2508. Mah±nisadama½soti imassa atthapada½ “uddhanaggupam±yuto”ti. Yath±ha– “mah±-±nisadov± uddhanak³µasadisehi ±nisadama½sehi accuggatehi samann±gato”ti (mah±va. aµµha.119). Mah±nisadama½so v±ti ettha -saddena bhaµµhakaµiko saªgahito. V±taº¹ikotiaº¹akosesu vuddhirogena samann±gato. Mah±-³r³ti sar²rassa ananur³pehi mahantehisatt²hi samann±gato. Saªghaµµanakaj±ºukoti aññamañña½ saªghaµµehi j±º³hi samann±gato.
2509. Bhinnaj±º³ti yassa eko v± dve v± j±º³ bhinn± honti. Mah±j±º³timahantena j±ºun± samann±gato. D²ghajaªghoti yaµµhisadisajaªgho. Vikaµo v±ti tiriya½gamanap±dehi samann±gato, yassa caªkamato j±ºuk± bahi niggacchanti. Paºho v±ti pacchatoparivattap±dehi samann±gato, yassa caªkamato j±ºuk± anto pavisanti. “Panto”tica “saºho”ti ca etasseva vevacan±ni. Ubbaddhapiº¹ikoti heµµh± oru¼h±hiv± upari ±ru¼h±hi v± mahat²hi jaªghapiº¹ik±hi samann±gato.
2510. Yaµµhijaªghoti yaµµhisadis±ya jaªgh±ya samann±gato. Mah±jaªghoti sar²rassaananur³p±ya mahatiy± jaªgh±ya samann±gato. Mah±p±dopi v±ti sar²rassa ananur³pehi mahantehip±dehi samann±gato. Api-saddena th³lajaªghapiº¹iko saªgahito, bhattapuµasadis±ya th³l±yajaªghapiº¹iy± samann±gatoti attho. Piµµhikap±do v±ti p±davemajjhato uµµhitajaªgho.Mah±paºhipi v±ti ananur³pehi atimahantehi paºh²hi samann±gato.
2511. Vaªkap±doti anto v± bahi v± parivattap±davasena duvidho vaªkap±do. Gaºµhikaªgulikotisiªgiveraphaºasadis±hi aªgul²hi samann±gato. “Andhanakho v±p²”ti etassa atthapada½“k±¼ap³tinakhopi c±”ti. Yath±ha– “andhanakho v± k±¼avaººehi p³tinakhehi samann±gato”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 119).
2512. Iccevanti yath±vuttavacan²yanidassanatthoya½ nip±tasamud±yo. Aªgavekallat±yabahuvidhatt± anavasesa½ vekallappak±ra½ saªgaºhitum±ha “iccevam±dikan”ti.

Parisad³sakakath±vaººan±.

2514. Pattac²varanti ettha “s±maºerass±”ti adhik±rato labbhati. Anto nikkhipatotiovarak±d²na½ anto nikkhipantassa. Sabbapayoges³ti pattac²varassa ±masan±disabbapayogesu.
2515-6. Daº¹akamma½ katv±ti daº¹akamma½ yojetv±. Daº¹enti vinenti eten±tidaº¹o, soyeva kattabbatt± kammanti daº¹akamma½, ±varaº±di. An±c±rassadubbacas±maºerassa kevala½ hitak±mena bhikkhun± daº¹akamma½ katv± daº¹akamma½ yojetv±y±gu½ v± bhatta½ v± -saddena patta½ v± c²vara½ v± dassetv± “daº¹akamme ±haµetva½ ida½ lacchasi” iti bh±situ½ vaµµat²ti yojan±. Kir±ti padap³raºatthe nip±to.
2517. Dhammasaªg±hakattherehi µhapitadaº¹akamma½ dassetum±ha “apar±dh±nur³pen±”ti-±di.Ta½ apar±dh±nur³padaº¹akamma½ n±ma v±lik±salil±d²na½ ±har±panamev±ti yojetabba½.¾di-saddena d±ru-±d²na½ ±har±pana½ gaºh±ti. Tañca kho “oramissat²”ti anukamp±ya,na “nassissati vibbhamissat²”ti-±dinayappavattena p±pajjh±sayena.
2518-9. Akattabba½ daº¹akamma½ dassetum±ha “s²se v±”ti-±di. S²se v±ti ettha“s±maºerass±”ti adhik±rato labbhati. P±s±º±d²n²ti ettha ±di-saddena iµµhak±d²na½gahaºa½. S±maºera½ uºhe p±s±ºe nipajj±petu½ v± uºh±ya bh³miy± nipajj±petu½v± udaka½ pavesetu½ v± bhikkhuno na vaµµat²ti yojan±.
Bhagavat± anuññ±tadaº¹akamma½ dassetum±ha “idh±”ti-±di. Idh±ti imasmi½ daº¹akamm±dhik±re.¾varaºamattanti “m± idha p±vis²”ti niv±raºamatta½. Pak±sitanti “anuj±n±mi,bhikkhave, yattha v± vasati, yattha v± paµikkamati, tattha ±varaºa½ k±tun”ti (mah±va.107) bh±sita½.
“Yattha v± vasati, yattha v± paµikkamat²ti yattha vasati v± pavisati v±, ubhayen±piattano pariveºañca vassaggena pattasen±sanañca vuttan”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 107) aµµhakath±yavuttatt± y±va yojita½ daº¹akamma½ karonti, t±va attano puggalikapariveºa½v± vassaggena pattasen±sana½ v± pavisitu½ adatv± niv±raºa½ ±varaºa½ n±ma. Aµµhakath±ya½“attano”ti vacana½ ye ±varaºa½ karonti, te ±cariyupajjh±ye sandh±ya vuttantiviññ±yati. Keci panettha “attano”ti ida½ yassa ±varaºa½ karonti, ta½ sandh±yavuttanti gahetv± tattha vinicchaya½ vadanti. Keci ubhayath±pi attha½ gahetv± ubhayatth±pi±varaºa½ k±tabbanti vadanti. V²ma½sitv± yamettha yuttatara½, ta½ gahetabba½.

Niv±raºakath±vaººan±.

2520. Pakkho ca opakkamiko ca ±sitto c±ti viggaho. Ettha ca “anuposathe uposatha½karot²”ti-±d²su yath± uposathadine kattabbakamma½ “uposatho”ti vuccati, tath±m±sassa pakkhe paº¹akabh±vam±pajjanto “pakkho”ti vutto. Atha v± pakkhapaº¹ako pakkhouttarapadalopena yath± “bh²maseno bh²mo”ti. Idañca p±p±nubh±vena kaºhapakkheyevapaº¹akabh±vam±pajjantassa adhivacana½. Yath±ha “akusalavip±k±nubh±vena k±¼apakkhe k±¼apakkhepaº¹ako hoti, juºhapakkhe panassa pari¼±ho v³pasammati, aya½ pakkhapaº¹ako”ti (mah±va.aµµha. 109).
Yassa upakkamena b²j±ni apan²t±ni, aya½ opakkamikapaº¹ako. Yassa paresa½ aªgaj±ta½mukhena gahetv± asucin± ±sittassa pari¼±ho v³pasammati, aya½ ±sittapaº¹ako.Us³yakoti yassa paresa½ ajjh±c±ra½ passato us³y±ya uppann±ya pari¼±ho v³pasammati,aya½ us³yapaº¹ako. Yo paµisandhiya½yeva abh±vako uppanno, aya½ napu½sakapaº¹ako.
2521. Tes³ti tesu pañcasu paº¹akesu. “Pakkhapaº¹akassa yasmi½pakkhepaº¹ako hoti, tasmi½yevassa pakkhe pabbajj± v±rit±”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 109) kurundiya½vuttatt± “tiººa½ niv±rit±”ti ida½ tassa paº¹akassa paº¹akapakkha½ sandh±ya vuttantigahetabba½.
2522. “N±setabbo”ti ida½ liªgan±sana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Yath±ha “sopi liªgan±sanenevan±setabbo”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 109). Esa nayo uparipi ²disesu µh±nesu.

Paº¹akakath±vaººan±.

2523. Thenet²ti theno, liªgassa pabbajitavesassa theno liªgatheno. Sa½v±sassa bhikkhuvassagaºan±dikassatheno sa½v±satheno. Tadubhayassa c±ti tassa liªgassa, sa½v±sassa ca ubhayassa thenotisambandho. Esa tividhopi theyyasa½v±sako n±ma pavuccat²ti yojan±.
2524-6. Tattha tesu t²su theyyasa½v±sakesu yo sayameva pabbajitv± bhikkhuvass±ni nagaºhati, yath±vu¹¹ha½ vandanampi neva gaºhati, api-saddena ±sanena neva paµib±hati uposathapav±raº±d²su neva sandissat²ti saªgaºhanato tadubhayampi na karoti, aya½ liªgamattassa pabbajitavesamattassa thenato corik±ya gahaºato liªgattheno siy±ti yojan±.
Yo ca pabbajito hutv± bhikkhuvass±ni gaºhati, so yath±vu¹¹havandan±dika½ sa½v±sa½ s±diyantovasa½v±satthenako matoti yojan±. Yath±ha– “bhikkhuvassagaºan±diko hi sabbopi kiriyabhedoimasmi½ atthe ‘sa½v±so’ti veditabbo”ti (mah±va. aµµha. 110).
Vuttanayoyev±ti ubhinna½ pacceka½ vuttalakkhaºameva etassa lakkhaºantikatv± vutta½. Aya½ tividhopi theyyasa½v±sako anupasampanno na upasamp±detabbo,upasampanno n±setabbo, puna pabbajja½ y±cantopi na pabb±jetabbo. Byatirekamukhena theyyasa½v±salakkhaºa½niyametu½ aµµhakath±ya (mah±va. aµµha. 110) vuttag±th±dvaya½ ud±haranto ±ha “yath±ha c±”ti.Yath± aµµhakath±cariyo r±jadubbhikkh±dig±th±dvayam±ha, tath±yamattho byatirekato veditabbotiadhipp±yo.
2527-8. R±jadubbhikkhakant±ra-rogaveribhayehi v±ti ettha bhaya-saddo pacceka½ yojetabbo“r±jabhayena dubbhikkhabhayen±”ti-±din±. C²var±haraºattha½ v±ti attan± pariccattac²vara½puna vih±ra½ ±haraºatth±ya. Idha imasmi½ s±sane. Sa½v±sa½ n±dhiv±seti, y±vaso suddham±nasoti r±jabhay±d²hi gahitaliªgat±ya so suddham±naso y±va sa½v±sa½ n±dhiv±set²tiattho.
Yo hi r±jabhay±d²hi vin± kevala½ bhikkh³ vañcetv± tehi saddhi½ vasituk±mat±ya liªga½gaºh±ti, so asuddhacittat±ya liªgaggahaºeneva theyyasa½v±sako n±ma hoti. Aya½ panat±disena asuddhacittena bhikkh³ vañcetuk±mat±ya abh±vato y±va sa½v±sa½ n±dhiv±seti,t±va theyyasa½v±sako n±ma na hoti. Teneva “r±jabhay±d²hi gahitaliªg±na½ ‘gih²ma½ samaºoti j±nant³’ti vañcan±citte satipi bhikkh³na½ vañcetuk±mat±ya abh±v± dosona j±to”ti t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½.
Keci pana “v³pasantabhayat± idha suddhacittat±”ti vadanti, evañca sati sov³pasantabhayo y±va sa½v±sa½ n±dhiv±seti, t±va theyyasa½v±sako n±ma na hot²ti ayamattho viññ±yati. Imasmiñca atthe viññ±yam±ne av³pasantabhayassa sa½v±sas±diyanepi theyyasa½v±sakat± na hot²ti ±pajjeyya, na ca aµµhakath±ya½ av³pasantabhayassa sa½v±sas±diyane atheyyasa½v±sakat±dassit±. “Sabbap±saº¹iyabhatt±ni bhuñjanto”ti ca imin± av³pasantabhayen±pi sa½v±sa½as±diyanteneva vasitabbanti d²peti. Teneva t²supi gaºµhipadesu vutta½ “yasm±vih±ra½ ±gantv± saªghika½ gaºhantassa sa½v±sa½ pariharitu½ dukkara½, tasm± ‘sabbap±saº¹iyabhatt±nibhuñjanto’ti ida½ vuttan”ti. Tasm± r±jabhay±d²hi gahitaliªgat± cettha suddhacittat±tigahetabba½.
T±va esa theyyasa½v±sako n±ma na vuccat²ti yojan±. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana“tatr±ya½ vitth±ranayo”ti aµµhakath±ya½ (mah±va. aµµha. 110) ±gatanayena veditabbo.

Theyyasa½v±sakakath±vaººan±.

2529-30. Yo upasampanno bhikkhu “aha½ titthiyo bhavissan”ti saliªgeneva attano bhikkhuvesenevatitthiy±na½ upassaya½ y±ti ceti sambandho. Titthiyesu pakkantako paviµµho titthiyapakkantako.Tesa½ liªge nissiteti tesa½ titthiy±na½ vese gahite.
2531. “Aha½ titthiyo bhavissan”ti kusac²r±dika½ yo sayameva niv±seti, sopipakkantako titthiyapakkantako siy±ti yojan±.
2532-4. Naggo tesa½ ±j²vak±d²na½ upassaya½ gantv±ti yojan±. Keseluñc±pet²ti attano kese luñc±peti. Tesa½ vat±ni ±diyati v±ti yojan±.Vat±ni ±diyat²ti ukkuµikappadh±n±d²ni v± vat±ni ±diyati. Tesa½ titthiy±na½morapiñch±dika½ liªga½ saññ±ºa½ sace gaºh±ti v± tesa½ pabbajja½, laddhimeva v± s±ratov± eti upagacchati v±ti yojan±. “Aya½ pabbajj± seµµh±ti seµµhabh±va½ v± upagacchat²”ti(mah±va. aµµha. 110 titthiyapakkantakakath±) aµµhakath±ya½ vutta½. Esa titthiyapakkantakohoti eva, na pana vimuccati titthiyapakkantabh±vato. Naggassa gacchatoti “±j²vakobhavissan”ti k±s±y±d²ni an±d±ya naggassa ±j²vak±na½ upasa½gacchato.
2535. Theyyasa½v±sako anupasampannavasena vutto, no upasampannavasena. Imin± “upasampanno bhikkhu k³µavassa½ gaºhantopi assamaºo na hoti. Liªge sa-uss±ho p±r±jika½ ±pajjitv± bhikkhuvass±d²ni gaºentopi theyyasa½v±sako na hot²”ti aµµhakath±gatavinicchaya½ d²peti.Tath± vuttoti yojan±. “Upasampannabhikkhun±”ti imin± anupasampanna½ nivatteti.Tena ca “s±maºero saliªgena titth±yatana½ gatopi puna pabbajjañca upasampadañca labhat²”tikurundaµµhakath±gatavinicchaya½ dasseti.