ s²m±na½ t±khaº¹asam±nasa½v±s±vippav±s±d², t±sa½, t±hi v± pabhedo khaº¹asam±nasa½v±s±dibhedo,tato khaº¹asam±nasa½v±s±dibhedato, khaº¹as²m±, sam±nasa½v±sas²m±, avippav±sas²m±tiim±sa½ s²m±na½ et±hi v± karaºabh³t±hi, hetubh³t±hi v± j±tena vibh±gen±ti vutta½hoti. Sam±nasa½v±s±vippav±s±namantare khaº¹± paricchinn± t±hi asaªkar± ²m± khaº¹as²m± n±ma. Sam±nasa½v±sehi bhikkh³hi ekato uposath±diko sa½v±soettha kar²yat²ti sam±nasa½v±s± n±ma. Avippav±s±ya lakkhaºa½ “bandhitv±”ti-±din±vakkhati. Iti baddh± tidh± vutt±ti eva½ baddhas²m± tippabhed± vutt±.
Udakukkhep±ti hetumhi nissakkavacana½. Sattanna½ abbhantar±na½ sam±h±r± sattabbhantar±,tatopi ca. Abaddh±pi tividh±ti sambandho. Tatth±ti t±su t²su abaddhas²m±su.G±maparicchedoti sabbadis±su s²ma½ paricchinditv± “imassa padesassa ettakokaro”ti eva½ karena niyamito g±mappadeso. Yath±ha– “yattake padese tassa g±massabhojak± bali½ haranti so padeso appo v± hotu mahanto v±, ‘g±mas²m±’tveva saªkhya½gacchati. Yampi ekasmi½yeva g±makkhette eka½ padesa½ ‘aya½ visu½ g±mo hot³’tiparicchinditv± r±j± kassaci deti, sopi visu½g±mas²m± hotiyev±”ti (mah±va.aµµha. 147).
“G±maparicchedo”ti imin± ca nagaraparicchedo ca saªgahito. Yath±ha– “g±maggahaºenacettha nagarampi gahitameva hot²”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 147). Nigamas²m±ya visu½yevavuttatt± tass± idha saªgaho na vattabbo. Vuttañhi p±¼iya½ “ya½ g±ma½ v± nigama½v± upaniss±ya viharati. Y± tassa v± g±massa g±mas²m±, nigamassa v± nigamas²m±,aya½ tattha sam±nasa½v±s± ekuposath±”ti (mah±va. 147). Imiss± visu½yevalakkhaºassa vuttatt± g±mas²m±lakkhaºeneva upalakkhit±.
2555. “J±tassare”ti-±d²su j±tassar±d²na½ lakkhaºa½ eva½ veditabba½– yo pana kenacikhaºitv± akato saya½j±to sobbho samantato ±gatena udakena p³rito iµµhati, yattha nadiya½ vakkham±nappak±re vassak±le udaka½ santiµµhati, aya½ j±tassaron±ma. Yopi nadi½ v± samudda½ v± bhinditv± nikkhanta-udakena khaºito sobbho eta½ lakkhaºa½p±puº±ti, ayampi j±tassaroyeva. Samuddo p±kaµoyeva.
Yass± dhammik±na½ r±j³na½ k±le anva¹¹ham±sa½ anudas±ha½ anupañc±ha½ anatikkamitv±deve vassante val±hakesu vigatamattesu sota½ pacchijjati, aya½ nadisaªkhya½ na gacchati.Yass± pana ²dise suvuµµhik±le vass±nassa catum±se sota½ na pacchijjati, yattha titthenav± atitthena v± sikkh±karaº²ye ±gatalakkhaºena timaº¹ala½ paµicch±detv± antarav±saka½anukkhipitv± uttarantiy± bhikkhuniy± ekadvaªgulamattampi antarav±sako temiyati, aya½samudda½ v± pavisatu ta¼±ka½ v±, pabhavato paµµh±ya nad² n±ma.
Samantatoti samant±. Majjhimass±ti th±mamajjhimassa purisassa. Udakukkhepotivakkham±nena nayena th±mappam±ºena khittassa udakassa v± v±luk±ya v± patitaµµh±nena paricchinnoantopadeso. Yath± akkhadhutt± d±rugu¼a½ khipanti, eva½ udaka½ v± v±luka½ v±hatthena gahetv± th±mamajjhimena purisena sabbath±mena khipitabba½, tattha yattha eva½ khitta½udaka½ v± v±luk± v± patati, aya½ udakukkhepo n±m±ti. Udakukkhepasaññitoti“udakukkhepo”ti sallakkhito.
2556. Ag±make araññeti viñjh±µavisadise g±marahite mah±-araññe. Samantato sattevabbhantar±tiattano µhitaµµh±nato parikkhipitv± satteva abbhantar± yass± s²m±ya paricchedo, aya½ sattabbhantaran±mik±s²m± n±ma.
2557. Gu¼ukkhepanayen±ti akkhadhuttak±na½ d±rugu¼ukkhipan±k±rena.Udakukkhepak±ti udakukkhepasadisavasena.
2558. Im±sa½ dvinna½ s²m±na½ va¹¹hanakkama½ dassetum±ha “abbhantar³dakukkhep±, µhitok±s±para½ siyun”ti. Ýhitok±s± paranti paris±ya µhitaµµh±nato para½, parisapariyantatopaµµh±ya sattabbhantar± ca minitabb±, udakukkhepo ca k±tabboti attho.
2559-60. Antoparicchedeti udakukkhepena v± sattabbhantarehi v± paricchinnok±sassaanto. Hatthap±sa½ vih±ya µhito v± para½ tattaka½ pariccheda½ anatikkamma µhito v±tiyojan±, s²mantarikatth±ya µhapetabba½ eka½ udakukkhepa½ v± sattabbhantara½ eva v± anatikkammaµhitoti attho.
Kamma½ vikopet²ti anto µhito kammassa vaggabh±vakaraºato, bahi tattaka½ padesa½anatikkamitv± µhito aññassa saªghassa gaºap³raºabh±va½ gacchanto s²m±ya saªkarabh±vakaraºenakamma½ vikopeti. Iti yasm± aµµhakath±nayo, tasm± so antos²m±ya hatthap±sa½vijahitv± µhito hatthap±se v± k±tabbo, s²mantarikatth±ya paricchinnok±sato bahiv± k±tabbo. Tattaka½ pariccheda½ anatikkamitv± µhito yath±µhitova sace aññassakammassa gaºap³rako na hoti, kamma½ na kopet²ti gahetabba½.
2561-2. Saºµh±nanti tikoµisaºµh±na½. Nimittanti pabbat±dinimitta½. Disakittananti“puratthim±ya dis±ya ki½ nimittan”ti-±din± dis±kittana½. Pam±ºanti tiyojanaparama½pam±ºa½ Sodhetv±ti yasmi½ g±makkhette s²ma½ bandhati, tattha vasante pasampannabhikkh³ baddhas²mavih±re vasante s²m±ya bahi gantu½ adatv±, abaddhas²mavih±revasante hatthap±sa½ upanetabbe hatthap±sa½ netv± avasese bahis²m±ya katv± sabbamaggesu±rakkha½ vidahitv±ti vutta½ hoti. S²manti khaº¹as²ma½.
K²disanti ±ha “tikoºan”ti-±di. Paºav³pamanti paºavasaºµh±na½ majjhe sa½khitta½ubhayakoµiy± vitthata½. “Vit±n±k±ra½ dhanuk±k±ran”ti ±k±ra-saddo pacceka½yojetabbo. Dhanuk±k±ranti ±ropitadhanusaºµh±na½, “mudiªg³pama½ sakaµ³paman”tiupam±-saddo pacceka½ yojetabbo. Mudiªg³pamanti majjhe vitthata½ ubhayakoµiy±tanuka½ turiyavisesa½ mudiªganti vadanti, t±disanti attho. S²ma½ bandheyy±tiyojan±.
2563. Pabbat±dinimittupaganimitt±ni dassetum±ha “pabbatan”ti-±di. Iti aµµhanimitt±ni d²payeti yojan±. Tatreva½ saªkhepato nimittupagat± veditabb±– suddhapa½susuddhap±s±ºa-ubhayamissakavasena(kaªkh±. aµµha. nid±navaººan±; mah±va. aµµha. 138) tividhopi hi pabbato hatthippam±ºatopaµµh±ya uddha½ nimittupago, tato omakataro na vaµµati. Antos±rehi v± antos±ramissakehiv± rukkhehi catupañcarukkhamattampi vana½ nimittupaga½, tato ³natara½ na vaµµati. P±s±ºanimitteayagu¼ampi p±s±ºasaªkhyameva gacchati, tasm± yo koci p±s±ºo ukka½sena hatthippam±ºatoomakatara½ ±di½ katv± heµµhimaparicchedena dvatti½sapalagu¼apiº¹aparim±ºo nimittupago,na tato khuddakataro. Piµµhip±s±ºo pana atimahantopi vaµµati. Rukkho j²vantoyeva antos±robh³miya½ patiµµhito antamaso ubbedhato aµµhaªgulo pariº±hato s³cidaº¹appam±ºopinimittupago, na tato ora½ vaµµati. Maggo jaªghamaggo v± hotu sakaµamaggo v±,yo vinivijjhitv± dve t²ºi g±makkhett±ni gacchati, t±diso jaªghasakaµasatthehi va¼añjiyam±noyevanimittupago, ava¼añjo na vaµµati. Heµµhimaparicchedena ta½divasa½ j±to aµµhaªgulubbedhogovis±ºamattopi vammiko nimittupago, tato ora½ na vaµµati. Udaka½ ya½asandam±na½ ±v±µapokkharaºita¼±kaj±tassaraloºisamudd±d²su µhita½, ta½ ±di½ katv± antamasotaªkhaºa½yeva pathaviya½ khate ±v±µe ghaµehi ±haritv± p³ritampi y±va kammav±c±pariyos±n±saºµhahanaka½ nimittupaga½, itara½ sandam±naka½, vuttaparicchedak±la½ atiµµhanta½, bh±janagata½v± na vaµµati. Y± abaddhas²m±lakkhaºe nad² vutt±, s± nimittupag±, aññ± na vaµµat²ti.