4. Catutthap±r±jikavaººan±

Anabhij±nanti na abhij±na½. Yena hi yo dhammo adhigato, so tassa p±kaµo hot²ti ±ha “sakasant±ne”ti-±di. Uttarimanuss±nanti pakatimanussehi uttaritar±na½ manuss±na½, ukkaµµhamanuss±nanti attho. Dhammanti mahaggatalokuttarabh³ta½ adhigatadhamma½. Atha v± uttarimanussadhamm±ti uttarimanussadhammo. Manussadhammo n±ma vin± bh±van±manasik±rena pakatiy± manussehi nibbattetabbo dasakusalakammapathadhammo. So hi manuss±na½ citt±dhiµµh±namattena ijjhanato tesa½ so bh±vitadhammo viya µhitoti tath± vutto, manussaggahaºañcettha tesu bahula½ pavattanato. Jh±n±dika½ pana tabbidhuranti tatuttari, iti uttari manussadhamm±ti uttarimanussadhammo, ta½ uttarimanussadhammanti evampettha attho daµµhabbo. Samud±carantoti ±rocento.
Kiñc±pi lokiyalokuttar± sabb±va paññ± “ñ±ºan”ti vuccati, idha pana mahaggatalokuttar±va veditabb±ti ±ha “mahaggatalokuttarapaññ± j±nanaµµhena ñ±ºan”ti. Kilesehi ±rakatt± parisuddhaµµhena ariyanti ±ha “ariya½ visuddha½ uttaman”ti. Ariyasaddo cettha visuddhapariy±yo, na lokuttarapariy±yo. Jh±n±dibhedeti ±disaddena “vimokkho, sam±dhi, sam±patti, ñ±ºadassana½, maggabh±van±, phalasacchikiriy±, kilesappah±na½, vin²varaºat± cittassa, suññ±g±re abhirat²”ti (p±r±. 198) ime saªgaºh±ti. Viññussa manussaj±tikass±ti ±rocetabbapuggalanidassana½. Etassa hi ±rocite ±rocita½ hoti, na devabrahm±na½, n±pi petayakkhatiracch±nagat±nanti. ¾roceyy±ti vadeyya, viññ±peyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Vin± aññ±padesen±ti “yo te vih±re vasati, so bhikkhu paµhamassa jh±nassa l±bh²”ti-±din± (p±r±. 220) nayena aññ±padesa½ vin±ti attho. Idhev±ti “iti j±n±mi, iti pass±m²”ti imasmi½yeva pade. “Tena vuttan”ti-±di nigamana½.
Samanugg±h²yam±noti codiyam±no, ya½ vatthu ±rocita½ hoti, tasmi½ vatthusmi½ “ki½ te adhigata½, kinti te adhigata½, kad± te adhigata½, kattha te adhigata½, katame te kiles± pah²n±, katamesa½ tva½ dhamm±na½ l±bh²’ti kenaci vuccam±no”ti vutta½ hoti. Asamanugg±h²yam±noti na kenaci vuccam±no.
“Bhikkhubh±ve µhatv± abhabbo jh±n±d²ni adhigantun”ti sikkh±pad±tikkamassa antar±yakaratt± vutta½. Bhikkhubh±vo hissa saggantar±yo ceva hoti maggantar±yo ca (p±r±. aµµha. 2.198). Vuttañheta½ “s±mañña½ duppar±maµµha½, niray±yupaka¹¹hat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.89; dha. pa. 311). Aparampi vutta½ “sithilo hi paribb±jo, bhiyyo ±kirate rajan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.89; dha. pa. 313). Bhikkhubh±voti p±r±jika½ ±pajjitv± “samaºo ahan”ti paµij±nanato voh±ramattasiddho bhikkhubh±vo. D±n±d²h²ti d±nasaraºas²lasa½var±d²hi.
Aj±namev±ti ettha ev±ti avadh±raºatthe nip±to. “Aj±namevan”tipi paµhanti. Tattha pana “eva½ j±n±mi, eva½ pass±m²”ti avacanti yojetabba½. Vacanatthavirahatoti “paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pajjin”ti ±divacanassa (p±r±. 209) atthabh³tena jh±n±din± vajjitatt± tuccha½ udak±disuñña½ bh±jana½ viya. Mus±ti visa½v±danapurekkh±rassa paravisa½v±dako vac²payogo, k±yapayogo v±. Ten±ha “vañcan±dhipp±yato mus±”ti. Mus± ca vañcan±dhipp±yo ca pubbabh±gakkhaºe, taªkhaºe ca. Vuttañhi “pubbe v±ssa hoti ‘mus± bhaºissan’ti, bhaºantassa hoti ‘mus± bhaº±m²”’ti (p±r±. 200). Etañhi dvaya½ aªgabh³ta½, itara½ pana hotu v±, m± v±, ak±raºameta½. Abhaºinti viññ±pana½ ak±si½.
Aññatra adhim±n±ti adhigato m±no, adhiko v± m±no adhim±no, thaddham±noti attho, ta½ vin±ti attho. Kassa pan±ya½ adhim±no uppajjati, kassa nuppajjati? Ariyas±vakassa t±va nuppajjati (p±r±. aµµha. 2.196). So hi maggaphalanibb±napah²nakiles±vasiµµhakilesapaccavekkhaºena sañj±tasomanasso ariyaguºappaµivedhe nikkaªkho, tasm± sot±pann±d²na½ “aha½ sakad±g±m²”ti-±divasena m±no nuppajjati. Duss²lassa nuppajjati. So hi ariyaguº±dhigame nir±sova. S²lavatopi pariccattakammaµµh±nassa nidd±r±mat±dimanuyuttassa nuppajjati, suparisuddhas²lassa pana kammaµµh±ne appamattassa n±mar³pa½ vavatthapetv± paccayapariggahena vitiººakaªkhassa tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv± saªkh±re sammasantassa ±raddhavipassakassa uppajjati. Ten±ha “yv±yan”ti-±di. Tattha tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv±ti (s±rattha. µ². 2.196) kal±pasammasanavasena anicc±dilakkhaºattaya½ ±ropetv±. Sammasantass±ti vipassantassa. ¾raddhavipassakass±ti udayabbay±nupassan±ya ±raddhavipassakassa. Apatteti attano sant±ne uppattivasena apatte, anadhigateti vutta½ hoti. Pattasaññit±saªkh±toti “patto may± uttarimanussadhammo”ti eva½saññit±saªkh±to adhim±no uppajjati. Uppanno ca suddhasamathal±bhi½ v± suddhavipassan±l±bhi½ v± antar± µhapeti. So hi dasapi v²sampi ti½sampi vass±ni kilesasamud±c±ra½ apassanto “aha½ sot±panno”ti v± “sakad±g±m²”ti v± “an±g±m²”ti v± maññati. Samathavipassan±l±bhi½ pana arahatteyeva µhapeti. Tassa hi sam±dhibalena kiles± vikkhambhit±, vipassan±balena saªkh±r± supariggahit±, tasm± saµµhimpi vass±ni, as²timpi vass±ni, vassasatampi kiles± na samud±caranti, kh²º±savasseva citt±c±ro hoti. So eva½ d²gharatta½ kilesasamud±c±ra½ apassanto antar± aµµhatv±va “arah± ahan”ti maññat²ti. “Ta½ adhim±na½ µhapetv±”ti imin± “aññatr±”ti pada½ apekkhitv± “adhim±n±”ti upayogatthe nissakkavacananti dasseti.
P±picchat±y±ti p±p± icch± etass±ti p±piccho, tassa bh±vo p±picchat±, t±ya, p±pik±ya icch±y±ti attho. Y± s± “idhekacco duss²lova sam±no ‘s²lav±’ti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti-±din± (vibha. 851) nayena vutt±, t±ya asantaguºasambh±vanicch±y±ti vutta½ hoti. Imin± pana mandatt± mom³hatt± samud±carantassa an±patt²ti dasseti. Ayamp²ti pi-saddena na kevala½ purim± tayov±ti dasseti.
Asantanti abh³ta½. Jh±n±didhammanti jh±na½, vimokkho, sam±dhi, sam±patti, ñ±ºadassana½, maggabh±van±, phalasacchikiriy±, kilesappah±na½, vin²varaºat± cittassa, suññ±g±re abhirat²”ti (p±r±. 198) eva½ vutta½ uttarimanussadhamma½. Yassa ±rocet²ti (p±r±. aµµha. 2.215) v±c±ya v± hatthavik±r±d²hi v± aªgapaccaªgacopanehi viññattipathe µhitassa yassa puggalassa ±roceti. Viññattipatha½ pana atikkamitv± µhito koci ce dibbena cakkhun± (s±rattha. µ². 2.215), dibb±ya ca sotadh±tuy± disv± ca sutv± ca j±n±ti, na p±r±jika½. Yopi “ki½ aya½ bhaºat²”ti sa½saya½ v± ±pajjati, cira½ v²ma½sitv± v± pacch± j±n±ti, “avij±nanto”icceva saªkhya½ gacchati. Yo pana jh±n±d²ni attano adhigamavasena v± uggahaparipucch±divasena v± na j±n±ti, kevala½ “jh±nan”ti v± “vimokkho”ti v± vacanamattameva suta½ hoti, sopi tena vutte “jh±na½ kira sam±pajj²”ti esa vadat²ti yadi ettakamattampi j±n±ti, “j±n±ti”cceva saªkhya½ gacchati, tassa vutte p±r±jikameva. Seso pana ekassa v± dvinna½ v± bah³na½ v± niyamit±niyamitavasena viseso sabbo sikkh±paccakkh±nakath±ya½ vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Pariy±yabh±sane pana “ahan”ti avuttatt± paµivij±nantassa vuttepi thullaccaya½. Visa½v±dan±dhipp±yena mus±v±dapayogassa katatt± appaµivij±nantass±pi dukkaµanti ±ha “yo te vih±re vasati…pe… dukkaµan”ti. Anullapan±dhipp±yass±ti ullapan±dhipp±yavirahitassa, abh³t±rocan±dhipp±yavirahitass±ti attho. Ummattak±dayo pubbe vuttanay± eva. Idha pana ±dikammik± vaggumud±t²riyabhikkh³, tesa½ an±patti.

Catutthap±r±jikavaººan± niµµhit±.